Mark B. Cohen
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|Mark B. Cohen|
|Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives|
from the 202nd district
|Preceded by||Eugene Gelfand|
|Succeeded by||Jared Solomon|
|Democratic Whip of the|
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
January 5, 1993 – November 30, 1994
|Preceded by||Ivan Itkin|
|Succeeded by||Ivan Itkin|
|Born||June 4, 1949|
New York City, New York
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Mona Getzes Cohen|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania, Lebanon Valley College, Widener University School of Law|
Mark B. Cohen (born June 4, 1949) is a Democratic politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He represented District 202 in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from June 10, 1974, until Nov. 30, 2016. In 2017, Cohen ran for judge and won in both the primary and general election. On January 2, 2018, Cohen was sworn in for a 10-year term as a Judge on the Court of Common Pleas in Philadelphia.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Pennsylvania House
- 3 Political positions
- 4 National involvement
- 5 Criticism
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Awards and recognition received
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life and education
Cohen enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, where he served as a features writer for The Daily Pennsylvanian and an officer of the Penn affiliate of the College Democrats of America. Cohen graduated in 1970 with a degree in political science.
Cohen earned a law degree from the Harrisburg campus of the Widener University School of Law in 1993 and an M.B.A. from Lebanon Valley College in 2000. As an active member of the Pennsylvania Bar, he is qualified in the practice of law in Pennsylvania. He is admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the United States District Courts for Pennsylvania, the United States Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, and the US Supreme Court.
Cohen was elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in a special election on May 21, 1974. He was 24 years old. He was officially nominated for the special election as the Democratic nominee for the vacant House seat by the executive committee of the Democratic State Committee.
Early years in the House, 1974-1988
Cohen sponsored legislation to enable an American citizen who was a foreign medical graduate to complete a 5th Pathway Program to receive a license to practice medicine in Pennsylvania. The 5th Pathway Program peaked nationally in 1979-1980, but ultimately the expansion of the programs offered by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates led to its decline and eventual elimination by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association.
To deal with plant closings, Cohen introduced state legislation similar to the federal Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act. Cohen's 1977 bill provided for 75 days advance notice for plant closings. In 1979, he introduced House Bill 1251, the more comprehensive Employee Protection and Community Stabilization Act. His legislation helped lead to enactment of 60-day advance notice plant closing legislation by the City of Philadelphia, which, in turn, helped inspire the federal 60 day advance notice requirement enacted in 1988.
In 1983, Cohen became chairman of the House Labor Relations Committee, a position he held until 1990; during his tenure, he focused on increasing the minimum wage and protecting worker's compensation benefits. His efforts to raise Pennsylvania's minimum wage in accordance with rises in inflation, coupled with aggressive statewide organizing led by the Philadelphia Unemployment Project and Pennsylvania labor unions, helped lead to minimum wage increase bill signings by Governors Robert P. Casey in 1988 and Edward G. Rendell in 2006. A 1986 Labor Relations Committee study of the length of time it took injured workers to get worker's compensation benefits found that it took disabled workers an average of 10 months to get a decision on their eligibility. Cohen sought remedial legislation to deal with worker's compensation problems. The Pennsylvania Chamber of Commerce offered its own reform program. Ultimately, elements of both plans took effect.
In 1984, he served as a member of the House Select Committee on Farm Labor, investigating the plight of farm laborers in Pennsylvania, chaired by Rep. James J. A. Gallagher, and worked to enforce the 1978 Seasonal Farm Labor Act. His chemical right to know legislation for workers and communities was signed into law by Governor Richard Thornburgh in 1984.
Cohen introduced House Resolution 313 on June 11, 1986, which established the Select Committee to Study the Feasibility of a Harrisburg Law School. After this resolution was approved by a 98 to 97 margin on June 18, 1986, Cohen chaired the committee, which strongly recommended that a Harrisburg law school be created, drawing the interest of Delaware Law School of Widener University. Delaware Law School did its own feasibility study, confirming the value of establishing a Harrisburg campus, gained funding from businessman John Vartan, and ultimately changed its name to Widener University School of Law. The law school opened in September, 1989, and graduated its first class of full-time students in May, 1992. The first evening class, of which Cohen was a member, graduated in 1993.
