Jump to content

Mark Warner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mark Warner
Official portrait, 2010
Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
Assumed office
February 3, 2021
Preceded byMarco Rubio (acting)
Vice Chair of the Senate Democratic Caucus
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Serving with Elizabeth Warren
ChairChuck Schumer
Preceded byChuck Schumer
United States Senator
from Virginia
Assumed office
January 3, 2009
Serving with Tim Kaine
Preceded byJohn Warner
Vice Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
In office
January 3, 2017 – February 3, 2021
Preceded byDianne Feinstein
Succeeded byMarco Rubio
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
July 20, 2004 – July 18, 2005
Preceded byDirk Kempthorne
Succeeded byMike Huckabee
69th Governor of Virginia
In office
January 12, 2002 – January 14, 2006
LieutenantTim Kaine
Preceded byJim Gilmore
Succeeded byTim Kaine
Chair of the Democratic Party of Virginia
In office
May 4, 1993 – September 18, 1995
Preceded byPaul Goldman
Succeeded bySuzie Wrenn
Personal details
Mark Robert Warner

(1954-12-15) December 15, 1954 (age 69)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Lisa Collis
(m. 1989)
EducationGeorge Washington University (BA)
Harvard University (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Mark Robert Warner (born December 15, 1954) is an American businessman and politician serving as the senior United States senator from Virginia, a seat he has held since 2009. A member of the Democratic Party, Warner served as the 69th governor of Virginia from 2002 to 2006. He is vice chair of the Senate Democratic Caucus and chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee.

In 2006, Warner was widely expected to pursue the Democratic nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, but he announced in October 2006 that he would not run, citing a desire not to disrupt his family life. Warner delivered the keynote address at the 2008 Democratic National Convention, and was considered to be a potential vice presidential candidate until he took himself out of consideration after winning the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate.[1]

Running against his gubernatorial predecessor, Jim Gilmore, Warner won his first election to the Senate in 2008 with 65% of the vote. He was reelected in 2014, narrowly defeating Ed Gillespie,[2] and in 2020 defeating Republican nominee Daniel Gade by twelve percentage points. Warner is the honorary chairman of Forward Together PAC.

Before entering politics, Warner became involved in telecommunications-related venture capital during the 1980s. He founded and led the Columbia Capital firm. He also co-founded Capital Cellular Corporation. With a net worth of $214.1 million, Warner is the third-wealthiest member of Congress and its wealthiest Democrat.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Warner was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of Marjorie (née Johnston) and Robert F. Warner. He has a younger sister, Lisa. He grew up in Illinois, and later in Vernon, Connecticut, where he graduated from Rockville High School,[citation needed] a public secondary school. He has credited his interest in politics to his eighth grade social studies teacher, Jim Tyler, who "inspired him to work for social and political change during the tumultuous year of 1968."[4] He was class president for three years at Rockville High School[citation needed] and hosted a weekly pick-up basketball game at his house, "a tradition that continues today."[4]

Warner graduated from George Washington University (GWU), earning his bachelor's degree in political science in 1977. He was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa and graduated as the valedictorian of his class with a 4.0 grade point average. Warner was the first in his family to graduate from college.[4] GWU later initiated him into Omicron Delta Kappa, the National Leadership Honor Society, as an alumni member in 1995. While at GWU, he worked on Capitol Hill to pay for his tuition, riding his bike early mornings to the office of U.S. Senator Abraham Ribicoff.[4] His sophomore year, Warner took time off from school to serve as the youth coordinator on Ella Grasso's successful gubernatorial bid in Connecticut.[5] Upon returning to Washington, Warner took a part-time job in the office of then-Representative Chris Dodd. He went on to serve as Dodd's senatorial campaign manager during his freshman year of law school.[6] When his parents visited him at college, he got two tickets for them to tour the White House; when his father asked him why he didn't get a ticket for himself, he replied, "I'll see the White House when I'm president."[4]

Warner then graduated from Harvard Law School with a Juris Doctor in 1980 and coached the law school's first intramural women's basketball team. Warner then took a job raising money for the Democratic Party based in Atlanta from 1980 to 1982.[7] Warner has never practiced law.[4]

Early career[edit]

Warner founded two ultimately unsuccessful businesses before becoming a general contractor for cellular businesses and investors. As founder and managing director of Columbia Capital, a venture capital firm, he helped found or was an early investor in a number of technology companies, including Nextel. He co-founded Capital Cellular Corporation, and built up an estimated net worth of more than $215 million.[8][9][3] As of 2023, he is the second wealthiest U.S. senator.[3]

State activism[edit]

Warner involved himself in public efforts related to health care, transportation, telecommunications, information technology and education. He managed Douglas Wilder's successful 1989 gubernatorial campaign and served as chairman of the state Democratic Party from 1993 to 1995. Warner also served, in the early 1990s, on the Virginia Commonwealth Transportation Board and sat in on monthly committee meetings of the Rail and Public Transportation Division (headed by Robert G. Corder).

