Mariveles

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Mariveles
Municipality of Mariveles
Mariveles Bataan skyline.jpg
Official seal of Mariveles
Map of Bataan with Mariveles highlighted
Map of Bataan with Mariveles highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Mariveles is located in Philippines
Mariveles
Mariveles
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°26′N 120°29′E / 14.43°N 120.48°E / 14.43; 120.48Coordinates: 14°26′N 120°29′E / 14.43°N 120.48°E / 14.43; 120.48
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceBataan
District 3rd district
Founded1754
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAce Jello Concepcion
 • Vice MayorAngelito S. Rubia
 • RepresentativeJose Enrique S. Garcia III
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate84,413 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total153.90 km2 (59.42 sq mi)
Elevation
96 m (315 ft)
Highest elevation
561 m (1,841 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total149,879
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Households
30,691
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence4.90% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱807,938,092.01 (2020)
 • Assets₱2,378,583,801.69 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱782,249,372.08 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱2,056,427,846.66 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityPeninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2105
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)47
Native languagesMariveleño
Tagalog
Websitemarivelesbataan.gov.ph

Mariveles, officially the Municipality of Mariveles (Tagalog: Bayan ng Mariveles), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 149,879 people. [3]

History[edit]

Founded as a pueblo by a Franciscan Friar in 1578, Mariveles, the "Village of Camaya" was part of the Corregimiento of Mariveles, including Bagac and Morong, Corregidor and Maragondon, Cavite.

The Superior Decree of July 1754 declared Mariveles' independence from Pampanga.

In the 19th century, the Americans established the first quarantine station in the old Spanish Leprosarium Hospital (now, the Mariveles Mental Ward).

Mariveles Bay was the site of Mariveles Naval Section Base, completed for the United States Asiatic Fleet on 22 July 1941, and surrendered to the Imperial Japanese Army on 9 April 1942.

Geography[edit]

Mariveles is located around the Mariveles Bay, a large cove at the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula. It adjacent to Manila Bay to the east, and the South China Sea to the west.

Mariveles is located about 164 kilometres (102 mi) from Manila via the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX), Jose Abad Santos Avenue, and Roman Highway. It borders Bagac to the west and northwest, Limay to the north and northeast, and Manila Bay to the east.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 153.90 square kilometres (59.42 sq mi)[5] constituting 11.21% of the 1,372.98-square-kilometre- (530.11 sq mi) total area of Bataan. Of this, about 69% consist of the pastureland, 19% of forestland, 6% agricultural lands and the remaining 6% for residential and industrial use.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mariveles, Bataan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
33
(91)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
20
(68)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
8
(0.3)
14
(0.6)
26
(1.0)
127
(5.0)
210
(8.3)
263
(10.4)
272
(10.7)
218
(8.6)
114
(4.5)
46
(1.8)
21
(0.8)
1,326
(52.3)
Average rainy days 4.0 4.0 6.9 11.2 21.0 24.5 27.4 26.9 25.9 21.9 13.4 6.3 193.4
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[6]

Barangays[edit]

Mariveles is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.[7]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[8]
030807001 Alas‑asin 10.0% 15,047 11,606 2.56%
030807002 Alion 2.2% 3,264 3,015 0.78%
030807013 Balon‑Anito 8.2% 12,286 10,255 1.77%
030807006 Baseco Country (Nassco) 3.1% 4,581 3,440 2.83%
030807003 Batangas II 4.0% 5,951 5,122 1.47%
030807014 Biaan 1.2% 1,837 1,571 1.53%
030807004 Cabcaben 4.3% 6,427 6,269 0.24%
030807015 Camaya 9.9% 14,869 12,077 2.04%
030807016 Ipag 6.7% 10,010 9,430 0.58%
030807005 Lucanin 3.4% 5,169 3,570 3.67%
030807017 Malaya 3.3% 4,910 5,211 −0.58%
030807018 Maligaya 2.9% 4,407 4,416 −0.02%
030807019 Mt. View 7.0% 10,461 8,843 1.65%
030807008 Poblacion 5.3% 7,938 8,074 −0.17%
030807009 San Carlos 1.0% 1,517 1,592 −0.47%
030807010 San Isidro 3.8% 5,761 5,816 −0.09%
030807011 Sisiman 4.2% 6,221 5,837 0.62%
030807020 Townsite 4.6% 6,880 6,563 0.46%
Total 149,879 112,707 2.81%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Mariveles
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,350—    
1918 2,948+1.52%
1939 4,444+1.97%
1948 4,462+0.04%
1960 9,067+6.09%
1970 16,157+5.94%
1975 25,167+9.29%
1980 48,594+14.06%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 60,761+2.26%
1995 76,626+4.44%
2000 85,779+2.45%
2007 102,844+2.53%
2010 112,707+3.39%
2015 127,536+2.38%
2020 149,879+3.23%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][8][10][11]

In the 2020 census, Mariveles had a population of 149,879. [3] The population density was 970 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi).

Mariveles is home to an Aeta community speaking a Sambalic language called Mariveleño.

Economy[edit]


The Freeport Area of Bataan[19] (formerly known as Bataan Export Processing Zone from November 20, 1972 to June 30, 2010) is a 1,691 hectares (4,180 acres) industrial complex in Mariveles town that enjoys business advantages, including tax incentives, natural endowments, and leadership under Authority of the Freeport Area of Bataan (AFAB) Chairman Emmanuel Pineda.[20] It is the only freeport in the country with a 10.9 million cubic meter-capacity dam that delivers 14 million gallons of water every day. It is complemented by water treatment and sewerage treatment plants which employ a sustainable waste water solution.

