Marko Milošević (Serbian Cyrillic: Марко Милошевић; born 3 July 1974) is the son of former Serbian President Slobodan Milošević. He was allegedly involved in organized crime in Serbia during the Yugoslav Wars until he fled the country following his father's removal from power on 5 October 2000. Milošević was later granted refugee status by Russia, and is likely living in Moscow with his wife Milica Gajić and son Marko.
Marko Milošević was born in 1974 in Belgrade. At the time, his mother, Mirjana Marković, was a professor of sociology at the University of Belgrade and his father Slobodan Milošević was beginning to develop status in national politics. Marko was named after a legendary family ancestor of the Milošević family, a Serbian chieftain who fought against Turks in the 18th century and is recorded in Serbian folk poems. Milošević's early years have been described as host to numerous high-level political visits, with the young Milošević apparently holding a familial, paternal relationship with Serbian President Ivan Stambolić.
Milošević was raised atheist, although his father promoted the sociopolitical and nationalist connections of the family with the Serbian Orthodox Church. Milošević's mother taught astrology to Marko and his ten-year-older sister Marija. Milošević was widely reported a spoilt teenager, manipulative, uninterested in schooling, and self-conscious about his skinniness.
At a private school in Belgrade, he lived with his mother's extended family in Požarevac, having more personal exposure to bodyguards than to his parents. He also began collecting guns and cars, and dropped out of high school.
Taking an interest in car-racing, Milošević's first exposure to the profitability of organized crime came from interactions with car-racing team member Vlada Kovačević, who sold vehicles to Serbian paramilitary commanders operating in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. After dodging the military draft by being deemed "unfit" for service, Milošević turned to his father's access to state revenue to fund a lavish lifestyle and establish a criminal network in Požarevac. Around 1994, Milošević was provided a job running a newly retrofit night club in Požarevac called Madona that catered to the elites of southeastern Europe, including wanted members of Serbian organized criminal organizations. Milošević is accused of involvement in smuggling numerous goods through Serbia, including cigarettes, petroleum, stolen cars, and drugs such as cocaine, which he is purported to use. Milošević also took ownership of a radio station, bakery, computer store, luxury perfume shop named Scandal, and was appointed deputy chairman of a horse show in Ljubičevo. Other sources of revenue included currency speculation and trade between dinars and Deutsche Marks, and management of the construction of a $380,000 Serbian nationalist theme park called Bambipark. Marko would wear a military uniform while managing Bambipark to show his patriotism during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. By 1998, he had purchased an expansive new villa in Požarevac, owned and crashed over 17 luxury cars, and purchased a yacht for 500,000 Deutsche Marks. In 2000, the total black market assets held by Milošević were estimated at £500 million. Milošević used violence and intimidation to expand and control his black market empire, suppressing rival gangs and the Serbian media. This use of violence included alleged connections to the 15 January 2000 killing of paramilitary leader and business competitor Željko Ražnatović in Belgrade.
Fall of Slobodan Milošević
On 5 October 2000, Slobodan Milošević's administration was replaced by a democratically elected government. This removed Marko from access to state revenue, power, and protection. Scandal and Madona were both vandalized and destroyed by anti-Milošević demonstrators. Marko fled Serbia for Moscow with his sister Marija, mother Mira, and uncle Borislav. He then attempted to continue on to Beijing, but was deported back to Russia on 9 October 2000 for possession of a fake passport.
Milošević may have attempted to travel to China because of the £100 million allegedly laundered into Chinese banks by the Milošević family. After fleeing Serbia, a factional conflict broke out among the Serbian mafia to seize the local power and assets previously held by Marko. Organized crime remains a major security issue in Serbia. Marko Milošević's location is not known, but it is assumed that he is living in Russia with his wife Milica Gajić and son Marko. Russia has granted Marko and his family refugee status, although he is wanted by the Serbian government for several offenses, and has been issued a travel ban by the European Union.
Complaints over father's death
Marko Milošević sent a letter to The President of the ICTY, The Chairman of the Security Council of the OUN, The Secretary General of the OUN, and to Judge Parker who led the investigation into Slobodan Milošević's death accusing the Hague Tribunal for negligence and for the death of his father. In one part of the letter, Milošević avers his father was not poisoned and accuses the ICTY of being misleading.
- Stevanovic, Vidosav. Milosevic: The People's Tyrant. I.B. Tauris: London. 2004. p.195.
- LeBor, Adam. Milosevic: A Biography. Yale University Press. 2002. p.314.
- BBC 2006.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 208.
- Edwardes, Charlotte & Julius Strauss. "Gangland Bosses Vie for Marko's Crime Empire," The Telegraph: U.K. 15 October 2000.
- Stevanovic 2004.
- LeBor 2002, p. 45.
- Doder, Dusko & Louise Branson. Milosevic: Portrait of a Tyrant. The Free Press: New York. 1999. p.25.
- Doder 1999, p. 12.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 12.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 32.
- Doder 1999, p. 34.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 55.
- Stevanovic 2004, pp. 122–123.
- LeBor 2002, pp. 147–48.
- LeBor 2002, pp. 214–15.
- LeBor 2002, p. 215.
- Harden, Blaine. "A Milosevic Field of Dreams: Bambipark", New York Times, Section A, Page 6, Column 1, dated 6 July 1999.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 71.
- Harden 1999.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 92.
- LeBor 2002, pp. 270–271.
- Edwardes 2000.
- BBC 2000.
- LeBor 2002, p. 271.
- LeBor 2002, p. 305.
- LeBor 2002, p. 270.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 173.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 306.
- LeBor 2002, p. 314.
- Stevanovic 2004, p. 195.
- OSCE. "Report on OSCE Activities in the Fight Against Organized Crime in 2011," OSCE Secretariat: Vienna, Austria. 2012.
- LeBor 2002, p. 326.
- "MARKO MILOSEVIC'S LETTER TO THE ORGANS OF THE ICTY AND THE UNITED NATIONS REGARDING JUDGE PARKER'S INVESTIGATION INTO THE DEATH OF SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC". Slobodan Milosevic. 17 July 2006. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- Doder, Dusko; Branson, Louise (1999). Milosevic: Portrait of a Tyrant. New York, NY: Free Press. ISBN 0-684-84308-0.
- LeBor, Adam (2002). Milosevic: A Biography. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300103175.
- Stevanovic, Vidosav (2004). Milosevic: The People's Tyrant. I.B. Tauris l. ISBN 9781860648427.
- News Reports
- "Marko Milosevic". BBC. 9 October 2000. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Who's Who: Milosevic Family". BBC. 14 March 2006. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- Harden, Blane (6 July 1999). "A Milosevic Field of Dreams: Bambipark". The New York Times.
- "Gangland Bosses Vie for Marko's Crime Empire". The Guardian. 15 October 2000.
- Other Sources
- "Report on OSCE Activities in the Fight Against Organized Crime in 2011". OSCE. 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2014.