|Deputy Director-General of the BBC|
1 January 2004 – 31 March 2011
|Succeeded by||Anne Bulford|
13 June 1958 |
Castleford, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||University of Leeds|
Mark Julian Byford (born 13 June 1958) was Deputy Director General of the British Broadcasting Corporation and head of BBC Journalism from 2004–2011. He chaired the BBC Journalism Board and had overall responsibility for the world's largest news organisation and all its radio, television and interactive journalism content across the UK and around the world. He was a member of the BBC Executive Board for thirteen years.
His responsibilities also included BBC Sport, the Nations and Regions (BBC Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and English regions) and Editorial Policy. He led the BBC wide coverage of the General Elections in 2005 and 2010; the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008; and the BBC coverage of the Queen Mother's Funeral in 2002 and the Royal Wedding in 2011.
Byford established and chaired the BBC's Editorial Standards Board, which is responsible for promoting the BBC's standards in ethics and programme-making across the Corporation. He also established and chaired the Complaints Management Board, which oversees the handling of complaints across the BBC. In addition, he was the chair of the BBC Academy Board co-ordinating all its training and development. He was in overall charge of the BBC's planning for the London 2012 Olympic Games as Chair of the London 2012 Steering Group.
On 12 October 2010 it was announced that Byford had accepted voluntary redundancy. He stood down from the Executive Board in March 2011 and left the Corporation in June 2011. After leaving the BBC, Byford became a writer. His first book, 'A Name on a Wall', about an American soldier killed in the Vietnam war, was published in November 2013. He is understood to be working on a second book about the Annunciation, inspired by a painting in the National Gallery in London.
Byford was born in Castleford, West Yorkshire. He spent his early years living around the West Riding of Yorkshire, where his father, Sir Lawrence Byford, served as a policeman. Sir Lawrence went on to become Chief Constable of Lincolnshire, and later, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Constabulary. Mark was educated at Lincoln School which later became Lincoln Christ's Hospital Comprehensive School.
He returned to West Yorkshire in 1976, studying Law at the University of Leeds, where he was president of Devonshire Hall. Immediately on graduating he joined the BBC in 1979, aged 20, as a "temporary holiday relief assistant" working as a researcher over the summer holiday in his local (Look North) television newsroom in Leeds. After three months' vacation work, he joined the BBC full-time.
Career with the BBC
The following year, in 1982, he produced the award-winning edition again – this time with South Today in Southampton. In 1987 he became Head of News at BBC Bristol before becoming Home Editor BBC News and Current Affairs, responsible for all television network newsgathering coverage across the UK. There he led the BBC's coverage of the Clapham rail crash, the Kegworth M1 air crash, the Lockerbie bombing, the Hillsborough football tragedy, and the Marchioness riverboat disaster. In 1990 he returned to Leeds as Head of Centre. In 1991 he became Controller Regional Broadcasting aged 33.
He joined the BBC's Board of Management in 1996 as Director, Regional Broadcasting responsible for all the BBC's activities across the UK, outside London. In 1997–98, he drew up the BBC's response to devolution and helped to devise and implement the policy to increase the level of network programming production outside London. In 1998 he became Director of the BBC World Service and then Head of the BBC's multi-media Global News Division in 2002.
In January 2004 he became Deputy Director General of the BBC but within three weeks of his appointment, Greg Dyke resigned as Director General, following the publication of the Hutton Report. Byford was appointed by the Board of Governors as Acting Director-General, a role that he undertook for five months. During this period, Byford had a lead role in producing "Building Public Value", the BBC's Charter renewal manifesto.
When Mark Thompson was appointed Director General in June 2004, Byford's role was enlarged to take responsibility for all the BBC's journalism at UK, international and local levels – the first time such a post leading the BBC's Journalism at all levels across radio, television and online, had been established. In July 2006, he also became responsible for BBC Sport.
In June 2008 the BBC's governing body, the BBC Trust in a direct criticism of BBC News, instructed Byford and his editors to "improve the range, clarity and precision of its network coverage of the different UK nations and regions". The Trust said the BBC was "falling short of its own high standards" and, in part, failing to meet its core purpose of helping inform democracy. Three years later, Professor Anthony King, the author of the original report for the Trust, said there "had been enormous change in how the BBC reported the devolved nations. They make many fewer mistakes than they used to."
As Chair of the BBC's Editorial Standards Board, Byford led the Executive's response to the faked competitions scandals that engulfed the Corporation in 2007 including designing the special training programme "Safeguarding Trust" which more than 17,000 members of staff had to attend. In November 2008, he led the investigation into the Brand/Ross affair and produced the special report that was published subsequently by the BBC Trust.