Middle years in the House, 1988-2002
In 1990, Cohen was elected Democratic Caucus Chair, a position in which he served until 1992. He served as Majority Whip from 1993 to 1994 before returning to the position of Caucus Chair in 1995. He would serve as Caucus Chair until 2010.
Cohen introduced House Resolution 323 on April 25, 1990 which, upon its adoption by the state house, created the Select Committee to Study the Feasibility of a Harrisburg University. Speaker Robert W. O'Donnell appointed Cohen to chair the committee, which held hearings without producing a consensus and concluded that "further study" was needed. The Harrisburg University of Science and Technology was chartered in 2001 and opened in 2005. Its affiliate, SciTech High, opened in 2003.
As House Democratic Caucus Chairman in 1992, Cohen was one of the people with the ability to put a bill establishing a state authority to run the Philadelphia Airport "on the front burner" of the House, but he did not do so.
Later years in the House, 2002-2016
In 2008, he expanded the employment law rights of police officers after they had been engaged in a military deployment, by sponsoring legislation allowing them to return to work, even if they had been abroad during their required recertification tests.
In 2009, Cohen introduced a bill to legalize medical marijuana in Pennsylvania, saying that he believes it is time to get rid of a decades-old negative image surrounding marijuana and replace it with "a new, honest image." Hearings on the bill were held, but the bill did not attain enough support for the Health and Human Services Committee to call up the bill for a vote. Despite the lack of public hearings in 2011, Cohen's medical marijuana bill continued to gain public support. In 2016, legislation similar to Cohen's became law.
He was appointed to the Human Services Committee in 2010. As a member of the Committee, he opposed the opening of for-profit methadone clinics near his legislative district.
Cohen worked to see that human services programs were adequately funded in a period of budget cutting. He actively participated in the Department of Public Welfare's Appropriations Committee Budget Hearing.
In 2012, Democratic Leader Frank Dermody and House Speaker Samuel H. Smith announced Cohen's appointment for the 2013-2014 legislative session as Democratic Chairman of the Pennsylvania House State Government Committee.
2016 loss and return to politics
In 2016, Cohen lost the Democratic primary for his House seat to Jared Solomon, a community organizer. Solomon had challenged Cohen in 2014, coming within 158 votes of unseating him. Cohen's alleged misuse of the per diem system had become increasingly controversial in Philadelphia, and Solomon used the issue to attack him. The 2016 rematch between Solomon and Cohen was notably acrid. One article suggested that Cohen's operatives had stolen Solomon's garbage in order to find embarrassing information. Cohen sued Solomon for libel over a flier that suggested that Cohen had "bought a second home in Harrisburg and billed us $30,000 for it," though Solomon argued that the allegation was truthful. Notably, Representative Brian Sims, who served on the State Government Committee with Cohen, endorsed Solomon, writing, "I don’t hate Mark Cohen but his behavior in the Capitol has been one of the most shocking surprises of my time there. Virtually every single person in the Capital has a story about Mark being lost in a bathroom or arguing with the plants or with the pictures on the wall." Cohen responded that he had "a nearly 100% attendance record on the House floor." Cohen lost the election by a large margin, receiving 43 percent of the vote to nearly 57 percent for Solomon.
In 2018, Cohen returned to elected office with his confirmation to the Court of Common Pleas. Despite being given a "Not Recommended" rating by the Philadelphia Bar Association, he won a seat on the court, albeit with the second-lowest number of votes among the victors.
Cohen supported the legislative efforts to greatly reduce public exposure to second-hand smoke, and potential for damages from it, supporting both the legislation banning much smoking in restaurants that was enacted in 2008 and the more comprehensive ban previously proposed.
He was a sponsor and part-author of a chemical right to know bill signed into law by Governor Richard Thornburgh. Cohen helped expose the selling of tainted meat to McDonald's and testified before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Livestock and Poultry that U.S. food safety laws should be strengthened.
