The High Street
Arms of Market Weighton Town Council
|Population||6,429 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Market Weighton (/ / WEE-tən) is a town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is one of the main market towns in the East Yorkshire Wolds and lies midway between Hull and York, about 20 miles (32 km) from either one. According to the 2011 UK census, Market Weighton parish had a population of 6,429, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 5,212.
The 19th-century English lexicographer Sir William Smith proposed Market Weighton as the location of the still-undiscovered Roman camp of Delgovicia. Historically the town was listed in the Domesday Book as "Wicstun" and was granted its charter to become a market town in 1251. Notable architecture includes: a parish church, parts of which are Norman, the Londesborough Arms (an 18th-century coaching inn), a Wesleyan chapel, a Methodist chapel and a high street still recognisable from the 19th century. Other sights of interest include the post office, the duck pond and Station Farm. Market Weighton history includes William Bradley, the Yorkshire Giant who at the age of 20 was 7 ft 9 in (2.36 m) tall. In May of each year local residents take to the streets of Market Weighton for the Giant Community Day (formerly Giant Bradley Day) festival in a celebration of the life and times of William Bradley. Industry in the town is largely based on agriculture. The town is known geologically for having given its name to the Market Weighton Axis.
The Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath, passes through the town.
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In 2003, after some local consultation, the Weighton Area Regeneration Partnership (WARP) adopted a slogan and logo, 'The Heart of East Yorkshire', intended to indicate both its central location in the county and the strength of the local community. WARP was dissolved in 2012 but the phrase continued in use to promote the area and on local signage.
Market Weighton has three churches. These are the All Saints Church, St John’s Methodist Church and the Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Perpetual Help. The church dedicated to All Saints was designated a Grade I listed building in 1967 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England.
Market Weighton railway station was at the junction of the lines to Selby, Driffield, York and Beverley. The last train ran in 1965. The abandoned lines to Beverley, and to Selby are now used as public paths, as the Hudson Way and Bubwith Rail Trail respectively.
The three-mile £5.1 million A1079 bypass opened in March 1991.
The Minsters Rail Campaign is campaigning to re-open the railway line between Beverley and York (with stops at Stamford Bridge, Pocklington and Market Weighton). The re-opened railway would skirt the edge of the town as the former alignment has since been built over.
In the 1960s and 1970s Market Weighton had a Rolls Royce and Bentley dealership owned by Robert B Massey and Company Ltd.
- William Bradley (1787–1820), tallest ever Briton
- Barbara Foxley (1860–1958) suffragist and professor of education
- William Umpleby Kirk, (1843–1928) photographer
- Frank Mitchell (1872–1935), cricketer
- Hilda Lyon (1896–1946), engineer who invented the Lyon Shape
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Market Weighton Parish (1170211222)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Market Weighton Parish (1543504265)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- "BBC News Humber". Town Launches Own Logo. BBC News Online. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1160460)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- "Market Weighton station location". Minsters Rail Campaign. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "CalmView: Overview". unilever-archives.com. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- "This Giant remains among friends" (PDF). The West In View. June 2006. p. 40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Beddoe, D. (23 September 2004). "Foxley, Barbara (1860–1958), educationist and campaigner for women's rights". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/58474. Retrieved 29 January 2018. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Frank Mitchell's obituary". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. 1936. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
- WISE. "Inspiration | Women in Aviation, the female inventor of the 'Lyon Shape'". www.wisecampaign.org.uk. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 8.
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