Mark Clarke (politician)

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Mark Clarke
Born June 1977
Isleworth, Hounslow, London, England
Alma mater
Occupation Marketing Consultant and Political Activist
Movement
Spouse(s) Sarah Clarke
Awards

Mark Clarke, born June 1977, is a British former Conservative Party parliamentary candidate who has been referred to as the Tatler Tory,[1] and who is also former Director of the Young Britons' Foundation,[2] former Chairman of Conservative Future,[3] and ex-Director of the since-disbanded Road Trip electioneering organisation that bussed Conservative Party activists to marginal seats during the 2015 general election campaign. Clarke was suspended from the Party on 24 September 2015, following the suicide of Conservative activist Elliott Johnson who said Clarke had bullied him.[4][5] A series of accusations subsequently appeared in national newspapers about Clarke’s alleged misconduct and in November 2015 he was expelled and banned for life from representing or joining the Conservative Party.[6] His alleged misconduct within the Conservative Party also led to national newspaper coverage about the extent to which senior figures in the Party knew about complaints regarding his actions that subsequently led to the resignation of Grant Shapps as a government minister.

Early life and education[edit]

Clarke was born in June 1977, to Madeline Clarke and Denis Ogden.[7]:2:45

He is a great nephew of Dominica's first female Prime Minister, Dame Mary Eugenia Charles,[7]:1:50 grandson of Bertie Clarke, a Barbados-born member of the West Indies Cricket Team.[7]:2:22 Bertie Clarke came to Britain in 1939 "to play three tests against England," but could not return home because of the outbreak of World War II; Clarke the grandfather trained as a GP, and had a daughter, Madeline, who would become Mark Clarke's mother.[7]:2:36 The couple, Denis and Madeline, split up when Mark was young, and details of his early life are "sparse"; he has described his father as being absentee, and that his upbringing included time on the Ivybridge estate in Isleworth, Hounslow, West London.[7]:2:54

Mark Clarke was schooled at London's Dulwich College after achieving a government assisted places position.[7]:3:21 Afterwards, Clarke studied Ancient and Modern History at Durham University, graduating in 1999.[7]:3:47,4:41

Career[edit]

Marketing consultancy[edit]

In the years from his graduation up to 2015, Mark Clarke used his university training to engage in consulting positions related to marketing, a period that included work with Procter and Gamble, Mars, Accenture, and Unilever, and a period of 4 years residence in Switzerland.[7]:4:45 As of 2015, he was reported to be a senior marketing analyst at Unilever,[8] but left the company in March 2018 after claims of sexual harassment were made against him. Clarke was the subject of a formal investigation by Unilever in respect of the sexual harassment matter, but resigned before that investigation was concluded.[9]

Early political career[edit]

Clarke has been an active Conservative Party campaigner since at least 1997 where he was seen in John Major's entourage as the former Prime Minister gave his speech to concede defeat to Tony Blair in a huge landslide defeat.[10] He would later become the elected Chairman of Conservative Future between 2006 and 2008 and he also came to prominence in the Young Britons’ Foundation as their Director of Outreach,[2] an organisation headed by Donal Blaney at the time. After the suicide of Elliott Johnson, Blaney, a lawyer whose firm specialises in bullying and harassment cases[11] and a leader in Conservative Way Forward, whom Elliott Johnson worked for,[12] would later go on record saying "Like so many others who had dealings with Mark Clarke, I wish I had done more to stand up to him and I am sorry that I did not."[13]

He would also assume the nickname "Tatler Tory" after being tipped as a future Cabinet Minister by Tatler magazine.[14]

2010 General election[edit]

Sadiq Khan who defeated Clarke in the 2010 General Election

In 2010 Mark Clarke stood as the Conservative Party candidate for Tooting; an election he would go on to lose to Sadiq Khan, a Labour Party MP by 2,524 votes.[citation needed] However his election campaign was not without incident with an article appearing in The Daily Mirror newspaper which published allegations, which Clarke would deny, from Naaz Coker, chairman of St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, which said Clarke had "made 'inaccurate' and 'unfounded' claims to 'undermine' patients' confidence in their local health service."[2] During this election campaign, it was widely alleged that Clarke had an affair with an MP's staff member, India Brummitt, an allegation that he denied.[1][15][14][16][17]

After this election loss Clarke was not reappointed to the Conservative Party parliamentary candidates list.[citation needed]

Road Trip group[edit]

Clarke independently established the Road Trip campaigning group, which later received the endorsement of Conservative Campaign Headquarters and then Party Chairman Grant Shapps MP.[17] It featured predominantly in the 2015 General Election and organised bus-loads of predominantly young party members to campaign in key marginal seats. Some local Conservatives however regarded Road Trip assistance as "chaotic and useless".[18]

