Marjeh Square

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marjeh Square
ساحة المرجة
Martyrs' Square
ساحة الشهداء
Marjeh square 2009.jpg
Marjeh Square in 2009
Marjeh Square is located in Damascus
Marjeh Square
Coordinates 33°30′46″N 36°17′53″E / 33.5128°N 36.2980°E / 33.5128; 36.2980Coordinates: 33°30′46″N 36°17′53″E / 33.5128°N 36.2980°E / 33.5128; 36.2980
Construction
Completion late nineteenth century
Other
Known for executions on 6 May 1916

Marjeh Square (Arabic: ساحة المرجة‎ / ALA-LC: sāḥat al-Marjah), also known as "Martyrs' Square" (ساحة الشهداء / sāḥat ash-Shuhadā’), is a square in central Damascus, Syria, just outside the walls of the old city. The Syrian Interior Ministry has its headquarters in the square.

History[edit]

The Post Office building in Marjeh Square in 1890

The square was built by the Ottomans in the late nineteenth century. A new post office and municipality were built there using steel and cement, new materials for Damascus at that time.[1] The Ottomans publicly executed seven Syrian national activists in the square on Martyrs' Day, 6 May 1916, and it is for this reason known as "Martyrs' Square". After the French took control of Syria they continued to use the square for the same purpose. Fakhri Hassan al-Kharrat, son of the Great Syrian Revolt leader Hasan al-Kharrat, was hanged there in 1925–26.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Faedah M. Totah (2014). Preserving the old city of Damascus. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815652625. p. 41.
  2. ^ Sami M. Moubayed (2006). Steel & silk: men and women who shaped Syria 1900-2000. Seattle, WA: Cune. ISBN 9781885942418. p. 359.