|Born||October 11, 1928|
|Died||November 19, 2004(aged 76)|
Mario Escudero Valero Jiménez Valverde (October 11, 1928 – November 19, 2004) was one of a handful of Spanish flamenco guitar virtuosos who helped spread flamenco beyond their homeland when they migrated to the United States in the early 1950s. After completing his obligatory military service in Spain, he toured with the best known companies at the time (including Vicente Escudero, Jose Greco and Carmen Amaya). Eventually, his lifetime childhood friend, Juan Antonio Aguero, married Carmen Amaya, and Mario married her sister Maria, with whom he had a son (Juan Antonio Jesus). He soon travelled to the US as first soloist.
Along with others such as Sabicas, Carlos Montoya and Juan Serrano, Escudero helped forge the viability of solo flamenco guitar as a concert instrument with lauded performances at New York's Carnegie Hall, Town Hall, and other venues. Invited to perform at the White House for President John F. Kennedy, Escudero was counted among the best in his era; Ramón Montoya called him "the best flamenco guitarist of this new generation."
Family Background & Biography
Mario Escudero was born in Alicante, Spain on October 11, 1928. His mother was Alfonsa Josefina Valero Valverde (d. 1947, when he was 19), a Spanish singer, native of Villanueva de los Infantes, Ciudad Real (although the family had migrated there from Camas, Sevilla), and his father was Jesus Escudero Jiménez (d. 1966), a gypsy "por los cuatro costados" as it is commonly said in Spain. His family originally came from Navarra, Spain, although they also settled in Huesca and Zaragoza (Aragón), where Jesus was born. Mario was an only child.
Emigrating to San Sebastian, the family opened and ran a very successful tailor shop close to "La Concha" beach. The breakout of the civil war, however, forced them to emigrate to southern France. While in France, the Escudero family formed a flamenco group with family members and performed with artists like Maurice Chevalier and Mistinguette. His first performance, at the age of 9, was with Maurice Chevalier at the Cinema Galia in Bordeaux, France. In France, he received his first schooling and became fluent in French, as he also did in English later in life.
After the war, the family settled in Madrid, where they lived on a side street off Gran Vía (San Marcos #4). While his first teacher was his father, he took classical guitar and music lessons with Daniel Fortea (a pupil of Francisco Tárrega), and flamenco guitar lessons with Ramón Montoya. Notwithstanding, his influences also include Niño Ricardo and other contemporaries. In 1944, he debuted in Madrid at the Teatro Español with Vicente Escudero and Carmita García. In later years, he expanded his musical training studying harmony and counterpoint with Walter Piston's well known texts, and wrote down most of his best known pieces.
He recorded three albums of duets with Sabicas (see below). He also recorded several other recording with Sabicas, his brother Diego Castellon, Enrique Montoya, Domingo Alvarado. In total, his discography includes more than 30 long play records. He often performed with flamenco dancer Anita Ramos, who played castanets and zapateados on the recordings, and the two eventually married and had three children.
In fact, Sabicas and Mario Escudero were not only "compadres" (Sabicas was the godfather of one of Mario’s children, Agustín Mario Manuel), but were related through family ties through Jiménez, Carbonell and Gabarre. Both had several common ancestors, the best known being Agustina Escudero Heredia (known as the "Queen of the Gypsies" - Reference: Spanish Raggle-Taggle, Walter Starkie, Litt. D. Dublin Univ., pages 56–63, 64-5, 72-3), married to Benigno García Gabarre, and one of Ignacio Zuloaga's (well known Spanish painter) main models. Agustina was also the mother of the bullfighter Rafael Albaicín and the dancers Miguel and Maria Albaicín.
Praise and standing ovations from critics and public paved the way for more work, with Escudero touring throughout Europe, South America, and eventually the US. His first two solo Carnegie Hall concerts sold out, and garnered acclaim and praise, leading to several television appearances.
