Maritime Security Agency
|Pakistan Maritime Security Agency|
|Active||1 January 1987 — Present (28 years ago)|
|Size||2,000 active duty personnel|
Ministry of Defence
|Naval Combatant Headquarters (NHQ)||Karachi, Sindh Province, Pakistan|
Navy blue and White|
|Anniversaries||Navy Day: September 6|
1999 Indo-Pakistan war|
2001 Indo-Pakistani standoff
War on Terror
Rear-Admiral Zaka ur Rehman, SI(M)|
DGeneral of the PMSA
Admiral Asif Sandila|
RAdm Tahseenullah Khan
- For the other organisation previously known as the Maritime Security Agency see: Pakistan Coast Guard
The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency; (reporting name: PMSA) is a law enforcement service and the one of the six uniform service branch of the Paramilitary command of Pakistan. The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency is operationally tasked with conducting the maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the Pakistan military branches having the maritime law enforcement mission (with jurisdiction in both domestic and international waters). The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency is the executive regulatory agency of the Government of Pakistan operates under the Ministry of Defence (MoD) during peacetime, but it can be transferred to Pakistan Navy by the governmental orders during the time of war.
Adopting the genesis of the UN Convention on Law of the Sea in 1982, the agency was established in 1987 and gained its constitutional status in 1994 after Parliament ratifying the convention. The agency can conduct military operations under the Ministry of Defence and its legal authority differs from the other three armed services of Pakistan. The agency's roles and extends the area of responsibility by protecting the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Pakistan which is up to 200 nautical miles (370 km) in the International waters, and operations in deep sea (including Search and Rescue) maritime safety, security, and stewardship. The agency's executive officer is designated as Director-General (DG) and holds a two-star rank, a Rear-Admiral in the Navy. The current director of the agency is Rear-Admiral Zaka ur Rehman SI(M) who took the directorship of the agency in 2018.
The MSA's role is likely to be expanded substantially given the transfer of ships from China to Pakistan for guarding the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, three of these 4 ships have been delivered PMSS Hingol, PMSS Basol and PMSS Dasht. PMSS Kashmir is expected to be delivered soon.
The mission of Pakistan Maritime Security Agency states:
To assert and enforce national jurisdiction and sovereignty in the maritime zones in order to regulate and protect maritime interests of Pakistan— Pakistan Maritime Security Agency, 
Roles and Functions
Pakistan Maritime Security Agency has roles in maritime homeland security, national and international maritime law enforcement (MLE), search and rescue (SAR), marine environmental protection (MEP), and the maintenance of intracoastal and offshore aids to navigation (ATON). The agency is mandate to protect the fishing vessels and crew against any threat within the Maritime Zones (MZ).
The agency performs military operations authorized by the Ministry of Defence to protect the economic and maritime interests of Pakistan. The agency also provides security and assists governmental agencies, international organizations and the Pakistan Navy in petroleum and other mineral exploration in Pakistan's naval zones. The agency coordinates the oceanographic research and other scientific activities of the Navy Hydrographic Department.
The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA) is a paramilitary branch of the Pakistan Navy, not a separate branch. The officers, other ranks and equipment, are mostly derived from the Navy. Keeping the military code of the paramilitary command of Pakistan, its original strength and inventory is classified but it is expected to be consist of approximately 5000 members. The headquarters of the agency is situated in Karachi. Since its inception, the agency's headquarters were located in different hired commercial buildings at different locations in Karachi. In 2007, the Navy Engineering Branch began the construction of the new headquarter building and completed the course of work in 2009. Finally, on 2010, the new building was occupied by the Navy on March 2010 and finally inaugurated on 15 January 2011 by Chief of the Naval Staff. The agency consists of a Director-General and it is commanded by a two-star rank, a Rear-Admiral seconded from Pakistan Navy. The headquarters of the agency and personnel are placed under the command of Commander of Coastal Areas (COMCOAST), who usually supervise the operations for the Ministry of Defence.
Although the Pakistan Coast Guard was established by the Government of Pakistan under the command of Pakistan Army and operated by the Ministry of Interior, the Coast Guard was unable to conduct off shore operations and execute law enforcement missions, this was instead done by the Pakistan Navy. The Government of Pakistan adopted the genesis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1982 and acquired an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of about 240,000 square miles (620,000 km2). In order to provide protection to this vast area, the Pakistan Government decided to raise the Agency under the Ministry of Defence consisting the members of Navy. The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA) was formally inaugurated on 1 January 1987 and gained its constitutional status in 1997 after ratification of the UNCLOS. The agency implements the local and international laws in the EEZ, and provides surveillance against poaching by illegal vessels and unauthorized survey by foreign craft. It also conducts Search and Rescue missions, and implements measures for control of pollution and fishery protection.
Commissioned officers rank
The order of hierarchy, commissioned and non-commissioned ranks structure of Pakistan Maritime Security Agency are same and as equivalent of Pakistan Navy (as the officers and personnel seconded to the Navy_. The PMSA directly reports of the Commander Coast (COMCOAST).
|Title||No equivalent||No equivalent||Rear-Admiral||Commodore||Captain||Commander||Lieutenant-Commander||Lieutenant||Sub-Lieutenant||Midshipman|
|Rank Hierarchy||NE||NE||2-star Admiral||1-star Officer|
|Title||Master Chief Petty Officer||Fleet Chief Petty Officer||Chief Petty Officer||Petty Officer||No equivalent||Leading Rate||No equivalent||Able Seaman Tech-I||Ordinary Rate Tech-II||No equivalent|
Ships and boats
The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency currently operates the following:
- Four corvettes built in the People's Republic of China. The Huangpu Shipyard built the corvettes in 1988-89 and delivered the ships to the Pakistan Maritime Security Agency in 1990, the date of commissioned of the ships.
- PMSS Vehdat — she was built in Huangpu Shipyard in 1989 and commissioned on 13 June 1990
- PMSS Nusrat — She was built in December 1989 at Huangpu Shipyard and commissioned as on 13 June 1990.
- PMSS Rehmat — The ship was formally laid on 21 October 1988 in Huangpu Shipyard and commissioned on 29 December 1988
- PMSS Barkat — She was laid on 21 October 1988 in Haungpu Shipyard and was commissioned on 29 December 1989
- Nine Defender class fast response boats were donated by the United States. They were manufactured by SAFE Boats International.
- Four 600 Ton MPV from China
- Two 1500 Ton MPV from China
- Two Island Class Patrol Vessels
- PMSS Sabqat
- PMSS Rafaqat
PMSS Nazim was decommissioned on 6 October 2010
The Pakistan Maritime Security Agency operates one aircraft squadron known as Squadron 93 PMSA. The squadron was inaugurated on 23 June 1988 with the induction of a Fokker F27 Friendship an interim measure, for sea surveillance. The aircraft was stationed at Jinnah Terminal for the purpose of logistics support. In 1993, the PMSA acquired the Britten-Norman Defender stationed at Mehran Naval Air Station.
- Fokker F27 Friendship— Only one aircraft entered service with PMSA. The aircraft was handed over to the Pakistan Air Force in August 1992.
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