|Marina Yevgenyevna Salye
A portrait of Marina Salye during the 2012 Protests after the 2011 Russian elections
19 October 1934|
Leningrad, Soviet Union
|Died||21 March 2012
Pskov Oblast, Russia
Marina Yevgenyevna Salye (Russian: Мари́на Евге́ньевна Салье́; 19 October 1934 – 21 March 2012) was a Russian geologist and politician, being the former deputy of the legislative assembly of Leningrad. She was also a people's deputy in the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR until September 1993, when the congress was dissolved. Salye was one of the leaders of the radical pro-reform group called Radical Democrats.
In 1992 Marina Salye headed a special commission in St.Petersburg, which found that on the basis of documents signed by Vladimir Putin, then chairman of the city's Foreign Relations Committee, and his deputy, the city had exported rare earth metals, oil products and other raw materials for over 100 million dollars. These were barter contracts. In return, the city, where there were food shortages, should have received deliveries of foodstuffs, but the foodstuffs never materialised.
Marina Salye criticised Putin in the mass media until 2000, when he was elected president. Then she moved to a remote village and did not speak to journalists for 10 years.
In March 2010 she gave an interview to Radio Liberty. Over time she had written memoirs and completed a large portion of them. The memoirs are based on an archive of documents containing illegal decisions of the city administration including Vladimir Putin.
In March 2010 Salye signed the online anti-Putin manifesto of the Russian opposition "Putin must go". Shortly before her death, she had also joined the People's Freedom Party. She claimed that the years 1990-93 Lensovet members found that Vladimir Churov, head of the Russian election committee, and Igor Artemyev, head of the Antimonopoly service, worked for the KGB.
Honours and awards
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Jubilee Medal "65 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 300th Anniversary of Saint Petersburg"
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
- Commemorative decoration "Citizen of the siege of Leningrad"
References and notes
- Hutchins, Chris, and Alexander Korobko. Putin. Leicester: Matador, 2012. 81-82. Print.
- (Hutchins and Korobko 82)
- "Putin foe speaks out from rural self-exile". Los Angeles Times. March 21, 2010.
- Почему Марина Салье молчала о Путине 10 лет?
- "Sal'ye Commission Documents." Miami University, College of Arts and Science. Havighurst Center, Russian and Post-Soviet Studies, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
- RFE/RL's Russian Service (2010-03-07). "Prominent Putin Critic Dies At 77". Rferl.org. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Умерла разоблачительница Путина Марина Салье
- Становление оппозиции — наш гражданский долг, Марина Салье, Радио Свобода, 7 января 2012 г.
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- Biography (in Russian)
- Почему Марина Салье молчала о Путине 10 лет? Interview to Radio Liberty in March 2010
- Интервью М.Салье на радио "Эхо Москвы", 28.01.2000 Interview to the radio "Ekho Moskvy" in January 2000