Marilyn Cotlow

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Cotlow in 1952.

Marilyn Cotlow (born January 10, 1924[1]) is an American lyric coloratura soprano best remembered for creating the role of Lucy in Gian Carlo Menotti's The Telephone in both the original Broadway and West End productions. She sang professionally during the 1940s and 1950s in the United States and Europe, performing with such companies as the Metropolitan Opera, Theater Bremen, Theater Basel, and the Wexford Festival Opera. After 1957, Cotlow mainly retired from performance to devote time to teaching voice and being a mother; although she continued to perform periodically in recitals, on the stage, and on disc up into the 1990s. She has taught vocal music on the faculties of the Peabody Conservatory, the University of Michigan, and Catholic University of America in addition to teaching privately from her home in Northern Virginia. Several of her students have had successful careers, including Alessandra Marc and Jennifer Wilson.

Early life and education[edit]

Marilyn Rose Cotlow was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on January 10, 1924, to Sander and Bernice Cotlow.[2][3] She had two brothers: William and Phillip.[4] While she was in Junior High School the Cotlow family lived in the home of Mr. Cunningham, a bass player with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra.[4] Marilyn developed a love of classical music and opera by spending hours listening to his large collection of classical music recordings.[4]

Cotlow's father moved the family of five to Los Angeles in 1936 during the Great Depression in an effort to find work as an attorney.[5][4] She began vocal studies with operatic tenor Hans Clemens in Los Angeles in 1939; studying with him until she relocated to New York six years later.[3][2][1] She graduated from Glendale High School in 1942.[2]

Early performance career[edit]

Cotlow made her professional opera debut on June 26, 1942 with the California Opera Academy as the Queen of the Night in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's The Magic Flute.[6] The production was staged by Theodore Bachenheimer at the Wilshire Ebell Theatre in Los Angeles.[6] The cast also included Brian Sullivan as Tamino, George London (then billed as George Burnson) as Papageno and Johnny Silver as Monostatos.[6] Cotlow also worked as a voice-over artist during the early to mid-1940s for Hollywood musical movies, often performing high notes in songs for artists who had difficulty singing in the upper register.[7]

In March 1946 Cotlow performed as a soloist with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra under conductor Dmitri Mitropoulos.[2] The following summer she performed the role of Blondchen in Mozart's The Abduction from the Seraglio Central City Opera (CCO) with Eleanor Steber, Felix Knight, and Jerome Hines.[1] Soon after she performed Zerbinetta's aria "Großmächtige Prinzessin" from Ariadne auf Naxos at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts (then called Robin Hood Dell) with the Philadelphia Orchestra under Mitropoulos.[4][3] She returned to the CCO in the summer of 1948 to perform as Despina in Mozart's Così fan tutte in a production staged by Herbert Graf with sets by Donald Oenslager.[8] Her fellow cast mates included Met soprano Anne Bollinger, Met baritone Clifford Harvuot, mezzo Jane Hobson, tenor Joseph Laderoute, and bass Lorenzo Alvary.[8]

Upon arriving in New York, Cotlow auditioned for several parts and heard that Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., and Chandler Cowles were producing a double bill of opera on Broadway. The operas were The Telephone, or L'Amour à trois and The Medium by a young Italian composer, Gian Carlo Menotti.[9] The double bill premiered on February 18, 1947, at the Heckscher Theater, and the Broadway production opened on May 1, 1947, at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre and remained for more than 7 months.[10][11][12] She also performed the work on London's West End at the Aldwych Theatre in 1948.[1] Cotlow recorded the role for Columbia Records in 1948.[13] A financially profitable recording, it was later re-issued in 1980.[14]

In September 1947 Cotlow performed the role of Rosina in The Barber of Seville at Philharmonic Auditorium with the American Opera Company of Los Angeles.[15] She performed that same role on tour with the Charles L. Wagner Opera Company with baritone Andrew Gainey as Almaviva in 1948.[16]

Metopolitan Opera and later performance career[edit]

In May 1948 Cotlow and tenor Frank Guarrera were selected as the two winners of the Metropolitan Opera Auditions of the Air.[3] This competition win led to a contract with the Metropolitan Opera (the "Met").[3] Cotlow was also engaged to perform on The Bell Telephone Hour on NBC Radio after this competition win.[17] She made her Met debut on December 4, 1948 under the baton of Wilfrid Pelletier as Philine in Mignon; a performance which was broadcast on the Metropolitan Opera radio broadcasts.[18][19] The production was staged by Desire Defrere with Risë Stevens in the title role.[18] Other cast members included James Melton as Wilhelm Meister and Nicola Moscona as Lothario.[18] Music critic Oliver J. Gingold wrote in The Wall Street Journal,

"Marilyn Cotlow made her debut as Philine in Mignon and is a sterling artist. She has a fine voice, perhaps a little too fine particularly in the lower register which was inaudible at times. However, her singing was quite perfect in harmony and she rendered the difficult Polacca with complete ease and at times perfection."[20]