He was a force in the House behind Pennsylvania's Organ Donation Trust Fund. The law establishing it gave organizations specializing in organ transplantation hospital access to potential organ donors, set up a system of drivers' license identification for each potential organ donor, and publicized the need for organ donation. It became a national model, and the basis for a new national policy during the Clinton Administration.
To protect the health and safety of Pennsylvania public sector workers under the jurisdiction of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, he introduced a proposed law creating a state-run OSHA system for state and local governmental employees.
He was a co-sponsor of "Disability Awareness Day." He opposed cuts in services to the disabled.
A backer of the establishment of charter schools in Pennsylvania, legislation he supported helped start three charter schools currently in his legislative district: Imhotep High School, Delaware Valley High School, and Tacony Elementary School.
Cohen was the first House member to introduce legislation to seek recognition of same-sex unions in Pennsylvania, bringing forth legislation for civil unions on April 22, 2010 (House Bill 2447) and, with ultimately 43 co-sponsors, on February 14, 2011 (House Bill 708). The bill was unsuccessful, and same-sex marriage was later legalized in Pennsylvania due to a federal court decision.
He opposed legislation discriminating against immigrants. He introduced House Resolution 714 designating Asian American Heritage Month on May 2, 2012; it passed the House unanimously on May 7, 2012.
Cohen introduced legislation creating wheelchair accessible taxicabs for the disabled in Philadelphia (House Bill 1914) in 2010. He also supported a system of workers compensation coverage for taxi drivers. He supported a lawsuit filed by Disabled in Action against the Philadelphia Parking Authority claiming that Philadelphia's unique failure among the nation's ten largest cities to have accessible taxis violates the Americans With Disabilities Act. Cohen also involved himself in regulatory issues seeking to improve the economic viability of the Philadelphia taxicab industry.
He supports the rights of all citizens to vote, with or without government-issued photo identification.
He vocally criticized the proposed replacement of the winner-take-all allocation system for Pennsylvania's electoral votes by a system giving a candidate a single vote for each Congressional district carried, with just two votes for carrying Pennsylvania. Cohen wrote that the plan "unconstitutionally abridges the right to vote of Pennsylvania's minority citizens."
In recent years, Cohen has brought pending state-level national issues to the Pennsylvania House, introducing bills establishing Pennsylvania's membership in the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, legalizing medical marijuana, and allowing people to get civil unions in Pennsylvania.
Cohen has long been active in issues of criminal justice, serving on the Crime and Corrections subcommittee in 1977-1978 under the leadership of Joseph Rhodes. In 2005, he unsuccessfully tried to get the FBI to reopen its investigation into the Pennsylvania murder of Baltimore federal prosecutor Jonathan Luna, focused on prosecuting drug dealers at the time of his death.
He is a Democratic committeeman for the 53rd Ward, 16th Division in Philadelphia, and is first vice-chairman of the 53rd Ward Democratic Executive Committee.
He supported naming the Keystone Shortway, Interstate 80, after Christopher Columbus, but opposed naming Philadelphia's criminal justice center after former Philadelphia police commissioner and mayor Frank L. Rizzo.
Cohen was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for the seat in the US House of Representatives held by Joshua Eilberg in 1978. He actively campaigned in 2003 for the Democratic nomination for the Congressional seat being vacated by Joseph Hoeffel to run for the US Senate, but withdrew his candidacy in January 2004 when it had become clear that Allyson Schwartz had more support than he did. After Schwartz announced her gubernatorial candidacy in 2014, Cohen filed with the Federal Election Commission as a congressional candidate, but quickly announced he had reconsidered and would not run for Congress.
Cohen has faced a large amount of criticism for his use of government perks. Journalist John Baer dubbed him the "king of perks" for his use of per diems. In 1990, it was reported that Cohen used as much as $100,000 in per diems, including $11,000 for airline tickets, over a year and a half. Likewise, in 2004-05, he billed the state of Pennsylvania $28,200 for books. His use of per diems was used to attack him during the 2016 campaign that resulted in his losing his seat.
