Marin County, California
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|County of Marin|
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
|Region||San Francisco Bay Area|
|Incorporated||February 18, 1850|
|Named for||Chief Marin, "great chief of the tribe Licatiut"|
|County seat||San Rafael|
San Rafael (population)Novato (area)
|• Board of Supervisors|
|• Total||828 sq mi (2,140 km2)|
|• Land||520 sq mi (1,300 km2)|
|• Water||308 sq mi (800 km2)|
|Highest elevation||2,574 ft (785 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2016)||260,651|
|• Density||300/sq mi (120/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|Area codes||415, 707 (Tomales and Dillon Beach only)|
|GNIS feature ID||277285|
Marin County // is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 252,409. Its county seat is San Rafael. Marin County is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (San Francisco Bay Area) across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco.
In May 2009, Marin County had the fifth highest income per capita in the United States at about $91,480.[needs update] The county is governed by the Marin County Board of Supervisors. The county is also well known for its natural environment and liberal politics.
San Quentin Prison is located in the county, as is George Lucas' Skywalker Ranch. Autodesk, the publisher of AutoCAD, is also located there, as well as numerous other high-tech companies. The Marin County Civic Center was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and draws thousands of visitors a year to guided tours of its arch and atrium design. In 1994, a new county jail facility was embedded into the hillside nearby. Marin County's natural sites include the Muir Woods redwood forest, the Marin Headlands, Stinson Beach, the Point Reyes National Seashore, and Mount Tamalpais.
The United States' oldest cross country running event, the Dipsea Race, takes place annually in Marin County, attracting thousands of athletes. Mountain biking was invented on the slopes of Mount Tamalpais in Marin.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Ecology
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government and infrastructure
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Education
- 8 Culture
- 9 Economy
- 10 Media
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Communities
- 13 In popular culture
- 14 See also
- 15 Notes
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Marin County is one of the original 27 counties of California, created February 18, 1850, following adoption of the California Constitution of 1849 and just months before the state was admitted to the Union.
According to General Mariano Vallejo, who headed an 1850 committee to name California's counties, the county was named for "Marin", great chief of the tribe Licatiut". Marin had been named Huicmuse until he was baptized as "Marino" at about age 20. Marin / Marino was born into the Huimen people, a Coast Miwok tribe of Native Americans who inhabited the San Rafael area. Vallejo believed that "Chief Marin" had waged several fierce battles against the Spanish. Marino definitely did reside at Mission Dolores (in modern San Francisco) much of the time from his 1801 baptism and marriage until 1817, frequently serving as a baptism witness and godfather; he may have escaped and been recaptured at some point during that time. Starting in 1817, he served as an alcalde (in effect, an overseer) at the San Rafael Mission, where he lived from 1817 off and on until his death. In 1821, Marino served as an expedition guide for the Spanish for a couple of years before escaping and hiding out for some months in the tiny Marin Islands (also named after him); his recapture resulted in a yearlong incarceration at the Presidio before his return to the Mission San Rafael area for about 15 years until his death in 1839.
Another version of the origin of the county name is that the bay between San Pedro Point and San Quentin Point was named Bahía de Nuestra Señora del Rosario la Marinera in 1775, and that Marin is simply an abbreviation of this name.
The Coast Miwok Indians were hunters and gatherers whose ancestors had occupied the area for thousands of years. About 600 village sites have been identified in the county. The Coast Miwok numbered in the thousands. Today, there are few left and even fewer with any knowledge of their Coast Miwok lineage. Efforts are being made so that they are not forgotten.
Francis Drake and the crew of the Golden Hind was thought to have landed on the Marin coast in 1579 claiming the land as Nova Albion. A bronze plaque inscribed with Drake's claim to the new lands, fitting the description in Drake's own account, was discovered in 1933. This so-called Drake's Plate of Brass was revealed as a hoax in 2003.
In 1595, Sebastian Cermeno lost his ship, the San Agustin, while exploring the Marin Coast. The Spanish explorer Vizcaíno landed about twenty years after Drake in what is now called Drakes Bay. However the first Spanish settlement in Marin was not established until 1817 when Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded partly in response to the Russian-built Fort Ross to the north in what is now Sonoma County.
Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded in what is now downtown San Rafael as the 20th Spanish mission in the colonial Mexican province of Alta California by four priests, Father Narciso Duran from Mission San Jose, Father Abella from Mission San Francisco de Asís, Father Gil y Taboada and Father Mariano Payeras, the President of the Missions, on December 14, 1817, four years before Mexico gained independence from Spain.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 828 square miles (2,140 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 308 square miles (800 km2) (37.2%) is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in California by land area. According to the records at the County Assessor-Recorder's Office, as of June 2006, Marin had 91,065 acres (369 km2) of taxable land, consisting of 79,086 parcels with a total tax basis of $39.8 billion. These parcels are divided into the following classifications:
|Parcel Type||Tax ID||Quantity||Value|
|Single Family Residential||11||61,264||$30,137.02 million|
|Mobile Home||12||210||$7.62 million|
|House Boat||13||379||$61.83 million|
|Multi Family Residential||14||1,316||$3,973.51 million|
|Industrial Unimproved||40||113||$12.24 million|
|Industrial Improved||41||562||$482.83 million|
|Commercial Unimproved||50||431||$97.89 million|
|Commercial Improved||51||7,911||$4,519.64 million|
Geographically, the county forms a large, southward-facing peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, San Pablo Bay, and San Francisco Bay to the east, and – across the Golden Gate – the city of San Francisco to the south. Marin County's northern border is with Sonoma County.
Most of the county's population resides on the eastern side, with a string of communities running along San Francisco Bay, from Sausalito to Tiburon to Corte Madera to San Rafael. The interior contains large areas of agricultural and open space; West Marin, through which State Route 1 runs alongside the California coast, contains many small unincorporated communities whose economies depend on agriculture and tourism. West Marin has beaches which are popular destinations for surfers and tourists year-round.
Notable features of the shoreline along the San Francisco Bay include the Sausalito shoreline, Richardson Bay, the Tiburon Peninsula, Ring Mountain, and Triangle Marsh at Corte Madera. Further north lies San Quentin State Prison along the San Rafael shoreline.
National protected areas
- Golden Gate National Recreation Area (part)
- Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge
- Muir Woods National Monument
- Point Reyes National Seashore
- San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary (part)
State and local protected areas
- Angel Island State Park
- China Camp State Park
- Mount Tamalpais State Park
- Olompali State Historic Park
- Samuel P. Taylor State Park
- Tomales Bay State Park
Marine Protected Areas of Marin County
Like underwater parks, these marine-protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems:
- Estero Americano State Marine Recreational Management Area
- Estero de San Antonio State Marine Recreational Management Area
- Point Reyes State Marine Reserve & Point Reyes State Marine Conservation Area
- Estero de Limantour State Marine Reserve & Drakes Estero State Marine Conservation Area
- Duxbury Reef State Marine Conservation Area
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Marin County is considered in the California Floristic Province, a zone of extremely high biodiversity and endemism. There are numerous ecosystems present, including Coastal Strand, oak woodland, mixed evergreen forest, and Coast Redwood Forests chaparral and riparian zones. There are also a considerable number of protected plant and animal species present: Fauna include the California Red-legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii) and California freshwater shrimp while flora include Marin Dwarf Flax, Hesperolinon congestum; Tiburon Jewelflower, Streptanthus niger; and Tiburon Indian paintbrush, Castilleja neglecta.
Notably, the Lagunitas Creek Watershed is home to the largest-remaining wild run of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Central California. These coho are part of the "Central California Coast Evolutionarily Significant Unit," or CCC ESU, and are listed as "endangered" at both the state and federal level.
Significant efforts to protect and restore these fish have been underway in the Watershed since the 1980s. Fifty-percent of historical salmon habitat is now behind dams. Strong efforts are also being made to protect and restore undammed, headwater reaches of this Watershed in the San Geronimo Valley, where upwards of 40% of the Lagunitas salmon spawn each year and where as much as 1/3 of the juvenile salmon (or fry) spend their entire freshwater lives. The "Salmon Protection and Watershed Network" leads winter tours for the public to learn about and view these spawning salmon, and also leads year-round opportunities for the public to get involved in stream restoration, monitoring spawning and smolt outmigration, juvenile fish rescue and relocation in the summer, and advocacy and policy development. Around 490 different species of birds have been observed in Marin County.
