Marius Ambrogi

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Marius Jean Paul Elzeard Ambrogi
Nickname(s) "Marc"
Born 9 June 1895
Marseilles, France
Died 25 April 1971
Allegiance France
Service/branch Aviation
Rank Sous lieutenant
Unit Escadrille 507, Escadrille 90
Awards Légion d'honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with ten Palmes and a Star

Sous Lieutenant Marius Jean Paul Elzeard Ambrogi (1895-1971) was a fighter pilot in both World Wars. He became a flying ace during World War I, with fourteen aerial victories, then added another during World War II. He was one of the leading balloon busters, with 11 observation balloons destroyed to his credit.[1][2]

World War I[edit]

Ambrogi joined the French army on 25 September 1914[3] and originally served in the 2e Infantry Regiment. He transferred from the army to aviation and trained at Dijon and Juvisy. He received his pilot's brevet, no. 4477, on 16 September 1916. He completed his training at Avord, Cazaux, and Pau, finishing up in February 1917. Afterwards, he received his first posting, to Detachment N507 in March. On 10 April, he was forwarded to Escadrille 90, which was operating on the VIIe Army Front.[4]

He began scoring when he joined Escadrille 90, which was equipped with Nieuports. Between 30 October 1917 and 16 May 1918, he scored three victories using a Nieuport, including a shared one with Marie Lecoq De Kerland. Beginning on 17 May, Ambrogi switched to a Spad and began a string of eleven balloons destroyed.[5] He teamed with several other balloon busting aces to do this, such as Maurice Bizot, Jean Andre Pezon, and Charles J. V. Macé. Ambrogi's final World War I victory was a double on 18 October 1918.[6]

World War II[edit]

Commandant Ambrogi used Bloch 152C-1 No. 231 of GC 1/8, marked with a tricolor stripe denoting acedom, as well as a tail-flash of Walt Disney's Dopey, to down a Dornier 17 on 18 May 1940 over Cambrai .[7]

Honors and awards[edit]

Médaille militaire

A pilot who never ceases to distinguish himself by his spirit, and the ease with which he brilliantly accomplishes his daily duties. He has downed two adversaries who were seen falling disabled in their own lines. On 6 January 1918, he downed another enemy plane. Three citations.[8]

Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur

Reconnaissance and pursuit pilot beyond compare. Officer of the highest valour. Recently reported his fifth victory by downing an enemy balloon in flames. Médaille militaire for feats of war. Six citations.[9]

Sources of information[edit]

  1. ^ Retrieved on 29 March 2010.
  2. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 112. 
  3. ^ Retrieved on 29 March 2010.
  4. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 112. 
  5. ^ Nieuport Aces of World War 1. p. 62. 
  6. ^ Retrieved on 29 March 2010.
  7. ^ French Aces of World War 2. pp. 52, 94. 
  8. ^ Médaille militaire citation, 2 February 1918 Retrieved on 29 March 2010.
  9. ^ (Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur citation, 11 August 1918) Retrieved on 29 March 2010.