When the accusations of serious misconduct during the Road Trip sessions began to appear in the national media in September 2015, Road Trip activity was suspended and later formally disbanded.[10]

Controversy and political scandal[edit]

Allegations and response[edit]

Clarke has repeatedly denied allegations against him of misconduct and criminal activity that contributed to widespread national media coverage after the death of Elliott Johnson. Most of the national media which covered the stories surrounding Johnson's death, and subsequent stories of misconduct and criminal activity happening during the Road Trip campaign, have quoted either directly or indirectly Clarke's rebuttal that all allegations against him are false:

"I strongly refute any suggestion of bullying, harassment, blackmail, or intended/attempted blackmail."[14]

In the context of reporting by Rajeev Syal, Jamie Grierson, and Rowena Mason of The Guardian on the sexual harassment and assault allegations, Clarke is reported as well to have "vigorously denied any wrongdoing."[19] Nevertheless, reputable media outlets continued to publish allegations centred on Clarke's activities, which included:

Suspension of the Conservative Future National Executive Committee[edit]

After the suicide of Conservative Party activist Elliott Johnson, quick measures were enacted to close down the activities of organisations and people who were alleged to have failed in their duty of care of young activists or were implicated in the bullying of them. The first measure was to immediately ban some activists, including Mark Clarke and Andre Walker, an associate of his and fellow activist, from attending the annual Conservative Party Conference in 2015.[3]

Further to this, it was reported on 20 November 2015 that the entire National Executive Committee of Conservative Future had been suspended over some scandals which overlapped with allegations of criminal activity occurring on Road Trip and allegedly perpetrated by Mark Clarke. Aside from the interrelationship between Conservative Future activists and Road Trip activities, the most prominent of the allegations was that of Alexandra Paterson, the Conservative Future Chairman, and her alleged affair with Robert Halfon MP.[22] In this episode it was alleged that Mark Clarke had orchestrated a plot to record documentary evidence of Paterson and Halfon having an affair.[citation needed] Halfon is reported to have discovered an attempt to blackmail him and reported the news to Downing Street. With the Tatler Tory scandal seemingly pervading into more senior ranks of the Conservative Party it was deemed that the National Executive of Conservative Future had not delivered a reasonable duty of care to its members nor acted with propriety.

The Conservative Future National Executive Committee was suspended and the Party installed Baroness Chisolm of Owlpen and Chloe Smith MP, two senior Party officials, to oversee the new governance of the organisation. One of their first actions was to write to all regional Conservative Future branches asking them to immediately cancel any social functions they had organised over the Christmas period stating that it would be improper for such events to continue.[23]

Resignation of UK International Development Minister[edit]

On 29 November 2015 Grant Shapps, who had previously held office as the co-Chairman of the Conservative Party, resigned as International Development Minister over the scandal centred around Mark Clarke's reintroduction to the Conservative Campaign Headquarters, for which he had admitted responsibility. Shapps had previously asserted he was unaware of the seriousness of the allegations of Clarke's alleged misconduct with the youth volunteers in the Party, however his predecessor as Chairman of the Conservative Party, Sayeeda Warsi, produced a letter that she had written to him making similar concerns clear and asking for him to take action to prevent Clarke's future involvement.[24]

Cancellation of Young Britons' Foundation annual conference[edit]

On 7 December 2015 an interview was held on LBC radio between Iain Dale and Donal Blaney, the founder and head of the Young Britons' Foundation, where Blaney admitted BBC Newsnight reporters were investigating if YBF female delegates had been sexually assaulted by Clarke. Blaney, who had previously awarded Clarke YBF's most prestigious honour for upholding the principles he was taught in the Foundation and for his Road Trip 2015 activity, said he regretted ever being friends with Clarke and wished he had never met him.

The YBF annual conference, which has attracted illustrious speakers from politics, but has been described as a radicalising organisation akin to a Tory madrasa by former Conservative Party leadership candidate David Davis, lost all six of its ministerial keynote speakers after the allegations of Clarke became national news.[25] Around the same time, for reasons Blaney said were to protect the young delegates from media intrusion, the annual conference was cancelled.[26]

Resignation of senior figures at Conservative Way Forward[edit]

On 20 December 2015 it was reported that both Donal Blaney and Paul Abbott had resigned from the Thatcherite think-tank and pressure group Conservative Way Forward, at the time of their resignations they were both Chairman and Chief Executive respectively. A statement issued by a spokesman for Blaney refuted the resignation was related to anything other than his need to spend more time caring for his wife and concentrating on business interests in USA. Abbott was said to want a six-month break from politics.[27]