Despite the lack of rain in the Marin County area due to historic drought levels, in 2014, an estimated 20,000 juvenile Coho salmon made the migration from their spawning grounds in the Lagunitas Creek area to the Pacific Ocean. This increase in migration was significantly up from the previous historic record for the same migration measured in 2006 at 11,000.
In 2010, all of the county's beaches were listed as the cleanest in the state.
|Population, race, and income|
|Black or African American||7,481||3.0%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||793||0.3%|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||511||0.2%|
|Some other race||19,228||7.7%|
|Two or more races||8,328||3.3%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||37,344||14.9%|
|Per capita income||$54,605|
|Median household income||$89,605|
|Median family income||$113,826|
Places by population, race, and income
|Places by population and race|
|Asian||Black or African
|Hispanic or Latino
(of any race)
|Black Point-Green Point||CDP||1,204||93.4%||5.8%||0.8%||0.0%||0.0%||7.8%|
|Point Reyes Station||CDP||853||61.9%||34.8%||0.0%||3.3%||0.0%||37.2%|
|Places by population and income|
|Place||Type||Population||Per capita income||Median household income||Median family income|
|Black Point-Green Point||CDP||1,204||$76,341||$126,429||$135,250|
|Point Reyes Station||CDP||853||$49,520||$84,405||$84,583|
|U.S. Decennial Census
The 2010 United States Census reported that Marin County had a population of 252,409. The racial makeup of Marin County was 201,963 (80.0%) White, 6,987 (2.8%) African American, 1,523 (0.6%) Native American, 13,761 (5.5%) Asian, 509 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 16,973 (6.7%) from other races, and 10,693 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39,069 persons (15.5%).
|Black or African American||2.8%||2.9%||3.5%||2.5%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||0.6%||0.4%||0.4%||0.4%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||0.2%||0.2%|
|Some other race||6.7%||4.5%|
|Two or more races||4.2%||3.5%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||15.5%||11.1%||7.4%||4.2%|
|Population reported at 2010 United States Census|
(of any race)
cities and towns
(of any race)
(of any race)
|Black Point-Green Point||1,306||1,185||7||6||45||0||28||35||112|
|Point Reyes Station||848||725||7||3||10||0||73||30||155|
(of any race)
|All others not CDPs (combined)||18,451||13,757||2,116||172||558||30||1,323||495||2,529|
As of the census of 2000, there were 247,289 people, 100,650 households, and 60,691 families residing in the county. The population density was 476 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 104,990 housing units at an average density of 202 per square mile (78/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.0% White, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 11.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2000, there were 100,650 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
According to the most recent data on U.S. life expectancy, published in 2010 by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, a female in Marin County could expect to live 85.0 years, the longest for any county in the United States. The national average is 80.8 years for a female.
Race and ethnicity
According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of Marin County was as follows:
- White: 72.8% (non-Hispanic)
- Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 15.5%
- Asian: 5.4%
- Two or more races: 2.9%
- Black: 2.6% (non-Hispanic)
- Native American: 0.2%
- Pacific Islander: 0.2%
- Other: 0.4%
- Roman Catholic: 31.16%
- Protestant: 6.38%
- Mormon: 1.04%
- Other Christian: 1.36%
- Judaism: 1.8%
- Eastern religions: 1.33%
- Islam: 0.44%
- No religion: 56.5%
Place of birth
According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 81.3% of Marin County's residents were native to the United States. Approximately 80.0% of the county's residents were born in one of the fifty states or born abroad to American parents.
Foreign-born individuals made up the remaining 18.7% of the population. Latin America was the most common birthplace of foreign-born residents; those born in Latin America made up the plurality (42.2%) of Marin County's foreign population. Individuals born in Europe were the second largest foreign-born group; they made up 25.3% of Marin County's foreign population. Immigrants from Asia made up 23.7% of the county's foreign population. Those born in other parts of North America and Africa made up 3.9% and 3.8% of the foreign-born populace respectively. Lastly, residents born in Oceania made up a mere 1.2% of Marin County's foreign population.
