Market Hall (Rotterdam)

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Markthal
Markthal
Markthal-Rotterdam.jpg
The Markthal in 2015.
General information
StatusCompleted
LocationBinnenrotte, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Coordinates51°55′12″N 4°29′13″E / 51.92000°N 4.48694°E / 51.92000; 4.48694
Construction startedOctober 2009
CompletedOctober 2014
Opening1 October 2014[6]
Cost€178,000,000 [2]
Height
Roof40 m (131 ft)
Top floor37 m (121 ft)
Technical details
Floor count11
4 below ground
Lifts/elevators26 [3][4]
Design and construction
ArchitectMVRDV[1]
DeveloperProvast [7]
Structural engineerRoyal HaskoningDHV[5]

The Markthal (English: Market Hall) is a residential and office building with a market hall underneath, located in Rotterdam.[8] The building was opened on October 1, 2014, by Queen Máxima of the Netherlands.[9] Besides the large market hall, the complex houses 228 apartments, 4,600 m2 retail space, 1,600 m2 horeca and an underground 4-storey parking garage with a capacity of over 1200 cars.[10]

Architecture[edit]

The glass windows of The Market Hall with in the background the Rotterdam Library (left) Blaak Tower (middle) and the cube houses (right).

The Markthal was designed by architectural firm MVRDV. The grey nature stone building has an archwise structure like a horseshoe. The building has a glass facade on both sides; these are made up of smaller glass windows. The smaller windows are mostly squared and around 1485 millimeters wide. All of these are hung around a structure of steel cables, 34 metres high and 42 metres wide, which makes it the largest glass-window cable structure in Europe. Each facade has 26 vertical and 22 horizontal cables. The facade was designed and installed by Octatube[11]

Artwork[edit]

The inside of the building is adorned with an 11.000 m2 artwork by Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam,[12] named Hoorn des Overvloeds (Horn of Plenty).[13] The artwork shows strongly enlarged fruits, vegetables, seeds, fish, flowers and insects.[14]

The artwork was selected out of 9 international candidates.[15] The work was made using digital 3D-techniques. This enormous file of 1,47 terabytes needed special servers, which are also used by Pixar Studios for making animated movies.[16] The digital 3D-animation was separated in 4000 pieces and then printed on perforated aluminum panels.[17] The 4000 aluminum panels are now on the inside of the hall. Right after the opening in 2014, the artwork got a lot of attention from around the world.[18][19][20] Some called it The largest artwork in the world or The Sistine Chapel of Rotterdam.[21]

Miscellany[edit]

  • The 4-storey parking garage of the Markthal is the largest in the center of Rotterdam.[22]
  • The Markthal was one of the first buildings in the world that could be seen by augmented reality.[23] By using the application UAR, made by the NAi, users could see 3D-models of the building, and how it was going to look.
  • A possible nickname of the Markthal is Koopboog. This name is a reference to the horseshoe shape of the hall and also refers to the nearby Koopgoot.[24][25]
An archaeologist next to a buried farm (in Rotta [nl]), at the site of the Market Hall.

Archaeological site[edit]

The Markthal is built on top of a fourteenth-century buried village in the Polder of Westnieuwland. This polder was surrounded by water and dykes to protect the polder during high-tide.[26] There were a few houses and farms in this polder, also at the site of the Markthal.

During the building of the Markthal, a tenth-century farm was found 7 metres under the ground. Within the house were two stoves and a few fireplaces. The farm was part of a village before Rotterdam, named Rotta, after the river Rotte. The inhabitants of Rotta were farmers, craftsmen and traders. Earlier, a small settlement from the fourteenth-century was found on the site.[27]

Several foundations on the site are now exhibited next to the central staircases underneath the Markthal.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MVRDV - MARKET HALL". mvrdv.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  2. ^ "Markthal kost Rotterdam 3,5 miljoen extra | RTV Rijnmond". rijnmond.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  3. ^ "Bezoek van de Markthal gestroomlijnd - architectenweb.nl". architectenweb.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  4. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam | KONE Nederland". kone.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  5. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". nieuws.top010.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  6. ^ "Markthal". Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  7. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam - Provast". provast.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  8. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  9. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  10. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam | De Markthal". wonenindemarkthal.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  11. ^ "Europa's grootste kabelnet glasgevels voor Markthal Rotterdam". glasinbeeld.nl. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  12. ^ "MVRDV - Markthal".
  13. ^ "Gekibbel in Overvloed - Atelier ACW". atelieracw.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  14. ^ "In Rotterdam is zojuist het grootste kunstwerk ter wereld geopend | The Creators Project". thecreatorsproject.vice.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  15. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Archived from the original on 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  16. ^ "Dearchitect.nl".
  17. ^ http://weburbanist.com/2014/10/14/market-hall-huge-rounded-digital-mural-wraps-118000-sq-ft/. Retrieved 2016-02-02. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "De Hoorn des Overvloeds van Arno Coenen - VPRO". vpro.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  19. ^ "arno coenen + iris roskam wrap rotterdam's markthal in a digital mega-mural". designboom.com. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  20. ^ "'Biggest Artwork In The World' Hits The Netherlands, Dubbed 'Sistine Chapel Of Rotterdam'". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  21. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Archived from the original on 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  22. ^ "Grootste parkeergarage van Rotterdam onder Markthal - VERKEERSNET". verkeersnet.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  23. ^ "Nederlands Architectuurinstituut - item". nai.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  24. ^ "'De Koopboog beste bijnaam voor Markthal' - AD.nl". ad.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  25. ^ "Column: Kappen met die bijnamen | RTV Rijnmond". rijnmond.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  26. ^ Ir. Dick Wilschut, DRS. Maaike M. Sier (29 August 2012). "Archeologie: een geotechnische uitdaging" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  27. ^ "Markthal Rotterdam". markthalrotterdam.nl. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
  28. ^ De Tijdtrap (The time staircase) exhibition in Markthal http://www.detijdtrap.nl/en/

External links[edit]