Marion County, Mississippi

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Marion County, Mississippi
Marion County Mississippi Courthouse.jpg
Marion County courthouse in Columbia
Map of Mississippi highlighting Marion County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1811
Named for Francis Marion
Seat Columbia
Largest city Columbia
Area
 • Total 549 sq mi (1,422 km2)
 • Land 542 sq mi (1,404 km2)
 • Water 6.2 sq mi (16 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 27,088
 • Density 50/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.marioncountyms.com

Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,088.[1] Its county seat is Columbia.[2] Marion County is named for American Revolutionary War guerrilla leader Francis Marion.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 549 square miles (1,420 km2), of which 542 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 6.2 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,116
18303,69118.5%
18403,8303.8%
18504,41015.1%
18604,6866.3%
18704,211−10.1%
18806,90163.9%
18909,53238.1%
190013,50141.6%
191015,59915.5%
192017,1449.9%
193019,92316.2%
194024,08520.9%
195023,967−0.5%
196023,293−2.8%
197022,871−1.8%
198025,70812.4%
199025,544−0.6%
200025,5950.2%
201027,0885.8%
Est. 201625,251[5]−6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 25,595 people, 9,336 households, and 6,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 10,395 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 66.96% White, 31.87% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,336 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,555, and the median income for a family was $29,894. Males had a median income of $26,909 versus $17,192 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,301. About 20.70% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.60% of those under age 18 and 23.00% of those aged 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Mississippi Department of Human Services's Division of Youth Services operated the Columbia Training School in unincorporated Marion County. The facility was closed in 2008.[11][12]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.0% 7,836 31.5% 3,677 1.5% 180
2012 64.7% 8,237 34.5% 4,393 0.8% 99
2008 65.4% 8,513 34.0% 4,422 0.6% 75
2004 67.0% 7,999 32.5% 3,888 0.5% 60
2000 61.8% 6,796 37.4% 4,114 0.8% 88
1996 50.4% 5,023 43.5% 4,334 6.1% 611
1992 49.7% 5,776 40.1% 4,654 10.2% 1,183
1988 61.9% 7,019 37.4% 4,240 0.8% 85
1984 66.1% 7,355 33.8% 3,757 0.1% 13
1980 48.7% 5,218 50.1% 5,366 1.2% 123
1976 49.4% 5,300 49.2% 5,283 1.4% 154
1972 79.4% 6,805 19.8% 1,693 0.8% 72
1968 9.2% 763 20.7% 1,722 70.2% 5,848
1964 91.6% 5,469 8.5% 505
1960 22.9% 698 35.5% 1,082 41.5% 1,265
1956 20.2% 611 57.8% 1,751 22.1% 670
1952 35.4% 1,420 64.7% 2,597
1948 1.8% 49 7.5% 205 90.8% 2,491
1944 2.2% 54 97.8% 2,441
1940 2.1% 45 97.9% 2,083
1936 1.9% 37 98.1% 1,932 0.1% 1
1932 3.7% 94 96.0% 2,429 0.3% 8
1928 36.3% 526 63.7% 922
1924 8.7% 99 91.3% 1,039
1920 18.5% 143 79.4% 613 2.1% 16
1916 6.0% 51 93.4% 792 0.6% 5
1912 2.5% 12 91.4% 438 6.1% 29

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Columbia (county seat & only incorporated place)

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Earl W. Bascom (1906–1995), "Father of Modern Rodeo" and Hall of Fame cowboy; produced Marion County's first rodeo in 1935
  • Charles C. Bass (1875–1975), "Father of Preventive Dentistry"; researcher in tropical medicine
  • Gil Carmichael (1927–2016), businessman, transportation specialist, Republican politician; native of Marion County[14]
  • Charles Coleman (American football) (born 1963), American football player

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 200. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ U.S. Census Bureau profile of Columbia, MS Archived 2014-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on July 21, 2010.
  12. ^ "Public Appearance Calendar Governor Ronnie Musgrove For the Week of December 31, 2001 Archived October 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Retrieved on July 21, 2010. "Columbia Training School 1730 Highway 44 Columbia, MS."
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-03. 
  14. ^ "Gilbert E. Carmichael papers" (PDF). librarymsstate.edu. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°14′N 89°49′W / 31.23°N 89.82°W / 31.23; -89.82