According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, English was the most commonly spoken language at home by residents over five years of age; those who spoke only English at home made up 77.1% of Marin County's residents. Speakers of non-English languages accounted for the remaining 22.9% of the population. Speakers of Spanish made up 11.7% of the county's residents, while speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 7.1% of the populace. Speakers of Asian languages and indigenous languages of the Pacific islands made up 3.4% of the population. The remaining 0.7% spoke other languages. Source:
According to the 2007-2009 American Community Survey, there were 16 ancestries in Marin County that made up over 1.0% of its population. The 16 ancestries are listed below:
The median income for a household in the county was $71,306 and the median income for a family was $88,934. As of 2007, these figures had risen to $83,732 and $104,750.
Government and infrastructure
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San Quentin State Prison of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is located in the county. San Quentin houses the male death row and the execution chamber of California.
In the United States House of Representatives, Marin County is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly.
In the California State Legislature, Marin County is in:
- the 10th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Levine
- the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire.
Voter registration statistics
|Population and registered voters|
|Registered voters[note 3]||154,250||61.5%|
|Peace and Freedom||254||0.2%|
|No party preference||35,251||12.9%|
Cities by population and voter registration
|Cities by population and voter registration|
|Democratic||Republican||D–R spread||Other||No party preference|
|2016||15.5% 21,771||77.3% 108,707||7.3% 10,205|
|2012||22.9% 30,880||74.1% 99,896||2.9% 3,955|
|2008||20.2% 28,384||77.8% 109,320||2.0% 2,866|
|2004||25.4% 34,378||73.2% 99,070||1.4% 1,877|
|2000||28.3% 34,872||64.3% 79,135||7.4% 9,148|
|1996||28.2% 32,714||58.0% 67,406||13.8% 16,020|
|1992||23.3% 30,479||58.3% 76,158||18.4% 24,070|
|1988||39.7% 46,855||58.9% 69,394||1.4% 1,671|
|1984||49.0% 56,887||49.6% 57,533||1.4% 1,630|
|1980||45.8% 49,678||36.2% 39,231||18.1% 19,598|
|1976||52.5% 53,425||42.9% 43,590||4.6% 4,700|
|1972||52.1% 54,123||45.6% 47,414||2.3% 2,346|
|1968||50.1% 41,422||43.8% 36,278||6.1% 5,055|
|1964||38.1% 28,682||61.7% 46,462||0.3% 220|
|1960||57.3% 37,620||42.5% 27,888||0.2% 157|
|1956||65.9% 33,792||33.8% 17,301||0.3% 151|
|1952||67.1% 31,178||31.9% 14,824||1.0% 475|
|1948||57.1% 18,747||38.2% 12,540||4.8% 1,568|
|1944||47.7% 13,304||52.0% 14,516||0.3% 76|
|1940||48.5% 10,974||50.2% 11,365||1.3% 301|
|1936||33.4% 6,211||65.4% 12,152||1.1% 209|
|1932||38.1% 6,480||57.5% 9,764||4.4% 752|
|1928||57.4% 7,862||41.5% 5,686||1.0% 140|
|1924||53.5% 5,780||6.1% 656||40.4% 4,364|
|1920||68.8% 5,375||21.6% 1,688||9.6% 750|
|1916||50.1% 4,328||43.8% 3,789||6.1% 530|
|1912||0.0% 0||44.5% 2,849||55.5% 3,551|
|1908||68.3% 2,732||24.6% 983||7.2% 288|
|1904||70.7% 2,199||24.8% 772||4.5% 139|
|1900||63.6% 1,681||34.2% 904||2.2% 59|
|1896||61.4% 1,448||37.1% 874||1.5% 36|
|1892||53.6% 1,186||42.9% 949||3.5% 78|
For most of the 20th century, Marin County tended to vote Republican. From 1920 until 1984, the only Democrats to win there were Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson. However, the brand of Republicanism prevailing in Marin County was historically a moderate one. Like most of the historically Republican suburbs of the Bay Area, it became friendlier to Democrats as the GOP moved rightward nationally. In 1984, it very narrowly voted for Walter Mondale and has supported the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since then. Since the 1990s, it has become one of the Democrats' major strongholds in both California and the nation. Out of California counties, only San Francisco County and Alameda County voted more Democratic in the 2008 Presidential election.
