Marine City, Michigan
Marine City, Michigan
Marine City from across the St. Clair River
A Community of 1000 Adventures
Location within St. Clair County
|• Mayor||Dave Vandenbossche|
|• Mayor Pro-Tem||David Simpson|
|• Total||2.90 sq mi (7.50 km2)|
|• Land||2.16 sq mi (5.58 km2)|
|• Water||0.74 sq mi (1.91 km2)|
|Elevation||584 ft (178 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,902.60/sq mi (734.57/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1624706|
Marine City is a city in St. Clair County in the U.S. state of Michigan. Located on the west bank of the St. Clair River, it is one of the cities in the River District north of Detroit and south of Lake Huron. In the late 19th century, it was a major center of wooden shipbuilding and lumber processing.
- According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.46 square miles (6.37 km2), of which 2.15 square miles (5.57 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.
- It is considered to be part of the Thumb of Michigan, which in turn is a subregion of the Flint/Tri-Cities.
- Marine City can also be considered as in the Blue Water Area, a subregion of the Thumb.
- It is part of the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint Combined Statistical Area (CSA).
The area of Marine City had been Ojibwa territory for centuries before the first European contact. Beginning in the 17th century, French trappers and missionaries entered the territory, followed by settlers in the colonial period on both sides of the Detroit and St. Clair rivers. Farmers developed long, narrow plots that were laid out in the typical rectangular shape of colonial French, with the narrow end along the riverfront. The first Catholic Church was built by French Catholics at Catholic Point, where they had bought land before the United States was formed. French Canadians also lived on the other side of the river in a small farming community known as Petite Côte.
It was not until after the American Revolution that European-American settlers arrived in any number. In the 1780s they obtained a deed for land from the Chippewa Indians. The Americans began to call the community "Yankee Point", because so many settlers came from the Northern Tier of states, with late 18th and 19th-century westward migration originating from New England and New York. They also called the settlement "Belle River" (Belle Riviere in French), as the French had; this later was applied as the name of a neighborhood.
The village was platted by Americans as Newport in 1835–37. Although never incorporated by that name, it was known as "Newport" for 31 years. In 1865, it was incorporated as the Village of Marine City. Thriving on lumber trade and shipbuilding, the village re-incorporated as a city in June 1887.
The second half of the 19th century was the period of great growth in the village, with many workers employed in the lumber and shipping industries. Rafts of lumber were moved down the St. Clair River in the spring to be worked at Marine City or Detroit. Shipyards built some of the many wooden ships that crossed the Great Lakes. Lake steamers linked passengers with small towns around the lakes. Their decks were full and their flags were flying. Marine City was centered on a park by the St. Clair River, where bands played in the bandstand at City Hall during the summer.
As the lumber business ran down with the exploitation of forests, the area became linked to other resource extraction. Freighters carried iron from Duluth, Minnesota, which had been mined in the Mesabi Range, to Ashtabula, Ohio for steel processing. They passed from Lake Superior through Lake Huron and to Lake Erie. Marine City was known as the town on the St. Clair River where the captains of lake freighters lived. Many of these men and their crews worked for the Pittsburgh Steamship Company. Formed in 1901 by US Steel Corporation, it became the largest commercial fleet on the Great Lakes.
In the 21st century, Marine City has become the home of ten antique stores, including the "Water Street Antique Mall" located at 412 S Water Street. The Snug Theater is a 98-seat theater featuring live performances. It will be joined in 2014/15 by a sister theater, The Riverbank Theater, in a former bank building (originally Marine Bank & Trust) down the street. Also joining the two acting theaters is the old Mariner Theatre, which serves as a special event center, movie theater, gallery for fine art Models, and site of the builders model for the ocean-going Titanic. Restaurants and retail in downtown also cater to visitors and residents.
The Heather House, now operated as a bed and breakfast, was built in the Queen Anne Victorian-style. It was completed in 1885 after 2 years of construction for its owner, William Sauber. He was chief engineer for the Mitchell fleet of Great Lake steamers.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,248 people, 1,765 households, and 1,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,975.8 inhabitants per square mile (762.9/km2). There were 2,015 housing units at an average density of 937.2 per square mile (361.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.
There were 1,765 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median age in the city was 40.2 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,652 people, 1,860 households, and 1,212 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,120.8 per square mile (820.2/km²). There were 2,006 housing units at an average density of 914.5 per square mile (353.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.29% White, 0.09% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.38% of the population.
There were 1,860 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,146, and the median income for a family was $47,308. Males had a median income of $39,228 versus $23,677 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,722. About 7.6% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.
In 2007, the Marine City Police Department had 9 full-time officers. In 2013, the department equivalent is 3.8 full-time officers.
- Steve Fisher, author and Hollywood screenwriter, was born in Marine City
- Jeff Gutt, second-place finisher of the 2013 The X Factor television singing competition and current lead singer for Stone Temple Pilots
- Stephen Benedict Grummond, industrialist and mayor of Detroit (1884-1885), was born in Marine City
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 14, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- Romig, Walter (1986). Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, p. 352. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- Al Miller, Tin Stackers: The History of the Pittsburgh Steamship Company (Great Lakes Books Series), Wayne State University, 1999
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Bike routes bring big bucks with summer tourism, local communities on board with proposed bike route". MLive.com.
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