|Member of the |
U.S. House of Representatives
January 3, 1995 – May 21, 2010
|Preceded by||Jill Long Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Marlin Stutzman|
|Constituency||4th District (1995-2003) |
3rd District (2003-2010)
Mark Edward Souder
July 18, 1950
Grabill, Indiana, U.S.
|Education||Indiana University, Fort Wayne (BS)|
University of Notre Dame (MBA)
During the 1980s and early 1990s, he worked as a congressional aide and committee staff director to Dan Coats. He was elected to his congressional seat in 1994.
On May 18, 2010, Souder announced his resignation from Congress effective May 21, 2010, after admitting to an affair with one of his part-time female staff members. The resignation was accepted by Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi on May 18, 2010, ending Souder's time in office.
Early life and career
Souder was born in Grabill, Indiana, the son of Irma (née Fahling) and Edward G. Souder. He attended Leo Junior/Senior High School, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne and the University of Notre Dame. While in college, he was a member of the Young Americans for Freedom. After graduating from college, Souder worked as a marketing manager and small business owner. He is a member of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ.
From 1974 to 1976, Souder served as marketing manager for Gabbort's Furniture. Since 1976, he has been the owner of Souder's General Store, also known as Historic Souder's of Grabill. Souder served as an aide for United States Representative Dan Coats from 1983 to 1984; as minority staff director of the House Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families from 1985 to 1988; and again as an aide for Coats from 1988 to 1993, staying with Coats when he became a United States Senator in 1989.
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Souder was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Republican in November 1994, defeating Coats' successor in Congress, Democrat Jill Long, in that year's national Republican landslide. He was re-elected in every election thereafter until his resignation in 2010. This is the only elected office he has ever held. He originally ran on a signed pledge with America that he would not serve more than two additional terms. He was regarded as a staunch advocate of abstinence education and family values.
Souder was the Ranking Member on the House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Border, Maritime, and Global Counterterrorism. He was also a senior member of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee and the House Education and Labor Committee. Along with U.S. Rep. Brian Baird (D-WA), he was co-founder and co-chairman of the Congressional National Parks Caucus. He was also co-founder and co-chairman of the Congressional Caucus on Drug Policy.
Until the start of the 110th Congress, Souder was chairman of the House Government Reform Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources. The subcommittee had authorizing jurisdiction over the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP, known popularly as "the Drug Czar's Office"), and it oversaw all U.S. Government anti-narcotics operations, both foreign and domestic. In addition, the panel had broad oversight authority (covering the National Park Service, the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, public health programs, the Smithsonian Institution, etc.).
In November 1997, Souder was one of eighteen Republicans in the House to co-sponsor a resolution by Bob Barr that sought to launch an impeachment inquiry against President Bill Clinton. The resolution did not specify any charges or allegations. This was an early effort to impeach Clinton, predating the eruption of the Clinton–Lewinsky scandal. The eruption of that scandal would ultimately lead to a more serious effort to impeach Clinton in 1998. On October 8, 1998, Souder voted in favor of legislation that was passed to open an impeachment inquiry. On December 19, 1998, Souder voted in favor of one (and against three) of the four articles of impeachment against Clinton (only two of which received the needed majority of votes). The only article of impeachment that Souder voted favor of adopting was the third article, which charged Clinton with obstruction of justice.
In March 2006, President George W. Bush signed into law the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Elimination Act, which represented the most comprehensive anti-meth legislation ever passed by Congress. Souder authored much of this law, which targets meth trafficking at local and state, national, and international levels.
In December 2006, Bush signed into law the ONDCP Reauthorization Act, which Souder had authored and introduced. The law reauthorizes the office of "the Drug Czar" for five years.
- Committee on Homeland Security
- Committee on Education and Labor
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- United States House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families
- Co-founder and Co-chairman of the National Parks Caucus
On May 18, 2010, Souder announced he would resign from Congress effective Friday, May 21, after admitting to an affair with Tracy Meadows Jackson, a married female staffer. Famously, he and Ms. Jackson had made a television video in which they both extolled the virtues of abstinence. In a written statement released that morning, Souder said:
- It is with great regret I announce that I am resigning from the U.S. House of Representatives as well as resigning as the Republican nominee for Congress in this fall's election. ... I sinned against God, my wife and my family by having a mutual relationship with a part time member of my staff. I am so shamed to have hurt those I love.
