Mahakörgis Khan

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Khagan of the Mongols
Emperor of the Northern Yuan Dynasty
Reign 1455–65
Predecessor Esen
Successor Molon Khan
Born 1448(?)
Died 1465
Full name
Mahakörgis Ükegtü Khan
House Borjigin
Dynasty Northern Yuan
Father Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha
Mother Samar taifu

Mahakörgis (or Markos, Markörgis) (1448–1465) was a Mongol Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. Some scholars believe his name is a Christian name.

Mahakörgis was the youngest son of Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha and his youngest khatun, Samar. Soon after Esen was killed, his mother, Samar, attacked the Four Oirads in the Khangai Zavkhan. During the campaign, 8 year-old Mahakörgis was taken in a box on horseback, thus to be later called Ükegtü Khagan. They defeated the Oirads and returned with plundered goods.

After that Samar taifu and Dogholon taishi of the seven Tümeds crowned the boy Khagan. Bulay of the Kharchin and Dogholon held the real power, and constantly fought each other for dominance. Mahakörgis was given the title Ükegtü because he sat inside a cart during the battles.

Bulay tried to open trade relations with Ming China but was declined. Bulay repeatedly invaded China in 1460 and 1461. He also attacked the Uriyangkhai Doyin guard (tributary of the Ming) in the next year. The Ming court finally agreed to establish peace with the Mongols.

In 1465, the Mongol nobles openly went to war against each other in their power struggle and Mahakörgis Ükegtü Khan was killed as a result. The young khan was succeeded by his eldest half-brother Molon Khan Tögüs Mengke.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Societas Uralo-Altaica - Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher, Volumes 7-8, p.193
Mahakörgis Khan
 Died: 1465
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Esen of the Oirad
Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty
Succeeded by
Molon Khan