Previous to their resignations, both Blaney and Abbott had become entangled in the Tatler Tory scandal, having received media attention and questions about their making redundant Elliott Johnson two weeks before he committed suicide; Blaney also became focus of an LBC interview with Iain Dale where his formerly close connections with Mark Clarke were scrutinised, and his being the founder of Young Britons' Foundation which was alleged to be a radicalising force in right wing youth political training and educated some of the protagonists of the Tatler Tory scandal, including Mark Clarke.[26] The Guardian newspaper quoted an unnamed source at Conservative Way Forward stating that a contributing factor to both Blaney's and Abbott's resignations was the pressure caused over Elliott Johnson's death: "My understanding is they’re stepping down from those roles. I think a lot of the pressure that’s been created with what happened to Elliott has put quite a bit of strain on both of them. They’ve both got private lives and family being caught up in the pressure of this.” Paul Abbott, who was formerly the Chief of Staff for Grant Shapps MP, who in turn resigned on 29 November over his role in the reintroduction of Mark Clarke into the Conservative Party, was thanked by the Johnson family for his assistance in helping them understand the circumstances around Elliott's death.[28]

Blaney was immediately replaced by Sir Gerald Howarth MP.[citation needed]

Outcomes of official investigations into wrongdoing[edit]

The allegations of common assault and blackmail that faced Clarke after the death of Elliott Johnson were considered by the police, but after investigation by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) it was decided there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him.[citation needed] On 9 February 2016 a CPS spokesman said: "Having considered the evidence in accordance with the Code for Crown Prosecutors we have concluded that there is insufficient evidence to charge Mark Clarke with offences of common assault or blackmail against Elliott Johnson and we have advised that no further action be taken".[This quote needs a citation]

In response to this, Johnson's family said they would appeal against the CPS decision and would consider launching a private harassment case especially as harassment had not been considered by the CPS.[29] An appeal was lodged and with publicity from The Mirror and Daily Mail it was reported on 11 February that a new case for charges of harassment against Clarke was being considered.[30]

Conservative Party ban[edit]

On 18 November 2015, national newspapers reported that Clarke had been expelled from the Conservative Party and given a lifetime ban.[31] The details of the order were to ensure Clarke could never represent, or stand as candidate in any election for, the Conservative Party in his lifetime.

Soon after the ban, and during a British Transport Police investigation into the death of Elliott Johnson,[31] Clarke was photographed by a Daily Mail reporter having left the UK for Barbados on holiday with his wife. When approached by the reporter he complained to the hotel staff of being harassed by the newspaper.[32]

Media coverage[edit]

Clarke's roles in the foregoing matters has been examined by a number of significant investigative and documentary venues, including Newsnight and Make Me A Tory, especially since 2015.

Make Me A Tory[edit]

Clarke was a protagonist of Make Me a Tory, a 2007 Channel 4 documentary that also featured future Prime Minister David Cameron. In the documentary he was one of several prominent campaigners for the Conservative Party who sought to change the mind of the documentary maker, a lifelong Labour Party supporter.[33]

Newsnight[edit]

On 18 November 2015, Clarke was the focus of an investigative feature on BBC's flagship current affairs programme Newsnight. During the episode his contemporary, Conservative MP Ben Howlett, spoke about his personal efforts to counter institutional bullying in the youth wing of the Party[34]

A further Newsnight programme, aired on 8 December 2015, focused on allegations that the Chairman of the Conservative Party, Lord Feldman, knew from as early as 2010 about allegations of institutional bullying in the Party's youth wing and that a twenty-page dossier was handed to him and Sayeeda Warsi by two activists naming several perpetrators, one of which was Mark Clarke.[35]

BBC Radio 4[edit]

On 29 November 2015, a special thirteen-minute profile on Mark Clarke was aired on BBC's flagship current affairs radio channel, Radio 4.[7] The programme was an exploration of the reasons that resignations were occurring and being sought in some of the highest offices in the Conservative Party and government; it included discussion of the then-recent resignation of the International Development Minister. The documentary also contained assertions that Clarke's political activities may well have tipped the balance of the General Election in favour of the Conservatives,[7]:UNK but also that he had quickly become "the disappearing man of British politics" owing to the reluctance of his former associates to defend him in the press, concluding that "the former Chairman of Conservative Future now has no Future in the Conservative Party."[7]:UNK

Personal life[edit]

Clarke is married to Sarah, an NHS employee, and has two children.[1]

Prior to Clarke's marriage, he was in a relationship with Justine Greening, an MP,[36][37] Secretary of State for International Development (from 4 September 2012)[38] and, from 2016 to 2017, Secretary of State for Education.[38] Ms. Greening herself revealed in June 2016 that she was, by that date, involved in a lesbian relationship.[38]

