Mark Williams (politician)
|Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats|
8 May 2016 – 16 June 2017
|Preceded by||Kirsty Williams|
|Succeeded by||Kirsty Williams (Acting)|
|Liberal Democrat Spokesperson for Wales|
8 May 2016 – 16 June 2017
|Preceded by||Kirsty Williams|
|Succeeded by||The Baroness Humphreys|
|Member of Parliament|
5 May 2005 – 9 June 2017
|Preceded by||Simon Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Ben Lake|
Mark Fraser Williams
24 March 1966
|Political party||Liberal Democrats|
|Alma mater||Aberystwyth University|
Mark Fraser Williams (born 24 March 1966) is a British politician, who was the leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats from 2016 to 2017. He is a former Member of Parliament (MP) for the Ceredigion constituency, between 2005 and 2017. He sat on the Welsh Affairs Select Committee, and in 2006 he became a Shadow Minister for Wales under Menzies Campbell.
Mark Williams was born in Hertfordshire on 24 March 1966. His mother worked as a classroom assistant, and his father ran a printing business; he has two older sisters. He attended the local village primary school and then Richard Hale Secondary School, Hertford, from where he moved on to the University of Wales, Aberystwyth in 1984 to study politics. It was at school during the days of the SDP-Liberal Alliance that he become involved in Liberal politics, later saying:
- "I instinctively knew I wasn’t a Conservative, despite coming from a formally conservative family and the Labour Party was in perpetual decline."
Within a week of arriving in Aberystwyth, Williams became secretary of the student group and had met local Liberal MP Geraint Howells. After graduating, he became a part-time researcher to the Liberal peers in the House of Lords, but was determined to stay in Ceredigion and spent half the week and all of the Parliamentary holidays as assistant to Howells in Ceredigion, until he lost the seat at the 1992 general election.
He then returned to student life at the teacher training college in Exmouth, part of the University of Plymouth. After securing this qualification, he taught in primary schools in Penzance and Barnstaple, before becoming a deputy headteacher in Llangors School, Powys in 2000. During this period, Williams fought Monmouth at the 1997 general election, finishing third.
In February 2000, after a spell as President of Ceredigion Liberal Democrats, Williams was selected to fight the Ceredigion seat in the by-election caused by the resignation of Cynog Dafis. In that by-election, the Liberal Democrats rose back into second place, and in the general election of 2001 consolidated that by coming second, being just 3,944 votes behind Plaid Cymru. In May 2005, 13 years after Howells had been defeated, the Liberal Democrats regained Ceredigion, with Williams as their candidate, by a very narrow majority of 219 votes. Williams described his victory as an "amazing result", while the then Welsh Liberal Democrat leader, Lembit Öpik, said that "Mark Williams has pulled off the result of the night in Ceredigion". Williams was the first non-Welsh-speaking Member of Parliament to represent the constituency since the widening of the electoral franchise in 1867. In 2010, he substantially increased his majority, winning just over 50% of the vote; this was the first time any candidate had won more than 50% of the vote in Ceredigion since 1959.
Williams sat on the Welsh Affairs Select Committee between 2005 and 2017, and held various shadow ministerial roles in the 2005–2010 Parliament. He called for Saint David's Day to be made a public holiday in Wales. He proposed a private member's bill with the backing of a leading charity to update child protection legislation. It would amend the Children and Young Persons Act 1933, because this only covers physical harm, and not psychological neglect. The bill is backed by Action for Children.
Williams was defeated in the 2017 general election by Ben Lake of Plaid Cymru, whose majority of 104 made the seat one of the most marginal in the country. The result left the Liberal Democrat Party without an MP in Wales, a situation which had not existed since the founding of the Liberal Party in 1859. He resigned as leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats shortly after his defeat.
Williams unsuccessfully re-contested Ceredigion in the next general election, falling to third place behind Plaid Cymru and the Conservatives. Following this, he paid tribute to Lake, and then subsequently announced that he would not stand for parliament again.
Westminster Parliament elections
|Date of election||Constituency||Party||Votes||% of votes||Result|
|1997 election||Monmouth||Liberal Democrats||4,689||9.6||Not elected|
|February 2000 by-election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||5,768||23.0||Not elected|
|2001 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||9,297||26.9||Not elected|
|2005 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||13,130||36.5||Elected|
|2010 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||19,139||50.0||Elected|
|2015 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||13,414||35.9||Elected|
|2017 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||11,519||29.0||Defeated|
|2019 election||Ceredigion||Liberal Democrats||6,975||17.4||Not elected|
Mark Williams and his wife Helen have four children, Eleanor, Anna, and twins Eliza and Oliver.
- "Profile". London: Guardian Unlimited. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2007.
- "Lib Dems win Cardiff, Ceredigion". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2007.
- "Lib Dems win Cardiff, Ceredigion". BBC Election 2005. BBC. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
- "Mark Williams". Parliament UK. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "St David's Day Debate". BBC – Democracy Live. BBC. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- Williamson, David (24 June 2013). "Child neglect law overhaul bid spearheaded by Welsh MP to tackle out-of-date 'failings'". Wales Online.
- "Help make the law on child neglect fit for purpose in the 21st century - BritMums". 5 June 2013.
- "No Liberal MP in Wales for the first time since 1859". BBC. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Ben Lake re-elected as MP for Ceredigion". Cambrian News.
- "Liberal Democrats: Mark Williams". 20 January 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2015.