Cotlow toured to Los Angeles with the Met's production of Mignon for performances at the Shrine Auditorium in March 1949.[5] She sang only one other role at the Met during her career: Adina in Donizetti's L'Elisir d'Amore in January 1949 with Giuseppe Di Stefano as Nemorino, Giuseppe Valdengo as Belcore, Italo Tajo as Dr. Dulcamara, Paula Lenchner as Giannetta, and Giuseppe Antonicelli conducting.[21] She made an LP recording of Samuel Barber's Sleep Now and Richard Hageman's At the Well which was released by RCA Victor in 1949.[22] In 1950 she performed a concert of opera arias and duets with tenor Walter Fredericks on WWOR-TV.[23] In 1951 she performed the role of Blondchen in The Abduction from the Seraglio with The Little Orchestra Society at The Town Hall.[24] That same year she starred in Oscar Straus's The Chocolate Soldier in Toronto, and as Violetta in Verdi's La traviata at the New Orleans Opera.[25][26]

From 1952-1955 Cotlow was actively performing in operas in Europe.[1] In 1952, she joined the company of Theater Basel and stayed there for one year.[1] In 1953, she joined Theater Bremen, where she sang roles for two seasons.[1] She performed the role of Amina in La Sonnambula at the Wexford Festival Opera in October and November 1954.[27][28] In 1955 she gave a concert tour in the Netherlands.[1] In 1956 she performed a concert of opera arias and duets with tenor Brian Sullivan and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) under conductor Alfredo Antonini.[29] In 1957 she performed a program of opera excerpts from works by Offenbach with the CSO under Julius Rudel with bass Joshua Hecht.[30]

After the mid 1950s, Cotlow performed rarely as her time became increasingly devoted to raising her children and teaching.[31] In March 1961 she gave a recital at the Phillips Memorial Gallery in Washington D.C.[32] In 1962 she performed the role of Rosalinde in Die Fledermaus at the theatre of the Detroit Institute of Arts with the Detroit Opera Theatre.[33] In 1979 she starred in the world premiere of Thomas Czerny-Hydzik's The Tell-Tale Heart; an opera adaptation of the 1843 short story by Edgar Allan Poe. Written specifically as a vehicle for her, the work premiered at Prince George's Publick Playhouse in Hyattsville, MD in December 1979.[34] Earlier that year she starred in an evening opera scenes with the Prince George Civic Opera performed at the University of Virginia.[35] She later recorded Kurt Weill's "September Song" with the Peter Robinson trio on their 1994 album Dancin' .[36]

Teaching career and personal life[edit]

On August 9, 1948 Cotlow married violinist Eugene Altschuler who was concertmaster of the New Orleans Symphony at the time of their marriage.[37] They have two sons, Daniel and Remy David.[citation needed] Cotlow stated that her opera career was cut short in the mid 1950s because of her decision to return to the United States with her husband.[38] Her husband's violin career in Europe was not going well while her singing career was; and ultimately she decided to support him in his career by returning to America.[38] She further felt, that her career had not been managed well in the United States and that she had less performance opportunities in America.[38] From 1972-1981 Altschuler was concertmaster of the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra, after which he served as assistant concertmaster with the Cleveland Orchestra and taught on the faculty of the Cleveland Institute of Music.[39] Altschuler died in 2000.

In the late 1950s Cotlow took up teaching as her performance appearances became rare. She has taught voice privately out of her home in Falls Church, Virginia for many years and has also taught voice on the faculties of the University of Michigan, the Peabody Conservatory, and Catholic University of America.[38][31] One of her most famous students, Alessandra Marc, became her daughter-in-law when Marc married her son Remy David.[40] The couple has since divorced. Marc began studies with Cotlow in 1980.[41]

