List of references to Marilyn Monroe in popular culture

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Marilyn Monroe's life and persona have been used in film, television, music, the arts, and by other celebrities.




See also: Marilyn in Art Roger Taylor (Ed.), Chaucer Press (2006), ISBN 1-904957-02-1; ISBN 978-1-904957-02-7

See also: Elvis + Marilyn: 2x Immortal Geri DePaoli (Ed.), Rizzoli (1994), ISBN 0-8478-1840-3

Celebrities as Monroe[edit]

Editorial cartoons[edit]


See also: Marilyn in Fashion: The Enduring Influence of Marilyn Monroe by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno, Running Press (2012), ISBN 0-762445-10-6; ISBN 978-0-762445-10-3


While still in character, Monroe posed over the updraft of a New York City subway grating during the filming of The Seven Year Itch in Manhattan.[92] The scene has been imitated on numerous occasions since the film was released.

Graphic novels[edit]


See also: Mondo Marilyn: An Anthology of Fiction and Poetry Richard Peabody and Lucinda Ebersole (Eds), St. Martin's Press (1995), ISBN 0-312-11853-8; ISBN 978-0-312-11853-2

See also: Marilyn: Shades of Blonde Carole Nelson Douglas (ed.), Tor Books (1997), ISBN 0-312-85737-3; ISBN 978-0-312-85737-0


Music videos[edit]

Marilyn Monroe in a pink gown, surrounded by men in tuxedos
The music video for "Material Girl" was inspired by Monroe's performance of the song "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" in the 1953 film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
  • "Love Action" by The Human League (1981): The music video features archival footage of Monroe and Arthur Miller
  • "Girls Just Want to Have Fun" by Cyndi Lauper (1983): A girl has a poster of Monroe on her wall
  • "Photograph" by Def Leppard (1983): An actress is glammed up as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch
  • "Fresh" by Kool & the Gang (1984): The Fairy Godmother is glammed up as Monroe
  • "In Neon" by Elton John (1984): The music video features Monroe's Hollywood Walk of Fame star
  • "Material Girl" by Madonna (1985): The music video is a mimicry of Monroe's performance of the song "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" from the 1953 film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. "Well, my favorite scene in all of Monroe's movies is when she does that dance sequence for 'Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend'. And when it came time to do the video for the song [Material Girl], I said, I can just redo that whole scene and it will be perfect," she explained in a 1987 interview with New York Daily News. "Marilyn was made into something not human in a way, and I can relate to that. Her sexuality was something everyone was obsessed with and that I can relate to. And there were certain things about her vulnerability that I'm curious about and attracted to."[103][104]
  • "Sex as a Weapon" by Pat Benatar (1985): The music video features archival footage of Monroe
  • "I Still Believe" covered by Mariah Carey (1999): The music video recreates Monroe's 1954 performance for troops in Korea
  • "Don't Forget About Us" by Mariah Carey (2005): During a pool scene, Carey re-enacts a part from Monroe's film Something's Got to Give (1962) by singing with one leg up on the edge.[105] In an interview with MTV News, Carey spoke of the re-enactment: "That shot was totally and completely inspired by 'Something's Got to Give,' Marilyn Monroe's last movie that never got finished. It's an homage to her, because I've never seen anyone re-create it. So many people have emulated so many of Marilyn's classic moments, but it's just that I'm a big fan of hers, and I thought it was really pretty at night with the pool. No one could ever be as fabulous as Marilyn was, but it's in honor and homage to her."[105]
  • "2 Hearts" Kylie Minogue (2007): Minogue dresses as Monroe from Some Like It Hot
  • "Give Me All Your Luvin'" by Madonna featuring Nicki Minaj and M.I.A. (2012): Costumes worn in the video included a retro inspired look; the trio wore white lace dresses reminiscent of Madonna's look in her 20s, as well as Marilyn Monroe.[106]
  • "National Anthem" by Lana Del Rey (2012): Del Rey apes Monroe's "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"[107]
  • "Applause" by Lady Gaga (2013): Gaga dresses like Monroe in The Seven Year Itch
  • "Paradise" by Ofenbach featuring Benjamin Ingrosso (2018): Dorian Lo and César de Rummel act as judges at a talent show, in which an old Marilyn Monroe wannabe is one of the participants performing.[108]



See also: Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold, Harry N. Abrams (2005), ISBN 0-8109-5933-X; ISBN 978-0-8109-5933-0

See also: Marilyn Monroe and the Camera by Georges Belmont, Te Neues Publishing (2000), ISBN 3-8238-5467-4; ISBN 978-3-8238-5467-8

