Mark 60 CAPTOR

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Mark 60 CAPTOR
Mark 60 CAPTOR-DF-ST-90-11649.JPEG
Mark 60 mine being loaded into a B-52 Stratofortress at Loring Air Force Base in 1989
Type Antisubmarine naval mine [1][2][3]
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1979-2001[4]
Used by United States Navy
Wars Cold War
Production history
Designer Goodyear Aerospace[5]
Manufacturer Goodyear Aerospace[6]
Unit cost 113,000[7]
Produced 1978-1986[8]
Variants Mine Mk 66, Mk 46 Mod 5 (NEARTIP)
Specifications
Weight Aircraft/ship-laid:1,077 kg (2,374 lb)[9]
Submarine-laid:935 kg (2,061 lb)[10]
Length Aircraft/ship-laid:3.68 m (145 in)[11]
Submarine-laid:3.35 m (132 in)[12]
Diameter 530 mm (21 in)[13]

Effective firing range 8,000 yards (7,300 m)[14]
Warhead Mark 46 torpedo
Warhead weight 44 kg (97 lb), PBXN-103

Engine Two-speed, reciprocating external combustion
Propellant Otto fuel II
Maximum depth 1,000 feet (300 m)
Speed >28 knots (52 km/h)
Guidance
system
Active or passive/active acoustic homing, snake or circle search, reliable acoustic path (RAP) sound propagation[15][16][17]
Launch
platform
Aircraft, surface ship and submarines[18][19][20]

The Mark 60 CAPTOR (Encapsulated Torpedo) is the United State's only deep water anti-submarine naval mine. [21][22][23] It uses a Mark 46 torpedo[24][25] contained in an aluminum shell which is anchored to the ocean floor.[26] The mine can be placed by either aircraft, submarine or surface vessel.[27] [28]The torpedo, once placed, can last anywhere from weeks to months underwater.[29]The original production contract of the CAPTOR mine was awarded to Goodyear Aerospace in 1972, and entered service in 1979.[30] It was hoped to reduce minefield costs and used in the creation of a barrier of the "Greenland-Iceland-United Kingdom gap to interrupt Soviet submarines in the event that deterrence failed."[31]

The mine uses Reliable Acoustic Path (RAP)[32][33] sound propagation to passively identify and track the difference between hostile submarine signatures, surface vessels and friendly submarines. [34]Once identified, the torpedo leaves its casing to destroy its target.

References[edit]

  1. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  2. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  4. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  9. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  10. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  11. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  12. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  13. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  14. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  15. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  16. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  18. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  19. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  20. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  21. ^ "Naval Mines and Mining: Innovating in the Face of Benign Neglect". Center for International Maritime Security. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  23. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  24. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  25. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  26. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  27. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  28. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  29. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  30. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  31. ^ "Naval Mines and Mining: Innovating in the Face of Benign Neglect". Center for International Maritime Security. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  32. ^ "Mk 60 Captor Mine | VP-4 Association". www.vp4association.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  33. ^ DiGiulian, Tony. "Mines of the United States of America - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  34. ^ "U.S. Naval Mines - Captor program". www.hartshorn.us. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 

External links[edit]