|Member of Parliament|
28 June 2004 – 2 May 2011
|Preceded by||Charles Caccia|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Cash|
|Toronto City Councillor|
|Preceded by||Tony O'Donohue|
|Succeeded by||Wards reorganized due to Municipal amalgamation of Toronto|
|Constituency||Ward 3 (Brockton)|
|Toronto City Councillor|
|Preceded by||first councillor|
|Succeeded by||Adam Giambrone|
|Constituency||Ward 20 (Trinity-Niagara)|
June 11, 1966 |
Mário Silva (born June 11, 1966) is an international legal scholar and former Canadian politician. Silva served as a Canadian Member of Parliament from 2004 to 2011. He began his political career as a Toronto City Councillor from 1994–2003. He then moved to federal politics, being elected for the Liberal Party of Canada in the 2004 election in the Toronto riding of Davenport. He served as the Official Opposition Critic for Foreign Affairs (Americas) after having served as Critic for the Treasury Board and Labour. In 2007, the President of the French Republic bestowed him the title of Knight of the Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur). He has also been awarded the Order of Merit of Portugal. and the Order of Rio Branco from Brazil.
Silva holds a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Toronto, a "Certificat de Langue Francaise" from Paris-Sorbonne University, and a Master's degree in International Human Rights Law from University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Silva holds a Ph.D. in the Faculty of Law at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Silva's Ph.D. thesis is titled "Failed and Failing States: Causes and Conditions." On December 15, 2011, Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed him to chair the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (formally the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance and Research (ITF)) in 2013. He also serves as the honorary chair of the International Forum of Rights and Security (IFFRAS).
Born in the Azores, Portugal, he was first elected to city council in 1994 after defeating veteran councillor Tony O'Donohue by 15 votes. Silva received a high grade from the Toronto Environmental Alliance for his support of environmental initiatives, and has strong support from the Labour Movement. Silva is of Portuguese background and is popular in the local Portuguese Canadian community.
Silva's move to federal politics saw him claim the Liberal nomination in Davenport instead of Liberal incumbent Charles Caccia. An ally of new Prime Minister Paul Martin, Silva was seen by the party as a preferable candidate to Caccia.
As a Member of Parliament Silva served on several committees including the Environment Committee and the Canadian Heritage Committee. He has championed several human rights and environmental issues including being the first MP to back the Canadian Boreal Initiative, and an outspoken critic for the defence of undocumented workers.
Silva chaired the inquiry panel of the Canadian Parliamentary Coalition to Combat Antisemitism (CPCCA), a multi-partisan group of MPs which conducted investigations into antisemitism in Canada. He was vice-chair of the CPCCA's steering committee, which organized an international conference on antisemitism in Ottawa in 2010.
Silva retained the seat in the 2006 election and was the only GTA Liberal MP to increase his voter margin but was defeated in the 2011 election, losing his seat to Andrew Cash. Silva assumed the role of chair for the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance and Research (ITF) in 2013.
Silva obtained a PhD in International Law from the National University of Ireland, Galway. He has held positions in Ryerson University and McGill University where he is currently a visiting professor. Silva is a fellow at the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies at Concordia University.
- Fabric of a Nation, GOLDENeight Publishers, Toronto, 2002 (Co-Author).
- “Extraordinary Rendition: A Challenge to Canadian and United States Legal Obligations Under the Convention Against Torture”, California Western International Law Journal, Vol. 39(2), 2009.
- “Somalia: State Failure, Piracy, and the Challenges to International Law”, Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 50 (3), 2010.
- “Island of Distress: State Failure in Haiti”, Florida Journal of International Law, Vol. 23, 2011.
- “Kosovo’s Declaration of Independence and the Right to Self-Determination Under International Law”, The Journal of Eurasia Law, Vol. 3(2), 2011, Duke University.
- “Somalia: Challenges to International Law from Piracy and Terrorism in the Horn of Africa”, International Journal of Rights and Security, Vol. 1.1 (2012).
- “Pakistan’s State Failure: Impunity and the Rise of Militancy”, International Journal of Rights and Security, Vol. 1.1 (2012).
- “State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law", Brill | Nijhoff Development in International Law series, Volume 67.
- “Failed states: causes and consequences”, Int. J. Public Law and Policy, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013.
- Co-author with Dr. Massouda Jalal, “Hanging by a Thread, Afghan Women’s Rights and Security Threats", Mosaic Press (2014).
- Tackling Hate: Combating Antisemitism and the Ottawa Protocol, co-edited with Scott Reid, Mosaic Press, 2014.
- "After Partition: The Perils of South Sudan", University of Baltimore Journal of International Law, 2015.
Federal election results
|Canadian federal election, 2004: Davenport|
|New Democratic||Rui Pires||11,292||34.13||+20.57|
|Canadian Action||John Riddell||97||0.29||-0.84|
|Total valid votes||33,090||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||278||0.83|
|Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.|
|Canadian federal election, 2006|
|New Democratic||Gord Perks||12,681||32.61||-1.52|
|Canadian Action||Wendy Forrest||122||0.31||+0.02|
|Total valid votes||38,892||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||240||0.61||-0.22|
|Elections Canada, Riding of Davenport, Electoral District 35015.|
|Canadian federal election, 2008: Davenport|
|New Democratic||Peter Ferreira||10,896||31.26||-1.35||$55,530|
|Canadian Action||Wendy Forrest||172||0.49||+0.18||$723|
|Animal Alliance||Simon Luisi||92||0.26||–||$957|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||34,853||100.00||$79,438|
|Total rejected ballots||245||0.70||+0.09|
|Canadian federal election, 2011: Davenport|
|New Democratic||Andrew Cash||21,096||53.74||+22.48|
|Animal Alliance||Simon Luisi||128||0.33||+0.07|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||39,254||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||235||0.60||-0.10|
- "Award to Canadians". Mario Silva. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- "Official Biography". Human Rights Doctorate. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- "Minister Kenney announces Canada’s appointment to chair International Task Force on Holocaust Education". Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
- City Staff (1995-12-15). "Court ends seesaw council battle". The Globe and Mail. p. A2.
- Gulliver, Tanya (2005-12-08), "Eyes on the prize", Xtra!, retrieved 2007-09-14