In 2015, allegations accusing Clarke of serial infidelity were published in British newspapers, including that he had a long-term affair with India Brummitt, a former Conservative Future executive committee member,[32][39] accusations that Clarke denied.[15][verification needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Kelly, Tom; Witherow, Tom & Martin, Daniel (2015-11-21). "Police probe 'Tatler Tory' scandal: Conservative party at war as sex, drugs and blackmail claims spiral" (news article). The Daily Mail. Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  2. ^ a b c Beattie, Jason (2010-03-12). "David Cameron invited the 'Tatler Tory' for a tea party at Chequers" (news article). Mirror Online. Retrieved 2016-05-31. Updated 07:35, 3 Feb 2012 
  3. ^ a b "Tatler Tory is accused of bullying | The Times". The Times. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  4. ^ "Mark Clarke 'was given formal role despite report on his behaviour'". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  5. ^ "Conservative nicknamed Tatler Tory suspended over bullying allegations". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  6. ^ Mason, Rowena. "Tory aide at centre of bullying claims was brought on board by Grant Shapps". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cole, Mark (2015-11-29). "Mark Clarke [13 mins.]". Profile. Event occurs at times passim (as indicated). BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Conservatives warned five years ago about 'aggressive' 'Tatler Tory' Mark Clarke". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  9. ^ City Editor, Harry Wilson (2018-03-10). "'Tatler Tory' Mark Clarke quits City job after harassment claim". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-03-10. 
  10. ^ a b Usborne, Simon (2015-12-23). "David Cameron invited the 'Tatler Tory' for a tea party at Chequers" (news article). The Independent. Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  11. ^ "Bullying & Harassment". Griffin Law. Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  12. ^ "Tories' conference party reception cancelled amid allegations of bullying". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  13. ^ "Detectives set up probe into 'Tatler Tory' suicide". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  14. ^ a b c "Aide 'quits over claims she had sex with Tatler Tory Mark Clarke on pool table'". Mirror. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
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  16. ^ "'Tatler Tory' scandal: Senior aide 'blackmailed' whistleblower with sex tape". RT English. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  17. ^ a b "Tory activist 'woke up naked in MP's bed with no memory of night before'". Daily Record. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
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  19. ^ a b Syal, Rajeev; Grierson, Jamie & Mason, Rowena (2015-11-20). "Tory activist 'blackmailed' days before giving sexual harassment evidence" (news report). The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  20. ^ Pickard, Jim (2015-10-29). "Father of Tory suicide victim complains to party chairman". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  21. ^ Grierson, Jamie; Mason, Rowena. "Conservative party 'must come clean' over Mark Clarke bullying allegations". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  22. ^ "A Tory Minister admitted to an affair with a junior party member after fearing he'd be blackmailed". Business Insider. Retrieved 2015-12-10. 
  23. ^ Kenber, Billy & Tucker, Grant (2015-12-19). "The party's over… events ban for young Tories after suicide" (news article). The Times. Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  24. ^ Malta, Daniel Boffey in; London, Jamie Grierson in. "Grant Shapps resigns over bullying scandal: 'the buck should stop with me'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-12-05. 
  25. ^ Christopher Hope (7 December 2015). "Right-wing activists' conference called off in wake of 'Tatler Tory' bullying scandal". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  26. ^ a b "Tory Bullying: Donal Blaney Slams Party Response". LBC. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  27. ^ "Donal Blaney resigns from campaign group Conservative Way Forward". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-20. 
  28. ^ Grierson, Jamie. "Two figures at Tory thinktank linked to alleged bullying step down". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-12-20. 
  29. ^ Robinson, Martin. "Father of bullied Conservative activist to CPS decision not to charge Mark Clarke". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2016-02-10. 
  30. ^ Pettifor, Tom. "Tatler Tory faces reopened police case". The Mirror. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  31. ^ a b "Tory aide accused of sexual harassment expelled from the Conservative party". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  32. ^ a b "Tatler Tory gets away from it all in Barbados as Tory civil war rages". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  33. ^ Make Me A Tory. Daniel Cormack (2007), Episode 6. Channel 4, 13 May 2007. ISAN: 0000-0001-CE47-0000-J-0000-0000-H
  34. ^ "Tories 'failed to act' on 'institutionalised bullying' - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  35. ^ "Tory chairman Lord Feldman 'given bullying dossier in 2010' - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  36. ^ "Justine's lonely road to the top". Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  37. ^ "Sex, drugs, booze, blackmail, bullying & suicide scandal which is rocking Tories". The Sun. Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  38. ^ a b c "Justine Greening". Wikipedia. 2017-02-18. 
  39. ^ Perraudin, Frances. "Conservative leadership knew of bullying in youth wing for years, claims Tory MP". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-25.