Marine Operations Force

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marine Operations Force
Crest of Pasukan Gerakan Marin.png
Marine Operations Force Insignia
Active 1 September 1947 – Marine Police Force
6 February 2009 – Marine Operations Force (present)
Country United Kingdom British Malaya (1947–1963)
 Malaysia (1963–present)
Branch Royal Malaysian Police.svg Royal Malaysia Police
Type Water police
Role Maritime security
Size Classified
Part of Directly under control of the Internal Security Department and Public Order
Garrison/HQ Bukit Aman Police Headquarter, Kuala Lumpur
Colour of Beret   Light blue beret
Anniversaries 25 March (Police Days Anniversaries),
31 August (Independence Day Anniversaries)
Engagements
Commanders
Commander Senior Assistant Commissioner Dato' Abdul Aziz Bin Yusof

The Marine Operations Force (Abbreviation: MOF; Malay: Pasukan Gerakan Marin; PGM) is the Marine Police division of the Royal Malaysia Police tasked with maintaining law and order and co-ordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. The Marine Police serves under the control of the Malaysian Internal Security Department and Public Order with the role of safeguarding the security of Malaysian waters from any threats.

History[edit]

The Marine Police used to be known as the Malay Water Police and its responsibility was to maintain security in Penang and the Straits of Johor. Owing to the increase in marine activities, the marine police was formed on 1 September 1947 in Batu Uban, Penang before being transferred to Gelugor, Penang with 19 boats contributed by the Customs Development and the Royal Malaysian Navy Reserve with 90 personnels.

During the Malayan Emergency, three members of the marine police perished in the battle of Bukit Kepong while fighting against the Communists.

During the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, the marine police also played a role in the crisis. The marine police co-operated with the navy in patrolling the coastal and riverine areas of the Malaysian Peninsula. Indonesian Irregular forces tried to infiltrate into Malaysia over water, especially using fishing boats and trawlers but many were successfully captured by the navy and the marine police. Some of the Indonesian Irregulars were shot dead when trying to escape from the Malaysian security forces, as well as having their weapons and equipment captured.

With the rapid development of Malaysia, the Marine Police expanded in terms of logistics and men. The expansion was notable during the 1960s, with a marked increase of 40 wooden PX class patrol boats and the addition of personnel. Subsequently, the duties of the Marine Police also expanded.

Malaysian Marine police headquarters in Semporna, Sabah.
The marine police march during the declaration of PGM on 6 February 2009. The officers are wearing skyblue berets, the new berets of the unit and carried the M16 rifles.

On 6 February 2009, the name of Malaysian Marine Police was changed to Pasukan Gerakan Marin (English: Marine Operations Force) with the aim of making the force more sensitive, progressive and innovative in their service to the community. The renaming was launched by the Minister of Home Affairs, Dato' Seri Syed Hamid Albar at PULAMAR (Abbreviation of Pusat Latihan Marin or Marine Police Training Centre), Tampoi, Johor Bahru and witnessed by Tan Sri Musa Hassan, the Inspector General of Police, the Director of Internal Security and Public Order, Dato' Hussin Ismail and all senior police officers and Malaysian media. In addition to functioning as regular police stations and huts, the Marine Police also took over police shacks located on islands, lakes, coastal and river areas. On 24 November 2008, a total of 41 marine police bases in the country were upgraded to Beach Police Stations and Beach Police Shacks.[1]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 23 February 1950, the Malayan communist guerillas launched an assault on the wooded police station at Bukit Kepong, Muar, Johore. As the result, 14 officers including three Marine Policemen were killed in that assault, known as MPC 60 Ibrahim Bin Adam, MPC 68 Awang Bin Ali and MPC 181 Basiron Bin Adam, while one Marine Policemen named MPC 37 Abu Bakar Bin Daud was wounded in action. The Communists also blew up the marine patrol boat at Bukit Kepong jetty near the Muar river to prevent reinforcement of the police station.
  • At 28 June 2006, one officer of the marine police, MPC 144598 Mohd Juriya Bin Awang went missing when a patrol boat from Pasir Panjang Marine Police Station capsized and sank in heavy shore about two nautical miles (4 km) off Pasir Panjang on routine duties, Sekinchan while Cpl Ahmad Zubairi Shahudin and MPC Mohd Khairi Seman, two of the crews in the boat, managed to swim ashore. An intensive search and rescue effort was launched by the police, Fire and Rescue Services Department, Malaysian Marine Department and local villagers to locate the missing officer.[2] Three weeks later after the incident, the body of the officer was later found at 7.5 nautical miles (13.9 km) off Pulau Payar, near the Kuala Kedah river.[3]
  • On 13 July 2014, An eight armed gunmens attired in jungle fatigue pants, black coloured clothes and their face covered which suspected is Sulu terrorists or Abu Sayyaf militias used heavy arms ambushed the marine police officers, resulting Cpl 151279 Ab Rajah Bin Jamuan killed in action, while his colleague, MPC 176543 Zakiah Bin Aleip, was missing, believed to have been kidnapped. The group had planned to kidnapping someone at the Mabul Water Bungalow Resort, Mabul Island, Semporna, Sabah, however they encountered the officers before attacking them. This is the first fatality involving a security force personnel in preventing a kidnapping