See also: Marilyn by André de Dienes Steve Crist (Ed.), Taschen (2002), ISBN 3-8228-1199-8; ISBN 978-3-8228-1199-3

See also: LIFE: Remembering Marilyn (2009), ISBN 1-60320-079-7; ISBN 978-1-60320-079-0

See also: The Last Sitting by Bert Stern

See also: Marilyn: Norma Jean by Gloria Steinem with George Barris




  • American Gods: "Lemon Scented You", during Mr. World's pitch to Wednesday, Media assumes the form of Monroe from The Seven Year Itch [113]
  • Angelina Ballerina: The Next Steps: "Angelina's Gift for Ms. Mimi", a gust of wind makes Angelina ape the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch
  • Animaniacs: "Method to Her Madness", Slappy and Skippy attend a method acting class Monroe is in
  • The Beverly Hillbillies: "The Clampetts Go Hollywood", Elly May glams up as Monroe
  • Blonde: a partially fictionalized account of Monroe's life
  • Cagney & Lacey: "Jane Doe #37", a girl Cagney and Lacey arrest gives her name as "Norma Jeane Baker", the name Monroe was known as growing up
  • Clone High: Monroe hangs out at The Grassy Knoll with Nostradamus
  • Criminal Minds: "Reflections of Desire", Garcia quotes Monroe
  • The Critic:
    • "Marathon Mensch", Jay imagines himself as a Monroe impersonator aping the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch
    • "LA Jay", a transvestite in a white dress offers to stand over a grate like Monroe in The Seven Year Itch
  • Desperate Housewives: "Excited and Scared", Renée dresses as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch for Halloween, Lee also dresses as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch as well.
  • Dexter's Laboratory: "Blonde Leading the Blonde", Dexter apes the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch
  • Dice: "The Trial", After being cast as James Monroe in a musical, Dice announces to Carmen: "You are talking to President Marilyn Monroe"
  • Doctor Who: "A Christmas Carol", The Doctor becomes engaged to Monroe
  • Drunk History: "Legends", Monroe and Ella Fitzgerald form a lasting friendship[114]
  • Elvis: Elvis tells his mother she is more beautiful than Monroe
  • The Ernie Kovacs Show: Edie Adams regularly aped Monroe
  • Family Guy: "Mom's the Word", Evelyn apes the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch
  • Frasier: "Room Full of Heroes", Martin, as Joe DiMaggio, references Monroe; Daphne, as Elton John, references "Candle in the Wind"
  • Full House: "Mad Money", Jesse brings home a Monroe impersonator
  • Futurama: "I Dated a Robot", a teenager makes out with "Marilyn Monrobot"
  • Gilligan's Island: "The Producer", Ginger glams up as Monroe
  • Gilmore Girls: "Red Light on the Wedding Night", a waiter at the club Lorelei has her bachelorette party is dressed as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch
  • Golden Girls: "Letters to Gorbachev", Blanche apes "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" to Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Growing Pains: "Happy Halloween: Part 2", a character dresses as Monroe
  • Happy Endings: "Spooky Endings", Alex dresses as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch for a Halloween party
  • Hart of Dixie: "Walkin' After Midnight", Lemon dresses as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch for a Halloween party
  • Here Comes Honey Boo Boo: "A Very Boo Halloween", Mama June (a.k.a June Shannon) dressed as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch in the episode from 2013.
  • The Honeymooners: "A Woman's Work Is Never Done", Ralph references Monroe
  • I Love Lucy: "Ricky's Movie Offer", Lucy and Ethel think Ricky's script has a Monroe-type part, and ask Fred which one of them looks like her; Lucy glams up as Monroe
  • Jessie: "Ghost Bummer", Jessie dresses as Monroe for Halloween [115]
  • Keeping Up with the Kardashians: "Paparazzi & Papas", Khloé asks her grandmother's prospective dates if they like Monroe
  • Last Man Standing: "Adrenaline", Mike references Monroe on his Webcast
  • Law & Order: Criminal Intent: "Bombshell", a prescription bottle found by Logan and Wheeler is made out to Monroe's birth name, Norma Mortensen; Merritt references Monroe
  • Le Juste Prix (Belgium): Host Michaël Dufour dressed as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch[116].
  • Love, Marilyn
  • Mad Men:
    • "Maidenform", Monroe and Jackie Kennedy inspire the agency's campaign for Playtex
    • "Six Month Leave", Monroe's death affects Hollis, Joan, and the office girls
