|Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson|
Daguerreotype of Maria Sánchez de Mendeville (1854)
|Born||María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo
November 1, 1786
Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
|Died||October 23, 1868
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Occupation||Socialite, politician, chronicler|
|Known for||Political activism before and after the May Revolution|
Washington de Mendeville
María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo de Thompson y Mendeville, better known as Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson (1 November 1786 – Buenos Aires, 23 October 1868), was a patriot from Buenos Aires and its leading salonnière, whose tertulia gathered all the leading personalities of her time. She is widely remembered in the Argentine historical tradition because the Argentine National Anthem was sung for the first time in her house, on 14 May 1813.
One of the first politically active Argentine women, Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson has been considered the most active female figure in the revolutionary process. She was also a pioneering advocate of the need for education for women.
She was born in Buenos Aires, and married her cousin, Martín Thompson, in 1805. She authored a description of the failed British invasions of Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807. Her writings are most valued for their illustration of the ambivalence felt by the locals regarding the invasions.
She became a widow in 1817, and remarried in 1820, this time to the French expatriate Washington de Mendeville. During the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, she went voluntarily to exile in Montevideo, since her son Juan was among the opposition to the government. She returned to Buenos Aires after the Battle of Caseros.
Sánchez de Thompson's resting place at La Recoleta Cemetery
María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo de Thompson y Mendeville, better known as Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson was born on November 1, 1786 in Buenos Aires. She was born to Cecilio Sánchez de Velasco and Magdalena Trillo. Before the age of 15 she fell in love with her cousin Martín Jacobo Thompson and against the wishes of her parents they became engaged. After her father’s death, Mariquita’s mother arranged for her to be married to Diego del Arco. Stubbornly, Mariquita went to Viceroy Sobremonte to be allowed to marry her cousin. A year after the beginning of the trial, Mariquita and Thompson were given permission to marry and were married on July 29, 1805.
After her marriage, Mariquita’s life was linked to public happenings. She embraced the cause of liberty and collaborated with patriotic parties of the Revolución de Mayo. Her house, located on the street Unquera (now 200 Florida), was known as “de Empedrado” meaning cobbled or “del Correo” meaning the post/mail which welcomed the people of her time, attracted to the gracious and spiritual hospitality of the host. Delicate problems and literary themes were discussed in her tertulia or salon.
Thompson and Mariquita had five children: Clementina in 1807, Juan in 1809, Magdalena in 1811, Florencia in 1812 and Albina in 1817. Also in 1817, Thompson, sent to the United States, went crazy and died on the return trip.
In 1820, the widowed Mariquita married Washington de Mendeville. He was a French expatriate whose conduct led to many troubles concealed by his diplomatic functions outside of the country that ended with their separation. Many years later Mariquita revealed the misery of her life with Mendeville in a letter to Juan Bautista Alberdi. Mendeville and Mariquita had three children: Julio, Carlos and Enrique.
When minister Bernardino Rivadavia founded the Sociedad de Beneficencia, he needed the help of Mariquita who was an advocate and enthusiast. As one of the founders, she was the first secretary in 1823 and then president from 1830-1832. Schools and colleges for women were entrusted to the organization throughout the province of Buenos Aires. They also administered in hospitals and orphanages.
Mariquita died on October 23, 1868 in Buenos Aires almost at the age of 82 years-old.
- Soledad Vallejos (July 16, 2004). "Recuperando a Mariquita". Perfil. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- Shumway, Jeffery M. (2005). The Case of the Ugly Suitor and Other Histories of Love, Gender, and Nation in Buenos Aires, 1776-1870. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 68–72. ISBN 978-0-8032-9326-7.
- Alberdi, Juan Bautista. Escritos póstumos /. Buenos Aires :.
- Vicente Osvaldo Cutolo, Nuevo diccionario biográfico argentino (1750-1930), Editorial Elche, 1968
- Ayrolo, Valentina. "El matrimonio como inversión. El caso de los Mendeville-Sánchez" (PDF). Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- TodoArgentina.net - Biography (in Spanish)
- Media related to Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson at Wikimedia Commons
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