|2014||20.7% 18,147||79.4% 69,751|
|2010||27.1% 30,920||70.4% 80,236|
|2006||45.8% 48,439||47.7% 50,441|
|2003||42.6% 41,640||48.7% 47,522|
|2002||27.9% 24,520||56.2% 49,512|
|1998||26.9% 27,392||68.9% 70,108|
|1994||43.4% 45,983||53.4% 56,665|
|1990||36.8% 35,563||59.2% 57,255|
|1986||56.5% 51,693||41.2% 37,686|
|1982||42.8% 42,260||53.2% 52,534|
|1978||33.5% 29,888||55.8% 49,759|
|1974||51.2% 40,619||45.8% 36,384|
|1970||56.6% 43,092||41.4% 31,525|
|1966||57.2% 40,411||42.8% 30,230|
|1962||53.7% 32,720||45.4% 27,664|
Marin has been slightly more competitive when voting for governor. In 2006, Arnold Schwarzenegger lost the county by just under 2,000 votes. Marin has voted for many gubernatorial candidates who went on to become high-profile national figures, including Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Jerry Brown, and Dianne Feinstein.
On November 4, 2008, the citizens of Marin County voted strongly against Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment which eliminated the right of same-sex couples to marry, by a 75.1 percent to 24.9 percent margin. The official tally was 103,341 against and 34,324 in favor. Only San Francisco County voted against the measure by a wider margin (75.2% against).
According to the California Secretary of State, as of October 22, 2012, Marin County has 155,025 registered voters, out of 176,604 eligible (87.78%). Of those, 84,374 (54.43%) are registered Democrats, 28,458 (18.36%) are registered Republicans, 7,000 (4.51%) are registered with other political parties, and 35,193 (22.70%) have declined to state a political party. Democrats hold wide voter-registration majorities in all political subdivisions in Marin County, except for the affluent city of Belvedere, in which Democrats only hold a 60-vote (3.95%) registration advantage. Democrats' largest registration advantage in Marin is in the town of Fairfax, wherein there are only 391 Republicans (7.2%) out of 5,441 total voters compared to 3,496 Democrats (64.25%) and 1,145 voters who have declined to state a political party (21.04%).
The last time Marin elected a Republican to represent them in the United States House of Representatives was William S. Mailliard in 1972. The last competitive race for the U.S. House of Representatives in Marin was in 1982 when Barbara Boxer was first elected. The longest serving representative of Marin in congress was Clarence F. Lea who served in the House from 1917 to 1949.
Due to the rapidly expanding nature of California's population, Marin's congressional district has changed numerous times over the decades. The county has been part of the 2nd congressional district of California since 2012; the only other time it was part of the 2nd district was 1902–12. It has also been part of the 1st (1894–1902 and 1912–66), 3rd (1864–94), 5th (1974–82), and the 6th (1972–74 and 1982–2012). The only time the county has not been in a single congressional district was between 1966 and 1972, when it was divided between the northern half in the 1st district and the southern half in the 6th district.
Women were first allowed to vote in Marin in 1911, when California became the sixth state to pass women's suffrage; almost a decade before the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.
"Marin County hot-tubber"
In 2002, former U.S. President George H.W. Bush denounced convicted American Taliban associate John Walker Lindh as "some misguided Marin County hot-tubber," as a reference to the county's liberal, "hippie" political culture, mispronouncing "Marin" as he did so. Outraged by the label, some local residents wrote scathing letters to the Marin Independent Journal, complaining of Bush's remarks. In response, Bush wrote a letter to readers in the same newspaper, admitting regret and promising to not use the phrases Marin County and hot tub "in the same sentence again."