Organisation[edit]

Marine police main base unit locations

The Marine Operations Force is currently headed by Senior Assistant Commissioner Dato' Hj Abdul Aziz Bin Yusof. It operates from five regional bases around the peninsula and East Malaysia. It also has a police base at Putrajaya for the security of the lake. Each of these regional bases are organised similarly to the Neighbourhood Police Centres of the land divisions, and conduct patrols within its respective maritime sectors.

The Marine Police is organised into five main bases:

Northern Region Marine Police (Region 1)
Based at Batu Uban, Penang. Has responsibility for the maritime activities in the states of Perlis, Penang, Kedah, Perak and Selangor
South Region Marine Police Force (Region 2)
Based at Tampoi, Johor Bahru, Johore. Has responsibility for the maritime activities in the states of Negeri Sembilan, Malacca and Johore
East Region Marine Police Force (Region 3)
Based at Kuantan, Pahang. Has responsibility for the maritime activities in the states of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang
Sabah Region Marine Police Force (Region 4)
Based at Sandakan, Sabah. Has responsibility for the maritime activities in the state of Sabah and Labuan
Sarawak Region Marine Police Force (Region 5)
Based at Kuching, Sarawak. Has responsibility for the maritime activities in the states of Sarawak

Roles[edit]

PA-16 police boats patrolling at Semporna coast, Sabah.

This team is responsible in patrolling Malaysian Territorial Waters (MTW), Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Contiguous Zone. Headed by Marine Police Commander centred at Major Police Headquarters at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur and fully responsible to Inspector-General of Police through to Director of Internal Security Department and Public Order in every aspects of administration and operations.

The major duties are:-

  1. Search and rescue in the territorial waters of Malaysia and EEZ. Especially aiding in transporting flood victims or natural disasters, especially shipwreck etc.
  2. Assisting other units in the police organisation perform duties other than marine police tasks with the approval from the Director of Internal Security Department and Public Order with the Marine Police Commander advice.
  3. Perform diving duties whenever required by the police force.
  4. Harbour from the threats from the sea.
  5. Conduct joint training with a neighbouring country in Coast Rendezvous, patrol co-ordination, search and rescue operations.

Functions[edit]

Following the Inspector General of Police Order B112, the functions of Marine Operations Force are;

  • To guard Malaysian waters.
  • To maintain peace and uphold maritime laws
  • To protect life and property at sea.
  • To conduct ambush and carry out operations along Malaysian waters.
  • To patrol, investigate and guard the coastal areas and islands of Malaysian waters.
  • To provide facilities for communication in areas accessible only by sea or river.
  • To defend the country against subversive elements and external threats.

Operations[edit]

The PGM conducts round-the-clock patrols in MTW from its five regional bases, in an area of more than 142, 393 km² and 450, 233 km² for EEZ as well as 4490 km for coastline. It is also responsible for maintaining law and order on most of Malaysia's islands.

While piracy was the main source of concern leading to the establishment of the Marine Police, it has become almost a non-issue today with no cases of piracy in Malaysian Territorial Waters in the last decade. Crimes in the offshore islands or in the waters are also markedly low.

