October 10, 1951 |
Mario F. Kassar (Arabic: ماريو قصار; born October 10, 1951) is a Lebanese film producer and industry executive whose projects are frequently in association with Andrew G. Vajna. He founded Carolco Pictures, which produced many blockbuster movies. Many films he has produced have gone on to gross over $250 million worldwide at the box office.
1970s and Vajna
Kassar met Andrew G. Vajna at the 1975 Cannes Film Festival. A year later, Kassar and Vajna founded Carolco Pictures. "Carolco" was a name they had taken from a long-defunct company based in Panama. "We just bought the name," Kassar later told Entertainment Weekly. "It means nothing."
The first film Kassar and Vajna ventured together was The Sicilian Cross, a 1976 Italian film that starred Roger Moore. They bought the rights to the film for $130,000. Kassar flew to Asia and sold it for $220,000. By the early 1980s, Vajna and Kassar had bought a small office in Melrose Avenue. Their desks faced each other in the office and Vajna’s wife and Kassar’s girlfriend were their secretaries. Kassar and Vajna served as executive producers on The Changeling (1980), The Amateur (1981), and Escape to Victory (1981). The latter film marked the first time for both Kassar and Vajna to have worked with Sylvester Stallone.
1980s and Rambo
In 1980, Kassar and Vajna paid Warner Bros. approximately $383,000 for the option rights of David Morrell's 1972 novel, First Blood. Even though they overpaid him, Kassar and Vajna cast Stallone as John Rambo because they knew the actor's star status could be used to secure the requisite investment. The result, First Blood, was a major hit in October 1982, and eventually made $125 million on its $14 million investment, making Carolco a major Hollywood production company. According to the Los Angeles Times, a Lebanese group associated with Kassar's family was instrumental in financing the film.
From the mid to late 1980s, Kassar executive produced two Rambo sequels: Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) and Rambo III (1988), both of them also released by Carolco. Kassar also executive produced Angel Heart (1987) and Johnny Handsome (1989), as well as having produced Red Heat (1988).
"They knew the international distribution business so well," remembers Alan Parker, who directed Angel Heart for Carolco. "They figured out that 60 percent of the revenue of a film comes from outside the U.S. market. Andy and Mario personally knew all the worldwide local independent distributors."
In 1989, Vajna left Carolco and sold his interests to Kassar. "After Rambo, we were trying to become a major studio. I felt that was the wrong direction," Vajna told Entertainment Weekly. "My feelings were very negative and it caused a lot of friction between Mario, myself, and Peter (Hoffman), who was by then Mario's right hand. I disagreed with where they wanted to go, and Peter played our egos against each other. He wanted to be a partner." Kassar and Vajna's partnership had fallen apart that year, and the latter was paid approximately $100 million for his share in the company. Kassar carried on with Peter Hoffman, who was president/chief executive of Carolco at the time since 1986. Hoffman had been introduced to Kassar by Tom Pollock, who would later become head of Universal Studios.
1990s and Hoffman
Films that Kassar executive produced during the 1990s included Total Recall (1990), Air America (1990), Narrow Margin (1990), L.A. Story (1991), The Doors (1991), Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), Rambling Rose (1991), Basic Instinct (1992), Cliffhanger (1993), Stargate (1994), Last of the Dogmen (1995), Showgirls (1995) and Cutthroat Island (1995). Kassar also produced Universal Soldier (1992) and Chaplin (1992). During that time, relations between Kassar and Hoffman had degenerated into mistrust and antipathy. Hoffman thought Kassar's largesse was destroying the company; Kassar suspected Hoffman was scheming to depose him. Hoffman later resigned on March 1992 with a $1.8 million settlement. A falling out that he had with Kassar was what caused Hoffman to resign.
"They're extraordinary men, but they couldn't prevent confusion, conflict and disintegration," says Daniel Melnick, who produced Carolco's L.A. Story. "There were armed camps on both sides," recalls Melnick, who resigned from the Carolco board in April 1991.
Kassar paid $10 million to Arnold Schwarzenegger for him to star in Total Recall and $15 million to Michael Douglas for him to star in Basic Instinct. "(Kassar) was a big-time riverboat gambler," says Brian Grazer, who coproduced the $43 million The Doors with Kassar. Kassar went as far as even giving Schwarzenegger his own airplane, which costed an additional $17 million. Eventually, a Los Angeles judge froze $2.2 million of Kassar's shares and limited his access to company accounts.
Carolco lost about $47 million on Cutthroat Island and went into bankruptcy on November 1995, six weeks before the film was released to theatres. Nevertheless, Kassar received his $1 million fee.
