Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency

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Marine Parade
Group Representation Constituency
for the Parliament of Singapore
Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency
Region Southeastern Singapore
Electorate 146,244
Current constituency
Created 1988
Number of members 5
Member(s) Goh Chok Tong
Tan Chuan-Jin
Seah Kian Peng
Fatimah Lateef
Edwin Tong
Town Council Marine Parade
Not to be confused with the defunct and smaller Marine Parade Single Member Constituency (Marine Parade SMC) that existed from 1976 to 1984.

Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency (Chinese: 马林百列集选区; Malay: Kawasan Undi Perwakilan Berkumpulan Marine Parade; Tamil: மரீன் பரேட் குழுத்தொகுதி) is a five-member Group Representation Constituency (GRC) located in the central, eastern and north-eastern areas of Singapore. The constituency consists of a section of Bedok, Chai Chee, Geylang, Kaki Bukit, Kallang, Kembangan, Marine Parade, Mountbatten, Ubi, Serangoon and Hougang.

Marine Parade GRC is currently led by both former prime minister and Emeritus Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong and Minister for Social and Family Development Tan Chuan Jin.

History[edit]

Before the creation of Marine Parade GRC, Goh had been the Member of Parliament for the Marine Parade single member constituency since being first elected in 1976.

The Serangoon Gardens ward was part of the constituency until 2006, when it was redrawn into the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (GRC). In 2011, Kaki Bukit was also given to Aljunied GRC and in return, the MacPherson Single Member Constituency (SMC) was absorbed. In 2015, the MacPherson ward was hived off again as an SMC, while Joo Chiat SMC was returned to this GRC after over 18 years.

This GRC saw its fiercest contest in the general election in 2011 where the National Solidarity Party team led by Nicole Seah managed to get over 43% of the vote.

1992 By-election[edit]

In 1992, a by-election was called in this constituency after the resignation of all four MPs from their seats, including then Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. This was the first and only by-election in a GRC since 1988. The reasons for then-Prime Minister Goh to hold this by-election was due to several reasons:

• He hoped and probably felt the need to secure another fresh, stronger mandate after the 1991 general election that oversaw the unprecedented loss of three Single Member Constituencies (namely Hougang, Nee Soon Central, Bukit Gombak) on top of Potong Pasir, which the People's Action Party had failed to recover ever since it was lost in the 1984 general election.

• Through this by election, Teo Chee Hean, Singapore's current Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security, was introduced as new blood to the team, while Lim Chee Onn decided to retire.

• He wanted to keep his promise of allowing WP's chief J. B. Jeyaretnam to contest an election upon the latter's ten-year ban ending just after the 1991 GE. Jeyaretnam had also accused the PAP of calling a snap election because it was afraid of him.

Despite how many had expected the return of Jeyaretnam, he did not take part in the election due to multiple cornered fights within the opposition camp. This was a speculated reason for one of WP's candidates' decision to back out at the very last minute. It was also widely thought that one of the WP's candidates had lost his way to the nomination centre. Instead, this by-election saw the introduction of the Singapore Democratic Party's Chee Soon Juan, and a four-way contest involving the National Solidarity Party, Singapore Democratic Party and Singapore Justice Party (now part of the Singapore Democratic Alliance). Since that election, Marine Parade GRC remained uncontested until 2011.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Joo Chiat Geylang Serai Marine Parade MacPherson Kembangan-Chai Chee Braddell Heights Mountbatten Serangoon Kaki Bukit
1984 SMC SMC SMC SMC SMC
as Kampong Ubi
SMC SMC SMC
as Serangoon Gardens
SMC
Formation
1988 Choo Wee Khiang Othman Haron Eusofe Goh Chok Tong SMC Aljunied GRC
as Kampong Ubi and kampong kembangan
SMC SMC SMC
as Serangoon Gardens
SMC
1991 Lim Chee Onn Matthias Yao Thomson GRC
(Serangoon Gardens)
Eunos GRC
1992 Teo Chee Hean
1997 East Coast GRC SMC Mohamad Maidin bin Packer Mohd
as Kampong Ubi
Goh Choon Kang Yap Giau Keng Eugene Lim Hwee Hua East Coast GRC
2001 SMC R Ravindran Andy Gan Lai Chiang
2006 Fatimah Lateef Ong Seh Hong as Kampong Ubi-Kembangan Seah Kian Peng Lim Biow Chuan Aljunied GRC Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim
2011 Tin Pei Ling Tan Chuan-Jin SMC Aljunied GRC
2015 Edwin Tong Chun Fai SMC

All 4 MPs resigned from their seats in 1992, paving the way for a by-election. Lim Chee Oon decided to retire, while Teo Chee Hean was introduced into the Joo Chiat ward. The other three MPs won their seats back after the by-election.

