Mark Judge (writer)

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Mark Judge
Born
Mark Gauvreau Judge

(1964-09-24) September 24, 1964 (age 54)
ResidenceMaryland
EducationCatholic University of America (BA)
OccupationWriter
Years active1989–present
Notable work
Wasted: Tales of a GenX Drunk (1997)
If It Ain't Got That Swing (2000)
Damn Senators (2003)
God and Man at Georgetown Prep (2005)
A Tremor of Bliss (2010)
Parent(s)
RelativesJoe Judge (grandfather)

Mark Gauvreau Judge (born September 24, 1964) is an American author and journalist known for books about his suburban Washington, D.C. youth, recovery from alcoholism, and the role of music in American popular culture.

Judge briefly drew national attention during the 2018 Supreme Court nomination hearings of Brett Kavanaugh, when professor Christine Blasey Ford alleged that Judge was present and laughing as Kavanaugh sexually assaulted her when they were high school students over 30 years previously. [1] Judge said that he had no memory of the incident.[2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Judge was born in 1964.[4][5][6] His father, Joseph Judge, graduated from Catholic University of America in 1950 and subsequently became a journalist for Life and then for National Geographic.[7] Judge is the grandson of Joe Judge, a Major League Baseball player for the Washington Senators for the period 1915–1932;[8][9][10] he later wrote a book about his grandfather.[10][11][12]

Judge grew up in Montgomery County, Maryland.[13][14] He describes his parents as often inattentive and recounts that he observed his father's heavy drinking of alcohol.[13] Judge started drinking at 14.[13] He attended Georgetown Preparatory School, graduating in 1983.[15][16][17] Judge was friends with classmate Brett Kavanaugh; both were in the same class there with Maryland State Senate member Richard Madaleno.[18] The period became the subject of scrutiny in 2018 when Brett Kavanaugh was nominated to the United States Supreme Court, and allegations were made that in 1982 Judge witnessed Kavanaugh sexually assaulting Christine Blasey Ford, then a student from a local girls' school.[19] Judge received his bachelor of arts degree from Catholic University of America (CUA) in 1990.[7][20][21]

Career[edit]

Judge was a freelance writer in 1989 in the Washington, D.C. area.[22] By 1990 he had become a contributor to The Progressive, In These Times, and Sojourners.[23] Judge briefly taught at Georgetown University but left in the 1990s.[1][24] In 1997 Judge wrote Wasted: Tales of a GenX Drunk, a memoir about his youthful alcoholism.[13][14][21] The New York Times review called it a "naive and earnest" book.[14] Judge resided in Potomac, Maryland in 1998.[25] Judge was a contributing writer to the New York Press, an alternative weekly, in 1999.[26]

Judge published If It Ain't Got That Swing: The Rebirth of Grown-Up Culture in 2000.[27] The book chronicled the author's transition from support of liberalism towards right-wing politics.[28][29] Judge writes that he was influenced by the writings of Christopher Lasch, especially his work The Culture of Narcissism.[28][29] By February 2001, Judge's book If It Ain't Got That Swing had become a bestseller in the United States;[30] The book received largely negative reviews.[28][29][31][32]

Judge's book Damn Senators, about his Major League Baseball player grandfather Joe Judge, was published in 2003 to favorable reviews.[33][8]The Weekly Standard wrote of the author's description of 1924: "Mark Gauvreau Judge, has beautifully captured the excitement and intensity of that season."[12] On Weekend Edition, journalist Michael Kranish highlighted Judge's book Damn Senators among his favorite summer reading picks in 2004.[34] The Wall Street Journal wrote that Judge "so nicely captured" the "glory of Washington baseball" in Damn Senators.[35]

In God and Man at Georgetown Prep (2005,) Judge wrote that the faculty at Georgetown Prep contained a multitude of homosexual priests,[36] and heavy drinking and wild parties were rampant among the students.[1] Biographer Jerry Oppenheimer wrote in his 2015 book RFK Jr.: Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and the Dark Side of the Dream, that Judge's book "caused quite a storm, especially among the alumni and administration going back decades, because Judge, a conservative Catholic, had alleged that 'alcoholism was rampant' among the 'left-wing Jesuits' and claimed that the school had been a hotbed of 'rampant homosexuality.' Half of the faculty, he asserted, 'was gay.'"[37] Publishers Weekly called the book "a humorous, edgy look at his experiences in three prestigious U.S. Catholic schools."[38] National Catholic Register found Judge's writing to be too vague, commenting, "There are too many theories and too little space."[39]