Souder deviated from his written statement when reading it aloud to the Fort Wayne press later in the morning to explain why, unlike many legislators admitting adultery, he did not have his wife of 30 years at his side:
I'm sick of politicians who drag their spouses up in front of the cameras rather than confronting the problem they caused.
Political positions and actions
Souder has said that an actual voting record in Congress is more valuable than claimed positions on issues. His 1994 issues profile is available in the project archives. The American Conservative Union gave him a lifetime rating of 90%. 
Influence of religion
In 2004, Souder said in an interview that "the closer to the clearness of the Bible, the less ability I should have to compromise. So I view, on abortion, there's really not much room to compromise." He said, regarding Israel, "[T]he bottom line is, they're God's chosen people. He's going to stand with them. The question is: Are we going to stand with them?" Souder also applied for non-combatant status during the Vietnam War on religious grounds. His draft number was never called.
Souder supported the War on Drugs. He authored and advocated for the 1998 Aid Elimination Penalty (HEAEP), an amendment to the Higher Education Act. The provision suspends eligibility for federal financial aid to college students convicted of drug-related offenses, regardless of when those drug convictions occurred. By 2006, the law had interfered with the financial aid of more than 9,000 Indiana students (one in every 200 applicants from that state). In almost all cases, the suspensions of eligibility for aid were based on applicants checking a box saying that they had a drug conviction, or failing to check the box saying that they do not, rather than an actual check of criminal records. Following an amendment in 2006, only students who are enrolled in college and receiving financial aid at the time of their conviction could have their aid suspended. Students could resume eligibility after a period of time (for example, after one year if convicted of possession of a controlled substance) or if they complete a drug rehabilitation program approved by the U.S. Department of Education. Before the 2006–2007 academic year, the provision could also apply to high school students, but this changed with the passage of the Deficit Reduction Act in 2001. A 2013 research report by the National Bureau of Economic Research found the law had no impact on drug usage among young people, and that it acts as a strong deterrent to college attendance, severely limiting the ability of people to better their lives through education.
In early 2006, Souder added to a bill about the office of the drug czar, a provision calling for the fungus Fusarium oxysporum to be used as a biological control agent against drug crops in foreign countries. Several federal and state agencies have previously rejected such use of the fungus because it is highly prone to mutation.
In October 2007, in the Fort Wayne, Indiana mayoral race, Souder endorsed fellow Republican Matt Kelty. Souder, however, withdrew his official support for Kelty in October 2007 because of Kelty's campaign finance law problems and a birthday cake frosted with a crude joke which was given to Kelty by several Republicans and garnered controversy. Souder said that the joke cake was "immature."
In his initial campaign for Congress in 1994, Souder pledged his support for term-limit legislation. He served four terms (1995–2003) representing Indiana's 4th congressional district. In 2002, after redistricting based on the 2000 census, Souder was elected to represent Indiana's 3rd congressional district. He won re-election there in 2004 and, in 2006, was elected to his seventh term in the House.
In the 2006 general election, Souder's Democratic opponent was Fort Wayne City Councilman and military veteran Tom Hayhurst, an MD who contributed $200,000 to his own campaign. Souder won 54% to 46%, carrying all eight counties in his congressional district. The 2006 election was significantly different from 2004, when the 3rd district voted 68%-32% for George W. Bush over John Kerry, and re-elected Souder 69%-31% (when Souder faced Maria Parra, a Democrat who made national headlines when she walked off the stage during a televised debate).
In 2008, Souder was re-elected to an eighth term in the U.S. House. Souder defeated Democrat Mike Montagano and Libertarian William Larsen.
|Republican||Mark Souder (incumbent)||155,693||55%|
Souder's resignation prompted the 2010 Indiana's 3rd congressional district special election, which coincided with that year's regular elections. Souder was succeeded by Republican Marlin Stutzman.