Areas of Responsibility[edit]

  • Marine Parade: The entire Marine Parade Estate and Joo Chait
  • Kembangan-Chai Chee: Kembangan, Chai Chee, Kampong Ubi, Geylang Serai Market
  • Geylang Serai: Haig Road, Tai Seng, Joo Seng, Geylang Serai and Eunos Crescent
  • Braddell Heights: Sommerville, Lorong Lew Lian, Serangoon Avenues 1-3, Nex Mall, Bartley Estate, Lorong Chuan
  • Joo Chiat: Frankel Avenue, Telok Kurau, Opera Estate, Siglap

Candidates and results[edit]

Elections in 1980s[edit]

General Election 1988: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chok Tong
Choo Wee Khiang
Othman Haron Eusofe
41,325 73.81%
SJP A R Suib
M Ramasamy
Theng Chin Eng
14,660 26.19%
Turnout 55,985 89.09%
PAP win (new seat)

Elections in 1990s[edit]

General Election 1991: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chok Tong
Othman Haron Eusofe
Matthias Yao
Lim Chee Onn
51,685 77.25% +3.44%
SJP Aminuddin Bin Ami
Rajasekaran K S M
Suib Bin Abdul Rahman
Theng Chin Eng
15,222 22.75% -3.44%
Turnout 66,907 90.38% +1.28%
PAP hold Swing
By-Election 1992: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chok Tong
Othman Haron Eusofe
Matthias Yao
Teo Chee Hean
48,965 72.94% -4.31%
SDP Chee Soon Juan
Low Yong Nguan
Md Shariff bin Yahya
Ashleigh Seow Chuan-Hock
16,447 24.50%
NSP Ken Sunn
Sarry bin Hassan
Tan Chee Kien
Yong Choon Poh
950 1.42%
SJP A R Suib
Lim Teong Howe
Theng Chin Eng
Yen Kim Khooi
764 1.14% -21.61%
Turnout 67,126 90.72% +0.34%
PAP hold Swing -4.31%
General Election 1997: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chock Tong
Othaman Haron Eusofe
Lim Hwee Hua
Goh Choon Kang
Mohammed Maidin bin Packer Mohd
Yap Giau Cheng Eugene
Turnout Walkover
PAP hold Swing

Elections in 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Andy Gan Lai Chiang
Goh Chok Tong
Lim Hwee Hua
Mohamad Maidin bin Packer Mohd
Othman Haron Eusofe
R Ravindran
Turnout Walkover
PAP hold Swing
General Election 2006: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Fatimah Lateef
Goh Chok Tong
Lim Biow Chuan
Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim
Ong Seh Hong
Seah Kian Peng
Turnout Walkover
PAP hold Swing

Elections in 2010s[edit]

General Election 2011: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chok Tong
Tan Chuan-Jin
Fatimah Lateef
Seah Kian Ping
Tin Pei Ling
78,286 56.65% -16.29%
NSP Cheo Chai Chen
Nicole Seah
Abdul Salim Harun
Spencer Ng
Ivan Yeo
59,926 43.35% +43.35%
Turnout 138,812 89.87
PAP hold Swing
General Election 2015: Marine Parade GRC
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PAP Goh Chok Tong
Tan Chuan-Jin
Fatimah Lateef
Seah Kian Ping
Edwin Tong
84,939 64.07% +7.42%
WP Firuz Khan
He Ting Ru
Ng Foo Eng dylan
Terence Tan li-zhen
Yee Jenn Jong
47,629 35.93% +35.93%
Rejected ballots 1,682 1.15%
Turnout 146,244 92.7% +2.83%
PAP hold Swing +7.42%

See also[edit]

References[edit]