  • Married... with Children: "It's a Bundyful Life", Al asks his guardian angel if Monroe is laughing at him because he caved to Peg's demand that he toss his Playboys
  • M*A*S*H: "Bombshells", Hawkeye and Charles start a rumor that Monroe is coming to the 4077 to thank the staff for caring for her cousin
  • The Name's the Same:
    • "November 19, 1952", a contestant's actual name is Marilyn Monroe
    • "January 12, 1954", two contestants' actual names are Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio
    • "June 22, 1954", Van Johnson's "secret wish" is for Marilyn to sit on his lap
    • "August 31, 1954", Charles Coburn's "secret wish" is to dance the rumba with Monroe as he did in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
  • NCIS:
    • "Kill Ari, Part 1", DiNozzo has Caitlin ape the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch in his fantasy
    • "Minimum Security", Ducky tells Abby his mother wears nothing to bed but Chanel No. 5 ever since Monroe said it's the only thing she wears to bed
    • "Witch Hunt", Abby dresses as Monroe from The Seven Year Itch for Halloween
  • Nip/Tuck: "Joyce & Sharon Monroe", two Monroe Look-alikes want to look more like her
  • One Tree Hill: "Pictures of You", Brooke impersonates Monroe for a class assignment
  • Phil Spector: Spector speculates on Monroe's death during his first meeting with Linda
  • The Pretender: "Curious Jarod", Jarod reviews a Simulation of the night of Monroe's death in which his younger self speculates as if "Norma Jean" or "Marilyn" was possibly murdered and why
  • Quantum Leap: "Goodbye Norma Jean", Sam leaps into the body of Monroe's chauffeur
  • Quincy, M.E.: "A Star Is Dead", Quincy investigates the death of a Monroe-like movie star
  • The Real Ghostbusters: "Janine, You've Changed", Janine insinuates that she has claimed Monroe
  • Red Dwarf: "The Last Day", The famous white dress billowing up image is printed on the box for the Marilyn Monroe robot kit
  • Robot Chicken:
    • "Rodigiti", "Rowdy" Roddy Piper's kilt blows upward as he stands on a drain, he pushes it back down
    • "Up, Up, and Buffet", in this brief segment called "Candle With Too Much Wind" Monroe is relieved that they went this route given the movie "The Seven Year Itch"
  • Roseanne: "Skeleton in the Closet", Nancy dresses as Monroe for the diner's Halloween party
  • Sabrina the Teenage Witch: "A Halloween Story", one of the guests at Harvey's Halloween party is dressed as Monroe
  • Saturday Night Live:
  • Saved by the Bell: "Slater's Sister", Zack references Monroe
  • Semi-Homemade Cooking: Sandra Lee is dressed as Monroe from [117]Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
  • Seinfeld: "The Note", George references Monroe after Kramer claims he saw Joe DiMaggio at Dinky Donuts
  • Sex and the City: "To Market, to Market", Samantha's change purse has Marilyn Diptych on it
  • Sing Your Face Off (Week 6): Former soap opera actress Lisa Rinna dressed as Monroe in an episode.
  • The Simpsons:
    • "The Homer They Fall", a picture of Monroe is on a jacket
    • "Rosebud", Smithers imagines Mr. Burns singing "Happy Birthday to You" to him à la "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"
      • a slide photo of Mr. Burns shows him aping the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch
    • "Thirty Minutes over Tokyo" features a Monroe robot
    • "Treehouse of Horror XIV", Professor Frink tells Bart and Lisa his father "worked on the atom bomb by day, slept with Marilyn Monroe by night, and sold secrets to the Russians at lunch"
    • Moe apes the "subway grate" pose from The Seven Year Itch on Disk 4 of the Season 6 DVD set menu
    • Dr. Marvin Monroe's original first name was Marilyn
  • Smash: Main plot concerns the planning of a Broadway musical about Monroe
  • Sordid Lives: The Series: "The Fall and Rise of Brother Boy", Ty is shown Monroe's ukulele from Some Like It Hot
  • The Starlet: The ten young up-and-coming wannabe actresses lived together in a house that was once belonged to Monroe.
  • Student Bodies: "All Hallow's Eve", Morgan dressed as Monroe wearing her famous white dress from The Seven Year Itch for the Hallowe'en dance
  • Warehouse 13: "Love Sick", Monroe's hairbrush turns hair platinum blonde when used
  • What's My Line?: "August 21, 1960", mystery guest Buddy Hackett signs in as "Marilyn Monroe"
  • Your Face Sounds Familiar: some international versions features stars dressing up as Monroe.
  • Zoey 101: "Haunted House", Zoey dresses as Monroe for Halloween


