Mark A. Milley
|Born||June 18, 1958|
Winchester, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1980–present|
|Commands held||Chief of Staff of the United States Army|
United States Army Forces Command
International Security Assistance Force Joint Command
10th Mountain Division
2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light)
|Battles/wars||United States invasion of Panama|
Operation Uphold Democracy
Operation Joint Endeavor
War in Afghanistan
|Awards||Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Defense Superior Service Medal (3)
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star Medal (4)
Mark Alexander Milley (born June 20, 1958) is a four-star general in the United States Army, the 39th and former Chief of Staff of the Army and the Chairman-designate of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He previously served as the 21st commanding general of United States Army Forces Command from August 15, 2014 to August 9, 2015. Milley is the highest ranking officer in the United States Army.
Early life and education
Born in Winchester, Massachusetts, Milley attended the Belmont Hill School. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Princeton University, a Master of Arts degree in international relations from Columbia University, and another Master of Arts degree in national security and strategic studies from the United States Naval War College. He is also a graduate of the MIT Center for International Studies Seminar XXI National Security Studies Program.
Milley has served in the 82nd Airborne Division, the 5th Special Forces Group, the 7th Infantry Division, the 2nd Infantry Division, the Joint Readiness Training Center, the 25th Infantry Division, Operations Staff of the Joint Staff, and as a Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. In November 2000, he participated in the 2nd Annual Army-Navy Ice Hockey Game in Honolulu, Hawaii, a charity event benefiting youth ice hockey players in the area.
Milley commanded the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light) from December 2003 to July 2005, served as Deputy Commanding General (Operations), 101st Airborne Division from July 2007 to April 2008, and was Commander of the 10th Mountain Division from November 2011 to December 2012. He then served as the Commanding General of III Corps, based at Fort Hood, Texas, from 2012 to 2014, and as the Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command, based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from 2014 to 2015. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the United States Army on August 14, 2015.
Iraq War study
In 2018, Milley was involved in deciding whether the Army would publish a controversial study on the Iraq War, a two volume, 1,300 page study. Milley reportedly decided that he wanted to read the entire 500,000 word study before making a decision on publication. Milley also directed that an external panel of scholars review the work before he would make a decision. After the panel returned glowing reviews on the study, including one that described the study as "the gold standard in official history", Milley continued to delay publication so he could review the study further.
In September 2018, secretary of the Army Mark Esper and other Army officials decided to distance themselves from the study by casting the study "as an independent" work of the authors, instead of being described as a project by the Chief of Staff of the Army’s Operation Iraqi Freedom Study Group." When confronted by a journalist from the Wall Street Journal in October 2018, Milley reversed these decisions, ordering the study to be published officially, and with a foreword that he would write. He declared the team that wrote the study "did a damn good job," that the study itself was "a solid work," and noted that he aimed to publish the study by the holidays (2018).
Within days of this revelation, two members of congress who sit on the House Armed Services Committee (Reps. Jackie Speier, D-California, and Ruben Gallego, D-Arizona) sent a letter to Army leadership that expressed their anger with the Army's delay of publication of the report. In a press release accompanying the letter to Milley and Esper, Rep. Spier said, "This is simply the Army being unwilling to publicly air its mistakes. Our military, Congress, and the American people deserve nothing less than total transparency on the lessons the Army has identified so that we may use those lessons to avoid costly, and too often deadly, mistakes of the past." The study was published January 17, 2019.
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
On December 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Milley to serve as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. On July 25, 2019, the United States Senate confirmed Milley's nomination by a vote of 89–1.
Milley has had multiple operational deployments including:
- Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt
- Operation Just Cause, Panama
- Operation Uphold Democracy, Haiti
- Operation Joint Endeavor, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq
- Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan
Awards and decorations
- Gal Perl Finkel, President-elect Trump – the ‘West Wing’ lesson, The Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2016.
- n the Nomination (Confirmation: General Mark A. Milley to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ), United States Senate, July 25, 2019
- "Chief of Staff of the Army | General Mark A. Milley". United States Army. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
- Berkowitz, Bram (August 27, 2015). "Winchester Native Mark A. Milley Becomes U.S. Army Chief of Staff". Winchester Star. Winchester, MA.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Art, Robert (September 1, 2015). "From the Director: September, 2015". MIT Seminar XXI. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Graham-Ashley, Heather (December 20, 2012). "III Corps' new commander views road ahead, training, support". III Corps and Fort Hood Public Affairs. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- Gal Perl Finkel, The IDF that Eisenkot leaves behind is ready, The Jerusalem Post, January 1, 2019.
- U.S. Army Forces Command, Commanding General Archived 2015-09-06 at the Wayback Machine, www.army.mil/forscom, dated August 15, 2014, last accessed August 15, 2015
- "Honolulu Star-Bulletin Sports". archives.starbulletin.com.
- Block, Gordon (December 4, 2012). "Fort Drum welcomes new 10th Mountain Division commander at ceremony". Watertown Daily Times. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- Michelle Tan, Staff writer (May 13, 2015). "Gen. Mark Milley picked for Army chief of staff". Army Times.
- Michelle Tan, Staff writer (August 14, 2015). "Milley takes over as new chief of staff; Odierno retires". Army Times.
- Gordon, Michael R. (October 22, 2018). "The Army Stymied Its Own Study of the Iraq War" – via www.wsj.com.
- South, Todd (October 25, 2018). "Army's detailed Iraq war study remains unpublished years after completion". Army Times.
- "The U.S. Army in the Iraq War". January 17, 2019.
- "Donald Trump makes it official: Gen. Mark Milley to chair Joint Chiefs of Staff". USA Today. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
- On the Nomination (Confirmation: General Mark A. Milley to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), United States Senate, July 25, 2019
- "Twitter". Mobile.twitter.com. November 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mark A. Milley.|
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army document "Lieutenant General Mark A. Milley".
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Commanding General of the 10th Mountain Division
| Commanding General of III Corps
| Commanding General of ISAF-Joint Command
| Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command
Robert B. Abrams
Raymond T. Odierno
| Chief of Staff of the United States Army
James C. McConville