|Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson|
María Sánchez de Mendeville (1845), portrait by Mauricio Rugendas (National Historical Museum).
|Born||María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo
November 1, 1786
Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
|Died||October 23, 1868
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Occupation||Socialite, politician, chronicler|
Washington de Mendeville
María Josepha Petrona de Todos los Santos Sánchez de Velazco y Trillo de Thompson y Mendeville (1 November 1786 – Buenos Aires, 23 October 1868), better known as Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson, was a patriot from Buenos Aires and its leading salonnière, whose tertulia gathered all the leading personalities of her time. She is widely remembered in the Argentine historical tradition because the Argentine National Anthem was sung for the first time in her house, on 14 May 1813.
One of the first politically active Argentine women, Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson has been considered the most active female figure in the revolutionary process. She was also a pioneering advocate of the need for education for women.
She was born in Buenos Aires, and married her cousin, Martín Thompson, in 1805. She authored a description of the failed British invasions of Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807. Her writings are most valued for their illustration of the ambivalence felt by the locals regarding the invasions.
She became a widow in 1817, and re-married in 1820, this time to the French expatriate Washington de Mendeville. During the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, she went voluntarily to exile in Montevideo, since her son Juan was among the opposition to the government. She returned to Buenos Aires after the Battle of Caseros.
- TodoArgentina.net - Biography (in Spanish)
- Media related to Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson at Wikimedia Commons
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