1996 U.S. Senate election[edit]

He unsuccessfully ran for the U.S. Senate in 1996 against incumbent Republican John Warner (no relation) in a "Warner versus Warner" election. Mark Warner performed strongly in the state's rural areas, making the contest much closer than many pundits expected.[10] He lost to the incumbent, 52%-47%, losing most parts of the state including the north.[11]

Governor of Virginia[edit]



Then-Gov. Mark Warner as the state commander in chief of the Virginia Army National Guard and Virginia Air National Guard

In 2001, Warner campaigned for governor as a moderate Democrat after years of slowly building up a power base in rural Virginia, particularly Southwest Virginia. His opponents were Republican Mark Earley, the state's attorney general, and the Libertarian candidate William B. Redpath. Warner won with 52.16 percent of the votes, 96,943 votes ahead of the next opponent.[12] Warner had a significant funding advantage, spending $20 million compared with Earley's $10 million.[13]


After he was elected in 2002, Warner drew upon a $900 million "rainy day fund" left by his predecessor, Jim Gilmore.[14] Warner campaigned in favor of two regional sales tax increases, especially in Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads, to fund transportation. Virginians rejected both regional referendums to raise the sales tax.

In 2004, Warner worked with Democratic and moderate Republican legislators and the business community to reform the tax code, lowering food and some income taxes while increasing the sales and cigarette taxes. His tax package effected a net tax increase of approximately $1.5 billion annually. Warner credited the additional revenues with saving the state's AAA bond rating, held at the time by only five other states, and allowing the single largest investment in K-12 education in Virginia history. Warner also entered into an agreement with Democrats and moderate Republicans in the Virginia Senate to cap state car tax reimbursements to local governments.

During his tenure as governor, Warner influenced the world of college athletics. "Warner used his power as Virginia's governor in 2003 to pressure the Atlantic Coast Conference into revoking an invitation it had already extended to Syracuse University. Warner wanted the conference, which already included the University of Virginia, to add Virginia Tech instead — and he got his way."[15]

Warner speaking in Philadelphia, May 2006

Warner's popularity may have helped Democrats gain seats in the Virginia House of Delegates in 2003 and again in 2005, reducing the majorities built up by Republicans in the 1990s. Warner chaired the National Governors Association in 2004-2005 and led a national high school reform movement. He chaired the Southern Governors' Association and was a member of the Democratic Governors Association. In January 2005, a two-year study,[16] the Government Performance Project, in conjunction with Governing magazine and the Pew Charitable Trust graded each state in four management categories: money, people, infrastructure and information. Virginia and Utah received the highest ratings average with both states receiving an A− rating overall, prompting Warner to dub Virginia "the best managed state in the nation." [citation needed]

Warner with Virginia House of Delegates minority leader Ward Armstrong (left) and then-U.S. Senator Jim Webb (right), November 4, 2007

Kaine and Kilgore both sought to succeed Warner as governor of Virginia. (The Virginia Constitution forbids any governor from serving consecutive terms, so Warner could not have run for a second term in 2005.) On November 8, 2005, Kaine, the former mayor of Richmond, won with 52% of the vote. Kilgore, who had resigned as attorney general in February 2005 to campaign full-time and who had previously served as Virginia secretary of public safety, received 46% of the vote. Russ Potts, a Republican state senator, also ran for governor as an independent, receiving 2% of the vote. Warner had supported and campaigned for Kaine, and many national pundits considered Kaine's victory to be further evidence of Warner's political clout in Virginia. [citation needed]

On November 29, 2005, Warner commuted the death sentence of Robin Lovitt to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. Lovitt was convicted of murdering Clayton Dicks at an Arlington pool hall in 1999. After his trial in 2001, Lovitt's lawyers stated that a court clerk illegally destroyed evidence that was used against Lovitt during his trial, but that could have possibly exonerated him upon further DNA testing.[17] Lovitt's death sentence would have been the 1,000th carried out in the United States since the Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment as permissible under the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution in 1976. In a statement, Warner said, "The actions of an agent of the commonwealth, in a manner contrary to the express direction of the law, comes at the expense of a defendant facing society's most severe and final sanction." Warner denied clemency in 11 other death penalty cases that came before him as governor.[18]

Warner also arranged for DNA tests of evidence left from the case of Roger Keith Coleman, who was put to death by the state in 1992. Coleman was convicted in the 1981 rape and stabbing death of his 19-year-old sister-in-law, Wanda McCoy. Coleman drew national attention, even making the cover of Time, by repeatedly claiming innocence and protesting the unfairness of the death penalty. DNA results announced on January 12, 2006, confirmed Coleman's guilt.[19]

In July 2005, his approval ratings were at 74%[20] and in some polls reached 80%.[21] Warner left office with a 71% approval rating in one poll.[22]

U.S. Senate[edit]



Warner accepts the nomination as the Democratic candidate for the Senate

Warner was believed to be preparing to run for the Democratic nomination for president in 2008, and had "done everything but announce his candidacy" before suddenly stating in October 2006 he would not run for president, citing family reasons.[23] Warner declared on September 13, 2007, that he would run for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retiring John Warner (no relation) in 2008.

Warner delivers the keynote address during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Warner immediately gained the endorsement of most national Democrats. He held a wide lead over his Republican opponent, fellow former Virginia governor Jim Gilmore (and Warner's predecessor), for virtually the entire campaign.[24] Warner delivered the keynote address at the 2008 Democratic National Convention.[25]

In a Washington Post/ABC News Poll dated September 24, 2008, Warner held a 30-point lead over Gilmore.[26]

In the November election, Warner defeated Gilmore, taking 65 percent of the vote to Gilmore's 34 percent. Warner carried all but four counties in the state—Rockingham, Augusta, Powhatan and Hanover. In many cases, he ran up huge margins in areas of the state that have traditionally voted Republican.[27] This was the most lopsided margin for a contested Senate race in Virginia since Chuck Robb took 72 percent of the vote in 1988. As a result of Warner's victory, Virginia had two Democratic U.S. senators for the first time since Harry Byrd, Jr. left the Democrats to become an independent (while still caucusing with the Democrats) in 1970.[citation needed]