He and his wife Mona, a Philadelphia special education teacher and advocate for children with autism, have one daughter and reside in the Castor Gardens section of Northeast Philadelphia. They were one of the first of Jewish families in Northeast Philadelphia.
Awards and recognition received
- Pennsylvania Manual, Volume 120
- The King Center website, digital archive "Letter from Mark Cohen to MLK," http://www.thekingcenter.org/archive/document/letter-mark-cohen-mlk
- The Daily Pennsylvanian, September, 1967 through May, 1968
- ["Lawmakers Become Law Students: 4 Graduated From Law School and Cowell is Close to Finishing Up at Widener in Harrisburg], Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 2, 1993, Page E-5
- The Pennsylvania Manual. Volume 119. pp. 3–118
- Martindale-Hubble Law Directory
- Cox, Harold (November 3, 2004). "Pennsylvania House of Representatives - 1973-1974" (PDF). Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
- Associated Press, "Democrats Go For Open Primary," Observer-Reporter, March 14, 1974.
- Act 273 of 1976, http://www.palrb.us/pamphletlaws/19001999/1976/0/act/0273.pdf
- Richard Pan, MD, Master of Public Health (MPH), Chair, "Report of the Council on Medical Education, Report on the 5th Pathway, CME Report 1-I-07 (2007), page two "The maximum number of 5th Pathway graduates (nationally) was 558 in 1979–1980. The number of 5th Pathway dwindled during the latter part of the 1980s and 1990s so that four programs survived in 1991-1992. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/377/cmerept1.pdf
- Pennsylvania Manual, 1976
- William Schweke: Plant Closings: issues, politics, and legislation (1980)
- Dan Stets, "Problems Over Phila. Plant-closing Law Haven't Materialized," Philadelphia Inquirer, August 8, 1988, http://articles.philly.com/1988-08-08/business/26257127_1_plant-closing-law-closings-or-layoffs-plant-closings
- David Hess, "Bill Passed on Closing of Plants," Philadelphia Inquirer, July 14, 1988, http://articles.philly.com/1988-07-14/news/26234543_1_plant-closing-bill-trade-bill-foreign-trade-practices
- Pennsylvania Act 150 of 1988.
- Pennsylvania Act 70 of 1990.
- Philadelphia Unemployment Project, "Lessons from the Minimum Wage Campaign in Pennsylvania," (2006), http://www.philaup.org/campaigns/MW_Lessons.html
- Cheryl Wenner, " Legislator Urges Faster Workmen's Compensation," Allentown The Morning Call, April 7, 1986, http://articles.mcall.com/1986-04-07/news/2531158_1_compensation-system-referee-legislator
- "For Equitable Compensation," Letter to the Editor, Allentown The Morning Call, Clifford L. Jones, President, Pennsylvania Chamber of Commerce, April 25, 1986, http://articles.mcall.com/1986-04-25/news/2528336_1_job-related-injuries-injuries-and-illnesses
- Wendi Taylor, "Panel Told Farmworkers'Rights Ignored," Allentown Morning Call, August 30, 1984.