Paramount and Lolita
In the wake of Carolco's collapse, Kassar shifted his employment to Paramount Pictures. Sherry Lansing, chairman of Paramount, said: "I am thrilled that Mario will be making his new home at Paramount. Mario excels at producing major action-adventure films with high level directors and cast that have worldwide appeal. He also brings creative financial arrangements to the films he makes. We all look forward to our new relationship with him and the exciting projects he will bring to the studio."
Mario Kassar said: "I have the highest regard for Sherry Lansing and the rest of the Paramount team. Jon Dolgen and I have had a great working relationship for years. Since I've always worked outside the studio system, I am very happy to begin my post-Carolco career with a studio as flexible, dynamic and creative as Paramount. I can't wait to make films in such an environment."
C2 Pictures and Magnetik Media
In 1998, he reunited with Vajna again and together they founded C2 Pictures, which produced I Spy (2002), Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003) and Basic Instinct 2 (2006). Kassar later confirmed on March 11, 2009 that as a result of the latter movie being a failure at the box office, plans for a third chapter were shelved and C2 Pictures officially ended the Basic Instinct/Catherine Tramell franchise. C2 Pictures was later disbanded afterwards and it was later revealed that Vajna and Kassar founded the company only for the purpose of reviving the Terminator franchise.
Kassar also co-founded Magnetik Media with Erick J. Feitshan and it was announced on May 15, 2007 that Magnetik Media signed 3:10 to Yuma (2007) and The Forbidden Kingdom (2008) from Ryan Kavanaugh's studio, Relativity Media.
According to Today's Zaman, it was announced on August 7, 2008 that Kassar was reportedly collaborating with the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation on a miniseries that would recount the life of Suleiman the Magnificent.
It was reported that Kassar also participated on Terminator Salvation (2009). However, it was later revealed that he and Vajna sold the franchise to Derek Anderson and Victor Kubicek of the Halcyon Group in 2007. Kassar received $30 million for the purchase.
Audition and Brick Top
On June 2014, it was reported that Kassar will be producing an English language remake of Takashi Miike's 1999 film, Audition, which is based on the 1997 novel of the same name by Ryū Murakami. Kassar's remake will be set in the United States and will be written and directed by Richard Gray.
On November 24, 2014, Brick Top Productions had entered into an Executive Services Agreement with Kassar. Alexander Bafer, Brick Top’s CEO said, "There is no human being on this planet better than Mario Kassar at making true Hollywood blockbusters. I am honored with this opportunity to work with him."
On February 17, 2015, it was announced that Kassar had returned as chairman of the board of directors of the currently relaunched Carolco Pictures. "One of my greatest joys in life was being the chairman of Carolco Pictures … I am elated to return to that position, to produce the world’s greatest movies once again under the Carolco brand for my fans and people everywhere to enjoy," Kassar said.
"The major difference between now and then are the advances in technology and cinematography not previously available to Carolco Pictures 20 years ago," Kassar said. "Combined with these advances … the best movies I will ever produce are still yet to come." Alex Bafer, now Carolco Pictures’ CEO, said Kassar "is hands-down the world’s greatest producer of mega-hit films. We couldn’t be more excited than to have Mario return as the chairman of the board. Our goal now is to not only restore the Carolco brand back to its rightful place in Hollywood, but also to build an entirely new library of memorable films for today’s generation."
