Mark Saville, Baron Saville of Newdigate
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Saville of Newdigate
|Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
1 October 2009 – 30 September 2010
|Preceded by||Position created|
|Succeeded by||Lord Wilson of Culworth|
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
28 July 1997 – 30 September 2009
|Preceded by||The Lord Mustill|
|Succeeded by||Position eliminated|
|Lord Justice of Appeal|
|High Court Judge|
|Born||Mark Oliver Saville
20 March 1936
|Alma mater||Brasenose College, Oxford|
|Years of service||1954–56|
|Unit||Royal Sussex Regiment|
- "Lord Saville" redirects here. For the hereditary peers, see Baron Savile.
Saville was born on 20 March 1936 to Kenneth Vivian Saville and Olivia Sarah Frances Gray, and educated at Rye Grammar School. He undertook National Service in the Royal Sussex Regiment between 1954 and 1956 at the rank of Second Lieutenant. He studied at Brasenose College, Oxford, graduating with first class honours in law (Bachelor of Arts) and a Bachelor of Civil Law degree, and where he won the Vinerian Scholarship. He was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple in 1962, becoming a Bencher in 1983, and became a Queen's Counsel in 1975. He co-edited Essays in Honour of Sir Brian Neill: the Quintessential Judge with Brian Susskind, former Gresham Professor of Law, and contributed to Civil Court Service 2007.
Saville was appointed a Judge of the High Court in 1985 and, as is tradition, was knighted at this time. In 1994, he became a Lord Justice of Appeal, a judge of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, and was appointed to the Privy Council, affording him the title, The Right Honourable. On 28 July 1997, he replaced Lord Mustill as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, receiving a life peerage as Baron Saville of Newdigate of Newdigate in the County of Surrey. He and nine other Lords of Appeal in Ordinary became Justices of the Supreme Court upon that body's inauguration on 1 October 2009.
Bloody Sunday Inquiry
On 29 January 1998, Lord Saville of Newdigate was appointed to chair the second Bloody Sunday Inquiry, a public inquiry commissioned by Prime Minister Tony Blair into Bloody Sunday, an incident in 1972 in Derry, Northern Ireland, when twenty-seven people were shot by members of the 1st Battalion of the British Parachute Regiment, resulting in fourteen deaths. The previous inquiry, the Widgery Tribunal, had been described by nationalists as a whitewash. Other members of the panel were Sir Edward Somers, former judge of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand, and William Lloyd Hoyt, former Chief Justice of New Brunswick.
The inquiry came into controversy for attempts to force journalists Alex Thomson, Lena Ferguson and Toby Harnden to disclose their sources, and for its twelve-year length. Its report was published on 15 June 2010 at a cost of £195 million. The results were published on 15 June 2010. British Prime Minister David Cameron addressed the House of Commons that afternoon where he acknowledged, among other things, that the paratroopers had fired the first shot, had fired on fleeing unarmed civilians, and shot and killed one man who was already wounded. He then apologised on behalf of the British Government.
- "SAVILLE OF NEWDIGATE". Who's Who. Oxford University Press. December 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Profile: Lord Saville of Newdigate". The Times (London). 7 November 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Background to the Inquiry". Bloody Sunday Trust. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- "Amazon: Essays in Honour of Sir Brian Neil: the Quintessential Judge (Paperback)". Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- "Amazon: Civil Court Service 2007 (Hardcover)". Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 23 January 1985.
- The London Gazette: . 29 March 1985.
- The London Gazette: . 31 July 1997.
- Gibb, Frances (14 June 2010). "Lord Saville — an outstanding legal mind defined by Bloody Sunday inquiry". The Times (London). Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- Toby Harnden (13 February 2004). "'Lord Saville should be ashamed'". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- Sharrock, David (7 November 2008). "Bloody Sunday inquiry delays report again, four years after hearing evidence". The Times (London). Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Bloody Sunday Report Published.". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "Saville: Bloody Sunday killings unjustifiable". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "Bloody Sunday report published". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.