Market cross

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French market with cross, c. 1400

A market cross, or in Scots, a mercat cross, is a structure used to mark a market square in market towns, where historically the right to hold a regular market or fair was granted by the monarch, a bishop or a baron.

History[edit]

Market crosses were originally from the distinctive tradition in Early Medieval Insular art of free-standing stone standing or high crosses, often elaborately carved, which goes back to the 7th century. Market crosses can be found in many market towns in Britain.[1] British emigrants often installed such crosses in their new cities, and several can be found in Canada and Australia.[2]

The market cross could be representing the official site for a medieval town or village market, granted by a charter, or it could have once represented a traditional religious marking at a crossroads.[2]

Design[edit]

These structures range from carved stone spires, obelisks or crosses, common to small market towns such as that in Stalbridge, Dorset,[3] to large, ornate covered structures, such as the Chichester Cross,[4] or Malmesbury Market Cross.[5] They can also be constructed from wood; an example is at Wymondham, Norfolk.[6]

Towns and villages in Great Britain with a market cross[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

W[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This monument, a replacement for a market cross, was demolished in January 2019.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Green, Edward (2019). "Stone crosses". buildingconservation.com. Building Conservation. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Butter cross". seiyaku.com. Seiyaku. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Market Cross, Stalbridge, Dorset". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  4. ^ Harwood, Amanda (2021). "Chichester's market cross". thenovium.org. The Novium Museum. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Malmesbury market cross". athelstanmuseum.org.uk. Athelstan Museum Malmesbury. 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Record details 9446". heritage.norfolk.gov.uk. Norfolk Heritage Explorer. 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  7. ^ "Aberdeen, Castle Street, Market Cross". canmore.org.uk. Canmore. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Market cross beside south gate to Church of St Ricarius (1135611)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Abbots Bromley market cross (1012672)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1199711)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  11. ^ Historic England. "The Market Cross  (Grade I) (1353268)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Alnwick  (Grade II) (1157108)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Alston Moor  (Grade II*) (1325968)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Cross in front of the Salutation Inn (1245151)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Monument record MDR12718 - The Market Place, Ashbourne". her.derbyshire.gove.uk. Derbyshire Historic Environment Record. Retrieved 18 February 2021. Ashbourne had a market cross up to 1790. It now has a 19th century monument known as the market cross, dedicated to industrialist Frederick Wright.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Askrigg  (Grade II) (1131188)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  17. ^ Historic England. "Base to market cross and pillar (1180079)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1186583)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Banbury Cross (1199654)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021. This is a grand Victorian replacement on the site of an earlier cross.
  20. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Barnard Castle  (Grade I) (1201323)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  21. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1103725)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  22. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1151543)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1012154)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. These two listings appear to refer to the same market cross
  24. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Bedale  (Grade I) (1314972)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Market cross in front of Blue Bell Hotel (1276612)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  26. ^ Historic England. "The Market Cross, Beverley  (Grade I) (1346372)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  27. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1074889)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  28. ^ Historic England. "Market cross on west side of Market Place (1014514)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. Billesdon has two market crosses
  29. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Bingham  (Grade II) (1258960)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  30. ^ Historic England. "Butter cross at the Old Market Hall (1133343)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021. Re-erected at Old Market Hall 1984
  31. ^ Historic England. "Binham village cross (1013571)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  32. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (remains of) in churchyard, Church of St Mary (1059249)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  33. ^ Historic England. "Remains of market cross about 30 yards south west of Well Cottage (1179784)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. The stump of the market cross is close to the war memorial column
  34. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1248285)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  35. ^ Historic England. "Village cross (1150095)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  36. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1075101)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  37. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1048741)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  38. ^ Historic England. "Cross incorporated in war memorial about 2 metres from south-west corner of town hall (1334105)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  39. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1249470)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  40. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 8 metres west of the Market House (1017623)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  41. ^ Historic England. "Market cross at junction of Allport Lane (1075384)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. Base 1278, top 1874 Gilbert Scott
  42. ^ Historic England. "Former market cross to north of Crossleigh (1326989)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  43. ^ Historic England. "Market cross remains in Old Churchyard (1201376)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021. Square base and shaft remaining
  44. ^ Historic England. "Butter cross (1275987)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  45. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross and Stocks in garden of Burnley College...  (Grade II) (1022618)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  46. ^ Historic England. "The Cross  (Grade II) (1041360)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  47. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross  (Grade I) (1076930)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  48. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1281114)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  49. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross  (Grade II) (1258033)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  50. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1144449)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  51. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Carlisle  (Grade I) (1297369)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  52. ^ Historic England. "The butter cross (1283541)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  53. ^ Historic England. "Medieval market cross immediately east of St Andrew's Church (1019387)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  54. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1342437)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  55. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross  (Grade II) (1052216)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  56. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1012877)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. These two listings appear to refer to the same market cross
