Markov additive process
Finite or countable state space for J(t)
The process is a Markov additive process with continuous time parameter t if
- is a Markov process
- the conditional distribution of given depends only on .
The state space of the process is R × S where X(t) takes real values and J(t) takes values in some countable set S.
General state space for J(t)
For the case where J(t) takes a more general state space the evolution of X(t) is governed by J(t) in the sense that for any f and g we require
Çinlar uses the unique structure of the MAP to prove that, given a gamma process with a shape parameter that is a function of Brownian motion, the resulting lifetime is distributed according to the Weibull distribution.
Kharoufeh presents a compact transform expression for the failure distribution for wear processes of a component degrading according to a Markovian environment inducing state-dependent continuous linear wear by using the properties of a MAP and assuming the wear process to be temporally homogeneous and that the environmental process has a finite state space.
- Magiera, R. (1998). "Optimal Sequential Estimation for Markov-Additive Processes". Advances in Stochastic Models for Reliability, Quality and Safety. pp. 167–181. doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-2234-7_12. ISBN 978-1-4612-7466-7.
- Asmussen, S. R. (2003). "Markov Additive Models". Applied Probability and Queues. Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability. 51. pp. 302–339. doi:10.1007/0-387-21525-5_11. ISBN 978-0-387-00211-8.
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