- The Changeling (1980)
- Escape to Victory (1981)
- The Amateur (1981)
- Superstition (1982)
- First Blood (1982)
- Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985)
- Angel Heart (1987)
- Extreme Prejudice (1987)
- Rambo III (1988)
- Red Heat (1988)
- DeepStar Six (1989)
- Johnny Handsome (1989)
- Mountains of the Moon (1990)
- Total Recall (1990)
- Air America (1990)
- Repossessed (1990)
- Narrow Margin (1990)
- Jacob's Ladder (1990)
- L.A. Story (1991)
- The Doors (1991)
- Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)
- Rambling Rose (1991)
- Light Sleeper (1992)
- Basic Instinct (1992)
- Universal Soldier (1992)
- Chaplin (1992)
- Cliffhanger (1993)
- Heaven & Earth (1993)
- Stargate (1994)
- Last of the Dogmen (1995)
- Showgirls (1995)
- Cutthroat Island (1995)
- Lolita (1997)
- I Spy (2002)
- Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003)
- Basic Instinct 2 (2006)
- Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles (2008-2009)
- Terminator Salvation (2009)
- Mario Kassar biography at The New York Times
- Lambie, Ryan (11 March 2014). "The rise and fall of Carolco". Den of Geek. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Hammer, Joshua (8 March 1992). "Total Free Fall". Newsweek. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Citron, Alan; Cieply, Michael (21 December 1990). "Judges Freezes Mario Kassar's Carolco Shares : Entertainment: The film studio chairman, who bought the stock at a premium, was rebuked for enriching himself at the company's expense.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Citron, Alan (11 May 1992). "Like Carolco, Studio's Boss Trims Sails : Entertainment: Emblematic of the company's cost cutting, Mario Kassar is without his 203-foot yacht at this year's Cannes Film Festival.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Fierman, Daniel (30 April 2004). "How two once-hot producers stopped getting action". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Konda, Kelly (22 January 2015). "HOLY CRAP! CAROLCO PICTURES IS BACK & THEY'RE RE-MAKING TAKASHI MIIKE'S AUDITION". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Park, Colleen (17 February 2015). "'Rambo,' 'Terminator' producer Mario Kassar returns to Carolco Pictures". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Mario Kassar Returns As Carolco Pictures' Chairman Of The Board Of Directors". 17 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "MARIO KASSAR TO DEVELOP, PRODUCE FILMS FOR PARAMOUNT PICTURES". The Free Library. 3 January 1996. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Lambie, Ryan (26 January 2015). "Exclusive: CEO Alex Bafer Tells Us About The Return of Carolco". Den of Geek. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Wilson, Josh (26 January 2015). "Hollywood film studio Carolco reopens with horror drama". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Clow, Chris (24 January 2015). "EXCLUSIVE: Producer Felissa Rose Talks Return of Iconic Action Movie Studio Carolco Pictures". GeekNation. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Delugach, Al (31 May 1987). "Carolco Seeks Life Beyond 'Rambo' Films". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Pierce, Nev (24 July 2003). "Mario Kassar; Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines". BBC. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "News: Brick Top Productions Enters Agreement with Mario Kassar". 24 November 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Brick Top Productions : Enters Agreement with Mario Kassar Producer and Executive Producer of Motion Picture World-Wide Blockbusters for Over 30 Years". 24 November 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Deadline Hollywood Exclusive: Terminator, Basic Instinct Producer Piecing Together Audition Remake". GTN News. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Carolco Pictures Label Returns for First Time in 20 Years". 21 January 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Monzon, Inigo (1 July 2014). "J-Horror 'Audition' Getting a Hollywood Remake". Fashion Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Pecchia, David (11 June 1989). "Films now going into production:". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Pecchia, David (8 October 1989). "Films now going into production:". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Turan, Kenneth (8 September 1995). "Dogmen' Charms With Its Familiarity". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
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- Easton, Nina J. (23 September 1990). "Hollywood's Billion-Dollar Man : Competing studios aren't exactly thrilled with Carolco Pictures' big-spending ways, but Mario Kassar says, hey, it works for him". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Carolco Pictures Is Talking to Several Potential Investors". Los Angeles Times. 2 March 1991. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "SHORT TAKES : Stallone in Line for Comedy Role". Los Angeles Times. 30 July 1990. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Jeffreys, Daniel (10 April 1996). "The vanity that led to a $100m bonfire". The Independent. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Bates, James (8 April 1998). "Movie Producer Fined $5,000 in Tax Case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Exclusive : No more Basic Instinct for C2". 11 March 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Gooodridge, Mike (15 May 2007). "Kassar, Feitshan form Magnetik, sign three from Relativity". Screen Daily. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Hayes, Dade (15 May 2007). "Kassar, Feitshans form Magnetik". Variety. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Kassar to film Sultan Suleiman's life story". Today's Zaman. 7 August 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Terminator rights up for sale again (but don't worry ... much)". 28 September 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- McNary, Dave (9 February 2010). "Pacificor nabs 'Terminator'". Variety. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- McNary, Dave (3 December 2012). "Ellisons partner on next 'Terminator'". Variety. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Bond, Bond; Szalai, Georg (4 October 2012). "Wall Street's Rocky Love Affair With the Movies". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Yamato, Jen (27 June 2014). "'Terminator,' 'Basic Instinct' Producer Piecing Together 'Audition' Remake". Deadline.com. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Myles, Sarah (28 June 2014). "Mario Kassar Setting Up Audition Remake". Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Bustos, Kristina (29 June 2014). "Japanese horror Audition to get English-language remake". Digital Spy. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Franklin, Garth (28 June 2014). ""Audition" Remake In The Works". Dark Horizons. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Apodaca, Patrice (13 August 1991). "On the Verge of a Showbiz Merger: The Big Picture : Film: Despite lawsuits, heavy spender Carolco Pictures will likely end up with the part of Live Entertainment it doesn't already own.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Rosenberg, Rebecca (14 November 2013). "Baldwin email to stalker: 'Wear protection'". New York Post. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
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