Marine Current Turbines
|Industry||Renewables : manufacturing|
|Headquarters||Bristol, United Kingdom|
|Products||tidal stream generators|
MCT was founded in 2000 to develop ideas of tidal power developed by Peter Fraenkel, who had previously been a founder partner of IT Power, a consultancy established to further the development of sustainable energy technologies. The company is based in Bristol and employed 15 people in 2007.
By 2003, MCT had installed a 300 kW experimental tidal turbine 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) northeast of Lynmouth, Devon and by 2008 they had a 1.2 MW turbine, SeaGen, in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland which was able to feed electricity into the National Grid.
The technology developed by MCT works much the same as a submerged windmill, driven by the flow of water rather than air. Tidal flows are more predictable than air flows both in time and maximum velocity and it is therefore possible to bring designs closer to the theoretical maximum. The turbines have a patented feature by which they can take advantage of the reversal of flow every 6 hours and generate on both flow and ebb of the tide. The tips of the blades are well below the surface so will not be a danger to shipping or be vulnerable to storms.
Because the blades are relatively slow moving (15 rpm)and there are only two, it is considered unlikely that there will be adverse environmental impacts on fish or other aquatic life, and a monitoring project has been set up in the Strangford Lough project to confirm this.
Two approaches are being followed, one for relatively shallow waters, up to 30 metres (98 ft), and the other for deeper waters. In shallow waters, the turbines are suspended on a tower which extends above the surface of the water and enables the turbines to be lifted clear of the water for maintenance purposes. But since the number of sites around the world where this is possible is finite, they are also developing fully submersed systems which will take advantage of larger scale, but will also be able to be brought to the surface for maintenance. 
The SeaFlow project involved building a full-size prototype capable of producing 300 kW. This was installed off the Devon coast near Lynmouth in May 2003. It was the largest tidal turbine operating until SeaGen started.
SeaGen was the first full-scale tidal flow power station to be connected to the grid to produce electricity for consumption. It was due to be installed in 2007 but delays with the installation barge meant that it was not installed until March 2008 after being modified extensively to permit the use of a crane barge rather than a jackup as originally planned.
It produced electricity on 14 July 2008. However, subsequently a computer problem caused damage to one of the rotors and procuring a replacement took until towards the end of October 2008. However SeaGen was able to operate using just its good rotor through the summer of 2008 and that rotor was operated at full rated power of 600 kW for many hours. After replacement of the damaged rotor SeaGen delivered its full rated power of 1.2MW for the first time on 18 December 2008 - believed to be the first time a "wet renewable energy system" has delivered in excess of 1MW.
Skerries Tidal Stream Array
In a proposed joint project with RWE Npower Renewables, 7 of the SeaGen generators, producing about 10MW at peak, would be installed off the Skerries, a patch of very fast moving water off Anglesey in northwest Wales. An environmental consent application was submitted to the Welsh Government in March 2011, though financing still needs to be finalised.
An agreement has been made with Canada's Maritime Tidal Energy Corporation in 2007 to develop tidal resources in the Bay of Fundy. With a tidal range exceeding 15 metres (49 ft), and flows of up to 14 kilometres per hour (8.7 mph), this area has long been favoured as the most promising source of tidal power and the newer tidal flow concepts mean that the associated shipping and environmental problems of barrage schemes are no longer prohibitive. MTEC concluded that MCT had the most proven technology of the companies evaluated.
On the west coast, they have also agreed to install at least three 1.2 MW turbines in the Campbell River in British Columbia as a first step in developing tidal farms in that river and other tidal waters.
- Louise Downing; Stefan Nicola (17 February 2012), "Siemens to Buy U.K. Tidal Turbine Maker in Next Few Weeks", www.bloomberg.com (Bloomberg LP)
- IT Power website
- "Seagen Tidal Power Installation". Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- Brittany Sauser (2008-08-15). "Tidal Power Comes to Market. A large-scale tidal-power unit has started up in Northern Ireland". Technology Review Inc., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
- David G Erwin. "Environmental monitoring, liaison and consultation concerning the MCT Strangford Lough Turbine" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- Deep water technology
- Bates, Claire (2008-07-17). "Tidal power feeds electricity to National Grid in world first". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 2008-08-16.
- "Anglesey Skerries Tidal Stream Array". Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- "Crown Estate lease agreed for Anglesey tidal power farm". BBC. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- Agreement with MTEC
- Arrangement with Maritime Tidal Energy Corporation
- Jifeng Wang, Norbert Mueller,Numerical investigation on composite material marinecurrent turbine using CFD, Cent. Eur. J. Eng. 1(4), 2011, pp 334-340, DOI: 10.2478/s13531-011-0033-6, http://link.springer.com/article/10.2478/s13531-011-0033-6