Marilyn Henry at a signing and speaking engagement at the Museum of Jewish Heritage
|Born||March 5, 1953|
|Died||March 1, 2011
Bergen County, New Jersey, U.S.
|Occupation||Author, columnist, journalist and Holocaust Archivist|
Marilyn Henry (March 5, 1953 – March 1, 2011) was an American author, columnist, journalist and historian and archivist for matters pertaining to Holocaust reparation, survivor benefits and art looted by the Nazis.
Life and career
Born Marilyn Cohen, into a Jewish family in Pennsylvania, Henry, was described as a "quintessential old-school girl reporter", and a "fierce advocate" for Holocaust survivors. In 1974, Marilyn graduated from Livingston College, Rutgers the State University, Piscataway NJ, and obtained a masters in statistics from Penn State. Afterward, she changed her last name to Henry. Earlier in her career, she was a reporter for the Jacksonville Times-Union and became its wire editor. After, Henry was a writer for the Jerusalem Post in Israel, and then in 1988 became its New York Bureau Chief when she moved back to the United States after marrying. Henry focused the latter part of her career as an advocate for Holocaust survivors and making sure that restitution was fairly distributed to the victims, instead of the myriad of agencies supporting "survivor causes". She lived in Teaneck, NJ with her husband until her death.
Henry focused much of the latter part of her journalism career in advocacy for survivors of the Nazi Holocaust, but kept a neutral stance in her coverage of the myriad thorny issues involved. Beginning in the late 1990s, Henry concentrated much of her efforts on art restitution issues, writing for the Jerusalem Post and also as a contributing editor of ARTNews. She traveled around the world to review records and interview pertinent officials from various European countries, and soon became known as the preeminent scholar on the topic. She was already considered an authority on German reparations and the recovery of Jewish properties looted and displaced in Europe during the Nazi and communist eras. She also sought to pressure U.S. and Czech officials to look into the apparent murder in 1967 of Charles Jordan, a top professional of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) at the time whose body was found floating in the Vltava. She also worked part-time as an archivist for the JDC.
Henry died from lung cancer at the Villa Marie Claire, a residential hospice of Holy Name Hospital in Saddle River, New Jersey. She is survived by her husband of 23 years, Rabbi Shammai Engelmayer. As she faced her cancer and treatments, Henry also focused her life’s ending work on the advocacy of hospice care for people suffering from terminal illness. In one of her last newspaper columns, she wrote, "Seeing no rosy future, I chose to focus on the quality of my life rather than the amount of time I might gain with treatment."
She was the author of Confronting the Perpetrators: A History of the Claims Conference (Vallentine Mitchell), with a foreword by Sir Martin Gilbert (2007), a contributor to the Encyclopedia Judaica and the American Jewish Year Book.
- Friedman, Jeanette; Berenbaum, Michael (March 9, 2011). "Marilyn Henry, Advocate for Survivors". The Forward.
- Editor (15 April 2011). "Marilyn Henry". www.pressreader.com. The Jewish Chronicle. The Jewish Chronicle.
- Engelmayer, Shammai (8 June 2017). "‘Justice for survivors was her mission’". Jewish Standard. The Jewish Standard.
- Henry, Marilyn (6 September 2006). "Pressure Russia To Reveal Looted Art’s Heritage". The Forward. The Forward Association. The Forward.
- Finkelstein, Norman G. (2003). The Holocaust industry : reflections on the exploitation of Jewish suffering (2nd ed. ed.). London: Verso. p. 137. ISBN 9781859844885.
- Brinn, David (14 February 2008). "The art of restitution". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Jerusalem Post.
- Rickman, Gregg (2006). Conquest and redemption : a history of Jewish assets from the Holocaust. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0765803467.
- Brinn, David (March 3, 2011). "A magnanimous disposition". Jerusalem Post.
- Brosnan, Rebecca (March 3, 2011). "Former Post Staffer Marilyn Henry Dies, 58". Jerusalem Post.
- Henry, Marilyn (March 12, 1999). "Czechs knew Arabs Killed JDC Head in '67". JWeekly (San Francisco Bay).
- Henry, Marilyn (November 6, 2010). "Why I Choose Life". Jerusalem Post.
- Henry, Marilyn (2006). Confronting the Perpetrators: A History of the Claims Conference. Mitchell Vallentine & Company. p. 256. ISBN 0-85303-628-4.
- Singer, David; Grossman, Lawrence (2002). "50 Years of Holocaust Compensation". American Jewish Yearbook: 3–85.