Robinson at the 2012 Festival of Faith and Writing at Calvin College
November 26, 1943
Sandpoint, Idaho, US
|Residence||Iowa City, Iowa, US|
Fred Miller Robinson
(m. 1967; div. 1989)
Marilynne Summers Robinson (born November 26, 1943) is an American novelist and essayist. Across her writing career, Robinson has received numerous awards, including the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2005, National Humanities Medal in 2012, and the 2016 Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction. In 2016, Robinson was named in Time magazine's list of 100 most influential people. Robinson began teaching at the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1991 and retired in the spring of 2016.
Robinson is best known for her novels Housekeeping (1980) and Gilead (2004). Her novels are noted for their thematic depiction of both rural life and faith. The subjects of her essays have spanned numerous topics, including the relationship between religion and science, US history, nuclear pollution, John Calvin, and contemporary American politics.
Life and career
Robinson was born on November 26, 1943 in Sandpoint, Idaho, the daughter of Eileen (Harris) and John J. Summers, a lumber company employee. Her brother is the art historian David Summers, who dedicated his book Vision, Reflection, and Desire in Western Painting to her. She did her undergraduate work at Pembroke College, the former women's college at Brown University, receiving her Bachelor of Arts degree magna cum laude in 1966, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. At Brown, one of her teachers was the celebrated postmodern novelist John Hawkes. She received her Doctor of Philosophy degree in English from the University of Washington in 1977.
Robinson has written four highly acclaimed novels: Housekeeping (1980), Gilead (2004), Home (2008), and Lila (2014). Housekeeping was a finalist for the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (US), Gilead was awarded the 2005 Pulitzer, and Home received the 2009 Orange Prize for Fiction (UK). Home and Lila are companions to Gilead and focus on the Boughton and Ames families during the same time period.
Robinson is also the author of many non-fiction works, including Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989), The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998), Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010), When I Was a Child I Read Books: Essays (2012), The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015), and What Are We Doing Here? (2018). She has written numerous articles, essays and reviews for Harper's, The Paris Review, and The New York Review of Books.
She has been writer-in-residence or visiting professor at many universities, including the University of Kent, Amherst (where she taught, among other illustrious students, the novelist David Foster Wallace), and the University of Massachusetts Amherst's MFA Program for Poets and Writers. In 2009, she held a Dwight H. Terry Lectureship at Yale University, where she delivered a series of talks titled Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self. On April 19, 2010, she was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In May 2011, Robinson delivered the University of Oxford's annual Esmond Harmsworth Lecture in American Arts and Letters at the university's Rothermere American Institute.
In the Spring of 2016, she retired as the F. Wendell Miller Professor of English and Creative Writing at the Iowa Writers' Workshop. Robinson still lives in Iowa City, and spends the summers with family in upstate New York. She was the keynote speaker for the Workshop's 75th anniversary celebration in June 2011. She gave the 2012 Annual Buechner Lecture at The Buechner Institute at King University. In 2012, Brown University awarded Robinson the degree of Doctor of Literature honoris causa. On February 18, 2013, she was the speaker at the Easter Convocation of the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature honoris causa. The College of the Holy Cross, Notre Dame, Amherst College, Skidmore College, the University of Oxford, and Yale University have also awarded Robinson honorary degrees. She has been elected a fellow of Mansfield College, Oxford.
Robinson was raised as a Presbyterian and later became a Congregationalist, worshipping and sometimes preaching at the Congregational United Church of Christ in Iowa City. Her Congregationalism and her interest in the ideas of John Calvin have been important in many of her novels, including Gilead, which centers on the life and theological concerns of a fictional Congregationalist minister. In an interview with the Church Times in 2012, Robinson said: "I think, if people actually read Calvin, rather than read Max Weber, he would be rebranded. He is a very respectable thinker."
The former Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, has described Robinson as "one of the world's most compelling English-speaking novelists", adding that "Robinson's is a voice we urgently need to attend to in both Church and society here [in the UK]." On January 24, 2013, Robinson was announced to be among the finalists for the 2013 Man Booker International Prize.
On June 26, 2015, President Barack Obama quoted Robinson in his eulogy for Clementa C. Pinckney of Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. In speaking about "an open heart", Obama said: "[w]hat a friend of mine, the writer Marilynne Robinson, calls 'that reservoir of goodness, beyond, and of another kind, that we are able to do each other in the ordinary cause of things.'"  In November 2015, The New York Review of Books published a two-part conversation between Obama and Robinson, covering topics in American history and the role of faith in society.
The couple had two sons, James and Joseph. In the late 1970s, she wrote Housekeeping in the evenings while they slept. Robinson said they influenced her writing in many ways, since "[Motherhood] changes your sense of life, your sense of yourself."
- Housekeeping (1980) ISBN 9780374525187, OCLC 930404329
- Gilead (2004) ISBN 9780312424404, OCLC 1016128137
- Home (2008) ISBN 9780009732997, OCLC 588596243
- Lila (2014) ISBN 9781844088812, OCLC 891809441
- Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989) ISBN 9780374526597, OCLC 690002450
- The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998) ISBN 9780312425326, OCLC 611655337
- Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010) ISBN 9780300171471, OCLC 742007978
- When I Was a Child I Read Books (2012)
- The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015) ISBN 9781250097316, OCLC 930009863
- What Are We Doing Here?: Essays (2018) ISBN 9780374282219, OCLC 988060584
Essays and reporting
- "On "beauty"". Tin House. 50. Winter 2011.
- "Humanism, Science, and the Radical Expansion of the Possible". The Nation. November 2015.
- "Fear". New York Review of Books. 62 (14). Fall 2015.