In 2014, Warner faced Ed Gillespie, who had previously served as Counselor to the President under George W. Bush and chairman of the Republican National Committee. Warner's margin of victory—only 17,000 votes—was much narrower than expected.[28]


In 2020, Warner faced college professor and U.S. Army veteran Daniel Gade.[29] During the general election, he defeated Gade, taking 56 percent of the vote to Gade's 44 percent.[30]


Upon arriving in the U.S. Senate in 2009, Warner was appointed to the Senate's Banking, Budget, and Commerce committees. Warner was later named to the Senate Intelligence Committee in 2011.[31]

In 2009, Warner voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the stimulus bill. As a member of the Budget Committee, he submitted an amendment designed to help the government track how the stimulus dollars were being spent.[32]

In 2010, Warner, Senator Lamar Alexander, and Representatives Tom Petri and David Price requested that the American Academy of Arts and Sciences form The Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences.[33]

When offered the chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in preparation for the 2012 election cycle, Warner declined because he wanted to keep a distance from the partisanship of the role.[34]

In the fall of 2012, Warner was approached by supporters about possibly leaving the Senate to seek a second four-year term as Virginia's governor. After considering the prospect, Warner announced shortly after the November 2012 elections that he had chosen to remain in the Senate because he was "all in" on finding a bipartisan solution to the country's fiscal challenges.[35]

President Barack Obama and Tim Kaine listen to Senator Warner, aboard Air Force One, July 13, 2012

Warner became the senior senator on January 3, 2013, when Jim Webb left the Senate and was replaced by Tim Kaine, who was lieutenant governor while Warner was governor.[citation needed]

Warner has been identified as a radical centrist,[36] working to foster compromise in the Senate.[37] Warner was ranked the 10th most bipartisan member of the U.S. Senate during the 114th United States Congress in the Bipartisan Index, created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy to assess congressional bipartisanship.[38] According to the same methodology, Senator Warner was the second most bipartisan Democrat in the 115th United States Congress.


Warner is pro-choice and supports Roe v. Wade.[39]

Health care[edit]

Senator Mark Warner (D-VA) meets with constituents in 2017

On a video in his senate office, Warner promised Virginians, "I would not vote for a health-care plan that doesn't let you keep health insurance you like."[40]

He voted for the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), commonly called Obamacare, helping the Senate reach the required sixty votes to prevent it from going to a filibuster. [41] He and 11 Senate freshmen discussed adding an amendment package aimed at addressing health care costs by expanding health IT and wellness prevention.[42]

In January 2019, Warner was one of six Democratic senators to introduce the American Miners Act of 2019, a bill that would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to swap funds in excess of the amounts needed to meet existing obligations under the Abandoned Mine Land fund to the 1974 Pension Plan as part of an effort to prevent its insolvency as a result of coal company bankruptcies and the 2008 financial crisis. It also increased the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund tax and ensured that miners affected by the 2018 coal company bankruptcies would not lose their health care.[43]

In September 2019, amid discussions to prevent a government shutdown, Warner was one of six Democratic senators to sign a letter to congressional leadership advocating for the passage of legislation that would permanently fund health care and pension benefits for retired coal miners as "families in Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Alabama, Colorado, North Dakota and New Mexico" would start to receive notifications of health care termination by the end of the following month.[44]


From the start of his Senate term, Warner attempted to replicate in Washington, D.C. the bipartisan partnerships that he used effectively during his tenure as Virginia governor. In 2010, Warner worked with a Republican colleague on the Banking Committee, Bob Corker, to write a key portion of the Dodd-Frank Act that seeks to end taxpayer bailouts of failing Wall Street financial firms by requiring "advance funeral plans" for large financial firms.[45]

In 2013, the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress gave Warner and Corker its Publius Award for their bipartisan work on financial reform legislation.[46]

In 2018, Warner became one of the few Democrats in the Senate supporting a bill that would relax "key banking regulations". As part of at least 11 other Democrats, Warner argued that the bill would "right-size post-crisis rules imposed on small and regional lenders and help make it easier for them to provide credit". Chuck Schumer and Elizabeth Warren have stated their opposition to the legislation.[47]

Campaign finance[edit]

In June 2019, Warner and Amy Klobuchar introduced the Preventing Adversaries Internationally from Disbursing Advertising Dollars (PAID AD) Act, a bill that would modify U.S. federal campaign finance laws to outlaw the purchasing of ads that name a political candidate and appear on platforms by foreign nationals in the midst of an election year.[48]

Foreign affairs and national security[edit]

Saudi Arabia and Yemen[edit]
Senator Warner before greeting the new King Salman of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, January 27, 2015
Senator Mark Warner speaks at the September 2020 Hospitality Roundtable

Warner was the original Democratic sponsor of the Startup Act legislation and has partnered with the bill's original author, Jerry Moran, to introduce three iterations of the bill: Startup Act in 2011, Startup Act 2.0 in 2012 and Startup Act 3.0 in early 2013. Warner has called the legislation the "logical next step" after enactment of the JOBS Act.[49]

In 2015, Warner criticized the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, saying: "I'm concerned in particular with some of the indiscriminate bombing in Yemen ... [Gulf states] need to step up and they need to step up with more focus than the kind of indiscriminate bombing."[50]

In June 2017, Warner voted to support Trump's $350 billion arms deal with Saudi Arabia.[51]