The Wichita Eagle recommended a piece by Judge for Christianity Today in 2006, commenting it evidenced the ability of religious believers to appreciate the good that musical culture can bring to society.[40][41] Judge's book, A Tremor of Bliss: Sex, Catholicism, and Rock 'n' Roll, was published in 2010.[42][43] First Things wrote, "An insightful history of the rise of contraception in the last century provides the most valuable material in A Tremor of Bliss."[44] The publication recommended Judge's work, concluding, "A Tremor of Bliss is a book well worth reading from an author unafraid of showing some 'attitude.'"[44] Jeremy Lott of The Washington Times reviewed the book, concluding, "Judge proposes a Catholic sexual counterrevolution, though he doesn't want to call it that. What he clearly does want is U.S. Catholic education to play a vital role in countering the current almost-anything-goes culture."[42] In addition to writing books, Judge has contributed to The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Weekly Standard, and First Things.[45]

Regarding LGBT people, Judge wrote in The Daily Caller, "We simply are not allowed to talk about certain things at the risk of our jobs and reputations. One is human anatomy, another is the problem of promiscuity in the gay community."[46][47] Judge wrote a piece titled "Hard Case Crime: the Beauty of Male Passion" on Splice Today lamenting that "today’s social justice warriors don’t like a sexy damsel in distress".[48][47] Judge elaborated that "Of course ... no means no and yes means yes. But there’s also that ambiguous middle ground, where the woman seems interested and indicates, whether verbally or not, that the man needs to prove himself to her. And if that man is any kind of man, he’ll allow himself to feel the awesome power, the wonderful beauty, of uncontrollable male passion."[48]

Brett Kavanaugh Supreme court nomination[edit]

In 2018, Judge was implicated in an alleged sexual assault that surfaced after his high school classmate Brett Kavanaugh was nominated to the Supreme Court of the United States.[15][1] On September 27, Christine Blasey Ford testified under oath before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary that when all three were in high school at a party in 1982, Judge and Kavanaugh pushed her into a bedroom where Kavanaugh pinned her to a bed, groped her, and attempted to remove her clothing against her will while Judge watched and laughed. Judge told The New Yorker that he had "no recollection" of the alleged incident.[19] In a follow-up interview with The Weekly Standard, Judge called the allegations "just absolutely nuts. I never saw Brett act that way."[49] Asked if there was "rough-housing" with female peers that the Weekly Standard interviewer suggested "might have been interpreted differently by parties involved", Judge said he only recollected it taking place among the male students of the all-boys school: "I don't remember any of that stuff going on with girls."[50] He subsequently sent a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee saying, "I have no memory of this alleged incident."[51][2][3] Judge also stated he did not wish to speak publicly about the incident.[52][53][54] Following the announcement of the allegations, Judge temporarily moved to a beach house in Bethany Beach, Delaware under recommendation of his lawyer.[55] He was found a week later by a Washington Post reporter outside the home, along with his car, which was filled with his belongings.[55][56]

Multiple U.S. senators acquired copies of Judge's books about his time with Kavanaugh at Georgetown Preparatory School, to prepare for questioning Kavanaugh and Ford before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary.[57] In a subsequent New Yorker article, Elizabeth Rasor, who was once in a relationship with Judge for three years, stated that "Mark told me a very different story."[50] She said he told her of taking turns having sex with drunk women at Georgetown Prep.[50] Another woman also disputed Judge's account of the social scene at the time, sending a letter to Ford's lawyers saying that she had witnessed boys at parties, that included Georgetown Prep students, engaging in sexual misconduct.[50]

On September 28, 2018, Senator Richard Blumenthal made a motion before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary to subpoena Judge to testify about Kavanaugh.[58][59][60] Blumenthal said before calling his motion, "He has never been questioned by any member of our committee. He has never submitted a detailed account of what he knows and so I move ... that we subpoena Mark Judge."[61][62] Blumenthal noted, "The third person in the room was Mark Judge, who was never questioned by the FBI or interviewed by the committee."[60][62] Republicans defeated the motion for a subpoena on a party-line vote.[61][63][64] US Congressman Ted Lieu of the United States House Committee on the Judiciary and Congressman Elijah Cummings of the United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform stated their intentions to subpoena Judge and call him for testimony before the US Congress, after the 2018 US midterm elections.[65][66] After Republican US Senator Jeff Flake called for an FBI investigation, Judge released a statement that he would cooperate with all law enforcement authorities regarding the allegations against Kavanaugh.[67][68][69] After a request from Flake, followed by a request from the US Senate Judiciary Committee, President Trump ordered an FBI investigation into the sexual assault allegations.[70]

Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Judge, Mark Gauvreau (1997). Wasted: Tales of a GenX Drunk. Hazelden. ISBN 978-1568381428.
  • Judge, Mark Gauvreau (2000). If It Ain't Got That Swing: The Rebirth of Grown-Up Culture. Spence Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1890626242.
  • Judge, Mark Gauvreau (2003). Damn Senators: My Grandfather and the Story of Washington's Only World Series Championship. Encounter Books. ISBN 978-1893554702.
  • Judge, Mark Gauvreau (2005). God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling. Crossroad Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0824523138.
  • Judge, Mark (2010). A Tremor of Bliss: Sex, Catholicism, and Rock 'n' Roll. Doubleday Religion. ISBN 978-0385519205.

Articles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Selk, Avi (September 17, 2018), "What the man accused of being part of Kavanaugh's alleged sexual assault had to say about women's sexuality", The Washington Post, retrieved September 18, 2018
  2. ^ a b Tatum, Sophie (September 19, 2018), "Mark Judge tells Senate he 'has no memory of alleged' incident with Kavanaugh", CNN, retrieved September 19, 2018
  3. ^ a b Beech, Eric (September 18, 2018), "Friend of U.S. high court nominee asks not to speak publicly on alleged assault", Reuters, retrieved September 19, 2018
  4. ^ Judge, Mark Gauvreau (August 22, 2004), "Washington Baseball Is Not for the Birds", The New York Times, p. SP13 – via InfoTrac
  5. ^ "Judge, Mark Gauvreau (1964 - )", OCLC WorldCat Identities, 2018, retrieved September 19, 2018
  6. ^ "God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling by Mark Gauvreau Judge", Crisis Magazine: A Voice for the Faithful Catholic Laity, 24: 48–50, 2006
  7. ^ a b Judge, Mark Gauvreau (Spring 2005), "My Favorite Teacher: Brashness + Tradition", Catholic University of America Magazine, Catholic University of America, retrieved September 21, 2018, Mark Gauvreau Judge, B.A. 1990, has written four books, most recently Damn Senators: My Grandfather and the Story of Washington’s Only World Series Championship (Encounter Books, 2003) and God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling (Crossroad, 2005). His writing has also appeared in The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post and Weekly Standard. Pictured are Judge and his father Joe Judge, B.A. 1950, LL.D. 1988, in a photo taken in the mid-1990s.
  8. ^ a b Gilbert, Bill (July 14, 2003), "When Washington's Senators won the world series (book review)", Human Events, 59 (23), p. 26 – via ProQuest
  9. ^ Judge, Mark Gauvreau (August 5, 2001), "My Pitch on Behalf Of a Local Legend", The Washington Post, p. B3 – via ProQuest
  10. ^ a b Clark, Bob (April 13, 2003), "Nine new books step to the plate: 'Damn Senators' by Mark Gauvreau Judge", The Boston Herald, p. 63 – via InfoTrac
  11. ^ Bender, Bryan (October 1, 2004), "Washington greets prospect of baseball's return with cheers, boos", The Boston Globe – via InfoTrac
  12. ^ a b Barnes, Fred (April 28, 2003), "The year the last were first (book review)", The Weekly Standard, 8 (32), pp. 37–38 – via ProQuest
  13. ^ a b c d Barr, Elizabeth (June 29, 1997), "A Pampered Boy's Life, As Seen Through a Buzz (book review)", The Buffalo News, p. G7 – via NewsBank
  14. ^ a b c Newman, Michael (June 29, 1997), "Wasted: Tales of a Gen-X Drunk. By Mark Gauvreau Judge. Hazelden.", The New York Times, p. BR20, retrieved September 19, 2018
  15. ^ a b Kornhaber, Spencer (September 19, 2018), "Brett Kavanaugh, Mark Judge, and the Romanticizing of Teenage Indiscretion", The Atlantic, retrieved September 20, 2018
  16. ^ Kelly, Erin (September 18, 2018), "Who is Mark Judge? Here's what we know about Brett Kavanaugh's classmate", USA Today, retrieved September 20, 2018
  17. ^ Haltiwanger, John (September 18, 2018), "Brett Kavanaugh's friend Mark Judge breaks silence about alleged sexual assault incident but says he will not testify", Business Insider, retrieved September 20, 2018