He is a Fellow of The Radio Academy. He was a first board member of the joint industry radio research body, RAJAR, in the early 1990s and was also a board member of BARB, the television audience research body. He was a trustee of the Children in Need charity from 1992 to 1996. In 1999, he established the BBC World Service Trust, the BBC's international development charity, which used media and communications to reduce poverty and promote education and human rights around the world.
In July 2010, it was revealed that Byford had flown on business to the World Cup in South Africa business class at a cost of £4,878. This came against a background of further cuts in BBC News, for which Byford was responsible. On 12 October 2010 it was announced Byford was leaving the Corporation after thirty two years and the Deputy Director General post closed as part of the BBC's cutbacks in senior management costs. Byford left the Executive Board of the BBC at the end of March 2011, and his BBC employment ended in the early summer after he led the Royal Wedding coverage, reportedly with a redundancy/notice package of between £800,000 and £900,000.
On his retirement the Guardian newspaper commented:- "If he has a public profile at all it is because Byford came to symbolise the apparent excesses of top executive pay at the corporation. There he was, grey man with a job for life, half a million pounds in salary and, because he had been at the BBC so long without ever leaving, an uncapped two-thirds final salary pension entitlement and no obvious market rate comparator to justify such riches. It was very easy to put the question, as even many lower ranking BBC staff did – who else would pay Mark Byford £500,000 and for what? – knowing there was no very good answer." However, the remainder of that article, written by media commentator, Steve Hewlett, suggested that his presence might be missed greatly at the Corporation. "He made things happen and by common consent brought a firm moral sense to everything he did, rising above his own particular interests." It went on to highlight how he was a stabilising influence on Director General, Mark Thompson.That opinion appeared highly prophetic in the light of the two major Newsnight scandals – concerning Sir Jimmy Savile and Lord McAlpine respectively – which engulfed the BBC within 18 months of Byford's departure. Both of those incidents led to widespread adverse criticism of high level management of journalism within the BBC and were surrounded by suggestions that the Director General of the day was not sufficiently informed about issues highly significant for the reputation of the Corporation.
The subsequent Pollard Review highlighted that several witnesses had said "they believe the Savile affair and, in particular, the BBC's poor handling of it after the investigation was halted, would not have happened if the role of Deputy Director General occupied by Mark Byford had still been in existence." Media commentators agreed with that view. Professor Stewart Purvis said: "He watched the DG's back and he watched the BBC's back. Margaret Thatcher once declared: "Every Prime Minister needs a Willie (Whitelaw). Now the chorus is growing that every DG needs a Mark B." Peter Preston described him as: "a news aware Deputy, a safety net, a mopper up of perilous trifles."
After leaving the BBC, Byford has pursued a fresh path as a writer of non-fiction. His first book, 'A Name On A Wall: Two Men, Two Wars, Two Destinies' was published by Mainstream in 2013. It tells the contrasting stories of an American soldier, Larry Byford, killed in the Vietnam War in 1967 and his own father, Lawry Byford, who served alongside the Americans in the Second World War. Jan C. Scruggs, the President and Founder of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial described it as "an amazing journey that unfolded as a mission. An extraordinary experience like nothing ever done before in America. It's important. It matters." Julian Pettifer, the BAFTA award-winning Vietnam war reporter, wrote "This tale should be compulsory reading for MPs and military leaders and anyone else who might lead us into armed conflict. An absorbing and meticulously researched work."
He is married to Hilary Bleiker, whom he met whilst at Leeds University where she studied English, and they have five children, two sons and three daughters. He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Law degree by the University of Leeds in 2008. He and his family live in Winchester. In 2006 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Winchester, and in 2010 an honorary doctorate by the University of Lincoln, the city where he spent his teenage years. He is a Trustee of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution and a Governor of the University of Winchester.
- Neil Midgley "BBC's Mark Byford made redundant", The Daily Telegraph, 11 October 2010
- "Entertainment | BBC told to improve UK coverage". BBC News. 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
- Mark Sweney. "BBC expenses: Mark Byford claims £5,000 for World Cup final flights | Media". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- [dead link]
- BBC Biography
- Becomes Acting Director General
- Video message celebrating seventy years of the World Service
- University of Leeds Alumni[permanent dead link]
2000 – Jan 2004
|Director-General of the BBC (acting)
January 2004 – June 2004