- "Which Way to the City on a Hill?". New York Review of Books. 66 (12). Summer 2019.
- A September 2015 interview with Barack Obama in Des Moines, Iowa, recorded by the New York Review of Books and published in the October issues of the magazine in two-parts
- 1982: Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award for best first novel for Housekeeping
- 1982: Pulitzer Prize for Fiction shortlist for Housekeeping 
- 1989: National Book Award for Nonfiction shortlist for Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution
- 1999: PEN/Diamonstein-Spielvogel Award for the Art of the Essay for The Death of Adam
- 2004: National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction for Gilead
- 2005: Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Gilead
- 2005: Ambassador Book Award for Gilead
- 2006: University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award in Religion
- 2008: National Book Award finalist for Home
- 2008: Los Angeles Times Book Prize for fiction for Home
- 2009: Orange Prize for Fiction for Home
- 2011: Man Booker International Prize nominee
- 2012: Honorary Doctorate of Letters from Brown University
- 2012: National Humanities Medal for "grace and intelligence in writing"
- 2013: Man Booker International Prize nominee
- 2013: Park Kyong-ni Prize
- 2014: National Book Critics Circle Award for Lila
- 2016: Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction and Dayton Literary Peace Prize
- This Life, This World: New Essays on Marilynne Robinson's Housekeeping, Gilead, and Home. BRILL. 2015-09-25. ISBN 9789004302235.
- 100 Most Influential People Marilynne Robinson Time, April 2016
- "UI Writers' Workshop faculty member Marilynne Robinson win quarter-million-dollar award". February 4, 1998. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- "Robinson to retire from Iowa Writers' Workshop". Iowa Now. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- McCrum, Robert (April 2, 2005). "A love letter to lost America". The Guardian. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- "Marilynne Robinson: Sandpoint Memories". NEA. 2010-04-06. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
- This Life, This World: New Essays on Marilynne Robinson's Housekeeping, Gilead, and Home. BRILL. 2015-09-25. ISBN 9789004302235.
- "History & Literature of the Pacific Northwest: Marilynne Robinson, 1943". Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington. n.d. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- Lister, Rachel (2006-10-21). "Marilynne Robinson (1947– )". The Literary Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
- "Home by Marilynne Robinson". Us.macmillan.com. Archived from the original on 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- Dave Itzkoff, "Marilynne Robinson Wins Orange Prize", The New York Times, June 3, 2009.
- Robinson, Marilynne (2016-03-01). "Save Our Public Universities". Harper's Magazine. ISSN 0017-789X. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- Fay, Interviewed by Sarah. "Marilynne Robinson, The Art of Fiction No. 198". The Paris Review. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- "Marilynne Robinson". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- Max, D. T. (2012-09-07). "D.F.W. Week: The Wonderfully Arrogant First Pitch Letter". ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
- "American Academy of Arts & Sciences". Amacad.org. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- Allardice, Lisa (2018-07-06). "Marilynne Robinson: 'Obama was very gentlemanly ... I'd like to get a look at Trump'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
- This Life, This World: New Essays on Marilynne Robinson’s Housekeeping, Gilead, and Home. BRILL. 2015-09-25. ISBN 9789004302235.
- "Marilynne Robinson awarded Honorary Fellowship | Mansfield College, Oxford". www.mansfield.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
- "Marilynne Robinson interview: The faith behind the fiction" Archived 2011-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, Reform, September 2010.
- "Marilynne Robinson", Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, September 18, 2009.
- "Marilynne Robinson", Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, March 18, 2005.
- Wroe, Martin, "A minister of the word", Church Times, 22 June 2012
- Williams, Rowan, "Mighty plea for reasonableness", Church Times, 12 August 2012
- "Man Booker International Prize 2013 Finalists Announced | The Man Booker Prizes". Themanbookerprize.com. 2013-01-24. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- "Remarks by the President in Eulogy for the Honorable Reverend Clementa Pinckney". whitehouse.gov. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- "President Obama & Marilynne Robinson: A Conversation in Iowa". The New York Review of Books. November 5, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- "President Obama & Marilynne Robinson: A Conversation—II". The New York Review of Books. November 19, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
- "Biography - Fred Miller Robinson, PhD - College of Arts and Sciences - University of San Diego". www.sandiego.edu. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
- Sandra Hutchison. "Marilynne Robinson". Sandra Hutchison. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
- Fay, Interviewed by Sarah (2008). "Marilynne Robinson, The Art of Fiction No. 198". The Paris Review. Fall 2008 (186). ISSN 0031-2037. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
- Brockes, Emma (2009-05-29). "A life in writing: Marilynne Robinson". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
- "Five books for 2014", The Economist November 21, 2013
- "Marilynne Robinson Introduced by Paul Elie". 92 St Y.
- "PEN/Hemingway Award Winners". The Hemingway Society. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "1982 Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "The 2005 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Fiction". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- "2006- Marilynne Robinson". Grawemeyer.org. Archived from the original on 2014-04-04. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
- "Simmons among nine honorary degree recipients". Brown University. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- President Obama to Award 2012 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Whitehouse.gov, retrieved 30 June 2013
- Julie Jackson (September 26, 2013). "Park Kyung-ni literary prize goes to Robinson". Korea Herald. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Alexandra Alter (March 12, 2015). "'Lila' Honored as Top Fiction by National Book Critics Circle". New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "Marilynne Robinson wins Library of Congress fiction prize". Associated Press. March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
- Foundation, Dayton Literary Peace Prize. "Dayton Literary Peace Prize - Marilynne Robinson, 2016 Recipient of the Richard C. Holbrooke Distinguished Achievement Award". daytonliterarypeaceprize.org.
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