Marion Nicholl Rawson
|Marion Nicholl Rawson|
|Born||Edna Marion Nicholl
June 24, 1878
Plainfield, New Jersey
|Died||December 4, 1956
Providence, Rhode Island
|Resting place||East Alstead Cemetery, East Alstead, New Hampshire
|Alma mater||Swarthmore College|
|Occupation||Author and illustrator|
|Spouse(s)||Jonathan Ansel Rawson, Jr.|
Marion Nicholl Rawson (June 24, 1878 – December 4, 1956) was an author, illustrator, artist and lecturer.
She was born Edna Marion Nicholl on June 24, 1878 and grew up in Scotch Plains, New Jersey. She first started sewing blocks for quilts at two years of age, carefully making two squares a day. She graduated from Swarthmore College in 1898[nb 1] and then taught drawing in New York City.
On June 15, 1907, Edna Marion Nicholl married Jonathan Ansel Rawson, Jr., the son of Jonathan Ansel Rawson and Charlotte Fletcher Rawson. Jonathan was an Amherst College graduate and journalist.[nb 2] From 1907 to 1910, Jonathan was in the export business. Then, he worked in publishing and journalism. During World War II, he did YMCA war work and was a member of the home defense organization, Riverside Reserves.
The couple had two children, Jonathan, who was born in 1910, and Priscilla.
In 1917, Marion Nicholl Rawsan served on the Executive Committee of the National Birth Control League. She was on the Connecticut Women Suffrage Association's Executive Board in 1918. By 1920, the Rawsons lived in Sound Beach, Connecticut. They purchased an early 19th-century house in East Alstead, New Hampshire, a small town north of Keene and called it "the Little House." They maintained it in its original state, without electricity or running water, and she used it as a site of her historical researches and paintings. Throughout her life, Rawson spent the summers there. The Rawson homestead in the center of East Alstead had been in the family since 1782 but went to another branch of the family.
Rawson was left a widow when her husband died suddenly in Hamilton, New York on April 29, 1928. She died on December 4, 1956 and was buried in the East Alstead Cemetery, East Alstead, Cheshire County, New Hampshire.
After having married, Rawson worked as an author, historian, lecturer, watercolor painter and sketch artist. She sketched and painted all her life, holding frequent sales of her work in Bellows Falls, Vermont, Alstead, Providence and other places in New England. She was a long-time member of the Providence Art Club.
Rawson wrote and illustrated books on the homemade arts and crafts of the early American home, farm, shop and countryside, which she spent years researching. As a result, "she has rendered an invaluable service to those who are interested in the development of our early arts and have a hearty respect for the beautiful old treasures produced by craftsmen who loved their product and held in mind beauty of line and form as well as suitability of purpose."
One of her books, Sing, Old House, published in 1934, was written about old houses, some of which were built in the 1600s. In From Here to Yender and New Hampshire Borns a Town, Rawson captured New England phrases, like "always astern of the lighter" (dead last), "has no more suavity than a swine", "I just ate chagrin" (embarrassment over a faux pas), "I wish I had a neck as long as a cartrut" (good drink!) and "mud time" (very wet spring periods).
She later wrote the town history of Plainfield, New Jersey, Under the Blue Hills, and in one passage she reminisces of her early years at Tier's Pond: "Today there may be places as cool and inviting, but I doubt it ... a place where the heavy white dishes curled thickly about the edges; where the chairbacks curled in a well-remembered design; where the chocolate, strawberry and vanilla ice cream mounded itself up inches high ... it was simply our idea of Heaven." She left in manuscript at her death but published as part of the town's bicentennial celebration in 1974.
Rawson authored and often illustrated her books:
- The Antiquer's Picture Book. Illustrations by the author. Dutton. 1940.
- Candle Days: The Story of Early American Arts and Implements. D. Appleton Century Company. 1940.
- Candleday Art. E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. 1938.
- Country Auction. E.P. Dutton. 1929.
- Handwrought Ancestors. The Story of Early American Shops and Those who Worked Therein. Illustration by the author. New York. 1936.
- Forever the Farm. Illustration by the author. E. P. Dutton & Company, Incorporated. 1939.
- From Here to Yender: Early Trails and Highway Life. E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. 1932.
- Little Old Mills. Johnson Reprint Corporation. 1970 .
- New Hampshire Borns a Town (a history of Alstead, NH, called simply The Town, 1763-1883). Illustration by the author. E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc. 1942.
- The Old House Picture Book. Illustrations by the author. Dutton. 1941.
- Of the Earth Earthy: How our fathers, dwelt upon and wooed the earth. Illustration by the author. E. P. Dutton & Company, Inc. 1937.
- The Priceless Thing. S. Paul & Company. 1914.
- Sing, Old House: Hallmarks of True Testoration. Illustration by the author. E.P. Dutton & Company, Inc. 1934.
- Under the Blue Hills--Scotch Plains, New Jersey. Illustration by the author, left in manuscript at her death but published as part of the town's bicentennial celebration. Historical Society of Scotch Plains and Fanwood, in cooperation with the Scotch Plains American Revolution Bicentennial Committee. 1974.
- When Antiques Were Young: A Story of Early American Social Customs. E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc. 1931.
- "American Textile Designs", Review of Reviews and World's Work. Review of Reviews Corporation, 1919.