  18. ^ Maas, Peter (September 25, 2018), "The closer you look, the worse Brett Kavanaugh's relationship with Mark Judge appears", The Intercept, retrieved September 26, 2018
  19. ^ a b Farrow, Ronan; Mayer, Jane (September 14, 2018). "A Sexual-Misconduct Allegation Against the Supreme Court Nominee Brett Kavanaugh Stirs Tension Among Democrats in Congress". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  20. ^ "Alumni Report", Catholic University of America Magazine, Catholic University of America, Spring 2006, retrieved September 21, 2018, Mark Gauvreau Judge, B.A. 1990, of Potomac, Md., is the author of God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling (Crossroad Publishing Co., 2005). In the book he shares his experiences at three Catholic schools.
  21. ^ a b Maas, Peter (September 22, 2018), "Mark Judge's memoir about Brett Kavanaugh's high school portrays a culture of aggression and excessive drinking", The Intercept, retrieved September 22, 2018
  22. ^ Judge, Mark G. (January 1989), "Censors at Work", The Progressive, 53 (1), p. 40 – via ProQuest, Mark G. Judge is a free-lance writer in Washington, D.C.
  23. ^ Judge, Mark G. (December 1990), "Books: Seeing Anew", The Progressive, 54 (12), p. 40, Mark G. Judge has contributed to Sojourners, and In These Times as well as The Progressive.
  24. ^ Velshi, Ali; Ruhle, Stephanie (September 19, 2018), "Who Is Brett Kavanaugh's Friend, Mark Judge?", MSNBC (video), YouTube, retrieved September 22, 2018
  25. ^ Judge, Mark Gauvreau (April 5, 1998), "All Grown Up And No Place To Go", The Washington Post, p. C1 – via ProQuest, Mark Judge, a writer who lives in Potomac, is author of 'Wasted: Tales of a Gen X Drunk'
  26. ^ Judge, Mark Gauvreau (December 5, 1999), "From Kinda Hi-Fi To Modular Guy", The Washington Post, p. B2 – via ProQuest
  27. ^ Brace, Eric (December 28, 2001), "Now That I Think About 2001. . .", The Washington Post, p. 5 – via ProQuest
  28. ^ a b c "Book Review: If It Ain't Got That Swing: The Rebirth of Grown-Up Culture", Kirkus Reviews, Kirkus Associates, LP, May 15, 2000, retrieved September 19, 2018
  29. ^ a b c Szatmary, Dave (2000), "Book Review: If It Ain't Got That Swing: The Rebirth of Grown-Up Culture", Library Journal, Reed Business Information
  30. ^ Norman, Jean (February 10, 2001), "All grown up", The Australian Magazine, Weekend Australian, p. 41 – via NewsBank, In the United States, new bestsellers include – If It Ain't Got That Swing: The Rebirth of Grown-up Culture, by Mark Gauvreau Judge. It argues that the pre-babyboomer generations were happy to appear suave and adult, a culture superseded by the teenager sensibility of rock`n'roll.
  31. ^ Walker, Jesse (July 2001), "Tales of a Gen X Swinger; A music critic's juvenile cultural politics", Reason, retrieved September 19, 2018
  32. ^ Vitullo-Martin, Julia (July 24, 2000), "Let's Face the Music...and Dance", The Wall Street Journal, p. A24 – via ProQuest
  33. ^ Goode, Stephen (November 10, 2003), "The Thoroughly American Game - Recent books bring to life some of baseball's legendary teams and iconic players, its enduring friendships and the silent, mysterious language that pervades the game.", The Washington Times, p. 36 – via NewsBank
  34. ^ Hansen, Liane (September 5, 2004), "Interview: Michael Kranish talks about his summer reading picks", Weekend Edition, NPR – via NewsBank, My favorite part of 'Damn Senators' was learning who Joe Judge was, a person who I really hadn't heard of.
  35. ^ "Taste – Review & Outlook: A Capital Idea", The Wall Street Journal, p. W19, July 18, 2003 – via ProQuest
  36. ^ Duin, Julia (April 19, 2006), "Prep school concedes to abuse charge", The Washington Times, p. B3, retrieved September 19, 2018 – via InfoTrac