Escudero first settled in San Gabriel, California, performing at El Poche while continuing with a busy national and international concert schedule and many recording engagements. Becoming a US citizen in 1969, he was the first flamenco guitarist to tour the Soviet Union (1973) to perform as a flamenco guitar soloist and as a private citizen - the only condition the State owned Gosconcert imposed for the concerts is that he had to perform in the typical "traje corto" outfit (which he did regularly anyway). He was invited again on a second tour in 1979.
In 1965, he established his US residence in New York City (midtown-Manhattan/58th & 6th Avenue) and his Spanish residence in the "barrio" Heliopolis where he owned a home. After 1981, he lived mostly in Sevilla and returned to the US for concert tours and recordings. In 1994, a victim of acute Alzheimer’s disease, he sought advanced treatment of this disease in Miami, Florida where he received excellent compassionate care. He died on November 19, 2004 and is buried in the Cemetery of Fuencarral, Madrid, in the family tomb with his mother Alfonsa Valero Valverde, his aunt Carmen Valero Valverde and cousin Juan Alvarez Valero.
- Mario Escudero and El Bailete, Fiesta Flamenca, MGM Records, E3214, 1954
- Vicente Escudero, Songs & Dances (w/Mario Escudero guitar), Columbia Records CL 982
- Mario Escudero and his Flamenco Guitar, Montilla FM 57
- Flamenco Guitar Solos, Folkways Records FP 920, 1955
- El Niño de Alicante - Spanish Dances, Fokways Records FW 8829, 1959
- Mario Escudero and his Flamenco Troupe, Spain in Exciting Percussion, Pickwick International Records, KS 159
- El Niño de Alicante, Flamenco Festival in Hi-Fi, Design Records, DLP 88
- El Niño de Alicante - Viva el Flamenco, Musicdisc CV 957
- Escudero at El Poche, ABC Paramount, ABCS 492, 1964
- Mario Escudero - Federico Garcia Lorca, Poemas del Cante Jondo, Spanish Music Center, SMC 1037
- Mario Escudero Grupo with Jose Alvárez, Treasure Records SLP 812
- Mario Escudero & Company, Flamenco Carnival, Period Music Corporation, PL 1927
- Mario Escudero - Temas de España, Montilla Records, FMS 82
- Mario Escudero - Guitar Variations, Montilla Records, FMS 83
- Mario Escudero - Viva Flamenco!, Decca DL 78736
- Sabicas, Festival Gitana (w/Mario Escudero), Mode Disques, MDINT 9125
- Olé Flamenco, Counterpoint of Esoteric Records, CPT-1504
- Danzas y Canciones de Andalucía, Esoteric Records ES-544, 1956
- El Niño de Alicante, Ritmos Flamencos, Hispavox 46441
- El Niño de Alicante, Ritmos Flamencos, Musical Heritage Society, MHS 842
- El Niño de Alicante, Ritmos Flamencos, ATCO 33-106
- Mario Escudero, ABC Paramount, ABC 396, ABCS 396, 1961
- Mario Escudero, Fiesta Flamenca, ABC Paramount ABCS 428, 1962
- Classical Flamenco Guitar, Everest 3131
- Flamenco de Triana
- The Romantic Guitars of Sabicas and Escudero, Decca Records, DL 8897
- The Fantastic Guitars of Sabicas and Escudero, Decca Records, DL 78795
- Sabicas and Escudero, Flamenco Styles on Two Guitars. Montilla Records FM 105
- Mario Escudero plays Classical Flamenco Music, Musical Heritage Society MHS 994/995, 1969
- Mario Escudero at Arthur Godfrey Talent Scout TV Show (April 2, 4 & 6th 1956)
- Natt Hale, "Mario Escudero," ABC Paramount ABC-396, ABCS-396
- Lee Palmer, "Classical Flamenco Guitar," Everest 3131, S-2818
- Tradition Records
- Guitar Player Magazine