- Pennsylvania Act 159 of 1984
- Legislative Journal-House, page 1427, http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/HJ/1986/0/19860618.pdf
- Legislative Journal-House (1986), pages 1426–1427, http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/HJ/1986/0/19860618.pdf
- Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "MARK B. COHEN". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- page 790, Legislative Journal-House (1990), http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/HJ/1990/0/19900425.pdf
- Legislative Journal-House (1990), page 1072, in the form of a letter from O'Donnell to Cohen, http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/LI/HJ/1990/0/19900618.pdf
- Associated Press, "Residency Requirement May Be Void," Observer-Reporter, June 17, 1981
- "Cohen measure aiding local police departments signed into law," October 15, 2008, pahouse.com, http://www.pahouse.com/pr/202101508.asp
- Barnes, Tom (April 29, 2009). "State to consider medical marijuana use". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- "Feature: Medical Marijuana Gets Historic First House Hearing in Pennsylvania - StoptheDrugWar.org". stopthedrugwar.org. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- Christopher Moraff, The Philly Post, "PA Republicans Are Wrong on Medical Marijuana. Two bills sit in Harrisburg limbo as thousands of patients suffer," August 25, 2011, http://blogs.phillymag.com/the_philly_post/2011/08/25/state-gop-wrong-medical-marijuana/
- Randy LoBasso, "Some Northeast Philly Residents Really Don't Want Methadone Clinic in Their Hood," PW- Philadelphia Weekly Blog, July 27, 2011
- State Representative Mark B. Cohen, Human Services Update 2011(July 1, 2011) "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Kimberly Hess, "House Appropriations Budget Hearings DPW," PLS Committee News, House Appropriations, March 30, 2011, http://www.ctbpls.com/htbin/web_crnews?11RHAC=HAC110330.P13011R (subscription required) Cohen's questions and the answers he received were covered on page 2, DiGirolamo's on page 4. This report is also found on the website of SEIU Local 668, under Legislation and Politics/Committee Hearings
- "Rep. Mark Cohen hit on per diems". Philly.com. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Clout: Talking trash with State Rep. Mark Cohen". Philly.com. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Philly Politicians to Battle It Out in Rare Libel Suit". Philadelphia Magazine. 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Brian Sims Accuses Rep. Mark Cohen of "Arguing with Plants" [Updated] – Philadelphia Magazine". Philadelphia Magazine. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "Brian Sims Hangs On; Tonyelle Cook-Artis and Mark Cohen Get Booted". Philadelphia Magazine. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "PA Rep-turned-judge candidate Mark B. Cohen says he's a 'change agent'". City & State PA. 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- The Pennsylvania Restaurant Association has questions and answers about the enacted smoking ban at Pennsylvania Smoking Ban FAQ's, http://parestaurant.org/displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=101[permanent dead link]
- William DeSoto, The Politics of Business Organizations: Understanding the Role of State Chambers of Commerce (1995)
- "Labeling Bill on Toxics OK'd by Thornburgh," Philadelphia Inquirer, October 6, 1984.
- "Tainted Meat Shipped to Phila--3 Million Pounds Had Illegal Seal," Philadelphia Inquirer, September 27, 1983
- "Dispute in Senate Stalls Organ Donor Bill," Allentown Morning Call, April 21, 1994; "Races End of Session Organ Donor Bill Passed," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 23, 1994
- Act 102 of 1994
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Kathy Sheehan, "A Rift of Statuesque Proportions to Septa's Chief's Critics; 'No Opinion' Isn't A Safe Stance," Philadelphia Daily News, May 12, 1987, http://articles.philly.com/1987-05-12/news/26165313_1_lewis-f-gould-septa-pcbs
- "PA House of Representatives Declares Saturday, May 12, 2007 'Disability Awareness Day,'" Pennsylvania Statewide Independent Living Council, May 8, 2007, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
- Lauren Daley, "Controversial abortion clinic bill clears house," Pittsburgh City Paper, May 12, 2011, http://www.pittsburghcitypaper.ws/gyrobase/Content?oid=oid%3A95050
- "Pennsylvania Legislature lessens patient protections in State's HIV -Testing Law," July 1, 2011, AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania, http://www.aidslawpa.org/2011/07/hiv-testing-law/[permanent dead link].
- Nicole Lockley, "Obstacles, progress in Pa. for gay marriage equality," Philadelphia Tribune, July 28, 2011, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 9, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "State Rep. Mark Cohen sees possibility of civil unions in Pa". Erie County Democratic Party. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- "Lifetime members of the NAACP salute the FREEDOM FUND GALA," Awards, Entertainment, and Special Tribute to the late Joseph "Butterball" Tamburro WDAS Radio Legend, Philadelphia NAACP2012 Freedom Fund Gala Adbook, October 28, 2012, unpaginated
- Paul Weyrich, "Hate speech laws: A new cross for Christians to bear," March 7, 2005, http://www.enterstageright.com/archive/articles/0305/0305hatespeech.htm
- Farzin Khan, Asian Pacific Americans for Progress, "Philly APAP House Party--Ready for Action," May 13, 2010, http://www.apaforprogress.org/philly-apap-house-party-ready-action?page=5[permanent dead link]
- Philadelphia Daily News, "Wheelchair Users in Philadelphia Say Cabs Are Not Accessible To Them," April 6, 2010
- Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, Pennsylvania Federation of Injured Workers, January 13, 2010, http://www.pfiw.org/PDF/minutes/2010/Minutes%20January%2013,%202010.pdf
- Alia Conley, "Rally demands accessible taxis for the disabled," Philadelphia Inquirer"
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2011-07-31.