By Arthur Miller, Monroe's third husband:

  • After the Fall (1964) – The play and its main characters, Maggie and Quentin, are based on Monroe and Miller and their marriage
  • Finishing the Picture (2004) – The play is based on Miller's experiences of making The Misfits (1961), with Kay being based on Monroe

Plays and musicals based on Monroe's life or with Monroe as a central character:

Plays and musicals with Monroe as a minor character or referenced to:

  • Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1955): Monroe's lookalike Jayne Mansfield plays a dumb actress who starts her own production company.[118] Prior to the play's production and premiere, Monroe had told Milton Greene about her grievances with 20th Century Fox, with Greene suggesting that they start their own production company.[119] Announcing its foundation in a press conference in January 1955, Monroe had stated that she was "tired of the same old sex roles. I want to do better things. People have scope, you know."[120] She had asserted that she was no longer under contract to Fox, as the studio had not fulfilled its duties, such as paying her the promised bonus for The Seven Year Itch.[121] This would begin a year-long legal battle between her and the studio,[122] that saw her being ridiculed by the press and by this play, Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?, which was written by The Seven Year Itch writer George Axelrod.[118]
  • Blood Brothers (1983): two songs called "Marilyn Monroe"
  • Wilhelm Reich in Hell (1987): Monroe is a character
  • Nobody Dies on Friday (1998) by Robert Brustein: About Lee Strasberg and the Actors Studio, with Monroe as a supporting character

Video game[edit]

  • Yo-kai Watch 2: An in-game version of Marilyn Monroe called "Mary Ronmo", who starred in the movie "Gentlemen Endure Prawns", a spoof of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. A sidequest involves finding her famous red dress, which she wore in a scene in which her dress was blown upwards.
  • Kantai Collection: Saratoga's standard pose of pushing her skirt down as it's blown upward by wind is inspired by a famous and iconic pose by Marilyn Monroe, taken from the movie The Seven Year Itch.

See also[edit]


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  12. ^ "Citroën uses John Lennon and Marilyn Monroe to promote DS3" Marketing Week via February 19, 2010
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  20. ^ "Assessing Levi's Patch Job" Brandweek November 6, 2000 via February 21, 2010
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  96. ^ Loughrey, Clarisse (February 15, 2016). "This is how long Andy's tunnel was in The Shawshank Redemption". The Independent. Retrieved October 25, 2018. Knowing that the character, as the film states, began his tunnel in 1949; [NYC graphic designer Shahed] Syed utilised the various pin-up posters glimpsed in his cell as a mark of the passage of time: from Rita Hayworth (1949) to Marilyn Monroe (1957) to Raquel Welch (1966).
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  105. ^ a b Vineyard, Jennifer (November 1, 2005). "Marilyn Monroe Inspires Mariah To Shed Clothes For New Video". Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  106. ^ Phelan, Hayley (February 3, 2012). "Watch: Madonna, M.I.A., Nicki Minaj Channel Cheerleaders And Vintage Madonna In 'Give Me All Your Luvin'". Fashionista. Retrieved October 16, 2018. But the best part has to be when Madonna, M.I.A., and Nicki all break out the vintage white lace frocks, and Marilyn Monroe 'dos, for an awesome interpretation of an 80s-era Madonna.
  107. ^ "Lana Del Rey Plays Marilyn Monroe And Jackie O" accessed August 23, 2012
  108. ^ Muldoon, Padraig (September 28, 2018). "Sweden: Benjamin Ingrosso and Ofenbach release talent show inspired music video for 'Paradise'". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved October 16, 2018. [The music video] sees the Ofenbach duo preside over a Got Talent style variety show while Benjamin preens and pampers himself backstage. A hotchpotch of acts take to the stage, ranging from a fearsome bodybuilder to an over the hill Marilyn Monroe wannabe.
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  110. ^ "Review/Music; New Milieu for Monroe: City Opera's 'Marilyn'" New York Times October 8, 1993 February 24, 2010
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  113. ^ "American Gods Recap Season 1, Episode 5, 'Lemon Scented You'" by Chuck Bowen Slant Magazine May 28, 2017
  114. ^ Ella Fitzgerald's Big Break - Drunk History (Video Clip)
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  117. ^ Halloween | Semi-Homemade Cooking | Food Network Season 9, Episode 7
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  119. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 158–159, 252–254.
  120. ^ Spoto 2001, p. 303.
  121. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 302–303.
  122. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 301–302.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]