Israel and Palestine[edit]

In September 2016, in advance of UN Security Council resolution 2334 condemning Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, Warner signed an AIPAC-sponsored letter urging President Obama to veto "one-sided" resolutions against Israel.[52]

In December 2017, Warner criticized Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, saying that it "comes at the wrong time and unnecessarily inflames the region."[53]

Sanctions: Iran, Russia, and North Korea[edit]

In July 2017, Warner voted for the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, which grouped together sanctions against Iran, Russia and North Korea.[54]

Central America[edit]

In April 2019, Warner was one of 34 senators to sign a letter to Trump encouraging him "to listen to members of your own Administration and reverse a decision that will damage our national security and aggravate conditions inside Central America", asserting that Trump had "consistently expressed a flawed understanding of U.S. foreign assistance" since becoming president and that he was "personally undermining efforts to promote U.S. national security and economic prosperity" by preventing the use of Fiscal Year 2018 national security funding. The senators argued that foreign assistance to Central American countries created less migration to the U.S., citing the funding's helping to improve conditions in those countries.[55]

Intelligence and counter-intelligence[edit]

In May 2018, Warner voted for Gina Haspel to be the next CIA director.[56]

In 2016, American foreign policy scholar Stefan Halper served as an FBI operative and contacted members of Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.[56][57][58] In May 2018, Warner, the top Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, warned Republican lawmakers that it would be "potentially illegal" to reveal Halper's identity.[59]

Warner welcomed the arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who exposed American war crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan, saying that Assange is "a dedicated accomplice in efforts to undermine American security."[60]

On May 13, 2020, Warner and Joe Manchin were the two Democratic senators to vote against the Lee-Leahy FISA amendment, which strengthened oversight of counterintelligence.[61]

Telecommunications and infrastructure security[edit]

In December 2018, Warner called Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei a threat to U.S. national security.[62]

In February 2019, Warner was one of 11 senators to sign a letter to Energy Secretary Rick Perry and Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen urging them "to work with all federal, state and local regulators, as well as the hundreds of independent power producers and electricity distributors nation-wide to ensure our systems are protected" and affirming that they were "ready and willing to provide any assistance you need to secure our critical electricity infrastructure."[63]

In July 2019, Warner was a cosponsor of the Defending America's 5G Future Act, a bill that would prevent Huawei from being removed from the Commerce Department's "entity list" without an act of Congress and authorize Congress to block administration waivers for U.S. companies to do business with Huawei. The bill would also codify Trump's executive order from the previous May that empowered his administration to block foreign tech companies deemed a national security threat from conducting business in the U.S.[64]

In March 2023, Warner and John Thune led a bipartisan group of 12 senators to introduce the Restricting the Emergence of Security Threats that Risk Information and Communications Technology (RESTRICT) Act, legislation to comprehensively address the ongoing threat posed by technology from foreign adversaries by better empowering the Department of Commerce to review, prevent, and mitigate information communications and technology transactions that pose undue risk to our national security by giving the federal government more control over them. A provision in the legislation could also impose a prison sentence of up to 20 years and a $1 million fine for accessing "banned apps" with a Virtual Private Network (VPN).[65] Warner's dedication to the telecommunications industry was recognized in 2013 as he was inducted into the Wireless Hall of Fame.[66]


Mark Warner's freshman portrait

In 2011, Warner voted for the four-year extension of the USA PATRIOT Act. Also in 2011, he engaged Northern Virginia's high-tech community in a pro bono effort to correct burial mistakes and other U.S. Army management deficiencies at Arlington National Cemetery.[67] In 2012, he successfully pushed the Navy to improve the substandard military housing in Hampton Roads.[68]

Also in 2012, Warner pushed the Office of Personnel Management to address chronic backlogs in processing retirement benefits for federal workers, many of whom live in Washington's northern Virginia suburbs.[69] He succeeded in pushing the Department of Veterans Affairs to expand access to PTSD treatment for female military veterans returning from service in Iraq and Afghanistan.[70]

In August 2013, Warner was one of 23 Democratic senators to sign a letter to the Defense Department warning that some payday lenders offer "predatory loan products to service members at exorbitant triple digit effective interest rates and loan products that do not include the additional protections envisioned by the law" and asserting that service members and their families "deserve the strongest possible protections and swift action to ensure that all forms of credit offered to members of our armed forces are safe and sound."[71]

U.S. Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus awarded Warner the Distinguished Public Service Medal, the Navy's highest honor for a civilian, for his consistent support of Virginia's military families and veterans.[72]


Between 2010 and 2013, Warner invested considerable time and effort in leading the Senate's Gang of Six, along with Saxby Chambliss.[73] Chambliss and Warner sought to craft a bipartisan plan along the lines of the Simpson-Bowles Commission to address U.S. deficits and debt.[74]

Although the Gang of Six ultimately failed to produce a legislative "grand bargain", they did agree on the broad outlines of a plan that included spending cuts, tax reforms that produced more revenue, and reforms to entitlement programs like Medicare and Social Security—entitlement reforms that are opposed by most Democrats.[75] Although President Obama showed interest in the plan, leaders in Congress from both parties kept a deal from being made.[76] In 2011, the bipartisan Concord Coalition awarded Warner and Chambliss its Economic Patriots Award for their work with the Gang of Six.[77]

Gun laws[edit]

On April 17, 2013, Warner voted to expand background checks for gun purchases as part of the Manchin-Toomey Amendment.[78][79] He also voted against the 2013 Assault Weapons Ban, but changed his position in a 2018 op-ed and has co-sponsored similar efforts since then.[80][81][82]