- "Philly Dems Say No to Voter ID," The Public Record (newspaper), April 12, 2010, page 5
- Philadelphia Daily News columnist John Baer endorsed the 2011 National Popular Vote bill before it was formally introduced, saying it would make American democracy more democratic, and calling Cohen and others "bipartisan sponsors." John Baer, "A vote for a popular vote for President," Philadelphia Daily News, April 14, 2011, http://articles.philly.com/2011-4-14/news/29417762_1_national-popular-vote-electoral-votes-electoral-college/2
- Danielle Lynch, "Protestors deliver election message to Pileggi," Delaware County Times, September 20, 2011, http://www.delcotimes.com/articles/2011/09/20/news/doc4e785eeee40b6489173015.txt & "On the Hill, Rep. Cohen: Electoral Change 'Illegal' The Public Record," September 29, 2011, page 23
- "State Rep Mark Cohen:For Pot Smoking, Against Cigarette Smoking," http://pawatercooler.com/v3/?p=17104
- Ethan Brown, Snitch: Informants, cooperators & the corruption of justice (2007), page 150.
- 2010 Democratic primary election results, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- Associated Press, "Shortway May Get Name Change," appearing in the Reading Eagle and the Observer Reporter, April 21, 1977
- Harry Spector, "Limitation of Statue, Philadelphia City Paper, February 18–25, 1999, http://archives.citypaper.net/articles/021899/slant.shtml[permanent dead link]
- "The Fight for Self-Defense," PA Gun Rights.com, http://www.pagunrights.com/2010/10/the-fight-for-self-defense/
- Louis Sandy Maisel, From Obscurity to Oblivion: Running in the Congressional Primary (First Editition,1982).
- "Democrat Cohen Joins Race in the 13th District," Philadelphia Inquirer, August 21, 2003, page B9
- Robert Fiato, In a State of Flux: State Lawmakers, Legislative Professionalism, and Congressional Candidacies, All Academic Research (2008), page 53
- Chris Brennan, Philadelphia Daily News, "Political judo: Marjorie Margolies turns weakness to strength," May 31, 2013
- "Here comes the judge - Mark Cohen, in 2nd taxpayer-funded career | Stu Bykofsky". Philly.com. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- KYW (AM) 1060, said on April 8, 2011 that "The Autism Expo was created by Howe Elementary School teacher Mona Cohen, and it became so popular over the years that the school district wanted to expand its offerings to all parents."
- Murray Friedman, Philadelphia Jewish Life, 1940-2000, (2003) page 115
- Memo from Glenavie Norton, Chair, October 30, 2012, http://phillyada.org/
- Program, 16th Annual Spring Gathering, Wednesday, April 25, 2012, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Planned Parenthood Southeastern Pennsylvania, Freedom Keeper Award, page 3 (insert)
- "Penn Environment Grades Philadelphia's Politicians on Environmental Votes," September 15, 2005, http://www.pennenvironment.com/newsroom/more-news/penn-environment-grades-philadelphias-politicians-on-environmental-votes[permanent dead link]
- "2004 Alumni Awards," http://law.widener.edu/Gateway/Alumni/AlumniAwards/2004AlumniAwards.aspx[permanent dead link]
- "National Guard Leader to Speak at L.V. Dinner," The Morning Call, April 18, 1991, http://articles.mcall.com/1991-04-18/news/2803561_1_guard-units-pennsylvania-national-guard-associations-saudi-arabia http://articles.philly.com/1990-11-09/news/25926575_1_hunters-claim-harvest-deer-control-animal-population