Opera roles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Karl-Josef Kutsch, Leo Riemens (2003). "Cotlow Marilyn". Großes Sängerlexikon, volume 4. Munich: K. G. Saur Verlag. p. 926. ISBN 9783598440885.
  2. ^ a b c d "Cotlow, Marilyn". International Who's Who in Music. International Biographical Centre . 1951. p. 128.
  3. ^ a b c d e "TWO SINGERS BEST 800 IN OPERA TESTS: Marilyn Cotlow, Coloratura, and Frank Guarrera, Baritone, Signed by Metropolitan". The New York Times. 17 May 1948. p. 23.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Marilyn Cotlow". Opera News. 13. 1949. p. 24.
  5. ^ a b "Two Californians to Have Leading 'Met' Roles Here". Los Angeles Times. 20 March 1949. p. D5.
  6. ^ a b c Isabel Morse Jones (27 June 1942). "'The Magic Flute' Given With English Book At Ebell". Los Angeles Times. p. 9.
  7. ^ Bill Henry (22 May 1947). "By The Way with BILL HENRY". Los Angeles Times. p. A1.
  8. ^ a b Howard Taubman (1 August 1948). "FESTIVAL IN WEST: Central City Does Operas By Mozart, Offenbach". The New York Times. p. X5.
  9. ^ Ross Parmenter (2 Feb 1947). "The World Of Music: Menotti'S New Opera". The New York Times. p. X9.
  10. ^ Brooks Atkinson (2 May 1947). "The New Play". The New York Times. p. 28.
  11. ^ Brooks Atkinson (11 May 1947). "Operas Invade Broadway; Balance of Power Jarred: Menotti's Brief Productions, 'The Telephone' and 'The Medium' Survive Drama Critics' Scrutiny". Los Angeles Times. p. C1.
  12. ^ Bron (May 7, 1947). "Legitimate: Plays on Broadway - The Telephone and The Medium". Variety. 166 (9): 68.
  13. ^ Claudia Cassidy (12 Mar 1948). "ON THE RECORD: Menotti's 'The Telephone' and 'The Medium, Albums by Koussevitzky and Mitropoulos". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. A1.
  14. ^ Allan, Ulrich (31 August 1980). "ALBUM REVIEWS, ALLA BREVE: SOUNDS OF THE ORCHESTRA". Los Angeles Times. p. u65.
  15. ^ "MUSIC AND MUSICIANS: L.A. Opera Troupe Sings This Week". Los Angeles Times. 14 September 1947. p. C5.
  16. ^ Carter Harman (12 Sep 1948). "World of Music". The New York Times. p. X6.
  17. ^ "The News of Radio: Telephone Hour to Present Operatic Program on July 26, With Seven Soloists". The New York Times. 16 July 1948. p. 38.
  18. ^ a b c Noel Straus (5 December 1948). "PELLETIER LEADS THOMAS' 'MIGNON': Marilyn Cotlow, in Her Debut, Performs the Role of Philine With Poise at Metropolitan". The New York Times. p. 98.
  19. ^ Bron (December 8, 1948). "Radio Review: METROPOLITAN OPERA". Variety. 172 (14): 24.
  20. ^ Oliver J. Gingold (7 December 1948). "The Theatre: Mignon". The Wall Street Journal. p. 12.
  21. ^ Robert Sabin (February 1949). "Met L'Elizir D'amore". Musical America.
  22. ^ P.H. (29 May 1949). "Record Player: Seven Disk Awards Won By Columbia/ Barber: Sleep Now; also Hageman: At the Well. Marilyn Colton, soprano". The Washington Post. p. L3.
  23. ^ "ON TELEVISION". The New York Times. 30 May 1950. p. 19.
  24. ^ Howard Taubman (11 Apr 1951). "SCHERMAN OFFERS OPERA BY MOZART: FLATTERING FLOWERS AND CONTOURS MARK SPRING MILLINERY". The New York Times. p. 46.
  25. ^ "Legitimate: Olivia At Only; Bloomer, '12G', Toronto". Variety. 183 (6): 60.
  26. ^ "Legitimate: New Orleans Pacts Star Names for Opera Season". Variety. 183 (13): 68. September 5, 1951.
  27. ^ "International: Yank Soprano Set For Wexford (Ireland) Fete". Variety. 195 (13): 25. September 1, 1954.
  28. ^ Ross Parmenter (22 August 1954). "WORLD OF MUSIC; Bellini's 'La Sonnambula with Marilyn Cotlow". The New York Times. p. X7.
  29. ^ Raven, Seymour (15 July 1956). "OPERATIC FARE MAIN OFFERING IN GRANT PARK: Soprano and Tenor Are Soloists". Chicago Tribune. p. 29.
  30. ^ "Tonight's Program at Grant Park". Chicago Daily Tribune. 10 August 1957. p. 17.
  31. ^ a b Lembo, Elaine (25 December 1983). "Dial S for Song". The Washington Post. p. H3.
  32. ^ "Events in Area Today". The Washington Post. 13 March 1961.
  33. ^ Tew (April 18, 1962). "Legitimate: Shows Out of Town - Masquerade". Variety. 226 (8): 64.
  34. ^ Joseph McLellan (31 December 1979). "Macabre Opera: Two Gory Premieres At Publick Playhouse Macabre Opera". The Washington Post. p. D1.
  35. ^ Paul Hume (23 May 1979). "Music Notes". The Washington Post. p. D14.
  36. ^ Joyce, Mike (23 December 1994). "ON RECORD: Robinson Joins Musical Styles". The Washington Post. p. 9.
  37. ^ "MARILYN COTLOW A BRIDE: Winner of Opera Air Auditions Wed to Eugene Altschuler". The New York Times. 10 August 1948. p. 18.
  38. ^ a b c d Victoria Etnier Villamil (2004). "Marilyn Cotlow". From Johnson's Kids to Lemonade Opera: The American Classical Singer Comes of Age. Northeastern University Press. pp. 212, 256. ISBN 9781555536350.
  39. ^ Sanford Markey (August 5, 1981). "Chatter: Cleveland". Variety. 304 (1). p. 77.
  40. ^ Joseph McLellan (12 May 1989). "For the Soprano, New Highs". The Washington Post. p. D2.
  41. ^ Pamela Sommers (22 March 1985). "Outspoken Operatic Original". The Washington Post. p. C7.