Government[edit]

Municipal hall

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines",[21][22] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who held office in the Presidencia. During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones held office at the Municipal Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Bayan (Session Hall) and Municipal Trial Court, respectively, and are located in the second floor of the Town Hall and in the adjacent building.

The Municipal Mayor as of the 2016 national and provincial elections, serving his 1st term in office is Ace Jello "AJ" C. Concepcion.

The Sangguniang Bayan Members are: + Chairman and Vice Mayor: Angelito S. Rubia

  • Councilors: Jaja P. Castañeda, Harry F. Golocan, Tito Pancho S. Catipon, Victoriano C. Isip, Angelito M. Sunga, Emerson Reyes, Joey Carandang, Susan Murillo, and Arvin V. Zurita (Municipal ABC President).[23]

Tourism[edit]

Tarak Ridge of Mount Mariveles

Mariveles' attractions, events and historical landmarks include:

  • Mariveles Five Fingers: A series of coves that looks like five human fingers when viewed from the air.
  • Mount Mariveles
  • Km 0 marker of the Bataan Death March
  • Lazareto de Mariveles: A Quarantine station established by the Spanish government in the 1850s to check and sanitize cargoes and passengers entering Manila. The Americans, upon their conquest of the Philippines, used the same system in their ports.[24][25] The ruins of the old facility can be found inside the Mariveles Mental Hospital compound in downtown Mariveles.
  • Parish Church of Saint Nicholas Tolentine: The 1729 Parish Church of Saint Nicholas Tolentine (Cath.: 36,282 Titular: St. Nicholas Tolentine, Feast day, September 10, Vicariate of Saint Michael Archangel) belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga[26][27][28][29][30] (Dioecesis Balangensis) Suffragan of the Archdiocese of San Fernando, Pampanga. On September 9, 2005, Mariveles celebrated the 276th anniversary of Apo Kolas, the Patron Saint of Mariveles — San Nicolas de Tolentino, who arrived in this town through the Order of Augustinian Recoletos missionaries. Thus, the parish was founded in 1729 bearing the name of the saint.[31] Due to Fr. Gerry Jorge was stepped down as parish priest in June 5, 2020, Bishop Ruperto Cruz Santos, bishop of the Diocese of Balanga, serve as parish priest of the parish church since the said date.[32]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Mariveles can be reached through jet ferry plying the Mariveles to Manila route that has an approximate travel time of 40 minutes.

Expressway[edit]

The Bataan Provincial Expressway, also called Roman Super-Highway, is a limited-access toll expressway that connects Bataan to the provinces of the Central Luzon region in the Philippines. Mariveles is off Exit 55.

Energy sources[edit]

GN Power Mariveles Coal Power Plant

Utilities:

  • Mariveles geothermal area in Bataan: a geothermal area situated along the West Luzon Volcanic Arc.[33]
  • GN Power Mariveles Coal Plant (GMCP), Alas-asin: 600-megawatt coal-fired power plant ($155 million was purchased by Conglomerate Ayala Corp. in December 2012).[34]
  • National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) Mariveles Substation which hosts three 500 kV transmission lines which are Mariveles–Balsik, MPGC Mariveles–NGCP Mariveles, and GNPower Dinginin–NGCP Mariveles lines.

Education[edit]

Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific

Tertiary educational institutions include:

  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines Bataan (PUP), a state university that offers baccalaureate (college) degrees where students are scholars of the government (after passing an entrance exam). Opened in 1976, the campus is located at Barangay Malaya, Freeport Area of Bataan (FAB).
  • Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific (MAAP) located at Kamaya Point, Barangay Alas-asin, offering courses in the maritime industry. Students are accepted after passing stringent academic and physical examinations.
  • TESDA Mariveles Bataan Branch, located at Barangay Camaya and near the Public Market, Mariveles Municipal Hall, and Freeport Area of Bataan, offering technical and vocational courses.
  • Softnet Information Technology Center (SITC) located at 2nd floor SFB #8, FAB, offering associate degrees in computer studies.
  • Llamas Memorial Institute Inc.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Mariveles | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Mariveles: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Municipal: Mariveles". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Bataan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2013-02-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2013-02-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Philippines : Gov.Ph : About the Philippines :". www.gov.ph. Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
  22. ^ "The Local Government Code Of The Philippines - Chan Robles Virtual Law Library". Chanrobles.com. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  23. ^ "Mariveles - Municipal Officials". Marivelesbataan.gov.ph. 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  24. ^ "100 SIgnificant Events in Philippine History". The Manila Times. September 18, 2006. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  25. ^ Shellum, Brian (February 1, 2010). Black Officer in a Buffalo Soldier Regiment: The Military Career of Charles Young (1st ed.). Bison Books. p. 134. ISBN 0803213859.
  26. ^ "List of Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga | Philippine Churches". Church.nfo.ph. 2012-06-27. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2013-01-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Parishes". Cbcponline.net. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  29. ^ "NewAssignsJune6". Balangadiocese.com. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2013-02-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ [1][dead link]
  32. ^ Aquino, Leslie Ann (December 18, 2020). "A wood stove inspires design of Christmas Belen in Mariveles, Bataan". www.mb.com.ph. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  33. ^ "DOE set to award 4 renewable energy contracts". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2013-01-06. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  34. ^ Dela, Zinnia B. (2012-12-18). "Ayala buys into Mariveles power plant". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2016-11-21.

External links[edit]