In 2017, Warner called himself a strong supporter of Second Amendment rights and vowed to advocate for responsible gun ownership for hunting, recreation, and self-defense.[83]

In January 2019, Warner was one of 40 senators to introduce the Background Check Expansion Act, a bill that would require background checks for either the sale or transfer of all firearms including all unlicensed sellers. Exceptions to the bill's background check requirement included transfers between members of law enforcement, loans for hunting or sporting events on a temporary basis, gifts to members of one's immediate family, transfers as part of an inheritance, and giving a firearm to another person temporarily for immediate self-defense.[84]

LGBT issues[edit]

Warner supports same-sex marriage, announcing his support in a statement on his Facebook page in March 2013. His announcement came shortly after Senator Claire McCaskill announced her support for it.[85] In July 2015, Warner and Tim Kaine cosponsored the Equality Act along with 38 other senators and 158 members of the House of Representatives, with Kaine saying, "it's critical that we prohibit discrimination in housing, education and the workplace."[86]


On the Senate Budget Committee, Warner was appointed chair of a bipartisan task force on government performance in 2009.[87] He was a lead sponsor of the 2010 Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), which imposed specific program performance goals across all federal agencies and set up a more transparent agency performance review process.[88]

On May 21, 2013, Warner introduced the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA). "The legislation requires standardized reporting of federal spending to be posted to a single website, allowing citizens to track spending in their communities and agencies to more easily identify improper payments, waste and fraud."[89][90] On November 6, 2013, the Senate Homeland Security and Government Affairs committee unanimously passed DATA.[91]

On January 27, 2014, the White House Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) marked-up version of the bill was leaked. This version "move[s] away from standards and toward open data structures to publish information" and "requir[es] OMB in consultation with Treasury to review and, if necessary, revise standards to ensure accuracy and consistency through methods such as establishing linkages between data in agency financial systems".[92] Warner responded: "The Obama administration talks a lot about transparency, but these comments reflect a clear attempt to gut the DATA Act. DATA reflects years of bipartisan, bicameral work, and to propose substantial, unproductive changes this late in the game is unacceptable. We look forward to passing the DATA Act, which had near universal support in its House passage and passed unanimously out of its Senate committee. I will not back down from a bill that holds the government accountable and provides taxpayers the transparency they deserve."[93][94]

On April 10, 2014, the Senate voted by unanimous consent to pass the bill, which was then passed by the House in a voice vote on April 28, 2014.[95]

Minimum wage[edit]

In April 2014, the Senate debated the Minimum Wage Fairness Act (S. 1737; 113th Congress). The bill would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) to increase the federal minimum wage for employees to $10.10 per hour over two years.[96] The bill was strongly supported by President Obama and many Democratic senators, but strongly opposed by congressional Republicans.[97][98][99] Warner expressed a willingness to negotiate with Republicans about some of the provisions of the bill, such as the timeline for the phase-in.[98] He said that any increase needs to be done "in a responsible way."[100]


In October 2014, Warner was implicated in a federal investigation of the 2014 resignation of Virginia State Senator Phillip Puckett, a Democrat. He was alleged to have "discussed the possibility of several jobs, including a federal judgeship, for the senator's daughter in an effort to dissuade him from quitting the evenly divided state Senate."[101] A Warner spokesman acknowledged that the conversation occurred, but said Warner made no "explicit" job offer[102] and that he and Puckett were simply "brainstorming".[103]

In January 2015, the Republican Party of Virginia filed a formal complaint against Warner with the United States Senate Select Committee on Ethics, alleging that Warner's interactions with Puckett violated the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act.[104]

Campaign contributions[edit]

From 2008 to 2014, some of Warner's top ten campaign contributors were JP Morgan Chase, the Blackstone Group, and Columbia Capital.[105] BlackRock had never contributed until Warner bought shares in the BlackRock Equity Dividend Fund in 2011.[105]

Committee assignments[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

United States Senate election in Virginia, 1996[106]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 1,235,744 52.48% -28.43%
Democratic Mark Warner 1,115,982 47.39%
Write-ins 2,989 0.13%
Majority 119,762 5.09% -57.67%
Turnout 2,354,715
Republican hold Swing
Virginia gubernatorial election, 2001[107]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Warner 984,177 52.16% +9.60%
Republican Mark Earley 887,234 47.03% -8.79%
Libertarian Bill Redpath 14,497 0.77%
Write-ins 813 0.04%
Majority 96,943 5.14% -8.11%
Turnout 1,886,721
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
United States Senate election in Virginia, 2008[108]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Warner 2,369,327 65.03% +65.03%
Republican Jim Gilmore 1,228,830 33.72% -48.85%
Independent Greens Glenda Parker 21,690 0.60%
Libertarian Bill Redpath 20,269 0.56%
Write-ins 3,178 0.09%
Majority 1,140,497 31.30% -41.53%
Turnout 3,643,294
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
United States Senate election in Virginia, 2014[109]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Warner (Incumbent) 1,073,667 49.15% -15.88%
Republican Ed Gillespie 1,055,940 48.34% +14.62%
Libertarian Robert Sarvis 53,102 2.43% +1.87%
Other Write-ins 1,764 0.08% -0.01%
Plurality 17,727 0.81% -30.49%
Turnout 2,184,473
Democratic hold Swing
United States Senate election in Virginia, 2020[110]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mark Warner (Incumbent) 2,466,500 55.99% +6.84%
Republican Daniel Gade 1,934,199 43.91% -4.43%
Other Write-ins 4,388 0.10% +0.02%
Majority 532,301 12.08% +11.27%
Turnout 4,405,087
Democratic hold Swing

Personal life[edit]

Warner is married to Lisa Collis.[4][failed verification] While on their honeymoon in 1989 in Egypt and Greece, Warner became ill; when he returned home, doctors discovered he had suffered a near-fatal burst appendix. Warner spent two months in the hospital recovering from the illness.[4] During her husband's tenure as governor, Collis was the first Virginia first lady to use her birth name. Warner and Collis have three daughters.

