Marjan Mashkour

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Marjan Mashkour, June 2005

Marjan Mashkour (Persian: مرجان مشکور) is an archaeologist and member of the French National Centre for Scientific Research. She is the first Iranian to specialize in the field of zooarchaeology and has been engaged in many field and laboratory projects in Iran and the Near East.[1]


Mashkolur received her Ph.D. in zooarchaeology from the University of Paris I-Sorbonne) in 2001. Her thesis was "Chasse et élevage du Néolithique à l’Âge du Fer dans la plaine de Qazvin (Iran). Étude archéozoologique des sites de Zagheh, Qabrestan et Sagzabad", ("Hunting and farming from the Neolithic to the Iron Age in the plain of Qazvin (Iran). Archaeozoological study sites Zagheh, and Qabrestan Sagzabad")[2]

Research interests[edit]

Mashkour has published widely on the archaeology of the Near East, including editing 'Zooarchaeology of the Ancient Near East' with Mark Beech.[3] Her research interest is the late Paleolithic fauna of the Zagros Mountains and the domestication of the wild goat in Iran.[4] Research in 2006 focussed on the role of pigs and boars on the ancient Iranian plateau.[5] She has also published new collaborative research onto the origins of the donkey.[6] Recent research has explored the domestication of dogs in the near east.[7] As well as researching the physicality of ancient animals, Mashkour also researches how herds may have behaved in the ancient past.[8] This leads into her wider research on palaeo-diet.[9] This has led to further research looking at coat colour variation in ancient canids.[10] She is helping the National Museum of Iran to establish a center for zooarchaeology and was involved in the setting up of the Zagros Paleolithic Museum. She edited a volume on osteological collections of the National Museum of Iran entitled "Human and Animal Interactions in the Iranian Plateau: Research Conducted by the Osteology Department of Iran National Museum," which was published in 2021.


Places and areas that Mashkour has excavated or suveryed include:


  1. ^ "Marjan Mashkour | Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique / French National Centre for Scientific Research". Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  2. ^ Mashkour, Marjan (2001). Chasse et élevage du Néolithique à l'Âge du Fer dans la plaine de Qazvin (Iran). Étude archéozoologique des sites de Zagheh, Qabrestan et Sagzabad. Bibliotheque Francais.
  3. ^ "Archaeozoology of the Near East 9". Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  4. ^ Naderi S, Rezaei HR, Pompanon F, Blum MG, Negrini R, Naghash HR, et al. (November 2008). "The goat domestication process inferred from large-scale mitochondrial DNA analysis of wild and domestic individuals". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105 (46): 17659–64. Bibcode:2008PNAS..10517659N. doi:10.1073/pnas.0804782105. PMC 2584717. PMID 19004765.
  5. ^ Mashkour, Marjan. "Boars and Pigs: a view from the Iranian Plateau". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Beja-Pereira A, England PR, Ferrand N, Jordan S, Bakhiet AO, Abdalla MA, et al. (June 2004). "African origins of the domestic donkey". Science. 304 (5678): 1781. doi:10.1126/science.1096008. PMID 15205528. S2CID 12783335.
  7. ^ Frantz LA, Mullin VE, Pionnier-Capitan M, Lebrasseur O, Ollivier M, Perri A, et al. (June 2016). "Genomic and archaeological evidence suggest a dual origin of domestic dogs" (PDF). Science. 352 (6290): 1228–31. Bibcode:2016Sci...352.1228F. doi:10.1126/science.aaf3161. PMID 27257259. S2CID 206647686.
  8. ^ Bocherens H, Mashkour M, Billiou D, Pellé E, Mariotti A (2001-01-15). "A new approach for studying prehistoric herd management in arid areas: intra-tooth isotopic analyses of archaeological caprine from Iran". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série IIA. 332 (1): 67–74. Bibcode:2001CRASE.332...67B. doi:10.1016/S1251-8050(00)01488-9. ISSN 1251-8050.
  9. ^ Bocherens H, Mashkour M, Drucker DG, Moussa I, Billiou D (2006-02-01). "Stable isotope evidence for palaeodiets in southern Turkmenistan during Historical period and Iron Age". Journal of Archaeological Science. 33 (2): 253–264. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2005.07.010. ISSN 0305-4403.
  10. ^ Ollivier M, Tresset A, Hitte C, Petit C, Hughes S, Gillet B, et al. (2013-10-02). "Evidence of coat color variation sheds new light on ancient canids". PLOS ONE. 8 (10): e75110. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...875110O. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075110. PMC 3788791. PMID 24098367.
  11. ^ Otte M, Biglari F, Flas D, Shidrang S, Zwyns N, Mashkour M, Naderi R, Mohaseb A, Hashemi N, Darvish J, Radu V (2007). "The Aurignacian in the Zagros region: new research at Yafteh Cave, Lorestan, Iran". Antiquity. 81 (311): 82–96. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00094850. ISSN 0003-598X. S2CID 163138106.
  12. ^ Alizadeh A, Kouchoukos N, Bauer AM, Wilkinson TJ, Mashkour M (2004). "Human-Environment Interactions on the Upper Khuzestan Plains, Southwest Iran. Recent Investigations". Paléorient. 30 (1): 69–88. doi:10.3406/paleo.2004.4773. ISSN 0153-9345. JSTOR 41496683.
  13. ^ Mashkour M, Fontugne M, Hatte C (1999). "Investigations on the evolution of subsistence economy in the Qazvin Plain (Iran) from the Neolithic to the Iron Age". Antiquity. 73 (279): 65–76. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00087846. ISSN 0003-598X. S2CID 163599860.
  14. ^ Biglari F, Jahani, V.; Mashkour, M.; Argant, A.; Shidrang, S.; and Taheri, K. (2007). "Darband Cave: New Evidence for Lower Paleolithic occupation at Western Alborz Range, Gilan". Iranian Journal of Archaeology and History. 41: 30–37.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Nezamabadi M, Aali A, Stöllner T, Mashkour M, Le Bailly M (September 2013). "Paleoparasitological analysis of samples from the Chehrabad salt mine (Northwestern Iran)". International Journal of Paleopathology. 3 (3): 229–233. doi:10.1016/j.ijpp.2013.03.003. PMID 29539462.
  16. ^ Trinkaus E, Biglari F, Mashkour M, Monchot H, Reyss JL, Rougier H, et al. (April 2008). "Late Pleistocene human remains from Wezmeh Cave, western Iran". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 135 (4): 371–8. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20753. PMID 18000894.

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