  57. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and stepped plinth (1037982)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  58. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Cheddar  (Grade II*) (1173642)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  59. ^ Historic England. "Market cross at the junction of Bath Street, Union Street and Church Street (1019033)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  60. ^ Historic England. "Chester High Cross (1376246)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021. Also known as the market cross
  61. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Chichester (1005890)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  62. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1026826)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021. NHLE has two separate records for the same Chichester market cross
  63. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 45m north of church (1015771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  64. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross, Colne  (Grade II) (1243202)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  65. ^ Historic England. "Clowne Cross, Clowne  (Grade II*) (1108957)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  66. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1155090)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021. The 19th century one
  67. ^ Historic England. "Old market cross set against churchyard wall 2 metres east of Vicars Pele (1370573)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. The one with the (probable) Roman shaft
  68. ^ Historic England. "Corby Glen market cross (1009204)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  69. ^ Historic England. "Village cross, including pump (1120997)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  70. ^ Historic England. "Base to market cross and pillar (1180079)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  71. ^ Historic England. "Village cross to the north-east of the Jovial Dutchman public house (1335289)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  72. ^ Historic England. "Old town cross, in churchyard, Church of St Sampson (1182771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  73. ^ "Culross market cross". canmore.org.uk. Canmore. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  74. ^ Historic England. "Plinth and base of market cross (1371840)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  75. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and stone benchesE (1197834)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  76. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1250362)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  77. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1034938)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  78. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and Market House (1189309)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  79. ^ Historic England. "Base of market cross (1321608)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  80. ^ Historic England. "Market cross at junction with Upper Lane (1135291)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  81. ^ Historic England. "Market cross in the grounds of Myddleton House (1079478)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. Myddleton House gardens are normally open to the public in daytime.
  82. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1068802)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  83. ^ Historic England. "Base of market cross approximately 2 metres south of Bartholomew Room (1198732)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  84. ^ Historic England. "Eynsham market cross (1015170)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  85. ^ Historic England. "Garstang market cross (1012646)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  86. ^ Historic England. "Market crossE (1131720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  87. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1057910)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  88. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1136383)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  89. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1062499)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  90. ^ Historic England. "Grantham market cross (1009212)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. This appears to be two listing numbers for a single market cross
  91. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and drinking fountain (1329553)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  92. ^ Historic England. "Market cross, approximately 10 metres north west of Cross Farmhouse (1192445)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  93. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 10m west of Cross Farmhouse (1017622)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  94. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1175428)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  95. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross (1164278)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  96. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1382383)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. Stump. Remains of head now in Guildhall, according to listing
  97. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 56 metres north of Town Hall (1192024)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  98. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 44m north of the Town Hall (1016321)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  99. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1035012)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  100. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1012937)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  101. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1160586)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  102. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1104946)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  103. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1313548)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  104. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1167956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  105. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1267482)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  106. ^ Historic England. "Market cross at junction of Station and Finedon Roads (1192144)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  107. ^ Historic England. "Village cross (1087901)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  108. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1225549)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  109. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1145765)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  110. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1145758)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  111. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1150472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  112. ^ Historic England. "Market cross approximately 2 metres south of no 12 (1315941)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  113. ^ Historic England. "Steps to market cross (1149888)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021. Steps only remaining
  114. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1312843)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  115. ^ Historic England. "The Round House and base of medieval market cross (1195995)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  116. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1037179)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  117. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1268574)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  118. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1012658)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  119. ^ Historic England. "Obelisk (1356219)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  120. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1321381)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  121. ^ Historic England. "Leighton Buzzard market cross (1005429)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. The Leighton-Linslade and Leighton Buzzard listings appear to refer to the same monument