Warner is involved in farming and winemaking at his Rappahannock Bend farm. There, he grows 15 acres (61,000 m2) of grapes for Ingleside Vineyards; Ingleside bottles a private label that Warner offers at charity auctions.[111]

Warner has an estimated net worth of $215 million as of 2018.[3]

He is not related to John Warner, his predecessor in the Senate.

Honorary degrees[edit]

Mark Warner has been awarded several honorary degrees, these include:

Honorary degrees
Location Date School Degree
 Virginia 2002 College of William and Mary Doctor of Laws (LL.D) [112]
 District of Columbia 2003 George Washington University Doctor of Public Service (DPS) [113]
 North Carolina May 15, 2006 Wake Forest University Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[114]
 Virginia 2007 Lord Fairfax Community College Associate of Humane Letters
 Virginia May 20, 2007 Eastern Virginia Medical School Doctorate[115]
 Virginia May 25, 2013 George Mason University Doctorate[116]
 Virginia May 19, 2018 Virginia State University Doctorate[117]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lewis, Bob (June 14, 2008). "Warner takes self out of VP mix". The San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  2. ^ Vozzella, Laura; Portnoy, Jenna; Weiner, Rachel (November 4, 2019). "Warner claims victory over Gillespie in Virginia Senate race". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Who Are the Richest U.S. Senators?". Investopedia. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Shaffrey, Mary M.; Hook, Carol S. (November 5, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Mark Warner". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  5. ^ Fiske, Warren (October 12, 2008). "Mark Warner - a hard-driver pushing for his goals". pilotonline.com.
  6. ^ Guldin, Bob. "Virginia's Man of the Moment". GW Magazine. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  7. ^ "Q&A Mark Warner". C-Span. October 31, 2005. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  8. ^ Evans, Steve (September 7, 2007). "Former Virginia Gov. Mark Warner Advises Darden Students". UVA Today. University of Virginia. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  9. ^ Warren, Jay (October 29, 2008). "WSLS profiles Mark Warner". WSLS 10. Archived from the original on June 16, 2014. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  10. ^ Biodata Document Number: K1650003526, Resource Center Online. Gale, 2003; reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008; retrieved September 25, 2008.
  11. ^ "Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) -- The Almanac of American Politics". National Journal. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  12. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (October 29, 2013). "Just twice in 50 years has Va. seen dip in turnout for governor's race. Why it could happen again". NBC News. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  13. ^ "On-line Campaign Finance Disclosure Reports". Sbe.virginia.gov. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  14. ^ "Mark Warner's rising stock". The Roanoke Times. January 1, 2006. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
  15. ^ Kornacki, Steve (October 27, 2011). "Why all of West Virginia now hates Mitch McConnell". Salon. Archived from the original on October 29, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  16. ^ "Virginia". Government Performance Project. Governing magazine. 2005. Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2006.
  17. ^ "Governor halts landmark execution". The Michigan Daily. November 30, 2005. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  18. ^ "Conservatives Urge Virginia Governor to Grant Clemency Request as 1,000th Execution Nears". deathpenaltyinfo.org. Death Penalty Information Center. November 22, 2005. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  19. ^ Glod, Maria; D. Shear, Michael (January 13, 2006). "DNA Tests Confirm Guilt of Executed Man". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2006.
  20. ^ Schapiro, Jeff E. (July 26, 2005). "WARNER LEADS HYPOTHETICAL RACE; GOVERNOR COULD BE TOUGH RIVAL TO ALLEN FOR SENATE, POLL FINDS". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012.
  21. ^ Rozell, Mark J. (November 9, 2005). "Virginia Gubernatorial Election". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  22. ^ "Poll says Allen leads potential challengers in race for Senate". Goliath Business News. December 9, 2005. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  23. ^ Shear, Michael D. (October 17, 2006). "'Family' Reasons? Theories Abound on Warner's Exit". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  24. ^ Sabato, Larry (December 14, 2007). "A Second Democratic Year in '08?". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
  25. ^ "America needs Obama, says ex-Virginia governor". CNN. August 26, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  26. ^ Craig, Tim; Agiesta, Jennifer (September 24, 2008). "Warner Leads Gilmore By 30 Points, Poll Finds". The Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
  27. ^ "Results by county for 2008 Senate election". voterinfo.sbe.virginia.gov. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on February 26, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  28. ^ Silver, Nate (November 6, 2014). "Why Polls Missed a Shocker in Virginia's Senate Race". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  29. ^ Solano, Sophia (December 12, 2019). "SPA professor and veteran running for Virginia U.S. Senate seat". The Eagle. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  30. ^ "2020 November General Official Results". Virginia Department of Elections. Archived from the original on February 3, 2021. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  31. ^ "U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence". intelligence.senate.gov. February 4, 1997. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  32. ^ "Greater accountability for stimulus spending". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. March 10, 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  33. ^ Heart of the Matter, page 7.
  34. ^ "Sen. Mark Warner (D)". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  35. ^ Pershing, Ben (February 25, 2011). "Mark Warner won't run for Virginia governor, will stay in Senate". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  36. ^ Avlon, John P. (October 16, 2008). "The stand-out centrists of 2008". Politico. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  37. ^ Weiner, Rachel (November 23, 2014). "On Capitol Hill, Sen. Mark Warner has quite the spring in his step". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  38. ^ The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index (PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, p. 1, retrieved November 1, 2021
