Pencil portrait of Markiyan Shashkevych by Ivan Trush
November 6, 1811|
Pidlyssia, Złoczów powiat, Halychyna
|Died||June 7, 1843
Nowosiółki, Lesko powiat, Halychyna
|Occupation||writer, poet, priest, translator|
|Education||Greek Catholic Theological Seminary|
|Alma mater||University of Lviv (1838)|
|Literary movement||Ruthenian Triad|
Markiyan Shashkevych (November 6, 1811 in Pidlyssia, Złoczów powiat, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria – June 7, 1843 in Nowosiółki, Lesko powiat, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria) was a priest of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church, a poet, a translator, and the leader of the literary revival in Right Bank Ukraine.
In 1832, they organized a group of students aimed at the rise of the Ukrainian dialect free of Church Slavonic and alien 'styles' up to the literary language. He graduated from the Greek Catholic Theological Seminary at University of Lviv in 1838 and worked as a priest in the rural Lwow powiat. During his studies he met Yakiv Holovatsky and Ivan Vahylevych, with whom he formed the Ruthenian Triad (aka Ruska Triytsia).
He also organized nationally conscious Ukrainian young people to work for national and cultural revival in Western Ukrainian lands, particularly to reintroduce the use of spoken Ukrainian language in writing and sermons. The activities of the Shashkevych circle constituted not only a literary phenomenon, but a social and democratic movement. Its greatest achievement was the publication of an almanac entitled Rusalka Dnistrova ('The Mermaid of the Dniester'), which was the first collection of Ukrainian literature to appear in Western Ukraine (1837). The almanac had a decisive effect on the revival and development of Ukrainian literature in Galicia.
- Between two Empires - Article in Government Portal of Ukraine
- The Mermaid of the Dniester - first collection of Ukrainian literature in 1837 - UNESCO Courier, March 1989 by Osyp Petrash
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