Markarian 231

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Markarian 231
Hubble Interacting Galaxy UGC 8058 (2008-04-24).jpg
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Ursa Major
Right ascension 12h 56s
Declination +56° 51′ 59″
Redshift 0.04147
Distance 581 Mly
Apparent magnitude (V) 13.60
Type Sc/quasar
Other designations
UGC 8058, Mrk 231, Mkn 231, Markarian 231, MCG+10-19-004, ZW VII 490, PGC 44117
References: SIMBAD
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Markarian 231 (UGC 8058) is a Type-1 Seyfert galaxy that was discovered in 1969 as part of a search of galaxies with strong ultraviolet radiation. It contains the nearest known quasar, and in 2015 it was shown that the powerful active galactic nucleus present in the center of the galaxy may in fact be a supermassive binary black hole. It is located about 581 million light years away from Earth.


The galaxy is now undergoing an energetic starburst. A nuclear ring of active star formation has been found in the center with a rate of formation greater than 100 solar masses per year. It is one of the most ultraluminous infrared galaxies with power derived from an accreting black hole in the center, and the closest known quasar. A 2015 study has found that the central black hole, estimated to be 150 million times the mass of our Sun, has a black hole companion weighing in at 4 million solar masses, and the duo completes an orbit around each other every 1.2 years.[1] Subsequently, that model has been definitively shown to be unfeasible.[2]

See also[edit]

Artist's concept of double black hole.[3]


External links[edit]