Markham Stouffville Hospital

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Markham Stouffville Hospital
Markham Stouffville Hospital Corporation
Markham Stouffville Hospital.jpg
Markham Stouffville Hospital is located in Ontario
Markham Stouffville Hospital
Location in Ontario
Location Markham, York Region, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates 43°53′04″N 79°13′58″W / 43.884444°N 79.232778°W / 43.884444; -79.232778Coordinates: 43°53′04″N 79°13′58″W / 43.884444°N 79.232778°W / 43.884444; -79.232778
Care system Public Medicare (Canada) (OHIP)
Hospital type Community
Affiliated university University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine
Emergency department II
III Trauma center
Beds 309 [1]
Helipad TC LID: CPH7
Founded 1990
Lists Hospitals in Canada

Markham Stouffville Hospital is an acute care (309 beds) and community hospital serving south-east York Region. The hospital is located on Ninth Line north of Highway 7 in east-end Markham, Ontario, Canada, immediately south of the town of Whitchurch–Stouffville. It is also referred to as a base hospital, as a resource centre for paramedics region-wide.


Opened in 1990, it was created to relieve stress on York Central Hospital in Richmond Hill and hospitals in the north part of Toronto. MSH is the only hospital in Markham and one of two in south York Region. It was one of a few Greater Toronto Area hospitals dealing with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) patients.

In 2004, Uxbridge Cottage Hospital became a partner site with MSH.

In 2010, MSH became an affiliated and community teaching hospital linked with the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine.

The original complex was built by Zeidler Partnership Architects and the current expansion by Bregman+Hamann and Perkins+Will.


Markham Stouffville Hospital Building

MSH is a popular hospital for ambulance re-directs from east-end Toronto hospitals with bed shortages.

Services provided at MSH:


The hospital's helipad designation is (TC LID: CPH7).[2] An original heliport was located at the east end of the hospital to facilitate medical airlifts to and from the hospital. Transfer of patients requires a journey of approximately 150 ft (46 m) from the pad to the near entrance at the rear. Upon completion of the rebuilding of the hospital in 2014, the helipad is now on the roof of the new emergency wing and allows the transfer of patients directly into the hospital building. The new pad is an elevated octagon shaped pad which connects the roof of the hospital by a steel frame with a ramp to the entrance to the hospital. The relocation provides a safer landing area given that the old pad was next to public access roads around the rear of the hospital. The old pad site was removed (along with a Windsock nearby) during the re-development of the new Cornell Community Centre and used as a parking/storage space by construction crews.

Bus terminal[edit]

Markham Stouffville Hospital Terminal
Markham Stouffville Hospital VIVA station
Bus operators York Region Transit logo.svg York Region Transit
Viva blue logo.svg Viva Rapid Transit
Structure type Curbside stops
Disabled access Yes
Opened 1990

Markham Stouffville Hospital Terminal is a hub that connects to several YRT and Viva bus routes, and is the easternmost transit terminal in York Region. Because the bus stop is on a fairly steep hill, it limits the ability for large concrete pads to be poured. Inside the hospital building, tickets may be purchased, as well as snacks from a kiosk and vending machines. Buses may either take a short layover at the stopping area, on Bur Oak Avenue, or Highway 7 for extended layovers (so as to not block other buses from leaving).


In 1991, Markham-Stouffville Hospital opened its doors, becoming the third hospital in York Region. Markham Transit extended its 1 and 7 routes into the hospital, looping via Butternut Lane into the front of the hospital. The only development east of 9th Line was the hospital itself, so there was no ridership attraction other than hospital visitors.

Starting in 1998, the Cornell subdivision was created, starting just north of the hospital grounds. This provided more potential riders, and as more houses were built, demand increased. YRT took over operations from Markham Transit in 2001, and by this time routes 1, 2A, 85, and 201 were operating through Markham-Stouffville Hospital. Ridership started to increase rapidly through 2004 and 2005, with the addition of three more routes: 9/9A, 18 and 303. With these routes, Markham-Stouffville Hospital started to take on its terminal functionality.

By then, the small driveway that had been used as the terminal was starting to get overcrowded, with five full-time routes and two rush hour shuttles all sharing the stopping area. The schedules were made for routes to connect to each other, so four of the five routes all arrived and departed at the same time. This caused problems, since the driveway only allowed room for three 40 ft buses. As well, Viva was to be introduced to the hospital on January 2, 2006, with Viva Purple and Viva Green to be extended. Hospital administration opposed Viva's extension, as the bus stop was already overcrowded, and the frequent service Viva would bring would push it past the safe (and possible) limit. This caused Viva's extension to the hospital to be delayed until January 27, 2008.

