Marion Phillips

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Marion Phillips
Marionphillips.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Sunderland
with Alfred Smith, to March 1931
with Luke Thompson, from March 1931
In office
30 May 1929 – 26 October 1931
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Luke Thompson and
Walter Raine
Succeeded by Luke Thompson and
Samuel Storey
Personal details
Born (1881-10-29)29 October 1881
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died 23 January 1932(1932-01-23) (aged 50)
Political party Labour

Marion Phillips (29 October 1881 – 23 January 1932) was a Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament in England.

Early life[edit]

She was born to a family in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia in 1881. She was educated at the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Melbourne and Melbourne University, graduating in 1903 and in 1904 began a research scholarship at the London School of Economics. Between 1906 and 1910 she worked under the direction of Beatrice Webb on a Commission investigating the Poor Laws.[1]

Career[edit]

A member of the Women's Labour League from 1908 she became its secretary in 1912. She also edited the League's leaflet, which by 1913 became Labour Woman. When World War I broke out she became a member of the War Emergency Workers' National Committee. In 1916 Phillips was present at the formation of the Standing Joint Committee of Industrial Women's Organisations. Phillips was its secretary between 1917 and 1932.

Phillips also served on a number of government committees before a woman had been elected to the country's parliament. The most significant were the Consumer Council of the Ministry of Food and the Women's Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Reconstruction.

Unlike prominent suffragettes, her vision was not concentrated upon extending the franchise, she wanted state interventions in the free market to be better informed by considerations of life outside the workplace. As a leader of the Women's Labour League, she described its role as "keeping the Labour Party well informed of the needs of women and providing women with the means of becoming educated in political matters". In this endeavour she provoked about a quarter of a million housewives to take part in the labour movement and helped popularise issues such as equality for women in the workplace, school meals, clinics and playspaces for children, the fundamental value of mothering, a more humanitarian, safety-conscious, approach to the design of homes for ordinary families, and an eradication of needless drudgery and squalour from home life.

  Phillips and Margaret Bondfield worked tirelessly within the WLL to raise the political consciousness of women and encourage their participation, and although there was some tension between the two at the start, they eventually worke din harmony and shared an esntially social class based approach to women's emancipation and both were later Labour MP's together in 1929 (Bondfield having briefly been an MP in 1924) [2]

Speaking on the need for adequate bathing and washing facilities in new housing projects, she remarked: "If Labour councillors will not support us on this demand, we shall have to cry a halt on all municipal housing until we have replaced all Labour men by Labour women". (source: A Woman of Vision - A Life of Marion Phillips MP by Marian Goronwy Roberts, (Bridge Books, Wrexham, 2000)).

As Chief Woman Officer of the Labour Party she reportedly gave women extra confidence to engage in politics and by 1925 the Women's Section was firmly established.

At the 1929 general election, Dr Phillips was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Sunderland. She lost the 1931 election and in 1932 died of stomach cancer, aged 50. Addressing women in Hartlepool she emphasised, "There is still a lot of educating to do and we are going to begin by educating ourselves".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uglow, Jennifer S. (1985). "Phillips, Marion". The International Dictionary of Women's Biography. New York: Continuum. p. 371. ISBN 0-8264-0192-9. 
  2. ^ Tony Judge, Margaret Bondfield: First Woman in the Cabinet 2018 pp 61-67

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Margaret Bondfield
Secretary of the Women's Labour League
1913–1918
Succeeded by
Organisation dissolved
Preceded by
New position
Labour Party Chief Women's Officer
1919–1932
Succeeded by
Mary Sutherland
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Luke Thompson and
Sir Walter Raine
Member of Parliament for Sunderland
19291931
With: Alfred Smith, to March 1931
Luke Thompson, from March 1931
Succeeded by
Luke Thompson and
Samuel Storey