- Interstate 580
- U.S. Route 101 (Redwood Highway)
- State Route 1
- State Route 37
- State Route 131 (Tiburon Boulevard)
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- Conzelman Road, Marin Headlands
- Dillon Beach Road
- Bear Valley Road: connects Olema to Inverness Park
- Limantour Road: travels across central Point Reyes
- Crown Road
- Tomales Petaluma Road
- Chileno Valley Road: Connects Marshall Petaluma Road to Tomales Petaluma Road
- Marshall Petaluma Road
- Hicks Valley Road: Connects Marshall Petaluma Road to Point Reyes Petaluma Road
- Point Reyes Petaluma Road
- Novato Boulevard: Novato to Point Reyes Petaluma Road
- Sir Francis Drake Blvd: Point Reyes Lighthouse to San Quentin
- Panoramic Highway
- Bolinas Fairfax Road: Connects Sir Francis Drake Blvd to State Route 1 (also a scenic road) at Bolinas
- Bolinas Ridge Road: Connects Bolinas Fairfax Road to Panoramic Highway and Muir Woods Road
- Lucas Valley Road and Nicasio Valley Road: Connect 101 with Point Reyes Petaluma Road
- Point / North San Pedro Road: Connects Santa Venetia and Peacock Gap neighborhoods via China Camp State Park
- Bridgeway Blvd, Sausalito
- Ridgecrest Blvd: transverses the top of Mount Tamalpais
- Pierce Point Road: travels across Northern Point Reyes
- Paradise Drive: Tiburon to Corte Madera
- Camino Alto / Magnolia Avenue: connects Larkspur to Mill Valley
Golden Gate Transit provides service primarily along the U.S. 101 corridor, serving cities in Marin County, as well as San Francisco and Sonoma County. Service is also provided to Contra Costa County via the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. Ferries to San Francisco operate from Larkspur and Sausalito. Ferry service from Tiburon is provided by Blue and Gold Fleet and by the Angel Island Ferry.
Local bus routes within Marin County are operated by Golden Gate Transit under contract with Marin Transit. Marin Transit also operates the West Marin Stage, serving communities in the western, rural areas of Marin County, the Muir Woods Shuttle, and 6 community shuttle routes.
The Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit system, which began service in August 2017, is a passenger rail service and bicycle-pedestrian pathway serving Sonoma and Marin counties. Phase I will provide service from Sonoma County airport to the San Rafael Transit Center. Later phases will extend service to Cloverdale in the north and to the Larkspur Ferry Terminal in the south.
The Marin Airporter offers scheduled bus service to and from Marin County and the San Francisco Airport.
Marin County Airport or Gnoss Field (ICAO: KDVO) is a general aviation airport operated by the County Department of Public Works. The nearest airports with commercial flights are San Francisco International Airport and Oakland International Airport, as well as Charles M. Schulz - Sonoma County Airport north of Marin County.
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College of Marin, established in 1926, includes two campuses. The Kentfield Campus is located on 77 acres in Central Marin; the Indian Valley Campus is located on 333 acres in North Marin. The College offers more than 40 degree programs leading to an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree and over 20 Certificates of Achievement with various specialties. The College serves approximately 9,000 students each term. Approximately 5,700 students enroll in COM's credit program. About 1,300 students enroll in English as a Second Language classes. Approximately 1,900 enroll in community education classes. The College employs about 300 permanent staff and faculty and many part-time employees.
Marin is also home to Dominican University of California, located in San Rafael. Founded as a women's college in 1890 by the Dominican Sisters of San Rafael, it became the first Catholic institution in California to offer bachelor's degrees to women. The college became fully coeducational in 1971, and in 2000 became an independent liberal-arts university, changing from its original name of Dominican College of San Rafael. There are about 1,400 undergraduate and 500 graduate students.
