Mark Philips (politician)
Early life and family
Mark Philips was born at Philips Park, Whitefield, Lancashire, the son of Robert Philips, a prosperous merchant and Anne Needham. He was educated at the Manchester Academy while it was in York and then at the University of Glasgow. His younger brother, Robert Needham Philips, was MP for Bury and other members of the his extended family were also elected to the House of Commons; all of them, as with Mark, supported the ideals of Manchesterism.
Member of Parliament
The town of Manchester was deprived of its parliamentary representation in 1660 in reprisal for its support of the Parliamentarian faction during the English Civil War. Representation was only restored following the Great Reform Act of 1832.
Philips and Charles Poulett Thomson were the first pair of MPs, elected in that year. He represented the city in Parliament until 1847. He was an active member of the Anti-Corn Law League and a champion of universal education. In 1837 he chaired a meeting that led to the creation of the Lancashire Public Schools' Association which was instrumental in establishing a system of publicly funded schooling in the UK.
Philips also played an important role in establishing England's first free public library in 1852 and he was President of his old school, Manchester Academy, from 1842 to 1846 and from 1871 until his death. He was High Sheriff of Warwickshire for 1851.
Philips donated money to many causes including £1,000 towards the fund for the provision of open spaces and parks for the City of Manchester. This resulted in many estates being purchased by the city, including Lark Hill in Salford, which became Peel Park, and the Bradford Estate which became Philips Park in east Manchester.
- Philips Park in the Bradford area of east Manchester is named after him.
- There is a statue in Manchester Town Hall.
- An obelisk erected in memory of Philips in 1876 stands on the family's former estate outside Stratford-upon-Avon.
- His portrait hangs in the Mayor's Chambers at Manchester Town Hall.
- "Plaque to Mark Philips on Welcombe Bank Obelisk". geograph. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- "Mark Philips". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- Anon (27 November 2008). "The Park was base for politics". Prestwich and Whitefield Guide. Newsquest Media Group. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
- Wadsworth, Alfred P.; Mann, Julia De Lacy (1965). The Cotton Trade and Industrial Lancashire, 1600-1780. Manchester University Press. p. 289.
- Williams, Bill (1985). The Making of Manchester Jewry: 1740-1875. Manchester University Press. p. 42. ISBN 9780719018244.
- "Mark Philips MP". Papillon Graphics' Virtual Encyclopaedia of Greater Manchester. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- Williams, Bill (1985). The Making of Manchester Jewry: 1740-1875. Manchester University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780719018244.
- "Welcombe Bank Obelisk". geograph. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- McGarr, Ben (2013). The Manchester Book of Days. The History Press. p. 360. ISBN 978 0 7524 8308 5.
- Gremson, Sara; Pringle, Ian; Winterbotham, Diana (2011). "Philips Park: Its history and development". Bury Council. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Manchester
With: Charles Poulett Thomson 1832–1839
Robert Hyde Greg 1839–1841
Thomas Milner Gibson 1841–1847
Thomas Milner Gibson
|High Sheriff of Warwickshire
Sir John Newdigate-Ludford-Chetwode