  122. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1087154)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  123. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1161400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  124. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1338570)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  125. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1022669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  126. ^ Historic England. "Market cross situated at junction with Blyth Road (1286428)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  127. ^ Historic England. "Former market cross in churchyard, Church of St Mark (1252188)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  128. ^ Historic England. "The cross (1269291)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  129. ^ Historic England. "Old market cross (1215683)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  130. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1253491)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  131. ^ Historic England. "The market cross also known as the Pinnacle (1266188)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  132. ^ Historic England. "Masham (1316873)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  133. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1204824)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  134. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1317180)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  135. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1318545)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  136. ^ Historic England. "swine cross (1318550)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  137. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1121585)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  138. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1351326)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  139. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1349040)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  140. ^ Historic England. "Old cross base and shaft (1207571)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  141. ^ Historic England. "Market cross at junction with High Street (1151147)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  142. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1287313)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  143. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1219669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  144. ^ Historic England. "Butter Cross or Pulestone Cross, on the south west side of the market place (1014890)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  145. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and stocks (1131302)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  146. ^ Historic England. "Base of old market cross approximately 8 metres north east of St Leonards Tower (1256726)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  147. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1346663)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  148. ^ Historic England. "North Kyme (1061748)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  149. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1260177)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  150. ^ Historic England. "Market cross 4m west of North Tawton Church tower (1013741)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  151. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1281216)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  152. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1058301)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  153. ^ Historic England. "Market Cross (1073278)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  154. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1384239)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  155. ^ Historic England. "Memorial stone and base of market cross opposite junction with Combs Road (1313647)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  156. ^ Pembroke preaching and market crosses, Wales
  157. ^ Historic England. "Celtic cross adjacent to the Town Hall (1187644)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  158. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and attached pump (1135455)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  159. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1072405)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  160. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1117825)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  161. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1126361)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  162. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (=1096537)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  163. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1174047)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  164. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1031929)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  165. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and trough approximately 8 metres east of the Sondes Arms public house (1051708)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  166. ^ Historic England. "1173642 (1173642)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  167. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1132527)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  168. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1058383)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  169. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1177350)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  170. ^ Historic England. "Somerton market cross (1016740)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. This single market cross has two listings
  171. ^ Historic England. "Buttercross (1359735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  172. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1153032)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  173. ^ Historic England. "Market cross in the marketplace to the west of St Wilfred's Church, Standish (1014117)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  174. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1231714)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  175. ^ Historic England. "Old market cross in churchyard about 3 metres north of gate (1277435)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  176. ^ Historic England. "Market cross, 35m and 50m south of St Thomas' Church (1016876)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  177. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1252579)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  178. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1139976)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  179. ^ Historic England. "Stockton market cross immediately south of Town Hall (1019916)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  180. ^ Historic England. "Market cross in Market Square (1014827)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  181. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1110546)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021. Base with steps and pedestal
  182. ^ Historic England. "Market crossE (1269570)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  183. ^ Historic England. "Cross base and stocks (1276887)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  184. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1287778)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  185. ^ Historic England. "Cross market cross (1241392)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  186. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1314743)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  187. ^ Historic England. "Conduit or market cross (1038760)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  188. ^ Historic England. "Wainfleet All Saints market cross (1013530)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  189. ^ Historic England. "Cross (1223766)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  190. ^ Historic England. "Remains of market cross inside number 19 (1284135)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021. As of 2020 this monument was still inside the Vale and Downland Museum, Wantage.
  191. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1303500)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  192. ^ Historic England. "Market cross and railed enclosure (1262403)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  193. ^ Historic England. "The market cross (1383027)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  194. ^ Historic England. "The cross (1041360)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  195. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1130438)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  196. ^ Historic England. "1287355 (1287355)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  197. ^ Historic England. "Remains of market cross, opposite Egremont Hotel (1345670)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  198. ^ Historic England. "Socket of market cross opposite Egremont Hotel (1057475)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.Williton has (or had) two market crosses and a churchyard cross.
  199. ^ Historic England. "Village cross (1246657)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  200. ^ Historic England. "Market cross (1196678)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 February 2021.