Marion Caroline Dougherty
February 9, 1923
|Died||December 4, 2011 (aged 88)|
Marion Caroline Dougherty (February 9, 1923 – December 4, 2011) was an American casting director. She is known for casting films such as The World of Henry Orient, Midnight Cowboy, Me, Natalie, Panic in Needle Park, Grease, Urban Cowboy, The World According to Garp, and Batman. She is also the primary subject of the 2012 documentary Casting By.
Dougherty attended Penn State University, where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta. Dougherty's career in the performing arts began when, after graduating from Penn State in 1943, she had a brief stint working at the Cleveland Playhouse as an actress. She then moved to New York City, just as live television was becoming mainstream. She was making window displays at Bergdorf Goodman when a fellow Penn State alum, who had been recently hired into the casting department at Kraft Television Theatre, hired her as an assistant.
In 1991, many prominent filmmakers and actors, including Clint Eastwood, Woody Allen and Al Pacino, attempted to convince the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to grant an honorary award to Dougherty. Unfortunately this dream of recognizing her was never accomplished, before her death in 2011.
After working at the Kraft Television Theatre, Dougherty moved on to another television series, Naked City, where she gave Jon Voight  and Dustin Hoffman  their first acting credits. While working on this show and another, Route 66, Marion was able to feature many notable guest stars such as Tina Louise, Michael Parks, Jean Stapleton, Jessica Walter, William Shatner, Joan Crawford, Christopher Walken, Gene Hackman, Martin Sheen, and Robert Duvall.
In 1963 Dougherty established her own casting company in New York, where she began casting local talent out of the theaters. Dougherty became notable for her casting decisions, choosing to cast based on their acting abilities, as opposed to type casting based on appearance.
Out of her brownstone, Dougherty worked on many Hollywood films, including The World of Henry Orient, Hawaii, and Midnight Cowboy. In 1972 with the release of Slaughterhouse-Five, Dougherty made history as being one of the first casting directors to receive an entire title card to list their credit. From 1979 to 1999, Dougherty worked at Warner Brothers as the Vice President of casting.
|1961-1963||Naked City||Casting Executive||68 Episodes|
|1963-1964||Route 66||Eastern Casting Executive||17 Episodes|
|1964||The World of Henry Orient||Casting Director|
|1969||Midnight Cowboy||Casting Director||Uncredited|
|1969||Me, Natalie||Casting Director|
|1971||Panic in Needle Park||Casting||Uncredited|
|1973||The Last American Hero||Casting Director|
|1975||The Day of the Locust||Casting Director|
|1979||Escape from Alcatraz||Casting Director||Uncredited|
|1980||Urban Cowboy||Casting: Los Angeles|
|1982||The World According to Garp||Casting Director|
|1987||Full Metal Jacket||Additional Casting|
|1987||Lethal Weapon||Casting Director|
|1987||The Lost Boys||Casting Director|
|1988||Gorillas in the Mist||Casting Director|
|1990||Joe Versus The Volcano||Casting|
|1992||Batman Returns||Casting Director|
- Kappa Alpha Theta Heritage. Retrieved 2016-11-07.
- "Fifty Years of Casting". Cineaste. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "'Casting By' Aims to Give Casting Directors Credit Where Due". Backstage. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Marion Dougherty". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Jon Voight". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Dustin Hoffman". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: I'm Here to Kill a King". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: Cries of Persons Close to One". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: 93 Percent in Smiling". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: A Long Way From St. Louie". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: Build Your Houses with Their Backs to the Sea". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: Same Picture, Different Frame". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Naked City: Robin Hood and Clarence Darrow, They Went Out with Bow and Arrow". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Naked City: Prime of Life". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Route 66: The One Marked Hot Gives Cold". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Naked City: Dust Devil on a Quiet Street". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Marion Dougherty, Hollywood Star-Maker, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Glenn Close". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Bette Midler". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Al Pacino". IMDB. Retrieved 2015-10-05.