YRT's solution was to build a new terminal just north of the hospital, as empty land had been put aside for such a use. Just as construction was about to start, however, Cornell residents stopped the terminal's construction, as they did not want the sound and pollution from buses laying over to decrease their homes' values. The land was eventually converted to a parking lot for hospital employees.

However, in 2007, plans were revived for Cornell Terminal. Plans are still in the works to find a suitable location for the terminal, but it is expected to be on Highway 7 between Bur Oak and Donald Cousens Parkway. The terminal was expected to open in late 2008, but has been pushed back indefinitely. Viva isn't waiting, however, and a 'temporary' stop was built on Church Street near the hospital. Viva Purple buses started serving it in late January 2008, with the buses looping via 9th, Church, Bur Oak and Highway 7.

During 2007, road reconstruction on 9th Line forced all buses to use a rather lengthy detour (for some routes) to get into the hospital via the newly opened Bur Oak Avenue, as the turn at 9th Line and Church Street was too small for buses to safely make. Ironically, buses still used 9th Line during the first stage of construction, where it was much harder to navigate the smaller lanes and the Church Street intersection, but were not allowed to use it during the second stage, which had wider lanes, a better Church Street intersection and new bus stop pads on the east side.

With Viva Purple finally being extended on January 27, 2008, YRT also majorly reconfigured the stopping locations by relocating many buses to the Church Street and Country Glen Road intersection. Routes 1 and 85 stopped on the southwest corner, while route 2A was moved to the northwest corner stop. Viva uses its vivastation on the southeast corner (farside), while routes 9 and 18 use the southeast corner stop since they still served the hospital stop. These changes were due to a complaint from hospital administration saying there were too many buses using the hospital loop. Routes 9 and 18 were likely unchanged because of the short layover times they have, so they would not have enough time to loop via Highway 7. These changes were unpopular, as there were no shelters (besides the standard vivastation only serving Viva Purple) and little protection from the elements at the new stops on Church Street. The stops are also unlabelled as to which stop serves which route. The lack of concrete pads up to the curb meant that the (often heavy) loads of passengers had to walk across grass, which had quickly turned to muddy ground after a few weeks.

New stop pads were poured in mid-2008, with the westbound stop receiving a pad in August and the eastbound stop in October. Shelters were installed in November 2008, to provide passengers some warmth during winter, especially since Markham-Stouffville Hospital serves many senior patients. Also, with the route 4A rush hour extension to the hospital, passenger loads are starting to increase in this hub.

Long-term hospital expansion on Butternut Lane eventually forced routes 9, 18, and 522 off the loop, and these routes now serve the eastbound stop on Church Street as well. However, the 9 and 18 still loop inside the hospital, albeit in a clockwise direction and despite the fact they do not stop there anymore, as well as various buses that still lay over at the loop. Routes 9 and 18 were finally chased out of using the hospital loop as of November 2011 due to complaints and long term construction; hence the buses now use Bur Oak, Highway 7, and 9th Line to arrive at their designated platforms (route 9 was moved to the westbound platform).

June 30, 2013 brought another round of route changes around the hospital vicinity. With the successful lobbying from the Cornell Rate Payers Association to minimize transit routes serving there, route 1 was extended east to serve the Box Grove Walmart. Route 2A (now route 14) was removed from the hospital and now serves Box Grove Walmart directly via Copper Creek Drive. Route 9 was extended south to the Box Grove Plaza at Copper Creek Drive, and now serves the new northbound and southbound bus stops on 9th Line.

After many years of being simply a hub, Markham-Stouffville Hospital was finally added to the transit terminals list in the October 2013 transit information guide update, and was added in the Winter 2014 system map.

Cornell Terminal was brought up again in 2014 when York Region acquired land just south of the hospital property, adjacent to Rose Way east of 9th Line. The road is currently used for hospital employees not wanting to use Church Street to access the hospital facility, but has room for expansion to accommodate buses, as well as a regional transit terminal. The terminal is now scheduled to open in June 2019 with future connections with GO Transit and Durham Region Transit services.


Markham-Stouffville Hospital connects to the following bus routes:

  • Viva Purple
  • YRT 1 Highway 7
  • YRT 16 16th Avenue
  • YRT 18 Bur Oak
  • YRT 25 Major Mackenzie
  • YRT 9 9th Line
  • YRT 411 Markham District H.S.
  • YRT 522 Markham Community Bus


  1. ^
  2. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 May 2018 to 0901Z 19 July 2018.