- "Ancient Peru in Textiles and Pottery," International Studio, New York Offices of the International Studio, 1919
- Edna Marion Nicholl was listed in the Class of 1897 in an 1898 publication by Swarthmore. But shown to have graduated in 1898 in a 1902 catalogue and the 1920 Register of Swarthmore College.
- Jonathan Ansel Rawson, Jr. worked for the New York Tribune from 1895 to 1898. After working for the Business Publishing Company for one year, he worked for The Mining and Metallurgical Journal starting in 1899. He was the manager of the foreign department of New York Commercial.
- John A. Grady; Dorothe M. Pollard (2001). Plainfield. Arcadia Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-7385-0925-9.
- Swarthmore College (1898). "Annual catalogue of Swarthmore College". Philadelphia: Lippincott. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Raymond Bial (1996). With Needle and Thread: A Book about Quilts. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 20. ISBN 0-395-73568-8.
- Swarthmore College (1920). The Register of Swarthmore College. College. pp. 175, 179.
- Swarthmore College (March 1902). "Annual catalogue of Swarthmore College". Philadelphia: Lippincott. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Swarthmore College (1905). Catalogue. the College. p. 178.
- "Jonathan Ansel Rawson". Amherst College. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Margaret Sanger (1917). The Birth Control Review. M. Sanger. p. 24.
- Alice Stone Blackwell (1918). The Woman Citizen. Leslie Woman Suffrage Commission. p. 1102.
- Swarthmore College (1920). The Register of Swarthmore College. College. pp. 60, 109.
- Amherst Graduates' Quarterly. Alumni Council of Amherst College. 1928. p. 273.
- Michael A. Tomlan (1992). Tinged with Gold: Hop Culture in the United States. University of Georgia Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-8203-1313-9.
- Henry H. Glassie (1969). Pattern in the Material Folk Culture of the Eastern United States. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 62, 107. ISBN 0-8122-1013-1.
- Sister Mary Pascal Campion; Sister Mary Bede Donelan (1948). Their Country's Pride: An Anthology of Rural Life Literature. Bruce Publishing Company. p. 209.
- "Candleday Art Review". New York History. 20 (3): 364. July 1939.
- Library of Congress. Copyright Office (1935). Catalog of Copyright Entries. New Series: 1934. Copyright Office, Library of Congress. p. 1271.
- Robert Hendrickson (2000). The Facts on File Dictionary of American Regionalisms. Infobase Publishing. pp. 175, 238, 240, 250, 270. ISBN 978-1-4381-2992-1.
- Michael G. Kammen (1993). The Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. Vintage Books. p. 429. ISBN 978-0-679-74177-0.
- "Annual Meeting, 1947 Friends Historical Association" (PDF). Bulletin of Friends' Historical Association. Friends Historical Association. 37 (1): 14–16. Spring 1948. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
- R.R. Bowker Company. Dept. of Bibliography; R.R. Bowker Company. Product Development Dept; R.R. Bowker Company. Publications Systems Dept (1980). American book publishing record cumulative, 1876-1949: an American national bibliography. R.R. Bowker Co. p. 473. ISBN 978-0-8352-1245-8.
- Alexander Clarence Flick (1941). New York History: Quarterly Journal of the New York State Historical Association. The Association. p. 359.
- The Blacksmith: Ironworker and Farrier. W. W. Norton, Incorporated. 2000. pp. 153–155. ISBN 978-0-393-32057-2.
- Nian-Sheng Huang (2000). Franklin's Father Josiah: Life of a Colonial Boston Tallow Chandler, 1657-1745. American Philosophical Society. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-87169-903-9.
- Harry Bischoff Weiss; Grace M. Weiss (1965). Trades and Tradesmen of Colonial New Jersey. Past Times Press. p. 51.
- Steven M. Gelber (13 August 2013). Hobbies: Leisure and the Culture of Work in America. Columbia University Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-231-50423-2.
- Gene Logsdon (1 April 1995). The Contrary Farmer. Chelsea Green Pub. Co. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-930031-74-9.
- Library of Congress. Copyright Office (1932). Catalog of Copyright Entries. Part 1. [A] Group 1. Books. New Series. p. 1133.
- Joyce B. Phillips; Paul Gary Phillips (1998). The Brainerd Journal: A Mission to the Cherokees, 1817-1823. University of Nebraska Press. p. 494. ISBN 0-8032-3718-9.
- Margaret Bennett (10 February 2004). Oatmeal and the Catechism: Scottish Gaelic Settlers in Quebec. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-7735-2775-1.
- Boston Public Library (1941). More Books, Volume 16. The Trustees. p. 345.
- Henry H. Glassie (1970). Folksongs and Their Makers. Popular Press. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-87972-006-3.
- Paul Harrison Silfen (1 September 1976). Essays in world history from antiquity to the present: the collected works of Paul Harrison Silfen. Exposition Press. pp. 464, 473. ISBN 978-0-682-48482-4.
- The Architectural Forum. Billboard Publications. 1931. p. 13.
- Albert Shaw (1919). "American Textile Designs, Marion Nicholl Rawson". Review of Reviews and World's Work. Review of Reviews Corporation. pp. 188–190.
- Charles Holme; Guy Eglinton; Peyton Boswell (1919). "Ancient Peru in Textiles and Pottery, Marion Nicholl Rawson". International Studio. William Bernard McCormick, Henry James Whigham. New York Offices of the International Studio. pp. xxxvii–xci.