Mark VI (tank)
After having made plans for the continued development of the Mark I into the Mark IV, the Tank Supply Committee (the institute planning and controlling British tank production) in December 1916 ordered the design of two new types: the Mark V and the Mark VI. The Mark V should embody the most advanced features that could still be incorporated into the Mark I hull. The Mark VI should abandon the old hull entirely, reflecting only some general principles of the older tank.
On 13 July 1917 Metropolitan, the firm associated to Sir William Tritton, had a wooden mock-up ready of both types each. As no design drawings of the Mark VI have survived, the pictures made on that date (and on an earlier occasion on 23 June of the still partly unfinished models) form our major source of information.
The Mark V design still looked a lot like the Mark I. It had many detail changes however, including smaller sponsons with cylindrical machine gun mounts, lengthened hull, larger cabin and a machine gun position at the back. This design was ultimately abandoned due to enormous delays in the development of the Mark IV. The tank taken in production under that name was not the Mark IV as originally planned but basically a slightly changed Mark I. When at last in December 1917 the desired new engine and transmission could be built in, it was this type that was now called the Mark V.
The Mark VI design had a completely different hull, much higher with rounded tracks on front. It had no sponsons; the side doors replacing them having machine gun positions. The main armament is a single 57 mm gun low in the front of the hull. The driver is sitting in a square superstructure much further back, the corners of which each had a machine gun. We know from a surviving text that the hull was to be compartimentalised with a separate engine room on one side containing also in line the drive gears of both tracks, the drive shaft for the track of the opposite side crossing the hull. Wider tracks (75 cm) were to be used.
When in September 1917 US headquarters in France decided to create a separate American Tank Corps with 25 battalions among which five Heavy Tank Battalions, Major James A. Drain ordered 600 of the most advanced British tank, being at the time the Mark VI. However this endangered the plans of Albert Gerald Stern, then coordinating allied tank production, to produce a common Anglo-American tank, the Mark VIII. In December 1917 he ordered to halt the project. Not even a prototype was built.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2008)|