Marine Air Support Squadron 3
|Marine Air Support Squadron 3|
|Active||August 3, 1950–present|
|Branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Type||Aviation command and control|
|Role||Provide the DASC|
|Part of||Marine Air Control Group 38
3rd Marine Aircraft Wing
|Garrison/HQ||Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton|
|Motto(s)||Ulla Tempore, Ullo Situ
"Any time, Any place"
* Battle of Khe Sahn
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
Operation Enduring Freedom
Marine Air Support Squadron 3 (MASS-3), is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit that provides the Direct Air Support Center (DASC) for the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. They are based out of the 32 Area on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California and fall under the command of Marine Air Control Group 38 and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing.
Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 3 (MTACS-3) was formed on 3 August 1950 under Marine Air Control Group 2 and the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. On March 28, 1951 they moved under the control of Marine Air Control Group 3 (MACG-3). From 22 -24 May 1951, communications Marines from MTACS-3 assisted in the search for a missing Orange County girl. They coordinated with Marine helicopter squadrons that were also participating in the search. In 1952 the squadron took part in SATEX, AMLEX-1, AIRLEX-1, PHIBEX-1 and Div FEX 1.
The original Marine Air Support Squadron was composed of a Direct Air Support Center, and three Air Support Radar Teams (ASRTs). They utilized the AN/TSQ-122 Direct Air Support Central. The AN/TSQ-122 was a large control system housed in a rigid fiberglass modular structure. To provide an echelon capability, the MASS squadron also operated and maintained the AN/UYQ-3 air/mobile DASC. The AN/UYQ-3 could operate in a modified KC-130 aircraft, as well as on the back of a 2.5 short tons (2.3 t) truck. Together, the Marine Air Support Squadron was capable of supporting the full range of MAGTFs, up to and including a Marine Amphibious Force (MAF).
They received their current designation of Marine Air Support Squadron 3 on February 15, 1954. In October 1962, MASS-3 deployed to the Caribbean during the Cuban Missile Crisis but in December of that year were relocated to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro.
- See "History" under Direct Air Support Center.
MASS-3 entered Vietnam on 10 November 1966 when they disembarked from the USS Jennings County (LST-846) at Chu Lai. They remained in country until June 1971. On January 16 and 17, 1968, Air Support Radar Team B (ASRT-B) from MASS-3 displaced from Chu Lai to Khe Sanh to handle ground controlled radar bombing missions. On January 20 the DASC was brought into Khe Sahn as well.
During their time in Vietnam, MASS-3 Air Support Radar Teams controlled more than 38,010 AN/TPQ-10 missions, directing more than 121,000 short tons (110,000 t) of ordnance on 56,753 targets. They operated from Chu Lai and Da Nang during this time.
The 1980s and 1990s
In May 1980, MASS-3 again relocated, this time to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. In August 1990, the unit was deployed to Saudi Arabia and later participated in Operation Desert Storm returning home in March 1991.
Operation Iraqi Freedom
MASS 3 began sending units to Kuwait in October 2002 as part of the troop build-up for what would become Operation Iraqi Freedom. MASS-3 provided air support for the 1st Marine Division from the Kuwaiti border to Tikrit and had units remain in country until the division redeployed in October 2003. MASS-3 returned to Iraq in January 2004 and provided air support for the Division again until January 2004. They again deployed to Iraq in early 2006 for the third time. The unit deployed for another year-long tour in Iraq beginning in early 2008.
Operation Enduring Freedom
In April 2010, MASS-3 deployed to Afghanistan for the first time in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They supported combat operations in support of I MEF for a year while based at Camp Leatherneck.
Since the beginning of World War II, the United States military has honored various units for extraordinary heroism or outstanding non-combat service. This information is compiled by the United States Marine Corps History Division and is certified by the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
|Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one Bronze Star||1965–1967, 2003||Vietnam, Iraq|
|Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with one Silver Star and two Bronze Stars||1967-1968, 1990–1991, 2004–2005, 2010-2011||Vietnam, Southwest Asia, Iraq, Afghanistan|
|Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with four Bronze Stars||1967–1971, 1971, 1985-87, 1988-1989, 1998-1999||Vietnam, Vietnam,|
|National Defense Service Streamer with three Bronze Stars||1951–1954, 1961–1974, 1990–1995, 2001–present||Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War, War on Terrorism|
|Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer|
|Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver Stars and one bronze star|
|Southwest Asia Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars|
|Afghanistan Campaign Streamer with three bronze stars||2010, 2011–2012||Consolidation III, Transition I|
|Iraq Campaign Streamer with three bronze stars|
|Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer||2001–present|
|Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer||2001–present|
|Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer||1965–1971|
|Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Actions Streamer||1965–1971|
- List of United States Marine Corps aviation support squadrons
- Organization of the United States Marine Corps
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.