Pirates attacks Lahad Datu[edit]

September 23, 1985: Over 15-20 armed Moro pirates clad in jungle green uniforms stormed in the town of Lahad Datu and firing at random targets, killing at least 21 people and injuring 11 others,[4][5] and snatched some $200,000 from a local bank as well as another $5,000 from the Malaysia Airlines office.[6] The Marine Operations Force intercepted the pirates when they retreated to a jetty, resulting two of the pirates were wounded which their friends still managed to carry their injured friends into two awaiting pump boats as the pirates made their getaway back to the Philippines. In September 24, the Marine Police launched a surprise attacks on an island which believe to be their hide-out and managed to kill five pirates.[4][5]

While the rest of the pirates have escaped to the international border,[7] the police recovered a numbers of M16 rifles with a whole armoury of assorted weapons.[4] Some ambiguous source alleged on the apparent retaliation, the Royal Malaysian Navy with four ships and three helicopters attacked a Filipino island, bombed the island's settlement, burning houses and killing 53 Filipino residents.[5][8]

Ops MV Paulijing[edit]

August 22, 2005: A hijacked ship belonging to a Hong Kong citizen has entered the Straits of Malacca, after investigation, the ship was actually reported missing in 2003 in the waters Batam, Indonesia. At first, the ship will be detected by the Marine Operations Force. Marine Operations Force received information at about 9.00 am yesterday that the ship MV Natris trusted and has changed its name to MV Paulijing enter the Straits of Malacca and was on his way from Khandra, India to Port of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Responding on information, the Marine Operations Force have sent four marine police patrol vessels which were approaching the ship at about 10 am yesterday, ordered the captain of the ship was to stop. However, the captain of the MV Paulijing refused to heed to the order and continued to head south.

At the same time, five officers and 32 members of 69 Commando counter-terrorist operators was flown to Kukup, Pontian, Johore at about 5 pm yesterday. From Sultan Ismail Airport, Senai, the unit brought by helicopter and they were briefed by the Deputy Superintendent of Police Mohd Yazib Bin Abd Aziz. At 11 pm, Marine Operations Force and 69 Commando to Pulau Pisang and ready to respond at the appropriate time until at about 3:20 am of 69 Commandos and the Marine SWAT unit managed to board and capture the ship.

After inspection of the ship is carrying soybeans and a substance believed to vinegar. The ship was also carrying 19 crew and a captain of the Chinese citizens who are between the ages of 20 to 45 years. The ship was then taken to the waters off Tanjung Piai for further examination and report. This operation has been reported in the 999 program on TV3 in 2005 ago.[9][10]

Maritime border control[edit]

Over the period 2005 to November 2008, PGM was successful in 12,054 cases of busts and summons above various type of offence in beach coastal and national waters.

Statistic of Arrested and Summons from 2005 to November 2008
Fiscal Year 2005 2006 2007 2008
Fisheries Act 230 325 236 385
Custom Act 226 289 236 387
Immigration Act 276 430 544 624
Dangerous Drug Act 139 124 87 101
Merchant Shipping Ordinance 905 878 1, 048 1, 197
Police Act 60 57 71 76
Paddy and Rice Act 351 703 177 188
Controlled Substance Act 84 72 96 269
Offence others 352 365 343 520
Total 2, 623 2, 843 2, 841 3, 747
Entirety Total 12, 054

Firearms and equipment[edit]

PGM operators are typically armed with the Beretta 92, Browning Hi-Power Mk.3, Glock 19, Heckler & Koch USP and Walther P99 service pistol. Other firearms such as the Heckler & Koch MP5, the M16 rifle are also stowed aboard each patrol craft, with the Remington 870 pump action shotgun as an additional weapon for the UNGERIN. Mounted on the boats themselves, are weapons such as the 7.62mm FN MAG General Purpose Machine Gun, and the 12.7mm M2 Browning machine gun, depending on the type of craft. As a result of the 2013 Lahad Datu standoff, PGM officers including UNGERIN in Sabah now have access to 7.62mm Colt CM901 battle rifles when on duty.