- "House Accepts Souder's Resignation From Seat". WIBC (FM). Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- Souder to resign, Goshen News, 2010 May 18 (accessed 2010 May 18).
- Richard Cowan and Thomas Ferraro (May 18, 2010). "Republican Rep Souder admits affair, resigns". reuters.com.
- "Souders Failed to Pay Taxes on Time: Congressional Candidate Blames "Wrong Address"". News-Sentinel. October 15, 1994. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "souder". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- "SOUDER, Mark Edward - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- "PERRspectives: Republican Terms Unlimited". www.perrspectives.com. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Rep Mark Souder Will Resign, May 18, 2010, Washington Post.
- Indiana GOP Congressman to resign amid affair with staffer Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, May 18, 2010, ABC News.
- Pace, David (6 Nov 1997). "17 in House seek probe to impeach president". Newspapers.com. The Record. The Associated Press. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
- Hutcheson, Ron (17 Nov 1997). "Some House Republicans can't wait for elections". Newspapers.com. Asheville Citizen-Times. Knight-Rider Newspapers.
- Barkham, Patrick (18 November 1998). "Clinton impeachment timeline". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- "Roll Call 498 Roll Call 498, Bill Number: H. Res. 581, 105th Congress, 2nd Session". clerk.house.gov. Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. 8 October 1998. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
- "Roll Call 546 Roll Call 546, Bill Number: H. Res. 611, 105th Congress, 2nd Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. 19 December 1998. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- "Roll Call 545 Roll Call 545, Bill Number: H. Res. 611, 105th Congress, 2nd Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. 19 December 1998. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- "Roll Call 544 Roll Call 544, Bill Number: H. Res. 611, 105th Congress, 2nd Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. 19 December 1998. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601 (19 December 1998). "Roll Call 543 Roll Call 543, Bill Number: H. Res. 611, 105th Congress, 2nd Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- "H.Res.611 - 105th Congress (1997-1998): Impeaching William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors". www.congress.gov. United States Congress. 12 February 1999. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
- Indiana Rep. Souder says he'll resign over affair May 18, 2010, Associated Press.
- RAW DATA: Prepared Remarks by Indiana Rep. Mark Souder May 18, 2010 Fox News
- Pergram, Chad and Steve Brown. (May 18, 2010). "Rep. Mark Souder to resign amid affair with staffer". Fox News. Archived from the original on 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- Cilizza, Chris; Burke, Aaron (May 18, 2010). "Mark Souder to resign after affair". Washington Post.
- Smith, Sylvia A. (May 18, 2010). "Citing 'relationship' with staffer, Souder to resign". Fort Wayne Journal Gazette.
- Republican Rep Mark Souder to step down over affair with female staffer, May 18, 2010, New York Daily News.
- Video on YouTube
- Smith, Sylvia. Souder to resign; cites 'relationship' with staffer, May 18, 2010. Ft. Wayne Journal Gazette.
- Souder's responses to the 1994 Congressional National Political Awareness Test Archived 2006-10-16 at the Wayback Machine, Project VoteSmart, accessed October 29, 2006
- "Interview: Congressman Mark Souder", Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, April 23, 2004
- Just Check No?: A lie college students might want to tell, Slate, April 13, 2006
- Congressman Souder's Position Archived 2007-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Lovenheim, Michael F; Owens, Emily G (2013). "Does Federal Financial Aid Affect College Enrollment? Evidence from Drug Offenders and the Higher Education Act of 1998". National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- Call for biowar on drugs, New Scientist 190(2549). April 29, 2006. (subscription required)
- Lanka, Benjamin (October 9, 2007). "Kelty contrite after 'wicked' poke with cake". The Journal Gazette. Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- Kelty cake leaves sour taste in Republican mouths, October 11, 2007, Ft. Wayne Journal Gazette.
- Congressman Souder Disses Matt Kelty, October 11, 2007, Fort Wayne Left
- Andrea Stone, "Term-limit pledges get left behind", USAToday, April 12, 2006
- Political Money Line Report[permanent dead link], accessed 1 March 2007
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Higher Education Act Drug Provision
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Jill Long Thompson
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 4th congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 3rd congressional district