Lake Street Elevated
|Lake Street Elevated|
A time-lapse of the Lake street "L" leaving the Loop in 2014
|Locale||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
Oak Park, Illinois
Forest Park, Illinois
|Services||Green Line |
(average weekday February 2013)
|Opened||November 6, 1893 (Current operation)|
|Operator(s)||Chicago Transit Authority (1947–present)|
Chicago Rapid Transit Company (1924–1947)
Chicago and Oak Park Elevated Railroad (1904–1924)
Lake Street Elevated Railroad Company (1893–1904)
|Line length||8.75 mi (14.08 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Electrification||Third rail, 600 V DC|
The Lake Street Elevated, also known as the Lake Branch, is a 8.75 mi (14.08 km) long branch of the Chicago "L" which is located west of the Chicago Loop and serves the Green Line for its entire length, as well as the Pink Line east of Ashland Avenue. As of February 2013, the branch serves an average of 27,217 passengers each weekday. It serves the Near West Side, East Garfield Park, West Garfield Park, and Austin neighborhoods of Chicago, as well as the suburbs Oak Park and Forest Park. It owes its name to Lake Street, the street that the branch overlooks for 6.25 mi (10.06 km) before continuing its route straight west, adjacent to South Boulevard, towards the terminus at Harlem/Lake. The branch runs from 3:50 am to 1:25 am on weekdays, 4:50 am to 1:25 am on Saturdays and Sundays/Holidays.
The Lake Street Elevated began regular passenger service on November 6, 1893, from its eastern terminal at Madison Street and Market Street to California Avenue. On November 24, 1893 service on the line was extended to Homan Avenue. In March 1894, service on the line was extended to 48th Avenue (now known as Cicero Avenue) and on April 29, 1894, service was extended to 52nd Avenue (now known as Laramie Avenue), which at the time was the city limits of Chicago. When the completed Loop opened October 3, 1897, the Lake Street Elevated became the first line to utilize the entire quadrangle. In 1898, an agreement was reached with Cicero Township to extend the Lake Street Elevated beyond the Chicago city limits into what at the time was Cicero Township. This agreement allowed for the extension of the Lake Street Elevated along South Boulevard, as well as the creation of the Randolph Street and Cuyler Avenue branches. On January 25, 1901, service was extended to Wisconsin Avenue (later called Marion), and on May 20, 1910, service was extended to its terminal approximately two blocks west of Harlem Avenue in Forest Park.
In April 1948, the Lake Street Elevated was the first line of the 'L' system to use the Skip-Stop A/B service. Upon the implementation of Skip-Stop A/B service ten stations on the Lake Street Elevated were closed, as was the Market Street Stub, and all trains were routed through the Loop. This new system decreased the travel time of 24–35 minutes, which was considered by the CTA and its users to be a great success.
In 1962, 2.5 mi (4.0 km) of ground level tracks in Chicago's Austin neighborhood and Oak Park, Illinois were replaced by elevated tracks which run on Chicago & North Western Railroad's track embankment. New stations were built at Central, Austin, Ridgeland and Oak Park. and a new terminus opened at Harlem, replacing the station at Marion and the Forest Park terminus.
Market Street stub
Prior to the opening of the Loop elevated in 1897, the Lake Street Elevated's eastern terminus was the Market Terminal at Madison Street and Market Street. After the opening of the Loop in 1897, service continued to the Market Street stub, which had a stop at Randolph & Market in addition to the terminal at Madison & Market. Service to the Market Street stub ended on April 4, 1948, as the CTA implemented its new A/B skip-stop service. The Market Street stub was demolished soon after to make way for construction of Wacker Drive.
New Morgan station
Construction of the new Morgan station began in Summer 2010. TranSystems led the design team, in conjunction with Ross Barney Architects. Like most currently active Green Line and Pink Line stations, Morgan is ADA-accessible, with an elevator on either side of the tracks. The station will also have bike storage.
New Damen station
The new $60 million Damen station will fill a 1.5 mile distance between the California and Ashland stations. a design for the new station was released on July 9, 2018, construction of the new station began in May 2019, and will be completed in 2021.
Until 1969, the Lake Branch was an independent branch line providing service in one direction only, like the Ravenswood and Evanston Express Lines: from the Loop to the West Side, Oak Park, and Forest Park. On September 28, 1969, it was combined with the newly opened Dan Ryan branch to form the West-South Route, providing for the first time through rail service between Harlem and 95th via the north and east legs of the Loop, the old South Side Main Line and the 18th Street-Wentworth Avenue Connection between 17th Street and Archer Avenue before entering the Dan Ryan Expressway median. This operation lasted for 24 years. On February 21, 1993, when the CTA began to differentiate the L lines by colors, the present day Green Line was assigned to the Lake Branch and service was "switched" south of Roosevelt Road and now continue on the South Side Main Line towards Cottage Grove and Ashland/63rd, the route was formerly paired to the Howard branch of the North-South route. On January 9, 1994, the Lake Branch and the entire Green Line closed for two years to undergo a rehabilitation project. When the line reopened on May 12, 1996, most stations were rebuilt and equipped with elevators in order to make them ADA compliant, and six stations were permanently closed.
