Marko Ivanovich Voinovich

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Marko Ivanovich Voinovich
Native name Марко Ивановић Војновић / Ма́рко Ива́нович Во́йнович
Born 1750
Herceg Novi, Republic of Venice
Died 1807
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch  Imperial Russian Navy
Years of service 1770–1805
Rank Admiral
Commands held Russian Imperial Navy
Battles/wars Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)

Marko Ivanovich Voinovich (Russian: Ма́рко Ива́нович Во́йнович, Serbian: Марко Ивановић Војновић/Marko Ivanović Vojnović; 1750–1807) was an Admiral of the Russian Imperial Navy, one of the founders of the Black Sea Fleet.[1]


Vojnović was born in Herceg Novi, Republic of Venice (now Montenegro). He was a member of the Vojnović noble family, a Serb family recognized as nobility by Venice[2] and Imperial Russia.

In 1770 he was accepted in the Russian Navy as an ensign. He was distinguished in the Mediterranean expedition of Russian Navy during the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774).[1]

In 1780 he was appointed the Commander of the Caspian Flotilla[1] He led an expedition to the Caspian Sea in 1781 and discovered offshore Oil and gas deposits near Chilov Island.[3]

In 1783 he was appointed the commander of the first battleship of the nascent Black Sea Fleet. In 1785 he became the commander of Sevastopol Squadron.[1] Count Marko Vojnović fought in the Black Sea against the Turkish Navy led by Hassan Pasha in 1788.[4] In the end of 1789-beginning 1790 Vojnović was the Chief of the Black Sea Fleet. Although the Russian Navy won the Battle of Fidonisi under his command, his actions in the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) were considered indecisive and he was dismissed from commanding of the Fleet in March 1790.[1]

Since 1797 Vojnović was the member of the Black Sea Admiralty Administration. Since 1801 he was a full Admiral. Since 1805 he was retired.[1]