  39. ^ "Mark Warner on Abortion". OnTheIssues. October 23, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  40. ^ Pershing, Ben (November 30, 2013). "If not Cuccinelli, then who? GOP field against Mark Warner in 2014 still a work in progress". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  41. ^ Gorman, Sean (November 29, 2013). "PolitiFact: Cuccinelli mischaracterizes Warner's ACA vote". PolitiFact. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  42. ^ Broder, David S. (December 11, 2009). "Freshmen senators offer sensible health care cuts". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  43. ^ Holdren, Wendy (January 4, 2019). "Legislation introduced to secure miners pensions and health care". The Register-Herald.
  44. ^ Thomas, Alex (September 16, 2019). "Manchin, colleagues send letter urging permanent funding for miners health care, pensions". MetroNews. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  45. ^ "Dancing Across the Aisle". BusinessWeek. January 21, 2010. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  46. ^ "Publius Awards - Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress". thepresidency.org. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  47. ^ Warmbrodt, Zachary (March 5, 2018). "Victory in sight for Democrats defying Warren on bank bill". Politico. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  48. ^ Miller, Maggie (June 25, 2019). "Klobuchar, Warner introduce bill to limit foreign involvement in US political ads". The Hill. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  49. ^ Hall, Kevin. "Sens. Warner, Moran, Rubio & Coons Introduce Startup Jobs Proposal". warner.senate.gov. Officer of Senator Mark Warner. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  50. ^ Fang, Lee (October 1, 2015). "U.S. Senators Hem and Haw on Saudi Arabia's Human Rights Abuses". The Intercept. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  51. ^ Carney, Jordain (June 13, 2017). "Senate rejects effort to block Saudi arms sale". The Hill. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  52. ^ "Senate – Aipac" (PDF). September 19, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2016.
  53. ^ "Who's Speaking Out Against Trump's Jerusalem Move". jstreet.org. J Street. December 12, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  54. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 115th Congress - 1st Session: On Passage of the Bill (H.R. 3364)". senate.gov. United States Senate. July 27, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  55. ^ Frazin, Rachel (April 4, 2019). "More than 30 Senate Dems ask Trump to reconsider Central American aid cuts". The Hill. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  56. ^ a b Greenwald, Glenn (May 19, 2018). "The FBI Informant Who Monitored the Trump Campaign, Stefan Halper, Oversaw a CIA Spying Operation in the 1980 Presidential Election". The Intercept. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  57. ^ Herndon, Toby (May 20, 2018). "Cambridge don Stefan Halper named in Donald Trump spy row". The Times. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  58. ^ Porter, Tom (May 20, 2018). "Who is Stefan Halper? U.S. Cambridge Professor Named as FBI's Russia Probe Secret Source". Newsweek. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  59. ^ Sanchez, Luis (May 19, 2018). "Schumer: GOP efforts to identify FBI informant 'close to crossing a legal line". The Hill. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  60. ^ "World reacts to arrest of WikiLeaks founder of Julian Assange". The CEO Magazine. April 12, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  61. ^ "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 2nd Session: On the Amendment (Lee Amdt. No. 1584)". senate.gov. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  62. ^ Russell, Andrew (December 7, 2018). "'Basically kidnapping': China's state media lashes out at Canada over arrest of Huawei executive". Global News. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  63. ^ Thomsen, Jacqueline (February 25, 2019). "Key senators say administration should ban Huawei tech in US electric grid". The Hill. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  64. ^ Miller, Maggie (July 16, 2019). "Lawmakers introduce bill to block U.S. companies from doing business with Huawei". The Hill. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  65. ^ "RESTRICT ACT US CONGRESS". US Congress. March 7, 2023. Retrieved June 10, 2023.
  66. ^ Wireless History Foundation (2013). "Mark Warner". Wireless Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  67. ^ Davenport, Christian (August 7, 2010). "High-tech companies volunteer to digitize Arlington National Cemetery's records". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  68. ^ Simmons, Laurie (December 14, 2011). "Navy makes big changes after families complain about mold problems". WTKR. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  69. ^ Kopp, Emily (February 2, 2012). "Senators take OPM to task over long wait for pensions". Federal News Network. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  70. ^ "Sen. releases VA report on female vets". WWLP. January 10, 2011. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  71. ^ Cox, Ramsey (August 15, 2013). "Senate Dems ask DOD to protect service members from predatory lenders". The Hill. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  72. ^ Connors, Mike (March 14, 2013). "Navy gives Sen. Warner highest civilian honor". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  73. ^ Shear, Michael D. (December 21, 2010). "Two Senators Seek Middle Ground on Debt". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  74. ^ Keller, Bill (April 29, 2011). "What if Sanity Prevails In Washington?". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  75. ^ Killian, Linda (December 1, 2010). "Democratic Sen. Mark Warner Defies Party to Engage GOP on a Deficit deal". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  76. ^ Calmes, Jackie; Steinhauer, Jennifer (July 19, 2011). "Bipartisan Plan for Budget Deal Buoys President". The New York Times. New York, NY. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  77. ^ "Concord Coalition honors Sens. Warner & Chambliss". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. December 18, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  78. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 1st Session:On the Amendment (Manchin Amdt. No. 715)". senate.gov. United States Senate. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  79. ^ Todd, Chuck; Murray, Mark; Montanaro, Domenico; Brower, Brooke (April 18, 2013). "Why the gun measure went down to defeat". NBC News. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  80. ^ Willis, Derek (August 12, 2015). "Rejects Feinstein Proposal to... - S.649: A bill to ensure that all individuals who..." ProPublica. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  81. ^ "Warner: I voted against an assault weapons ban. Here's why I changed my mind". Mark R. Warner. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  82. ^ Feinstein, Dianne (March 14, 2018). "Cosponsors - S.2095 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Assault Weapons Ban of 2017". www.congress.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  83. ^ "Sen. Warner Statement on Concealed Carry Gun Legislation". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. May 3, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  84. ^ "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Helps Introduce Background Check Expansion Act To Reduce Gun Violence". Urban Milwaukee. January 9, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  85. ^ Blake, Aaron (March 25, 2013). "Sen. Mark Warner backs gay marriage". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  86. ^ "Warner, Kaine Introduce Comprehensive LGBT Nondiscrimination Bill". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. July 23, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  87. ^ "Performance Task Force - Senate Budget Committee". Budget.senate.gov. July 30, 2013. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  88. ^ "Roanoke Times: Blue Ridge Caucus". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  89. ^ "S.994 - 113th Congress (2013-2014): Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2013". congress.gov. Library of Congress. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  90. ^ "Sens. Warner & Portman Introduce Bipartisan DATA Act". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. May 21, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  91. ^ "Senate Committee Unanimously Passes Sen. Warner's Bipartisan DATA Act". warner.senate.gov. Office of Senator Mark Warner. November 6, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  92. ^ Miller, Jason (January 27, 2014). "White House calls for major changes to DATA Act". Federal News Radio. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  93. ^ Hollister, Hudson (January 28, 2014). "Sen. Warner Rejects OMB Revisions to DATA Act". datacoalition.org. Data Transparency Coalition. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
  94. ^ Ferenstein, Gregory (February 4, 2014). "White House Conspicuously Silent As It Attacks A Bill To Make Spending Transparent". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  95. ^ "S. 994 - All Actions". congress.gov. United States Congress. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  96. ^ "S. 1737 - Summary". congress.gov. United States Congress. April 2, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  97. ^ Sink, Justin (April 2, 2014). "Obama: Congress has 'clear choice' on minimum wage". The Hill. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  98. ^ a b Bolton, Alexander (April 8, 2014). "Reid punts on minimum-wage hike". The Hill. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  99. ^ Bolton, Alexander (April 4, 2014). "Centrist Republicans cool to minimum wage hike compromise". The Hill. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  100. ^ Bolton, Alexander (April 1, 2014). "Reid: Minimum wage vote may slip". The Hill. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  101. ^ Vozzella, Laura (October 10, 2014). "Warner discussed job for Puckett's daughter". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  102. ^ Rubin, Jennifer (October 12, 2014). "Is Sen. Mark Warner in trouble?". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  103. ^ "Today's Top Opinion: Puckettgate implicates both parties". Richmond Times-Dispatch. October 14, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  104. ^ Republican Party of Virginia letter Archived January 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine; accessed November 11, 2016.
  105. ^ a b Clozel, Lalita (June 20, 2014). "Mark Warner and BlackRock: It's Complicated". OpenSecrets.
  106. ^ "96 PRESIDENTIAL and CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION STATISTICS". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  107. ^ "Official Election Results". sbe.virginia.gov. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
  108. ^ "2008 Election Statistics". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  109. ^ "November 4, 2014-General-Election Results Official Results". Virginia Department of Elections. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  110. ^ "November 2020 General Official Results". Virginia Department of Elections. Archived from the original on February 3, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  111. ^ Bedard, Paul (November 20, 2005). "A Modern-Day Thomas Jefferson?". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on January 21, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  112. ^ Zagursky, Erin (May 12, 2018). "'Don't check out': Warner encourages W&M grads to be active citizens". wm.edu. College of William and Mary. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  113. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients". provost.gwu.edu. George Washington University. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  114. ^ "2006: Honorary degrees". Commencement News. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  115. ^ Brown Garrow, Hattie (May 20, 2007). "Mark Warner tells EVMS grads their degrees are 'tickets' to success". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  116. ^ "George Mason University Commencement Address". C-SPAN. May 18, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  117. ^ Kidd, Thomas; Hobbs, Leah (May 19, 2018). "Lt. Gov. Justin E. Fairfax and U.S. Sen. Mark R. Warner encourage VSU graduates at dual commencement ceremonies". Richmond Free Press. Retrieved March 15, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

Archival records

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Virginia Democratic Party
Succeeded by
Title last held by
Edythe Harrison
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia
(Class 2)

Title next held by
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Preceded by Keynote Speaker of the Democratic National Convention
Succeeded by
Title last held by
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia
(Class 2)

2008, 2014, 2020
Most recent
Preceded by Vice Chair of the Senate Democratic Caucus
Served alongside: Elizabeth Warren
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Tim Kaine
Preceded by Chair of the National Governors Association
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Virginia
Served alongside: Jim Webb, Tim Kaine
Preceded by Vice Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Marco Rubio
Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by Order of precedence of the United States
as United States Senator
Succeeded by
United States senators by seniority
Succeeded by