As of 2011, the largest private-sector employers in Marin County were:
- Kaiser Permanente (1,803 full-time employees in Marin County)
- Marin General Hospital (1,100)
- Fireman's Fund Insurance Company (950)
- Autodesk (878)
- BioMarin Pharmaceutical (871)
- Safeway Inc. (841)
- Comcast (620)
- Macy's (380)
- Bradley Real Estate (376)
- MHN (350)
- Dominican University of California (346)
- Wells Fargo (332)
- Kentfield Rehabilitation and Specialty Hospital (315)
- Community Action Marin (268)
- Costco (260)
- Brayton Purcell (256)
- CVS/pharmacy (232)
- Novato Community Hospital (227)
- Lucasfilm (220)
- FICO (200+)
- Mollie Stone's Markets (190)
- Guide Dogs for the Blind (189)
- W. Bradley Electric (185)
- Bank of Marin (178)
- Cagwin & Dorward (175)
- Ghilotti Bros. (145)
- West Bay Builders (133)
- Villa Marin (130)
The 2013 gross value of all agricultural production in Marin County was about $84 million; of this, more than $63 million was from the sale of livestock and their products (milk, eggs, wool, etc.). Only 175 acres were planted to grapes.
Marin county has several media outlets that serve the local community:
- Marin Magazine, a monthly lifestyle magazine with headquarters in Sausalito.
- Marin Independent Journal, a daily newspaper with headquarters in San Rafael.
- Pacific Sun, a free weekly distributed throughout the county.
- Novato Advance, a weekly newspaper that serves Marin's second-largest city.
- The Point Reyes Light, a weekly newspaper.
- KWMR radio, West Marin Radio,
- Channel 26, public-access television cable TV in Marin.
- Marin Local Music, Music listings for Marin's Restaurants & Venues who host live music.
- San Francisco Examiner, Rick Marianetti, Marin County Culture & Events.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† San Rafael||City||57,713|
|22||Black Point-Green Point||CDP||1,306|
|24||Point Reyes Station||CDP||848|
In popular culture
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Marin County has been used as the venue for numerous films and books; in some cases, these works have also incorporated scenes set in neighboring San Francisco or Sonoma County. The following are representative works produced in whole or in part in Marin County:
- Marin County lifestyles of the 1970s were spoofed in The Serial: A Year in the Life of Marin County by Cyra McFadden and in Serial, which was based on the novel.
- The Body Snatchers was set in Mill Valley.
- Key scenes in the 1973 movie American Graffiti were filmed in Marin at Tamalpais High School and on 4th Street in downtown San Rafael.
- Scenes from The Godfather and The Godfather Part II were filmed in Marin.
- Marin County's reputation as a counterculture enclave, especially the town of Bolinas and its isolationist reputation, made it a location of many key events in Ecotopia Emerging by Ernest Callenbach.
- Many scenes of the Dirty Harry franchise were filmed in Marin.
- Village of the Damned was filmed entirely in Marin.
- Jack was filmed almost entirely in Ross.
- Bandits was filmed in Marin.
- Gattaca was filmed at the Marin County Civic Center.
- Scenes from THX 1138 were filmed at the Marin County Civic Center.
- In Raiders of the Lost Ark, the college scenes were filmed at Dominican University of California; additionally, home exteriors were filmed in San Rafael.
- In Youth in Revolt: The Journals of Nick Twisp, the Twisp family resides in Oakland and Nick's father is in jail in Marin County.
- A Time For Dancing was set in Mill Valley and the characters attended Tamalpais High School.
- Scenes in Basic Instinct were filmed in Marin, particularly the car chase scene when Nick Curran (Michael Douglas) follows Catherine Trammell (Sharon Stone) from Mill Valley to Muir Beach on Highway 1.
- In Foul Play, Tony Carlson (Chevy Chase) lives on a houseboat in Sausalito.
- Short scenes in Nine Months were set in Tiburon, along with a view of San Francisco.
- Short scenes in Zodiac were filmed in and around Marin County. It should be noted that the stabbing scene at the lake was not filmed in Novato, but at Lake Berryessa.
- The staging of George Grisby's shooting in The Lady From Shanghai was shot on the dock outside what is now the Gaylord Indian Restaurant in Sausalito.
- In M*A*S*H, B.J. Hunnicut (Mike Farrell) was from Mill Valley in Marin County.
- Much of Radio Flyer was filmed in Novato (other portions were filmed in Sonora, California).
- The Moneytree was set in Marin County.
- Segments from Funny People were filmed in Marin County.
- Several scenes in Mother were shot in Kentfield, Larkspur, Sausalito, and other areas of Marin.
