Marine and Fisheries Agency
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The Marine and Fisheries Agency (MFA) was an executive agency of the United Kingdom government, founded on 1 October 2005, that controlled sea fishing in seas around England and Wales. Responsibilities included enforcement of sea fisheries legislation, licensing of UK commercial fishing vessels, sampling of fish catches, management of UK fisheries quotas and an advisory role and general liaison with the fishing industry. It received over £27 million in funding in 2009 and was replaced by the Marine Management Organisation on 1 April 2010.
Formerly "Marine Fisheries Agency", the Marine and Fisheries Agency had a wide range of responsibilities and undertook delivery functions for Defra in a number of areas.
In England and Wales, the Agency had overall responsibility for the enforcement of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) and its associated regulations. English and Welsh waters within British Fishery Limits covered approximately 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) and extended up to 200 miles (320 km) from the coast, or to the meridian line with other Member States' waters, where the distance between the countries is less than 200 miles (320 km). In 2007, according to The Marine and Fisheries Agency official statistics, there were 12,729 active fishermen using 2,673 vessels in the UK
In 2009 the Marine and Fisheries Agency were part of an expert advisory group during an report into UK offshore wind farms and their potential disruption to commercial fishing activities. The report cited statistics provided by the Marine Fisheries Agency and concluded that there should be early consultation between offshore wind farm developers and fishermen during the planning process.
- "Marine and Fisheries Agency - Annual Report and Accounts" (PDF). GOV.UK. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "Marine Fisheries Agency". GOV.UK. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- "UK Crown bodies". The National Archives. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "Options and opportunities for marine fisheries mitigation associated with windfarms. Final report for Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment contract FISHMITIG09" (PDF). The Crown Estate. COWRIE Ltd. Retrieved 4 March 2018.