  37. ^ Oppenheimer, Jerry (2015), RFK Jr.: Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and the Dark Side of the Dream, St. Martin's Press, p. 17, ISBN 978-1250032959, In 2005, Mark Judge, a journalist who had graduated from Georgetown Prep in the 1980s, wrote a book about his time there, entitled God and Man at Georgetown Prep. It caused quite a storm, especially among the alumni and administration going back decades, because Judge, a conservative Catholic, had alleged that 'alcoholism was rampant' among the 'left-wing Jesuits' and claimed that the school had been a hotbed of 'rampant homosexuality.' Half of the faculty, he asserted, 'was gay.'
  38. ^ Dahlin, Robert; Hix, Charles (February 11, 2005), "Spring/Summer Religion Books – Book Review: God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling", Publishers Weekly, retrieved September 19, 2018
  39. ^ McCloskey, John (October 2, 2005), "God and Man at Georgetown Prep by Mark G. Judge – published by Crossroad Publishing, NY, 2005 A Book Review by Father John McCloskey", National Catholic Register, ISSN 0027-8920, retrieved September 19, 2018
  40. ^ a b Schaefer, Tom (November 25, 2006), "Share your spiritual stories of the season", The Wichita Eagle, p. 1F – via NewsBank, Lest you think people of faith should only rail against the evil in culture and not revel in the good, read what Mark Gauvreau Judge has to say in a recent essay titled 'The Gospel of Kurt Elling' on the Christianity Today Web site.
  41. ^ Judge, Mark Gauvreau (November 2006), "The Gospel of Kurt Elling", Christianity Today, retrieved September 19, 2018
  42. ^ a b Lott, Jeremy (November 9, 2010), "Book Review: Call for a Catholic sexual counterrevolution", The Washington Times, p. B4, retrieved September 19, 2018
  43. ^ Judge, Mark (2010). A Tremor of Bliss: Sex, Catholicism, and Rock 'n' Roll. Doubleday Religion. ISBN 978-0385519205.
  44. ^ a b Kenefick, Matthew (January 2011), "A Review of A Tremor of Bliss: Sex, Catholicism, and Rock 'n' Roll", First Things, retrieved September 19, 2018
  45. ^ O'Rourke, Anne (September 8, 2010), "Sex and Catholicism Discussion", The Washington Examiner – via NewsBank, Mark Judge, a journalist whose books include Damn Senators: My Grandfather and the Story of Washington’s Only World Series Championship and God and Man at Georgetown Prep: How I Became a Catholic Despite 20 Years of Catholic Schooling. His writings have appeared in the Washington Post, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, First Things, and the Weekly Standard.
  46. ^ Mark Judge (December 26, 2013). "Sex and Duck Dynasty: the liberal double standard".
  47. ^ a b Spencer Kornhaber (September 19, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh, Mark Judge, and the Romanticizing of Teenage Indiscretion". The Atlantic.
  48. ^ a b Mark Gauvreau Judge. "Hard Case Crime: the Beauty of Male Passion". Splice Today.
  49. ^ McCormack, John (2018-09-14). "Kavanaugh Classmate Named in Letter Strongly Denies Allegations of Misconduct". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  50. ^ a b c d Farrow, Ronan; Mayer, Jane (September 23, 2018), "Senate Democrats Investigate a New Allegation of Sexual Misconduct, from Brett Kavanaugh's College Years", The New Yorker, retrieved September 24, 2018
  51. ^ Atkinson, Khorri (September 18, 2018), "Mark Judge says he has 'no memory' of alleged sexual assault", Axios, retrieved September 19, 2018
  52. ^ Kilgore, Ed (September 18, 2018), "Meet Brett Kavanaugh's Alleged Accomplice, Mark Judge", New York Magazine, retrieved September 19, 2018
  53. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 18, 2018), "Lindsey Graham's bizarre defense of not making Mark Judge testify", The Washington Post, retrieved September 19, 2018
  54. ^ Kelly, Erin (September 18, 2018), "Brett Kavanaugh's friend Mark Judge declines to testify about alleged sexual assault", USA Today, retrieved September 19, 2018