- Some scenes in Return of the Jedi were filmed in Marin County.
- In Terminator Salvation, Skynet's California headquarters is presumably located in Marin County.
- In Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, Kirk and Spock find their humpbacked whales in the "Cetacean Institute" supposedly situated in Sausalito. Star Trek: The Next Generation places Starfleet Academy in what is now Fort Baker, immediately south of Sausalito.
- Half of Blood In Blood Out was filmed inside California's San Quentin State Prison.
- Both in the novel and 1998 film, Stella in How Stella Got Her Groove Back was from Marin County.
- Mount Tamalpais in the Marin Hills serves as the home of the Greek Titans in Percy Jackson & the Olympians.
- In The Ted Knight Show, Henry and Muriel Rush and Monroe Ficus move from San Francisco to Marin County.
- Touching Home is directed by Noah and Logan Miller, twin brothers from Marin County.
- Parts of The Years of Rice and Salt take place in an alternate Marin County colonized by Ming-dynasty China.
- Parts of Tupac: Resurrection were filmed in Marin City.
- Parts of Rise of the Planet of the Apes and Dawn of the Planet of the Apes take place in Marin County and Muir Woods.
- Hiking trails in Marin County
- List of California counties
- List of school districts in Marin County, California
- List of people from Marin County, California
- Golden Gate Transit
- Gnoss Field
- Moon Over Marin, a Dead Kennedys song about pollution in Marin County
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marin County, California
- Other = Some other race + Two or more races
- Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
- Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
- "Board of Supervisors". County of Marin. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- "Mount Tamalpais". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "Marin County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "N.J. has four of nation's 20 highest-income counties". Associated Press. May 20, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
- AECOM. "Marin County Jail". Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- Liberatore, Paul (August 15, 2013). "Mountain Bike Hall of Fame moving to Fairfax, birthplace of the sport". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- California's Legislature, "APPENDIX M, Origin and Meaning of the Names of the Counties of California With County Seats and Dates Counties Were Created," p. 302. Spring 2006 Archived December 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved March 26, 2007
- Goerke, Betty. 2007. Chief Marin, Leader, Rebel, and Legend: A History of Marin County's Namesake and his People. Berkeley: Heyday Books. ISBN 978-1-59714-053-9
- Gudde, Erwin G. (1949). California Place Names: A Geographical Dictionary, p. 204. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press; Paperback edition (2004). ISBN 0-520-24217-3.
- Thomas, Robert C., Drake at Olompali
- Chen, Allan, Drake's Plate: the end of the mystery?, Science Beat, Berkeley Lab, April 4, 2003
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Salmon | Turtle Island Restoration Network". Spawnusa.org. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Home | Marin Audubon Society". Marinaudubon.org. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Drought helps coho salmon set migration record". sfgateorg. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- Bay Area beaches grade well for safe swimming, May 27, 2010 by Carolyn Jones, San Francisco Chronicle
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
- "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". Archived from the original on March 30, 2006.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Life Expectancy, Obesity, and Physical Activity". Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2010.
- American FactFinder
- United States Census Bureau. 2005–2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates. Data Profile Highlights
- Bernstein-Wax, Jessica (June 18, 2010). "Marin regains title of lowest jobless rate in state". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved June 19, 2010.
- 2010 Marin County Unemployment Rate. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- "San Quentin State Prison." California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Members Assembly".
- California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 – Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- County of Marin. Registrar of Voters. November 4, 2008 General Election Results
- San Francisco Department of Elections. Election Summary: November 4, 2008. Archived February 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – October 22, 2012 Archived November 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Campbell, Duncan (July 16, 2002). "From hot tub to hot water". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Marin County Free Library. Retrieved on May 4, 2009.
- "History of the University — Dominican University of California". www.dominican.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "US News Best Colleges". Archived from the original on 2017-05-24.
- "Private-sector employers – Marin County". North Bay Business Journal. 2011.
- Marin County Department of Agriculture. "Livestock & Agricultural Report" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Rebecca Gibb (July 3, 2013). "Madness in Marin County". wine-searcher.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "Marin Local Music". Marin Local Music. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved 2016-07-10.
- "Filming locations for Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi" IMDb.
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