Market Hall (Rotterdam)

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Markthal
Markthal
Markthal-Rotterdam.jpg
The Markthal in 2015.
General information
Status Complete
Location Binnenrotte, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Coordinates 51°55′12″N 4°29′13″E / 51.92000°N 4.48694°E / 51.92000; 4.48694
Construction started October 2009
Completed October 2014
Opening 1 October 2014[1]
Cost €178.000.000 [2]
Height
Roof 40 m (131 ft)
Top floor 37 m (121 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 11
4 below ground
Lifts/elevators 26 [3][4]
Design and construction
Architect MVRDV [5]
Developer Provast [6]
Structural engineer Royal HaskoningDHV[7]

The Markthal (English: Market Hall) is a residential and office building with a market hall underneath, located in Rotterdam.[8] The building was opened on October 1, 2014, by Queen Máxima of the Netherlands.[9] Besides the large market hall, the complex houses 228 apartments, 4600 m2 retail space, 1600 m2 horeca and an underground 4-storey parking garage with a capacity of 1200+ cars.[10]

Architecture[edit]

The Markthal was designed by architectural firm MVRDV. The grey nature stone building has an archwise structure like a horseshoe. The building has a glass facade on both sides, these are made up of smaller glass windows. The smaller windows are mostly squared and around 1485 millimeters wide. All of these are hung around a structure of steel cables, 34 metres high and 42 metres wide, which makes it the largest glass-window cable structure in Europe. Each facade has 26 vertical and 22 horizontal cables. The facade was designed and installed by Octatube[11]

The glass windows of The Market Hall with in the background the Rotterdam Library (left) Blaak Tower (middle) and the cube houses (right).

Artwork[edit]

The inside of the building is adorned with an 11.000 m2 artwork by Arno Coenen, named Hoorn des Overvloeds (Horn of Plenty).[12] The artwork shows strongly enlarged fruits, vegetables, seeds, fish, flowers and insects.[13]

The artwork of Coenen was selected out of 9 international candidates.[14] The work was made using digital 3D-techniques. This enormous file of 1,47 terabytes needed special servers, these are also used by Pixar Studios for making animated movies.[15] The digital 3D-animation was separated in 4000 pieces and then printed on perforated aluminum panels.[16] The 4000 aluminum panels are now on the inside of the hall. Right after the opening in 2014, the artwork got a lot of attention from around the world.[17][18][19] Some called it The largest artwork in the world or The Sistine Chapel of Rotterdam.[20]

Archaeological site[edit]

An archaeologist next to a buried farm (in Rotta (nl)), at the site of The Market Hall.

The Markthal is built on top of a fourteenth-century buried village in the Polder of Westnieuwland. This polder was surrounded by water and dykes to protect the polder during high-tide.[21] There were a few houses and farms in this polder, also at the site of the Markthal.

During the building of the Markthal, a tenth-century farm was found 7 metres under the ground. Within the house were two stoves and a few fireplaces. The farm was part of a village before Rotterdam, named Rotta, after the river Rotte. The inhabitants of Rotta were farmers, craftsmen and traders. Earlier, a small settlement from the fourteenth-century was found on the site.[22]

Several foundations on the site are now exhibited next to the central staircases underneath the Markthal.[23]

Trivia[edit]

  • The 4-storey parking garage of the Markthal is the largest in the center of Rotterdam.[24]
  • The Markthal was one of the first buildings in the world that could be seen by augmented reality.[25] By using the application UAR, made by the NAi, users could see 3D-models of the building, and how it was going to look.
  • A possible nickname of the Markthal is Koopboog. This name is a reference to the horseshoe shape of the hall and also refers to the nearby Koopgoot.[26][27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Markthal". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  2. ^ "Markthal kost Rotterdam 3,5 miljoen extra | RTV Rijnmond". rijnmond.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  3. ^ "Bezoek van de Markthal gestroomlijnd - architectenweb.nl". architectenweb.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  4. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam | KONE Nederland". kone.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  5. ^ "MVRDV - MARKET HALL". mvrdv.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  6. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam - Provast". provast.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  7. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". nieuws.top010.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  8. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  9. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  10. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam | De Markthal". wonenindemarkthal.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  11. ^ "Europa's grootste kabelnet glasgevels voor Markthal Rotterdam". glasinbeeld.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  12. ^ "Gekibbel in Overvloed - Atelier ACW". atelieracw.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  13. ^ "In Rotterdam is zojuist het grootste kunstwerk ter wereld geopend | The Creators Project". thecreatorsproject.vice.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  14. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  15. ^ http://www.dearchitect.nl/nieuws/2014/10/02/opening-markthal-rotterdam.html
  16. ^ http://weburbanist.com/2014/10/14/market-hall-huge-rounded-digital-mural-wraps-118000-sq-ft/. Retrieved 2016-02-02.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ "De Hoorn des Overvloeds van Arno Coenen - VPRO". vpro.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  18. ^ "arno coenen + iris roskam wrap rotterdam's markthal in a digital mega-mural". designboom.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  19. ^ "'Biggest Artwork In The World' Hits The Netherlands, Dubbed 'Sistine Chapel Of Rotterdam'". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  20. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  21. ^ Ir. Dick Wilschut, DRS. Maaike M. Sier (29 August 2012). "Archeologie: een geotechnische uitdaging" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  22. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  23. ^ De Tijdtrap (The time staircase) exhibition in Markthal http://www.detijdtrap.nl/en/
  24. ^ "Grootste parkeergarage van Rotterdam onder Markthal - VERKEERSNET". verkeersnet.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  25. ^ "Nederlands Architectuurinstituut - item". nai.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  26. ^ "'De Koopboog beste bijnaam voor Markthal' - AD.nl". ad.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  27. ^ "Column: Kappen met die bijnamen | RTV Rijnmond". rijnmond.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 

External links[edit]