  55. ^ a b Davis, Aaron C., Leonnig, Carol D., Pogrund, Gabriel (September 24, 2018). "'How'd you find me?': Mark Judge has been holed up in a beach house in Delaware amid a media firestorm". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 28, 2018.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  56. ^ Cummings, William (September 25, 2018). "Kavanaugh classmate Mark Judge spotted hiding out at Delaware beach house by reporter". USA Today. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  57. ^ Dickerson, John (September 23, 2018), "What are the repercussions of a potential Kavanaugh, Ford open hearing?", Face the Nation (video), CBS, CBS News, event occurs at 6:03, retrieved September 23, 2018
  58. ^ Zymaris, Eva; Polansky, Rob (September 28, 2018), "CT senator makes motion to subpoena Kavanaugh's friend, gets denied", WFSB, retrieved September 28, 2018
  59. ^ "Senate Committee rejects subpoenaing Mark Judge", The Washington Post, September 28, 2018, retrieved September 28, 2018, During a Senate Judiciary Committee meeting Sept. 28, Sen. Richard Blumenthal's (D-Conn.) motion to subpoena Mark Judge, the man named as a witness to Christine Blasey Fords alleged sexual assault, failed by a vote of 10-11.
  60. ^ a b Radelat, Ana (September 28, 2018), "Blumenthal tries, but fails, to seek subpoena for Kavanaugh friend, Mark Judge", The Connecticut Mirror, retrieved September 28, 2018
  61. ^ a b Carney, Jordain (September 28, 2018), "Republicans reject effort to subpoena Mark Judge", The Hill, retrieved September 28, 2018
  62. ^ a b "GOP Senators Vote Down Richard Blumenthal Measure To Subpoena Mark Judge", NBC News, September 28, 2018, retrieved September 28, 2018
  63. ^ Higgins, Tucker (September 28, 2018), "Republican senators defeat motion to subpoena Mark Judge to testify about Blasey Ford's sexual misconduct allegation against Brett Kavanaugh", CNBC, retrieved September 28, 2018
  64. ^ Lafond, Nicole (September 28, 2018), "Committee Denies Blumenthal's Call For Subpoena Of Mark Judge Before Vote", Talking Points Memo, retrieved September 28, 2018
  65. ^ Rodrigo, Chris Mills (September 28, 2018), "Dem lawmaker: We could subpoena Mark Judge if we take back the House", The Hill, retrieved September 28, 2018
  66. ^ Terkel, Amanda (September 28, 2018), "House Judiciary Committee Democrats Ready To Investigate Brett Kavanaugh", The Huffington Post, retrieved September 28, 2018
  67. ^ "Mark Judge, alleged eyewitness to Kavanaugh's misconduct, will reportedly cooperate with FBI probe", The Week, September 28, 2018, retrieved September 28, 2018
  68. ^ "Friend says he'll cooperate in Kavanaugh probe", The Detroit News, Associated Press, September 28, 2018, retrieved September 28, 2018
  69. ^ "Kavanaugh friend Mark Judge will 'confidentially' cooperate with law enforcement", WJAC-TV, September 28, 2018, retrieved September 28, 2018
  70. ^ Detrow, Scott; Mak, Tim; Taylor, Jessica (September 28, 2018), "Trump Orders Limited FBI Investigation To Supplement Kavanaugh Background Check", NPR, retrieved September 28, 2018
  71. ^ Campbell, Cole C. (October 8, 1995), "Suffolk Peanut Fest is one of the crossroads of our community life", The Virginian-Pilot, p. A2 – via NewsBank
  72. ^ Pendleton, Randolph (April 24, 1998), "My modern (overnight) hospital stay", The Florida Times-Union, p. 2 – via NewsBank, For adults only: In a Washington Post article, Mark Gauvreau Judge advances the proposition that nobody wants to be an adult any more. In the past, he said, kids wanted to be adults. Now, adults want to be kids. He may have a point.
  73. ^ "Forget attacks on IDAs; what really hurts our area is – multiplicity of governments", The Buffalo News, p. B2, April 29, 1997 – via NewsBank, Mark Gauvreau Judge wrote about the post-World War II era
  74. ^ "Aculture Et Cetera", The Washington Times, p. A2, February 22, 2000 – via NewsBank
  75. ^ Lazo, Dorina (April 29, 2001). Greece colors novelist's debut. The Fresno Bee. p. E3 – via InfoTrac.

External links[edit]