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4 December 1913|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Died||20 June 1978
London, England, UK
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Education||Roslyn High School
Westmount High School
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles
Pacific Coast University School of Law
|Occupation||Film director, producer, editor|
Mark Robson (4 December 1913 – 20 June 1978) was a Canadian-born film director, producer and editor. Robson began his 45-year career in Hollywood as a film editor. He later began working as a director and producer. He directed thirty-four films during his career including The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955), Peyton Place (1957), for which he earned his first Academy Award nomination, Von Ryan's Express (1965) and Valley of the Dolls (1967).
Early life and career
Born in Montreal, Quebec, he attended Roslyn High School and Westmount High School in Montreal. He later studied at the University of California, Los Angeles and Pacific Coast University School of Law. Robson then found work in the prop department at 20th Century Fox studios. He eventually went to work at RKO Pictures where he began training as a film editor.
In 1940 he worked as an assistant to Robert Wise on the editing of Citizen Kane in addition to several other films. Both he and Wise benefited tremendously from producer and screenwriter Val Lewton, who promoted Robson from film editor to production assistant and later to director. In 1943, at the insistence of Lewton, Robson assisted Lewton and director Jacques Tourneur in a series of low-budget horror films produced by Val Lewton, including Cat People and I Walked with a Zombie. Later, Lewton was instrumental in promoting Robson to the director's chair for films such as The Seventh Victim (1943), Robson's first directing credit and the troubled Isle of the Dead (1945).
His success at RKO lead to work on major film projects and in 1949 he was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures for his work on the film noir drama Champion. That same year, he directed the popular romance My Foolish Heart and Home of the Brave, one of the first films to deal with the issue of racism. Robson briefly brought back his old mentor Val Lewton with fellow protégé Robert Wise in a partnership for film and television production, only to drop the ailing Lewton without explanation a few months later. Robson was nominated by the DGA again for the war drama The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955), starring William Holden and Grace Kelly.
In 1958, Robson was nominated for an Academy Award for Directing for the major box office success Peyton Place and again the following year for directing Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness. For these films he also received his third and fourth Directors Guild of America nominations. Robson also produced a number of films which he also directed including Von Ryan's Express in 1965. He directed 1967's Valley of the Dolls, a film panned by the critics but a success at the box office. In 1974 he directed Earthquake, the film that introduced "Sensurround".
On 20 June 1978, Robson died of a heart attack in London after completing Avalanche Express. The film was released a year after his death. He is interred in Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.
- Citizen Kane (1941, assistant editor, uncredited)
- The Magnificent Ambersons (1942, assistant editor, uncredited)
- Mail Trouble (1942)
- The Falcon's Brother (1942)
- Cat People (1942)
- Journey into Fear (1943)
- I Walked with a Zombie (1943)
- The Leopard Man (1943)
- The Seventh Victim (1943)
- The Ghost Ship (1943)
- Youth Runs Wild (1944)
- Isle of the Dead (1945)
- Bedlam (1946)
- Champion (1949)
- Roughshod (1949)
- Home of the Brave (1949)
- My Foolish Heart (1949)
- Edge of Doom (1950)
- Bright Victory (1951)
- I Want You (1951)
- Return to Paradise (1953, director and producer)
- Hell Below Zero (1954)
- Phffft! (1954)
- The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955)
- A Prize of Gold (1955)
- Trial (1955)
- The Harder They Fall (1956)
- The Little Hut (1957, director and producer)
- Peyton Place (1957)
- The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)
- From the Terrace (1960, director and producer)
- The Inspector (1962, director and producer)
- Nine Hours to Rama (1963, director and producer)
- The Prize (1963)
- Von Ryan's Express (1965)
- Lost Command (1966, director and producer)
- Valley of the Dolls (1967, director and producer)
- Daddy's Gone A-Hunting (1969, director and producer)
- Happy Birthday, Wanda June (1971, director and producer)
- Limbo (1972)
- Earthquake (1974, director and producer)
- Avalanche Express (1979, director and producer)
- "On & Off the Record: Show Business". The Montreal Gazette. 1967-07-17. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Blau, Eleanor (1978-06-22). "Mark Robson, Film Director, Dies; Did 'Champion' and 'Earthquake'; Praised by Critic Directed 'Bright Victory'". The New York Times. p. D19.
- Lindgren, Kris. "Mark Robson". latimes.com. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Robert Wise, Film Director, Dies at 91". nytimes.com. 2005-09-16. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Guinness, Kerr Head Academy Award Lists". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. 1958-02-18. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Gardner, R.H. (1959-03-01). "Oscar Derby--Our Critic's Comments". The Baltimore Sun.
- Thomas, Tony (1968-05-24). "Dolls warned to avoid valley". The Phoenix. p. 10. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Kapica, Jack (1975-01-08). "Earthquake sharing things up inside the theatres-and out". The Montreal Gazette. p. 39. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Canby, Vincent (1979-11-12). "'Avalanche Express' Is Tacky Melodrama". Youngstown Vindicator. p. 36. Retrieved 23 November 2012.