Marion County, Ohio

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For counties with a similar name, see Marion County (disambiguation).
Marion County, Ohio
Marion County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Marion County Courthouse
Seal of Marion County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Marion County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1, 1824
Named for Francis Marion
Seat Marion
Largest city Marion
Area
 • Total 404 sq mi (1,046 km2)
 • Land 404 sq mi (1,046 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 66,501
 • Density 165/sq mi (64/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.marion.oh.us

Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 66,501.[1] Its county seat is Marion.[2] The county was created in 1820 and later organized in 1824.[3] It is named for General Francis "The Swamp Fox" Marion, a South Carolinian officer in the Revolutionary War.[4]

Marion County comprises the Marion, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 404 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 404 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-smallest county in Ohio by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 6,551
1840 14,765 125.4%
1850 12,618 −14.5%
1860 15,490 22.8%
1870 16,184 4.5%
1880 20,565 27.1%
1890 24,727 20.2%
1900 28,678 16.0%
1910 33,971 18.5%
1920 42,004 23.6%
1930 45,420 8.1%
1940 44,898 −1.1%
1950 49,959 11.3%
1960 60,221 20.5%
1970 64,724 7.5%
1980 67,974 5.0%
1990 64,274 −5.4%
2000 66,217 3.0%
2010 66,501 0.4%
Est. 2015 65,355 [6] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 66,217 people, 24,578 households, and 17,253 families residing in the county. The population density was 164 people per square mile (63/km²). There were 26,298 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile (25/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.10% White, 5.75% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,578 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 106.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,709, and the median income for a family was $45,297. Males had a median income of $33,179 versus $23,586 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,255. About 7.40% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,501 people, 24,691 households, and 16,837 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 164.7 inhabitants per square mile (63.6/km2). There were 27,834 housing units at an average density of 68.9 per square mile (26.6/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 91.1% white, 5.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 29.7% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 14.7% were American, and 10.2% were English.[14]

Of the 24,691 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,511 and the median income for a family was $50,900. Males had a median income of $39,741 versus $30,161 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,849. About 13.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 52.03% 14,265 45.61% 12,504
2008 53.12% 15,454 44.24% 12,870
2004 58.69% 17,171 40.78% 11,930
2000 54.87% 13,617 41.79% 10,370

Government[edit]

Marion County is represented by two members of the Ohio House of Representatives, as it is split between the 82nd District and the 83rd District. State Representative Jeff McClain is currently serving his second term representing the constituents in the 82nd Ohio House district, and state Representative Dorothy Pelanda is serving the remainder of a two-year term that expires in 2013 on behalf of the 83rd Ohio House district. The entirety of Marion County lies in the 26th Ohio Senate District, currently represented by Marion native and Marion Catholic alumnus Dave Burke, who was appointed to the seat in July 2011.

Communities[edit]

Map of Marion County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Bellaire Gardens
  • Big Island
  • Brush Ridge
  • Centerville
  • Claridon
  • Decliff
  • Espyville
  • Kirkpatrick
  • Lynn
  • Martel
  • Meeker
  • Oak Knoll
  • Owens
  • Tobias

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 200. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°35′N 83°10′W / 40.59°N 83.16°W / 40.59; -83.16