On April 26, 1998, the Green, Purple, Brown and the Cermak Branch of the Blue Line (now the Pink Line) lost their 24-hour service. In 2006, the Chicago Transit Authority created the Pink Line, which serves the Clinton, Morgan, and Ashland stations on the Lake Street Branch, before connecting to the Douglas Branch via the rebuilt Paulina Connector.
|Lake Street Elevated|
|Station||Location||Points of interest and notes|
|Forest Park||Marengo Avenue and Circle Avenue, Forest Park||Closed 1962; replaced by Harlem|
|Harlem/Lake||1 S. Harlem Avenue, Forest Park||Downtown Oak Park, transfer to Oak Park (Metra), Forest Preserve District of Cook County Headquarters|
|Marion||Marion Avenue and South Boulevard, Oak Park||Closed October 28, 1962; replaced by Harlem|
|Oak Park||100 S. Oak Park Avenue, Oak Park||Oak Park, Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Unity Temple, Ernest Hemingway Museum & Brithplace|
|Ridgeland||100 N. Ridgeland Avenue, Oak Park||Oak Park and River Forest High School, Oak Park,|
|Lombard||Lombard Avenue and South Boulevard, Oak Park||Closed 1948|
|Austin||351 N. Austin Boulevard|
|Menard||Menard Avenue and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|Central||350 N. Central Avenue||Columbus Park, Walser House, Austin Town Hall|
|Laramie||5148 W. Lake Street|
|Cicero||4800 W. Lake Street||Former Brach's Candy Factory|
|Kostner||Kostner Avenue and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|Pulaski||4000 W. Lake Street||Chicago Public Library Legler Branch|
|Hamlin||3800 W. Lake St.||Closed March 18, 1956|
|Conservatory–Central Park Drive||3630 W. Lake Street||Garfield Park Conservatory, Garfield Park Field house|
|Homan||3400 W. Lake Street||Closed January 9, 1994; replaced by Conservatory-Central Park Drive|
|Kedzie||3200 W. Lake Street||Transfer to Kedzie (Metra)|
|Sacramento||Sacramento Boulevard and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|California||2800 W. Lake Street||Chicago Center for Green Technology|
|Campbell||Campbell Avenue and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|Oakley||Oakley Boulevard and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|Damen||Damen Avenue and Lake Street||Closed 1948, scheduled to reopen 2021|
|Wood||Wood Street and Lake Street||Closed 1913|
|Lake Street Transfer||Lake Street and Paulina Street||Closed February 25, 1951|
|Ashland||1601 W. Lake Street||Transfer to Pink Line trains. United Center- Home of the Chicago Bulls and the Chicago Blackhawks|
|Loomis||Loomis Street and Lake Street||Closed April 4, 1954|
|Racine||Racine Street and Lake Street||Closed 1948|
|Morgan||958 W. Lake Street||UIC, Harpo Studios, Greektown, Coyne College, Fulton Market District|
|Halsted||800 W. Lake Street||Closed January 9, 1994|
|Clinton||540 W. Lake Street||Ogilvie Transportation Center and Chicago Transit Authority Headquarters|
|Canal||500 W. Lake Street||Closed 1909|
The Laramie station is one of the most structured along the Lake Branch
A Green Line train sits in the Harlem Yard
- Green Line: Lake Street Elevated at Chicago-L.org
- "Ridership Report: February 2013" (PDF). Chicago Transit Authority. transitchicago.com. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- Loop Elevated Chicago-L.org. Accessed August 19, 2013
- Market Terminal Chicago-L.org. Accessed August 16, 2013
- Randolph & Market Chicago-L.org. Accessed August 16, 2013
- Morgan CTA Green/Pink Line Station Archived 2012-06-23 at the Wayback Machine, City of Chicago web site.
- CTA Morgan Street Station on the Ross Barney Architects website
- Hilkevitch, Jon (May 24, 2012). "Grand Opening for New Morgan CTA Station", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Kamin, Blair (May 29, 2012). "Gleaming New CTA Station Raises Question: What Price Architecture?", Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Butler, Patrick. "New Morgan station succeeds with a force from the RFMA". Gazette. gazettechicago.com. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Carlozo, Lou. "CTA closes stations along the Lake Branch". Chicago-L.org. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Cole, David. "CTA Green Line". NYC Subway. world.nycsubway.org. Retrieved January 10, 2013.