Current fleet[edit]

Currently, the PGM utilised the 15 PZ class patrol boats, 33 PX class, 68 PA/PT/PC/PLC and 4 PSC/PGR/PAR class patrol boats. From two current base during established, currently the branch have 5 the main base, 11 small base and 24 forward base.

Offshore Patrol Craft (PX Class)[edit]

Ships
  • PX 6
  • PX 8
  • PX 9
  • PX 11
  • PX 12
  • PX 17
  • PX 19
  • PX 20
  • PX 21
  • PX 24
  • PX 28
  • PX 29
  • PX 30
  • PX 31
  • PX 32
  • PX 33
Origin  Malaysia
Length 29 metres
Beam 6 metres
Draft 1.7 metre
Speed 17 knots (30 km/h)
Weapons 2x M2 Browning machine gun
Small Arms M16 rifles, HK MP5, shotguns and Pistols/Revolvers

Note: Ordered in 1979 from Penang Shipbuilding Company. First delivery in June 1981, last pair completed in June 1982. Brooke Marine provided lead yard services.

Inshore Patrol Craft (PA Class)[edit]

Ships
  • PA 20
  • PA 22
  • PA 24
  • PA 25
  • PA 31
  • PA 41
  • PA 43
  • PA 47
  • PA 49
The PA-31 coastal patrol craft at Muar riverbank.
Origin  Germany/ Malaysia
Length 14.8 metres
Beam 2.7 metres
Draft 0.8 metre
Speed 30 knots (60 km/h)
Weapons 2x 12.7mm M2 Browning machine gun
20mm Oerlikon cannon
Small Arms M16 rifle and pistols

New Police Strike Craft Vessels (PSC Class)[edit]

On 11 July 2007, the PGM purchased 10 units of Marine Alutech Watercat M14 PSC class landing craft vessels from Marine Alutech OY AB Service with 22 passengers capacity and able 30+ knots high speeds, possibly equipped with 12.7mm NSV machine gun, 40mm grenade machine gun and 120m Patria NEMO mortar for use by marine police as well as UNGERIN operatives for amphibious assault duties even in shallow waters. The boats are built by Geliga Slipway Sdn Bhd in Malaysia. The boats are to be supplied in 2008-2009.[11][12]

Ships
  • PSC 35
  • PSC 17
  • -
  • -

(6 more on delivery)

Origin  Finland
Length 15.4 metres
Beam 4 metres
Draft 0.8 metre
Speed 45 knots (80 km/h)
Weapons 2x General Purpose Machine Guns

Special force[edit]

A special operations squad of marine police was established to counter various terrorism threats. Known as UNGERIN, they received special training by the United States where they were trained in the specific doctrines to increase the security of Malaysian waters. The UNGERIN were provided with US special firearms, similar to those used by US counter-terrorist units.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Polis Marin kini Pasukan Gerakan Marin" (in Malaysian). Utusan Malaysia. 7 February 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Crew Member Goes Missing After Marine Patrol Boat Sinks". Bernama. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 7 August 2009. 
  3. ^ "Policemen drown in Selangor, his body found later at Kedah" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 6 April 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c "Lahad Datu Recalls Its Blackest Monday". New Straits Times. 24 September 1987. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Masayuki Doi (30 October 1985). "Filipino pirates wreak havoc in a Malaysian island paradise". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Clement Jaikul (19 February 2014). "Thoughts on Sabah's piracy problem". The Star. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Ramli Dollah (9 December 2004). "Lanun atau Mundu di Sabah" (PDF) (in Malay). University of Malaya. pp. 176 and 178 (6 and 8). Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Moslem community attacked in raid?". Spokane Chronicle. 30 September 1985. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Marine Police Detain Ship Believed Hijacked Three Years Ago". bernama.com.my. Bernama. 23 August 2005. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Malaysia seizes `stolen' ship in nighttime raid". taipeitimes.com. Taipei Times. 25 August 2005. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Saksan asevoimat harkitsee venehankintaa Suomesta" (in Finnish). Ruotuväki article. 15 July 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  12. ^ "Marine Alutech delivers 10 PSC landing crafts for Royal Malaysian Police". Marine Alutech websites. 11 July 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2008.